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Encyclopedia > Mediterranean Theatre of World War II
%20%20%20Download%20high%20resolution%20version%20(1332x792%2C%20335%20KB)Shaded%20relief%20of%20the%20Mediterranean%20Sea%2C%20created%20in%201982%20by%20the%20Central%20Intelligence%20Agency.%20%20%20...
%20%20%20Download%20high%20resolution%20version%20(1332x792%2C%20335%20KB)Shaded%20relief%20of%20the%20Mediterranean%20Sea%2C%20created%20in%201982%20by%20the%20Central%20Intelligence%20Agency.%20%20%20... Enlarge
The Mediterranean region.

The Mediterranean Theatre of World War II encompassed naval, land and air campaigns involving %20%20In%20general%2C%20allies%20are%20people%20or%20groups%20that%20have%20joined%20an%20alliance%20and%20are%20working%20together%20to%20achieve%20some%20common%20purpose.%20... Allied and %20%20%20The%20word%20axis%20has%20several%20meanings%3A%20%20In%20geometry%2C%20it%20may%20refer%20to%3A%20%20An%20axis%20of%20rotation%20A%20coordinate%20axis%20An%20axis%20of%20symmetry%20%20%20%20%20In%20anatomy%2C%20the%20axis%20is%20the%20second%20cervical%20vertebra.%20%20%20... Axis forces, between %20%20%20June%2011%20is%20the%20162nd%20day%20of%20the%20year%20in%20the%20Gregorian%20Calendar%20(163rd%20in%20leap%20years)%2C%20with%20203%20days%20remaining.%20%20%20%20... June 11, %20%20%201940%20was%20a%20%20%20leap%20year%20starting%20on%20Monday%20(link%20will%20take%20you%20to%20calendar).%20%20%20... 1940 and %20%20%20May%208%20is%20the%20128th%20day%20of%20the%20year%20in%20the%20%20%20Gregorian%20Calendar%20(129th%20in%20%20%20leap%20years).%20... May 8, %20%20%20%201945%20was%20a%20%20%20common%20year%20starting%20on%20Monday%20(link%20will%20take%20you%20to%20calendar).%20%20%20... 1945.

Contents

Overview

The Mediterranean Theatre can be considered to include the naval %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Battle%20of%20Mediterranean%20%20%20Conflict%20%20%20World%20War%20II%20%20%20Date%20%20%20%20Place%20%20%20Mediterranean%20Sea%20%20%20Result%20Allied%20victory%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20Naval%20Battle%20of%20the%20Mediterranean%20was%20waged%20during%20%20%20World%20War%20II%2C%20to%20attack%20and%20keep%20open%20the%20respective%20supply%20lines%20of%20%20%20Allied%20and%20%20%20Axis%20armies%2C%20and%20to%20destroy%20the%20opposing%20side%5Cs%20ability%20to%20wage... Battle of the Mediterranean, the %20%20%20The%20battle%20in%20the%20North%20African%20desert%20during%20World%20War%20II%20from%201940-1943.%20... North African Campaign, the %20%20%20The%20Balkans%20Campaign%20was%20the%20Italian%20and%20German%20invasion%20of%20the%20Yugoslavia%2C%20Greece%20during%20the%20Second%20World%20War.%20%20%20... Greek campaign, the %20%20Yugoslavia%20(Jugoslavija%20in%20all%20south%20Slavic%20languages)%20is%20a%20term%20used%20for%20three%20separate%20but%20successive%20political%20entities%20that%20existed%20during%20most%20of%20the%2020th%20century%20on%20the%20Balkan%20Peninsula%20in%20Europe.%20... Yugoslavian campaign, the Middle East Campaign, and the %20%20The%20Italian%20Campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II%20was%20the%20name%20of%20Allied%20operations%20in%20and%20around%20Italy%2C%20from%201943%20to%20the%20end%20of%20the%20war.%20... Italian campaign. Conflict in the theatre concluded with the surrender of %20%20%20Nazi%20Germany%2C%20or%20the%20Third%20Reich%2C%20commonly%20refers%20to%20Germany%20in%20the%20years%201933%26%238211%3B1945%2C%20when%20it%20was%20under%20the%20firm%20control%20of%20the%20totalitarian%20and%20fascist%20ideology%20of%20the%20Nazi%20Party%2C%20with%20the%20F%5CxFChrer%20Adolf%20Hitler%20as%20dictator.%20... German forces in the %20%20%20The%20Alps%20is%20the%20collective%20name%20for%20one%20of%20the%20great%20%20%20mountain%20range%20systems%20of%20%20%20Europe%2C%20stretching%20from%20%20%20Austria%20in%20the%20east%2C%20%20%20Slovenia%2C%20%20%20Italy%2C%20%20%20Switzerland%2C%20%20%20Liechtenstein%20and%20%20%20Germany%2C%20through%20to%20%20%20France%20in%20the%20west.%20... Alps, in 1945.


The theatre encompasses the %20%20%20The%20armed%20forces%20of%20the%20United%20States%20of%20America%20consist%20of%20the%20%20United%20States%20Army%20United%20States%20Navy%20United%20States%20Air%20Force%20United%20States%20Marine%20Corps%20United%20States%20Coast%20Guard%20%20%20Note%3A%20The%20United%20States%20Coast%20Guard%20has%20both%20military%20and%20law%20enforcement%20functions.%20... United States military's %20%20%20The%20Mediterranean%20Theater%20of%20Operations%20(MTO)%20was%20originally%20called%20North%20African%20Theater%20of%20Operations%20(NATO)%20and%20is%20an%20American%20term%20for%20the%20conflict%20that%20took%20place%20between%20the%20Allies%20and%20Axis%20powers%20in%20North%20Africa%20and%20Italy%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20... Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), the US term for operations in North Africa and Italy during %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Mushroom%20cloud%20from%20the%20%20%20nuclear%20explosion%20over%20%20%20Nagasaki%20rising%2018%20km%20(60%2C000%20ft)%20into%20the%20air.%20%20%20... World War II. The US originally termed this the North African Theater of Operations (NATO), when US forces entered the region, during %20%20%201942%20was%20a%20%20%20common%20year%20starting%20on%20Thursday%20(link%20will%20take%20you%20to%20calendar).%20%20%20... 1942.


Command structure

Allies

  • %20%20%20During%20%20%20World%20War%20II%20The%20British%20Middle%20East%20Command%20was%20based%20in%20%20%20Cairo%20with%20responsibility%20for%20the%20Middle%20East%20theatre%20which%20included%20North%20Africa%2C%20East%20Africa%2C%20%20%20Persia%2C%20the%20Middle%20East%2C%20and%20the%20British%20forces%20in%20the%20Balkans%20and%20%20%20Greece.%20... Middle East Command
  • %20%20%20Allied%20Forces%20Headquarters%20was%20the%20headquarters%20that%20controlled%20all%20Allied%20forces%20in%20the%20Mediterranean%20theatre%20from%20late%201943%20to%20the%20end%20of%20the%20war.%20... Allied Force Headquarters (AFHQ)
  • British Mediterranean Naval Command

Axis

Campaigns

The first major actions began immediately after %20%20%20%20%20%20Benito%20Mussolini%20and%20Adolf%20Hitler%20%20%20Fascism%20(in%20Italian%2C%20fascismo)%2C%20capitalized%2C%20refers%20to%20the%20right-wing%20authoritarian%20political%20movement%20which%20ruled%20Italy%20from%201922%20to%201943%20under%20the%20leadership%20of%20Benito%20Mussolini.%20... Fascist Italy's entry into the war on June 11, 1940, including the siege of Malta. This was followed by naval engagements, including the %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Mers-el-Kebir%20%20%20Conflict%20World%20War%20II%20%20%20Date%20July%203%2C%201940%20%20%20Place%20Mers-el-Kebir%2C%20French%20North%20Africa%20%20%20Result%20Decisive%20British%20victory%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20Destruction%20of%20the%20French%20Fleet%20at%20Mers-el-Kebir%2C%20French%20North%20Africa%20(now%20Algeria)%2C%20by%20the%20British%20Royal%20Navy%20took%20place%20on%20July%203%2C%201940.%20... Destruction of the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kebir on %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20July%203%20-%20Wikipedia%20%2F**%2F%20%20%40import%20%5C%2Fskins%2Fmonobook%2FIE50Fixes.... July 3, %20%20%201940%20was%20a%20%20%20leap%20year%20starting%20on%20Monday%20(link%20will%20take%20you%20to%20calendar).%20%20%20... 1940 and the defeat of the Italian %20%20%20The%20Royal%20Italian%20Navy%2C%20Regia%20Marina%2C%20was%20created%20after%20the%20Italian%20unification.%20... Regia Marina in the %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Battle%20of%20Taranto%20%20%20Conflict%20World%20War%20II%20%20%20Date%20November%2012%2C%201940%20%20%20Place%20Taranto%2C%20Italy%20%20%20Result%20Allied%20victory%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20Battle%20of%20Taranto%20was%20a%20naval%20battle%20that%20occurred%20on%20the%20night%20of%2011%20%26%238211%3B%20November%2012%2C%201940%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20... Battle of Taranto on %20%20%20November%2011%20is%20the%20315th%20day%20of%20the%20year%20(316th%20in%20%20%20leap%20years)%20in%20the%20%20%20Gregorian%20Calendar%2C%20with%2050%20days%20remaining.%20%20%20%20... November 11, %20%20%201940%20was%20a%20%20%20leap%20year%20starting%20on%20Monday%20(link%20will%20take%20you%20to%20calendar).%20%20%20... 1940.


These were followed on land from late 1940 by actions on land involving the forces of the %20%20%20The%20United%20Kingdom%20of%20Great%20Britain%20and%20Northern%20Ireland%20is%20a%20%20%20country%20in%20%20%20western%20Europe%2C%20and%20a%20member%20of%20the%20%20%20British%20Commonwealth%20and%20%20%20European%20Union.%20... British %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20British%20Empire%20in%201897%2C%20marked%20in%20pink%2C%20the%20traditional%20colour%20for%20Imperial%20British%20dominions%20on%20maps.%20%20%20... Emipre and Dominions, under General %20%20Archibald%20Percival%20Wavell%2C%201st%20Earl%20Wavell%20(May%205%2C%201883%20_%20May%2024%2C%201950)%20was%20a%20British%20General%20and%20the%20commander%20of%20British%20Army%20forces%20in%20the%20Middle%20East%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20... Archibald Wavell against the %20%20%20The%20%20%20Italian%20Army%20has%20recently%20become%20a%20professional%20all-volunteer%20force%20of%20some%20112%2C000%20%20%20active%20duty%20personnel%2C%20around%2070%25%20male%2C%2030%25%20female.%20... Italian Army, in North Africa and the Balkans. When Italian forces were repelled, they were supported by the German %20%20%20The%20Wehrmacht%20(literally%20defence%20force%20or%20means%2Fpower%20of%20resistance)%20was%20the%20name%20of%20the%20armed%20forces%20of%20Germany%20from%201935%20to%201945.%20... Wehrmacht, beginning in %20%20%20Greece%2C%20formally%20called%20the%20Hellenic%20Republic%20(%20%20Greek%3A%20%26%23917%3B%26%23955%3B%26%23955%3B%26%23951%3B%26%23957%3B%26%23953%3B%26%23954%3B%26%23942%3B%20%26%23916%3B%26%23951%3B%26%23956%3B%26%23959%3B%26%23954%3B%26%23961%3B%26%23945%3B%26%23964%3B%26%23943%3B%26%23945%3B)%2C%20is%20a%20country%20in%20the%20southeast%20of%20%20%20Europe%20on%20the%20southern%20tip%20of%20the%20%20%20Balkan%20peninsula.%20... Greece. The Axis then triumphed in that campaign, including the %20%20%20The%20Battle%20of%20Crete%20began%20on%20the%20morning%20of%20May%2020%2C%201941%2C%20during%20World%20War%20II%2C%20when%20Germany%20launched%20an%20airborne%20invasion%20under%20the%20code%20name%20Operation%20Merkur%2C%20or%20Operation%20Mercury.%20... Battle of Crete, and drove the Allies out of southern Europe, except for %20%20%20Yugoslavia%20(Jugoslavija%20in%20all%20south%20Slavic%20languages)%20is%20a%20term%20used%20for%20three%20separate%20but%20successive%20political%20entities%20that%20existed%20during%20most%20of%20the%2020th%20century%20on%20the%20Balkan%20Peninsula%20in%20Europe.%20... Yugoslavia, where %20%20%20Partisan%20may%20refer%20to%3A%20%20A%20member%20of%20a%20lightly-equipped%20irregular%20military%20force%20formed%20to%20oppose%20control%20of%20an%20area%20by%20a%20foreign%20power%20or%20by%20an%20army%20of%20occupation.%20... partisans under %20%20%20Josip%20Broz%20Tito%20(May%207%2C%201892%20-%20May%204%2C%201980)%20was%20the%20ruler%20of%20Yugoslavia%20between%20the%20end%20of%20World%20War%20II%20and%20his%20death%20in%201980.%20%20%20... Joseph Tito waged a highly successful %20%20%20Guerrilla%20(also%20called%20a%20partisan)%20is%20a%20term%20borrowed%20from%20Spanish%20(from%20%5Cguerra%5C%20meaning%20war)%20used%20to%20describe%20small%20combat%20groups.%20... guerilla campaign.


Meanwhile %20%20%20%20%20%20Flag%20of%20the%20Commonwealth%20of%20Nations%20%20%20The%20Commonwealth%20of%20Nations%20is%20a%20voluntary%20association%20of%20independent%20sovereign%20states%2C%20most%20of%20which%20were%20once%20governed%20by%20the%20United%20Kingdom%20and%20are%20its%20former%20colonies.%20... British Commonwealth forces had secured the Allies' eastern flanks in the Middle East campaign of 1941. German forces including the %20%20The%20Deutsches%20Afrikakorps%20(often%20just%20Afrika%20Korps%20or%20DAK)%20was%20the%20corps_level%20headquarters%20controlling%20the%20German%20Panzer%20divisions%20in%20Libya%20and%20Egypt%5Cs%20Western%20Desert%20during%20the%20North%20African%20Campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II.%20... Afrika Korps, under General %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Field%20Marshal%20Erwin%20Rommel%20%20%20Erwin%20Johannes%20Eugen%20Rommel%20(November%2015%2C%201891%26%238211%3BOctober%2014%2C%201944)%20was%20one%20of%20the%20most%20distinguished%20German%20Field%20Marshals%20and%20commander%20of%20the%20Deutsches%20Afrika%20Korps%20in%20World%20War%20II.%20... Erwin Rommel, joined the fray in North Africa (known in the US as the %20%20%20The%20Egypt-Libya%20Campaign%20was%20an%20American%20campaign%20in%20North%20Africa%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20... Egypt-Libya Campaign) and the Axis enoyed successes such as victory the second %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Siege%20of%20Tobruk%20%20%20Conflict%20World%20War%20II%20%20%20Date%20March%2031%2C%201941%20%26%238211%3B%20November%2027%2C%201941%20%20%20Place%20Tobruk%2C%20Libya%20%20%20Result%20Allied%20victory%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20Siege%20of%20Tobruk%20was%20a%20lengthy%20confrontation%20between%20Axis%20and%20Allied%20forces%20in%20the%20North%20African%20Campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II.%20%20... siege of Tobruk.


By that time, United States ground forces had entered the war and the theatre, beginning with amphibious landings in northwest Africa, on %20%20%20November%208%20is%20the%20312th%20day%20of%20the%20year%20(313th%20in%20%20%20leap%20years)%20in%20the%20%20%20Gregorian%20Calendar%2C%20with%2053%20days%20remaining.%20%20%20%20... November 8, %20%20%201942%20was%20a%20%20%20common%20year%20starting%20on%20Thursday%20(link%20will%20take%20you%20to%20calendar).%20%20%20... 1942, in %20%20%20Operation%20Torch%20(from%20November%208%2C%201942)%20was%20the%20Anglo-American%20invasion%20of%20French%20North%20Africa%20in%20World%20War%20II%20during%20the%20North%20African%20Campaign.%20... Operation Torch, under General %20%20%20%20%20%20Order%3A%2034th%20President%20%20%20Vice%26%23160%3BPresident%3A%20%20%20Richard%20Nixon%20%20%20Term%26%23160%3Bof%26%23160%3Boffice%3A%20%20%20January%2020%2C%20%20%201953%20%26%238211%3B%20%20%20January%2020%2C%20%20%201961%20%20%20Preceded%26%23160%3Bby%3A%20%20%20Harry%20S.%20... Dwight D. Eisenhower


Commonwealth forces, under General %20%20%20%20%20%20Bernard%20Law%20Montgomery%20%20%20Field%20Marshal%20Bernard%20Law%20Montgomery%2C%201st%20Viscount%20Montgomery%20of%20Alamein%20(November%2017%2C%201887%20-%20March%2024%2C%201976)%20was%20a%20British%20military%20officer%20during%20World%20War%20II%20often%20referred%20to%20as%20%5CMonty.%5C%20... Bernard Montgomery eventually turned the tide in %20%20%20%20%20%20The%20Arab%20Republic%20of%20Egypt%2C%20commonly%20known%20as%20Egypt%2C%20(in%20Arabic%3A%20%26%231605%3B%26%231589%3B%26%231585%3B%2C%20romanized%20Mi%26%23351%3Br%20or%20Ma%26%23351%3Br%2C%20in%20Egyptian%20dialect)%20is%20a%20republic%20mostly%20located%20in%20northeastern%20Africa.%20... Egypt in %20%20%201943%20is%20a%20%20%20common%20year%20starting%20on%20Friday.%20%20%20%20... 1943, at the %20%20%20The%20First%20Battle%20of%20El%20Alamein%201%26%238211%3BJuly%2031%2C%201942%20was%20a%20battle%20of%20the%20Western%20Desert%20Campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II%2C%20fought%20between%20the%20German%26%238211%3BItalian%20Afrikakorps%20commanded%20by%20Erwin%20Rommel%20and%20the%20British%20Eighth%20Army%2C%20commanded%20by%20Claude%20Auchinleck.%20... first and the %20%20%20The%20Battle%20of%20Alamein%2C%20or%20more%20correctly%20the%20Second%20Battle%20of%20El%20Alamein%2C%20marked%20a%20significant%20turning%20point%20in%20the%20Western%20Desert%20Campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II%20and%20was%20the%20first%20major%20victory%20by%20an%20Allied%20force%20over%20the%20Wehrmacht.%20... second battles of Alamein.


Allied victory in North Africa later that year was followed by the %20%20%20Husky%20was%20also%20the%20codename%20of%20Australian%20military%20support%20to%20Sierra%20Leone%20ending%20in%20February%202003.%20%20... Allied invasion of Sicily, followed by assaults on the Italian mainland. Setbacks and frustration were encountred by the Allies in the %20%20%20Operation%20Shingle%20(January%2022%2C%201944)%2C%20during%20the%20Italian%20Campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II%2C%20was%20an%20Allied%20amphibious%20landing%20against%20Axis%20forces%20in%20the%20area%20of%20Anzio%20and%20Nettuno%2C%20Italy.%20... amphibious landing at Anzio and in attempts to breach the %20%20%20The%20Winter%20Line%20was%20a%20series%20of%20German%20military%20fortifications%20in%20Italy%2C%20constructed%20during%20World%20War%20II%20by%20Organisation%20Todt.%20... Winter Line, including the %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Battle%20of%20Monte%20Cassino%20%20%20Conflict%20World%20War%20II%2C%20Italian%20Campaign%20%20%20Date%20January%2017%2C%201944-May%2019%2C%201944%20%20%20Place%20Monte%20Cassino%2C%20Italy%20%20%20Result%20Allied%20victory%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20strategic%20position%20of%20Monte%20Cassino%20has%20made%20it%20the%20repeated%20scene%20of%20battles%20and%20sieges%20from%20antiquity.%20... Battle of Monte Cassino.


In late %20%20%201944%20was%20a%20%20%20leap%20year%20starting%20on%20Saturday%20(link%20will%20take%20you%20to%20calendar).%20%20%20... 1944, Allied forces from the Mediteranean theatre also made landings in the south of France, in %20%20%20During%20World%20War%202%2C%20Operation%20Dragoon%20(Allies%2C%201944)%20was%20the%20invasion%20of%20southern%20France%20between%20Toulon%20and%20Cannes%20executed%20on%2015%20August%201944.%20... Operation Dragoon.


During 1945, as more and more German forces were diverted to the %20%20%20Eastern%20Front%20usually%20refers%20to%20either%20%20Eastern%20Front%20(WWI)%20Eastern%20Front%20(WWII)%20%20This%20is%20a%20disambiguation%20page%20%26%238212%3B%20a%20navigational%20aid%20which%20lists%20other%20pages%20that%20might%20otherwise%20share%20the%20same%20title.%20... Eastern Front and north west Europe, the Allies gained ground in the south, eventually penetrating the borders of the %20%20%20Nazi%20Germany%2C%20or%20the%20Third%20Reich%2C%20commonly%20refers%20to%20Germany%20in%20the%20years%201933%26%238211%3B1945%2C%20when%20it%20was%20under%20the%20firm%20control%20of%20the%20totalitarian%20and%20fascist%20ideology%20of%20the%20Nazi%20Party%2C%20with%20the%20F%5CxFChrer%20Adolf%20Hitler%20as%20dictator.%20... Third Reich, in %20%20%20The%20Republic%20of%20Austria%20(%20%20German%3A%20Republik%20%26%23214%3Bsterreich)%20is%20a%20%20%20landlocked%20country%20in%20%20%20Central%20Europe.%20... Austria.


On %20%20%20May%201%20is%20the%20121st%20day%20of%20the%20year%20in%20the%20Gregorian%20calendar%20(122nd%20in%20leap%20years).%20... May 1, %20%20%20%20For%20other%20uses%20of%20the%20abbreviation%20SS%2C%20see%20SS%20(disambiguation)%20The%20Schutzstaffel%20(Protective%20Squadron)%2C%20or%20SS%2C%20was%20a%20large%20paramilitary%20organization%20that%20belonged%20to%20the%20Nazi%20party.%20... SS General %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Karl%20Wolff%20(right)%20with%20Benito%20Mussolini%20%20%20Karl%20Wolff%20(May%2013%2C%201900%20-%20July%2017%2C%201984)%20was%20a%20high-ranking%20member%20of%20the%20Nazi%20SS.%20... Karl Wolff, after prolonged and unauthorised negotiations with the Allies, and the %20%20Commander-in-Chief%20(in%20%20%20NATO-lingo%20often%20C-in-C%20or%20CINC%20pronounced%20%5Csink%5C)%20is%20the%20commander%20of%20all%20the%20%20%20military%20forces%20within%20a%20particular%20region%20or%20of%20all%20the%20military%20forces%20of%20a%20state.%20... Commander-in-Chief of the German 10th Army, General %20%20%20Heinrich%20von%20Vietinghoff%2C%20during%20World%20War%20II%2C%20was%20a%20General%20of%20the%20German%20Wehrmacht%20who%20commanded%20the%20German%2010th%20Army%20in%20Italy.%20... Heinrich von Vietinghoff, ordered German armed forces in Italy to cease hostilities and signed a surrender document which stipulated that all German forces in Italy were to surrender unconditional to the Allies on %20%20%20May%202%20is%20the%20122nd%20day%20of%20the%20year%20in%20the%20%20%20Gregorian%20calendar%20(123rd%20in%20%20%20leap%20years).%20... May 2.



Campaigns and theatres of %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Mushroom%20cloud%20from%20the%20%20%20nuclear%20explosion%20over%20%20%20Nagasaki%20rising%2018%20km%20(60%2C000%20ft)%20into%20the%20air.%20%20%20... World War II
%20%20%20%20%20%20%20German%20F%5CxFChrer%20Adolf%20Hitler%20%20%20%20%20Preceding%20events%20(See%20also%20Events%20preceding%20World%20War%20II%20in%20Europe%20and%20Causes%20of%20World%20War%20II.)%20... Europe
%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Polish%20Defence%20War%20of%201939%20%20%20Conflict%20World%20War%20II%20%20%20Date%201%20September%20-%206%20October%201939%20%20%20Place%20Poland%20%20%20Result%20Decisive%20German%20and%20Soviet%20victory%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20Polish%20September%20Campaign%20(alternatively%20refered%20to%20as%20the%20German%20plan%20Fall%20Weiss)%20refers%20to%20the%20conquest%20of%20Poland%20by%20the%20armies%20of%20Nazi%20Germany%20and%20the... Poland | %20%20The%20Allied%20campaign%20in%20Norway%20took%20place%20from%20April%201940%20until%20early%20June%201940.%20... Denmark & Norway | %20%20The%20Phony%20War%2C%20or%20in%20Winston%20Churchill%5Cs%20words%20the%20Twilight%20War%2C%20was%20the%20phase%20of%20World%20War%20II%20marked%20by%20no%20military%20operations%20in%20Continental%20Europe%2C%20that%20followed%20the%20collapse%20of%20Poland.%20... Phony War | %20%20%20%20%20%20%20In%20World%20War%20II%2C%20Battle%20of%20France%20or%20Case%20Yellow%20(Fall%20Gelb%20in%20German)%20was%20the%20France%20and%20the%20Low%20Countries%2C%20executed%2010%20May%201940%20which%20ended%20the%20Phony%20War.%20... France & Benelux countries | %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Battle%20of%20Britain%20-%20Wikipedia%20%2F**%2F%20%20%40import%20%5C%2Fskins%2Fmonobook%2FIE50Fixes.... Britain
%20%20%20The%20Eastern%20Front%20was%20the%20theatre%20of%20combat%20between%20Nazi%20Germany%20and%20its%20allies%20against%20the%20Soviet%20Union%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20... Eastern Front 1941-45 | %20%20%20During%20World%20War%20II%2C%20the%20Western%20Front%20was%20the%20theater%20of%20fighting%20west%20of%20Germany%2C%20encompassing%20France%2C%20Belgium%2C%20the%20Netherlands%2C%20Luxemberg%2C%20and%20Denmark.%20%20%20... Western Front 1944-45
%20%20%20The%20Pacific%20War%20(1937%26%238211%3B1945)%20is%20not%20to%20be%20confused%20with%20the%20War%20of%20the%20Pacific%20(1879%26%238211%3B1884)%20in%20South%20America.%20%20%20%20%20%20... Asia-Pacific
%20%20The%20Second%20Sino-Japanese%20War%20was%20a%20major%20invasion%20of%20eastern%20China%20by%20Japan%20preceding%20and%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20... China | %20%20%20The%20South-East%20Asian%20Theatre%20of%20World%20War%20II%20was%20the%20name%20given%20to%20the%20campaigns%20of%20the%20Pacific%20War%20in%20India%2C%20Burma%2C%20Thailand%2C%20Malaya%20and%20Singapore.%20%20%20... South-East Asia | Pacific Ocean | %20%20%20This%20article%20deals%20with%20the%20military%20command%2Ftheatre%20known%20as%20the%20South%20West%20Pacific%20Area.%20... South West Pacific | Manchuria 1945
The Middle East, Mediterranean and %20%20%20The%20name%20African%20Theatres%20of%20World%20War%20II%20encompasses%20actions%20which%20took%20place%20in%20%20%20World%20War%20II%20between%20%20%20Allied%20forces%20and%20%20%20Axis%20forces%2C%20between%20%20%201940%20and%20%20%201943%20both%20on%20the%20African%20mainland%20and%20in%20nearby%20waters%20and%20islands.%20... Africa
%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Battle%20of%20Mediterranean%20%20%20Conflict%20%20%20World%20War%20II%20%20%20Date%20%20%20%20Place%20%20%20Mediterranean%20Sea%20%20%20Result%20Allied%20victory%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20The%20Naval%20Battle%20of%20the%20Mediterranean%20was%20waged%20during%20%20%20World%20War%20II%2C%20to%20attack%20and%20keep%20open%20the%20respective%20supply%20lines%20of%20%20%20Allied%20and%20%20%20Axis%20armies%2C%20and%20to%20destroy%20the%20opposing%20side%5Cs%20ability%20to%20wage... Mediterranean Sea | %20%20%20The%20East%20African%20Campaign%20refers%20to%20the%20battles%20fought%20between%20the%20United%20Kingdom%20and%20Italy%20around%20the%20region%20of%20Italian%20East%20Africa%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20... East Africa | %20%20%20The%20battle%20in%20the%20North%20African%20desert%20during%20World%20War%20II%20from%201940-1943.%20... North Africa | West Africa | %20%20%20The%20Balkans%20Campaign%20was%20the%20Italian%20and%20German%20invasion%20of%20the%20Yugoslavia%2C%20Greece%20during%20the%20Second%20World%20War.%20%20%20... Balkans
Syria-Lebanon | %20%20%20The%20Battle%20of%20Madagascar%20is%20another%20name%20for%20Operation%20Ironclad%2C%20the%20Allied%20invasion%20of%20%20%20Madagascar%20launched%20on%20%20%20May%205%2C%20%20%201942%2C%20when%20it%20was%20feared%20that%20bases%20on%20the%20%20%20Vichy%20French-controlled%20island%20might%20be%20used%20by%20%20%20Japan.%20... Madagascar | %20%20The%20Italian%20Campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II%20was%20the%20name%20of%20Allied%20operations%20in%20and%20around%20Italy%2C%20from%201943%20to%20the%20end%20of%20the%20war.%20... Italy
Other
%20%20%20The%20Second%20Battle%20of%20the%20Atlantic%20was%20the%20longest%20continuous%20military%20campaign%20of%20World%20War%20II%2C%20running%20from%201939%20right%20through%20to%20the%20defeat%20of%20Nazi%20Germany%20in%201945%2C%20and%20was%20at%20its%20height%20from%20mid-1940%20through%20to%20about%20the%20end%20of%201943.%20... Atlantic Ocean | %20%20%20Strategic%20Bombing%20during%20World%20War%20II%20was%20unlike%20anything%20the%20world%20had%20previously%20witnessed.%20... Strategic bombing | Raiding operations
Contemporaneous wars
%20%20%20The%20Chinese%20Civil%20War%20was%20a%20conflict%20in%20%20%20China%20between%20the%20%20%20Kuomintang%20(the%20Nationalist%20Party%3B%20KMT)%20and%20the%20%20%20Communist%20Party%20of%20China%20(CPC).%20... Chinese Civil War | %20%20The%20Winter%20War%20(also%20known%20as%20the%20Russo-Finnish%20War)%20broke%20out%20when%20the%20Soviet%20Union%20attacked%20Finland%20on%20November%2030%2C%201939%2C%20three%20months%20after%20the%20start%20of%20World%20War%20II.%20... Winter War | %20%20%20The%20Continuation%20War%20was%20fought%20between%20%20%20Finland%20and%20the%20%20%20Soviet%20Union%20during%20%20%20World%20War%20II%3B%20from%20the%20Soviet%20bombing%20attacks%20on%20%20%20June%2025%2C%20%20%201941%2C%20to%20%20%20cease-fire%20%20%20September%204%2C%20%20%201944%20(on%20the%20Finnish%20side)%20and%20%20%20September%205%20(on%20the%20Soviet%20side).%20... Continuation War


%20%20%20Military%20history%20is%20the%20recording%20(in%20writing%20or%20otherwise)%20of%20the%20events%20in%20the%20history%20of%20humanity%20that%20fall%20within%20the%20category%20of%20%5Cconflict%5C.%20This%20may%20range%20from%20a%20dispute%20between%20two%20tribes%20that%20come%20to%20blow%20over%20a%20plot%20of%20land%2C%20to%20a%20world%20war.%20... Military history of %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Mushroom%20cloud%20from%20the%20%20%20nuclear%20explosion%20over%20%20%20Nagasaki%20rising%2018%20km%20(60%2C000%20ft)%20into%20the%20air.%20%20%20... World War II by nation
%20%20The%20United%20Kingdom%2C%20along%20with%20France%2C%20declared%20war%20on%20Nazi%20Germany%20in%201939%20as%20part%20of%20the%20United%20Kingdom%5Cs%20pledge%20to%20defend%20Poland%20to%20the%20invasion%20of%20Poland.%20... Britain | China | %20%20%20Military%20history%20of%20Egypt%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20%20%20%20... Egypt | %20%20%20The%20Military%20history%20of%20Finland%20during%20World%20War%20II%20is%20covered%20chiefly%20in%20three%20articles%3A%20%20Winter%20War%20Continuation%20War%20Lapland%20War%20%20There%20are%20also%20other%2C%20more%20specialized%20articles%3A%20%20Category%3AWinter%20War%20%20Moscow%20Peace%20Treaty%20(1940)%20%20%20Salpalinja%20Category%3AContinuation%20War%20%20Paris%20Peace%20Treaties%2C%201947%20%20%20Lotta%20Sv%5CxE4rd%20Finnish%20war%20children%20Post... Finland | France | %20%20%20%20This%20page%20is%20intended%20to%20serve%20as%20a%20focal%20point%20for%20information%20pertinent%20to%20understanding%20German%20military%20activity%20during%20World%20War%20II.%20%20%20... Germany | %20%20%20During%20World%20War%20II%2C%20India%20was%20a%20British%20Crown%20colony.%20... India | %20%20%20This%20page%20is%20intended%20to%20serve%20as%20a%20focal%20point%20for%20studying%20Italian%20military%20history%20during%20the%20WWII-era.%20... Italy | Japan | Poland | %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Stalin%20and%20Voroshilov%20salute%20a%20military%20parade%20in%20Red%20Square%20above%20the%20message%20%5CLong%20Live%20the%20Workers%20and%20Peasant%20Red%20Army%20-%20Loyal%20Guard%20of%20the%20Soviet%20Border!%5C%20%20%20The%20military%20history%20of%20the%20Soviet%20Union%20began%20in%20the%20early%20days%20following%20the%201917%20October%20Revolution%20and%20the%20creation%20of%20the%20Russian... Soviet Union | United States | %20%20%20%20%20Contents%20%20%2F%2F%20%20%20%20%20%20Categories%3A%20Military%20stubs%20%7C%20Australia-related%20stubs%20%7C%20Australian%20history%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20... Australia | %20%20%20%20%20%20The%20First%20Nations%20Indigenous%20peoples%26%238217%3B%20warfare%20tended%20to%20be%20formal%20and%20ritualistic%20in%20nature%20and%20entailed%20relatively%20few%20casualties.%20... Canada | %20%20%20%20This%20article%20is%20in%20need%20of%20attention.%20... New Zealand

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mediterranean Theatre of World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1730 words)
The name Mediterranean Theatre of World War II encompasses naval, land and air campaigns involving Allied and Axis forces on the Mediterranean Sea and the countries which surround it, between June 11, 1940 when Fascist Italy entered the war and May 8, 1945 at the end of World War II in Europe.
At the end of World War II, on May 1, 1945, the troops of Yugoslav 4th Army together with the Slovenian 9th Corpus NLA occupied the town of Trieste.
Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) which was United States military's designation for the theatre for both operational and administrative purposes.
World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (8817 words)
World War II Clockwise from top: Allied landing on Normandy beaches on D-Day, the gate of a Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz, Red Army soldiers raising the Soviet flag over the Reichstag in Berlin, the Nagasaki atom bomb, and the 1936 Nuremberg Rally.
World War II (abbreviated WWII), or the Second World War, was a worldwide conflict fought between the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers, from 1939 until 1945.
The immediate Causes of World War II are generally held to be the German invasion of Poland, and the Japanese attacks on China, the United States, and the British and Dutch colonies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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