recognising where frames begin and end in the bit-stream received from the physical layer (when receiving)
delimiting the frames (when sending), i.e. inserting information (e.g. some extra bits) into or among the frames being sent so that the receiver(s) are able to recognise the beginning and end of the frames
detection of transmission errors by means of e.g. inserting a checksum into every frame sent and recalculating and comparing them on the receiver side
inserting the source and destination MAC addresses into every frame transmitted
filtering out the frames intended for the station by verifying the destination address in the received frames
the control of access to the physical transmission medium (i.e. which of the stations attached to the wire or frequency range has the right to transmit?)
MAC protocols are designed to coordinate the transmission of packets, retransmission of damaged packets, and resolution of collisions among stations during a contention period.
MAC protocols are foundations in low-level network architecture and play a significant role in the performance of higher-level protocols such as multiservices and multimedia application protocols.
MAC protocols for satellite communication can be classified based on their functionality with respect to the static or dynamic nature of the channel, the centralized or distributed control mechanism for channel assignments, and the adaptive behavior of the control algorithm.
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