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Encyclopedia > Mediterranean Games

The Mediterranean Games are a multi-sport games held every four years for nations bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The idea was proposed at the 1948 Summer Olympics by Muhammed Taher Pasha, chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee, and they were first held in 1951. The first 10 games took place always one year preceding the Olympics. However, from 1991 on, they were held the year following the Olympic games. Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Games of the XIV Olympiad were held in 1948 at Wembley Stadium in London, England. ... Muhammed Taher Pasha (1879 – 1970) was a Egyptian doctor of Turkish origin in political sciences and the founder of the Mediterranean Games [1]. He was the chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee and also a member of the Executive Commission of the International Olympic Committee from 1952 to 1957. ... The Egyptian Olympic Committee (Arabic: ‎, abbreviated as EOC) is a non-profit organization serving as the National Olympic Committee of Egypt and a part of the International Olympic Committee. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Games were inaugurated on October 1951, in Alexandria, Egypt, in honour of Muhammed Taher Pasha,the man to whom their inspiration is owed, with contests being held in 13 sports along with the participation of 734 athletes from 10 countries. Ever since, they take place every 4 years without any interruption. In 1955, in Barcelona, during the II Games, the set up was decided of a Supervisory and Controlling Body for the Games, a kind of Executive Committee. The decisions were finally materialized on June 16, 1961, and the said Body was named, upon a Greek notion, ICMG (International Committee for the Mediterranean Games). GAMES Magazine is a United States based magazine devoted to games published by GAMES Publications, a division of Kappa Publishing Group. ... Muhammed Taher Pasha (1879 – 1970) was a Egyptian doctor of Turkish origin in political sciences and the founder of the Mediterranean Games [1]. He was the chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee and also a member of the Executive Commission of the International Olympic Committee from 1952 to 1957. ...

The Mediterranean Games, organized every four years, stand as the greatest sport event of the Mediterranean region, attracting the interest of the maritime countries, where Europe, Africa and Asia meet.

These games form an opportunity for a peaceful confrontation between youth from three Continents, different cultures and religions, yet bound together by a common ideal, The Olympic Ideal, which has sprung from an ancient Mediterranean country, Greece, the cradle of the contemporary western civilization. A chance is thus given, through these games, for young people to get to know each other, appreciate each other, reaffirm or strengthen their ties in a climate of peaceful rivalry.

The Mediterranean Games, held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee, fall within the competence of the Hellenic Olympic Committee, in terms of the preparation and composition of the National Delegation, precisely as for the Olympic games. Yet, their establishment too must be credited to the HOC, for it held a leading part in their being founded, despite all difficulties.

Athens is the permanent seat of the ICMG (irrespective of who the President might be) and the Committee’s General Secretary is Greek. This comes as a further tribute of honour to Greece, marking out its leading role as regards the function and strengthening of the institution.

The logo of the games, called also the “Mediterranean Olympics”, is composed of three white rings symbolically representing Africa, Asia, and Europe, the three continents that have coast on the Mediterranean Sea, reflecting themselves in the blue colour of the sea. During the closing ceremony, the flag of the games is transferred to the country of the city chosen for the organisation of the next Mediterranean Games. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the six inhabited continents of the Earth. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Participating countries

At present 21 countries participate in the games:

The only country bordering the Mediterranean Sea which does not participate is Israel, this until 2009 in Pescara, Italy and the first time to Palestine. Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... Pescara is a city in central Italy, in the region of Abruzzo. ... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi...

The Greek olympic commitee suggested 9 more countries to join these Mediterranean games such as Portugal, Bulgaria and some Arabic countries The Arab world The Arab world consists of twenty-three countries stretching from Western Sahara and Mauritania in the west to Oman in the east. ...

Host cities

No inland city has ever hosted the games. All but one of the host cities to date have been situated on the Mediterranean coast. (Casablanca is located on the Atlantic coast.) Below together the official numbers in sequence:country,sport,competitions,athletes(male and female)and total

  1. 1951: Alexandria (Egypt) 10 14 91 734 --- 734
  2. 1955: Barcelona (Spain) 10 20 102 1.135 --- 1.135
  3. 1959: Beirut (Lebanon) 11 17 106 792 --- 792
  4. 1963: Naples (Italy) 13 17 93 1.057 --- 1.057
  5. 1967: Tunis (Tunisia) 12 14 93 1.211 38 1.249
  6. 1971: İzmir (Turkey) 14 18 137 1.235 127 1.362
  7. 1975: Algiers (Algeria) 15 19 160 2.095 349 2.444
  8. 1979: Split (Croatia,Yugoslavia) 14 26 192 2.009 399 2.048
  9. 1983: Casablanca (Morocco) 16 20 162 1.845 335 2.180
  10. 1987: Latakia (Syria)16 20 162 1.845 335 2.180
  11. 1991: Athens (Greece) 18 24 217 2.176 586 2.762
  12. 1993: Languedoc-Roussillon (France) 20 24 217 1.994 604 2.598
  13. 1997: Bari (Italy) 21 27 234 2.999 804 2.195
  14. 2001: Tunis (Tunisia) 23 23 230 2.002 1.039 3.041
  15. 2005: Almería (Spain) 21 27 258 2,134 1,080 3,214

The Italian city Pescara will host the next Mediterranean Games in 2009. Alexandria Modern Alexandria. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... The Bay of Naples Naples (Italian: , Neapolitan: Nàpule, from Greek Νεάπολη < Νέα Πόλις Néa Pólis New City) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of the Campania region and the Province of Naples. ... Ä°zmir (Ottoman Turkish: إزمير Ä°zmir, Greek: Σμύρνη SmýrnÄ“, Armenian: Ô»Õ¦Õ´Õ«Ö€, Italian: Smirne, Ladino: Izmir, without the Turkish dotted I) is the third most populous city of Turkey and the countrys largest port after Ä°stanbul. ... Nickname: al-Bahjah Location of Algiers within Algeria Algiers 944 A.D. Area    - City 273 km² Population    - City (2003) around 2. ... Look up Split in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... Mosquée Hassan II à Casablanca Satellite image of Casablanca Casablanca (Spanish for white house ; Standard Arabic: الدار البيضاء transliterated ; Moroccan Arabic: dar beïda) is a city in western Morocco, located on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Roundabout in Latakia Latakia (Arabic: اللاذقية Al-Ladhiqiyah, Greek:Λαοδικεία) is the principal port city of Syria. ... Evzones Athens (Greek: Αθήνα, Athína IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Greece. ... Capital Montpellier Land area¹ 27,376 km² Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Location within Italy Bari is the capital of the province of Bari and of the Apulia (or Puglia) region, on the Adriatic sea, in Italy. ... Almería is the capital of the province of Almería in Spain. ... Pescara is a city in central Italy, in the region of Abruzzo. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

List of sports

24 sports make up the programme of the games in 2005: Aquatics (Swimming, Waterpolo), Archery, Athletics (track and field), Basketball, Bowls, Boxing, Canoe-Kayak, Cycling, Equestrian, Fencing, Football, Golf, Gymnastics (artistic and rhythmic), Handball, Handisports, Judo, Karate, Rowing, Sailing, Shooting, Table tennis, Tennis, Volleyball (and Beach volleyball), Weightlifting and Wrestling. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are a large number of sports that involve water. ... Swimming is a technique that humans, and other animals, use to move through water using only movements of the body, for exercise, fun and competition. ... Water polo is a team water sport, which can be best described as a combination of swimming, football (soccer), basketball, ice hockey, and wrestling. ... These arrows score as an inner 10 (X), and a 9 Archery is the practice of using a bow to shoot arrows. ... A womens 400 metre hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... Swifts Creek Bowls Club Bowls (also known as Lawn Bowls or Lawn Bowling) is a precision sport where the goal is to roll slightly radially asymmetrical balls (called bowls) closer to a smaller white ball (the jack or kitty) than ones opponent is able to do. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called Western Boxing, pugilism, prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science (a common nickname among fans), is a sport and martial art in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with... A canoe is a relatively small boat, typically human-powered, but also commonly sailed. ... A kayak is a small human-powered boat. ... This road bicycle is built using lightweight, shaped aluminium tubing and carbon fiber stays and forks. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... In the broadest possible sense, fencing is the art and science of armed combat involving cutting, stabbing, or bludgeoning weapons directly manipulated by hand, rather than shot or thrown (in other words, swords, knives, pikes, bayonets, batons, clubs, and so on). ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Greg Norman on the 18th tee at St Andrews. ... Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of sequences of movements requiring physical strength, flexibility, and kinesthetic awareness, such as handsprings, handstands, forward rolls, arials and tucks. ... Handball is the name of several different sports: Team handball, or Olympic/European Handball is a game somewhat similar to association football, but the ball is played with the hand, not the foot. ... Judo , gentle way) is a martial art, combat sport, and philosophy which originated in Japan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... Sailing at sunset Wooden sailing boat Sailing is the skillful art of controlling the motion of a sailing ship or sailboat, across a body of water. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Jan-Ove Waldner at the 2004 Olympics Table tennis (also known colloquially as ping pong) is a sport where two or four players hit a ball back and forth to each other with paddles. ... A tennis net Tennis is a game played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponents court. ... It has been suggested that History of volleyball be merged into this article or section. ... A beach volleyball game in progress Beach volleyball in Vancouver Beach volleyball has evolved from the popular social games of volleyball played on many beaches around the world. ... A weightlifter about to jerk 180 kg Weightlifting is a sport where competitors attempt to lift heavy weights mounted on steel bars, the execution of which is a combination of power and technique. ... Wrestling is an ancient physical combat sport in which two opponents attempt to control the other through grappling techniques without the use of striking. ...

Proposals have been made to enter sailing in the program. Sailing at sunset Wooden sailing boat Sailing is the skillful art of controlling the motion of a sailing ship or sailboat, across a body of water. ...

A proposal that women be included in the games was made as early as 1959, but women did not participate until 1967. 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...

External links

  • International Mediterranean Games Committee

Mediterranean Games
Alexandria 1951 | Barcelona 1955 | Beirut 1959 | Naples 1963 | Tunis 1967| Izmir 1971 | Algiers 1975 | Split 1979 | Casablanca 1983 | Latakia 1987 | Athens 1991 | Languedoc-Roussillon 1993 | Bari 1997 | Tunis 2001 | Almería 2005 | Pescara 2009 | Mersin 2013

  Results from FactBites:
Minoan and Eastern Mediterranean Board Games 1950 (2667 words)
The presence of game boards both in the Minoan and the Mycenaean worlds was quickly established and Evans, for instance, stated that "a gaming table was such an indispensable possession of Mycenaean kings that it followed them to another world".
The knowledge of gaming in the oldest periods accumulated further in 1909, when even earlier evidence of gaming was exhibited by the Egyptian Exploration Fund at King's College in London.
The spreading of games between cultures and periods is considered briefly and he states that "the board-games of Greece and Rome are affiliated to the older games of Egypt, Ur and Palestine, and...
Minoan and Eastern Mediterranean Board Games 1900 (2362 words)
Some of the games are introduced with a short history or anecdote, but the main concern is the rules of the different games, as well as examples of how to play them, often with a list of moves resulting in a perfect game.
These modern games were some­times used as analogies to the ancient ones and as evidence for their reconstruction.
If we sum up the available research done on games and game boards at the time of Evans' first years of excavation at Knossos, there was, on the one hand, a steady accumula­tion throughout the century of hieroglyphic and, later, other archaeological material from Egypt.
  More results at FactBites »



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