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Encyclopedia > Meerut
  ?Meerut
Uttar Pradesh • India
Map indicating the location of Meerut
 Meerut 
Coordinates: 28°59′N 77°42′E / 28.99, 77.7
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 219 m (719 ft)
District(s) Meerut
Population
Density
1,074,229 (2001)
• 419/km² (1,085/sq mi)
Mayor
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 2500xx
• +0121
• UP-15
Website: meerut.nic.in

Coordinates: 28°59′N 77°42′E / 28.99, 77.7 Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Meerut is a district in Uttar Pradesh state India. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA: pronunciation  is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ancient city located 72 km (44 miles) north-east of New Delhi. Meerut also has one of the major army garrisons/cantonments in this part of the country. Meerut can also refer to the district in which Meerut is located. Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union along with English. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Image File history File links Meerut. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... Meerut is a district in Uttar Pradesh state India. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. ...

Contents

Name Etymology

Ravana's wife Mandodari (in Ramayana) hailed from Meerut. The town may have derived its name from "Maya Rashtra", the capital of the kingdom owned by Mandodari's father Mayadanava. A depiction of Ravana, Hindu rakshasa King of Lanka In Hinduism, Ravana; sometimes transliterated as Raavana or Ravan or Revana) is the principal antagonist of Rama in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana. ... Mandodari (Sanskrit: मंदोदरी) was the daughter of the King of Danavas, Mayasura and celestial dancer, Hema. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ...


History

Image of "The mall", Meerut. 19th century photograph.

Meerut is famously associated with the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British East India Company, when chants of popular Hindi slogan "Dilli Chalo" ("Let's march to Delhi!") were first raised here. Meerut cantonment is the place where the rebellion started when Hindu and Muslim soldiers were given rifle cartridges with a coating made of animal fat. The bullet wrapping was to be opened by mouth before use, which affected religious sensibilities of both Muslims and Hindus as the animal coating was alleged to be composed of pork and beef. Meerut leapt into international prominence during the revolt of 1857, when on 24 April, 1857, eighty-five troopers out of ninety of the third cavalry refused to touch the cartridges and after court martial, were sentenced to ten years imprisonment. This marked the beginning of a general movement of freedom from the British yoke, with the support of the civilian populace. Meerut is also famous in Indian history as one of the famous controversial case happened in India which is known as Meerut Conspiracy Case in the year 1929. Image File history File links The_mall_meerut. ... Image File history File links The_mall_meerut. ... Combatants East India Company Sepoys, some princely states, Indian civilians in some areas. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union along with English. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


Geography

Meerut is located at 28.98° N 77.7° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 219 metres (718 feet). ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


The map of Meerut can be found at Meerut Map


Demographics

Meerut City is also the headquarters of Meerut district which consists of 1,025 villages with a population of around (3.44 million) according to the 1991 census. As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Meerut had a population of 1,074,229. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Meerut has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 52%. In Meerut, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Meerut is a district in Uttar Pradesh state India. ... The divisions of a district. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

District population
District Male Female Totals
Urban 681,209 595,348 1,276,557
Rural 1,180,533 990,822 2,171,355
Totals 1,861,742 1,586,170 3,447,812

Meerut has one of the largest Muslim populations among the major cities of India(close to 45%). There is also a significant Christian population. Meerut was the site of one of India's worst communal riots during the 1980's.


Media

Meerut is becoming an important media center, as journalists from all over Uttar Pradesh and other Indian states are working in Meerut. , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ...


Newspapers

  • Times of India
  • Navbharat Times
  • Dainik jagran
  • Hindustan Times
  • Economics Times
  • Amar ujala
  • Heera Times (evening)
  • Dainik Prabhat

Education

Meerut is becoming an important center for education in Western Uttar Pradesh. Students from all over U.P. and other states come to Meerut to study in programs leading to B.Tech., M.Tech., MBBS, MD, B.A., M.A., B.Com, M.Com, B.Sc. M.Sc., BBA, BCA, MBA, MCA, L.Lb., L.LM, B.Pharma, BHMCT & various other degrees in Para Medical Sciences. Also, a large number of government & private institutes provide education in these fields.


The city's young graduates today are contributing to the Indian Information Technology industry boom. Many of them are working for the topmost companies around the world.


School enrollments 2000-01

  • 1580 Primary Schools
  • 585 Junior Schools
  • 243 Higher Secondary Schools
  • 21 Degree Colleges
  • 1 University
  • 2 Industrial Training Institutes
  • 2 Polytechnics
  • 7 Engineering College
  • 1 Govt Medical College
  • 1 Private Medical College

Well known Educational Institutions

  • Meerut Institute of Engineering & Technology,Delhi-Haridwar bypass,NH-58,Meerut
  • L.L.R.M Medical College, Garh Road, Meerut
  • Subharati Medical College, Bypass Road, Meerut
  • Darshan Academy-founded in 1995.Head-Biswajit Dutta
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya , Punjab Lines , Meerut Cantt.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya , Sikh Lines , Meerut Cantt.
  • Dayawati Modi Academy, Modipuram Meerut,
  • Meerut Public School West End Road Meerut Cantt
  • Deewan Public School West End Road Meerut Cantt
  • Guru Tegh Bhadur Public School West End Road Meerut Cantt
  • Delhi Public School, Baghpat Road, Meerut
  • St. Mary's Academy, Carriappa Street, Meerut Cantt.
  • Angel's School, C-11 Shastri Nagar, Meerut.
  • Meerut College, Meerut.
  • NAS College, Meerut.
  • DN College, Meerut.

Mythological significance

  • Lakshyagrah (home of lac) described in the Mahabharata — designed in conspiracy to burn Pandavas alive by Kauravas — was situated here.
  • In the great Hindu epic, Ramayana, Shravan Kumar carried his feeble parents on his shoulders to all the pilgrimage sites in India, but it is believed that when he passed through Meerut, he was filled with evil feelings and put down his parents for some time to get some rest and water. It was here that Lord Rama's father, the king, mistook Shravan Kumar for a deer and shot him with an arrow by accident. Shravan Kumar's parents declared that the king's own first son would abandon him when he most needed him.
  • Meerut is also called as 'Ravan Ki Sasural' Ravan's Wife's home town.

For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ...

Trivia

  • On December 21, 2005, Meerut gained notoriety when a video appeared in the national media showing police officers physically abusing men and women (Yahoo News) as part of Operation Romeo. This "operation" targeted young couples out on a date, ostensibly to "prevent the sexual harassment of women".
  • Mall Road is a wide road in Meerut near what was originally a British Military cantonment. Raghbir Sarang was known to have raced horses and buggies on this road and was whipped for having beaten up an Englishman.
  • In the 1940s, Meerut movie theatres had a "Don't Move" policy during playing of the British national anthem.
  • Meerut is famous for its sweets, especially Gazaks and Rewri.
  • In 2006 a fire in Meerut killed over 225 people at a consumer electronics fair, held in Victoria park stadium. This was followed by fire at Multiplex Cinema named as PVS Mall.
  • meerut is famous for its sports goods(specially cricket goods),which are used all over the globe

December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... God Save the Queen is a patriotic song written by Henry Carey. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... On April 10, 2006 at about 17:30 local time, an inferno swept through a consumer electronics fair in Victoria Park in the Indian city of Meerut , killing at least 50 people and seriously injuring many more. ...

See also

An engraving titled Sepoy Indian troops dividing the spoils after their mutiny against British rule gives a contemporary view of events from a British perspective. ... On April 10, 2006 at about 17:30 local time, an inferno swept through a consumer electronics fair in Victoria Park in the Indian city of Meerut , killing at least 50 people and seriously injuring many more. ... Meerut is a district in Uttar Pradesh state India. ... Meerut division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ...

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Meerut

External links



As per the 2001 census there are 36 cities or urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more. ... , stop erasing thisAgra   (Hindi: , Urdu: ), (IPA: ) is a city on the banks of the Yamuna River in Uttar Pradesh, India. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of almost 51 lakhs (5. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , Asansol (Bengali: ), a coal-mining-industrial centre, is the second largest city [1] in West Bengal, after Kolkata. ... , Bangalore (BengalÅ«ru) (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the state of Karnataka in [[India]. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore has an estimated metropolitan population of 6. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... , Coimbatore   (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Dhanbad (Hindi: धनबाद) is the capital of Dhanbad District, Jharkhand, India. ... , Faridabad   (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a major industrial city and population center in Haryana state, northern India. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آب) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about a city in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर / Marathi:इंदूर),   is the commercial capital of the Malwa region and the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर, Urdu:جَبَل پُور ) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jamsehdpur   (जमशेदपूर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata as Sakchi. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Ludhiana (Punjabi: ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Paá¹­nā   (Hindi: पटना) is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar, and one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. ... , Pune (Marathi: पुणे ,pronunciation: ) is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ...

State of Uttar Pradesh
Divisions AgraAllahabadAzamgarhBareillyBastiChitrakootDevipatanFaizabadGorakhpurJhansiKanpurLucknowMirzapurMoradabadSaharanpurVaranasi
Districts AgraAligarhAllahabadAmbedkar NagarAuraiyaAzamgarhBadaunBagpatBahraichBalliaBalrampurBandaBarabankiBareillyBastiBijnorBulandshahrChandauliChitrakootDevariaEtahEtawahFaizabadFarrukhabadFatehpurFirozabadGautam Buddha NagarGhaziabadGhazipurGondaGorakhpurHamirpurHardoiJalaunJaunpurJhansiJyotiba Phule NagarKannaujKanpur Dehat (Akbarpur)Kanpur NagarKaushambiKushinagar (Padrauna)Lakhimpur KheriLalitpurLucknowMahamaya (Hathras)MaharajganjMahobaMainpuriMathuraMauMeerutMirzapurMoradabadMuzaffarnagarPilibhitPratapgarhRaebareliRampurSaharanpurSant Kabir NagarSant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi)ShahjahanpurShravastiSiddharthnagarSitapurSonbhadraSultanpurUnnaoVaranasi
Major cities AgraAllahabadKanpurLucknowMeerutVaranasi

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