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Encyclopedia > Medieval art
Byzantine monumental Church mosaics are a crowning glory of Medieval Art. One of the most famous of the surviving mosaics is in the Church of the Holy Wisdom in former Constantinople—the image of Christ on the walls of the upper southern gallery.
Byzantine monumental Church mosaics are a crowning glory of Medieval Art. One of the most famous of the surviving mosaics is in the Church of the Holy Wisdom in former Constantinople—the image of Christ on the walls of the upper southern gallery.

Medieval art covers a vast scope of time and place, over 1000 years of art history in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. It includes major art movements and periods, national and regional art, genres, revivals, the artists crafts, and the artists themselves. Image File history File links Hagiasophia-christ. ... Image File history File links Hagiasophia-christ. ... For other uses, see Hagia Sophia (disambiguation). ... Map of Constantinople. ... This article is about the academic discipline of art history. ... // Medieval art Main article: Medieval art Most surviving art from the Medieval period was religious in focus, often funded by the Church, powerful ecclesiastical individuals such as bishops, communal groups such as abbeys, or wealthy secular patrons. ... Mediums of Islamic art Islamic art throughout history has been mainly abstract and decorative, portraying geometric, floral, Arabesque, and calligraphic designs. ...


Art historians classify Medieval art into major periods and movements. They are Early Christian art, Migration Period art, Celtic art, Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque art, Gothic art, Byzantine art and Islamic art. In addition each "nation" or culture in the Middle Ages had its own distinct artistic style and these are looked at individually, such as Anglo-Saxon art or Viking art. Medieval art includes many mediums, and was especially strong in sculpture, Illuminated manuscripts and mosaics. There were many unique genres of art, such as Crusade art or animal style. Early Christian art and architecture is the art produced by Christians or under Christian patronage from about the year 200 to about the year 500. ... Gravegoods from various North French and Rhineland sites, up to the 6th c. ... Muiredacha Cross. ... Pre-Romanesque art is the roughly 400 year period in Western European art from about the Carolingian Renaissance in the 8th century, to the beginning of the 12th century Romanesque period. ... Interior of the Saint-Saturnin church St-Sernin, Toulouse, 1080 – 1120: elevation of the east end Romanesque sculpture, cloister of St. ... The Western (Royal) Portal at Chartres Cathedral ( 1145). ... The most famous of the surviving Byzantine mosaics of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople - the image of Christ Pantocrator on the walls of the upper southern gallery. ... Islamic art is the art of Islamic people, cultures, and countries. ... A map showing the general locations of the major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms The Anglo-Saxons were a group of Germanic tribes from Angeln, a peninsula in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, protruding into the Baltic Sea, and what is now Lower Saxony in Northern Germany, who achieved dominance in southern Britain from... The Ramsund carving in Sweden depicts 1) how Sigurd is sitting naked in front of the fire preparing the dragon heart, from Fafnir, for his foster-father Regin, who is Fafnirs brother. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts decorated with gold or silver, like this miniature of Christ in Majesty from the Aberdeen Bestiary (folio 4v), would be considered illuminated. ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... the Harrowing of Hell from the Melisende Psalter The art of the crusades, meaning primarily the art produced in Middle Eastern areas under Crusader control, encompassed roughly two artistic periods in Europe, the Romanesque Period, and the Gothic period, the transition between the two occurring around the middle of the... Vendel sword hilt from Norway. ...

Contents

Overview

Medieval art in Europe grew out of the artistic heritage of the Roman Empire, and the legacy of the early Christian church. These sources were mixed with the vigorous "Barbarian" artistic culture of Northern Europe to produce a remarkable artistic legacy. Indeed the history of medieval art can be seen as the history of the interplay between the elements of classical, early Christian and "pagan" art. The term Christian Church, or Catholic Church, as it was known by Christians beginning in the second century, expresses the idea that organised Christianity (the Christian religion) is seen as an institution. ...


Major art movements

Art in the Middle Ages is a broad subject and art historians traditionally look at it based on about eight large-scale movements, or periods.

  • Early Christian art covers the period from about 200 (before which no distinct Christian form survives), until the late 7th or early 8th centuries, when Arab conquests and Byzantine iconoclasm halted the production of art in the East. During this period Christian artists adopted the Roman crafts of painting, mosaic, carving and metalwork.
  • Byzantine art overlaps with or merges with what we call Early Christian art until the iconoclasm period of 730-843 when the vast majority of artwork with figures was destroyed; so little remains that today any discovery sheds new understanding. After 843 until 1453 there is a clear Byzantine art tradition. It is often the finest art of the Middle Ages in terms of quality of material and workmanship, with production centered on Constantinople. Byzantine art's crowning achievement were the monumental frescos and mosaics inside domed churches, most of which have not survived due to natural disasters and the appropriation of churches to mosques.
  • Celtic art in the Middle Ages describes the art of native Celtic speaking peoples of Ireland and Britain from about the 5th century, with the Roman withdrawal, to about the 12th century establishment of Romanesque art. The 5th to 7th centuries were mainly a continutation of the late Iron Age La Tène art with some Roman modifications, while in the 7th and 8th centuries saw a fusion with Germanic traditions through contact with the Anglo-Saxons creating what is called the Hiberno-Saxon style or Insular art, and then finally late in the period some Viking inspirations are seen in Ireland.
  • Pre-Romanesque art is the period from the crowning of Charlemagne in 800 to the start of the Romanesque period in the 11th century. It includes Carolingian art, Ottonian art (Germany), Anglo-Saxon art (England), as well as the art of France, Italy and Spain. During this period Roman classical influences are actively absorbed and Carolingian art becomes the seed from which would later emerge Romanesque and Gothic art.
  • Romanesque art refers to the period from about 1000 to the rise of Gothic art in the 12th century, which developed in conjunction with the rise of monasticism in Western Europe and particularly France, but also included Christian Spain, England, Flanders, Germany, Italy, and elsewhere. Its architecture is dominated by thick walls, short, squat structures, and round-headed windows and arches. The name comes from 19th century art historians, as it was the first time since ancient Rome that Roman architectural forms were clearly used.
  • Gothic art is a variable term depending on the craft, place and time. The term originated with Gothic architecture in 1140, but Gothic painting did not appear until around 1200 (this date has many qualifications), when it diverged from Romanesque style. Gothic sculpture was born in France in 1144 with the renovation of the Abbey Church of S. Denis and spread throughout Europe, by the 13th century it had become the international style, replacing Romanesque. International Gothic describes Gothic art from about 1360 to 1430, after which Gothic art merges into Renaissance art at different times in different places. During this period forms such as painting, in fresco and on panel, become newly important, and the end of the period includes new media such as prints.
  • Islamic art during the Middle Ages covers a wide variety of crafts including illustrated manuscripts, textiles, ceramics, metalwork and glass. It refers to the art of Muslim peoples in the Near East, Islamic Spain, and Northern Africa. There was an early formative stage from 600-900 and the development of regional styles from 900 onwards.

Early Christian art and architecture is the art produced by Christians or under Christian patronage from about the year 200 to about the year 500. ... Age of the Caliphs The initial Muslim conquests (632-732) began after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and were marked by a century of rapid Arab expansion beyond the Arabian peninsula under the Rashidun and Umayyad caliphs, ending with the Battle of Tours— resulting in a vast Muslim... Illustration of the Beeldenstorm during the Dutch reformation Iconoclasm is the destruction of religious icons and other symbols or monuments, usually for religious or political motives. ... The most famous of the surviving Byzantine mosaics of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople - the image of Christ Pantocrator on the walls of the upper southern gallery. ... April 2 - Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (İstanbul). ... Map of Constantinople. ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Muiredacha Cross. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Celtic languages are a branch of the Indo-European languages. ... The La Tène culture was an Iron Age culture named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchatel in Switzerland, where a rich trove of artifacts was discovered by Hansli Kopp in 1857. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... This page (folio 292r) of the Book of Kells contains the lavishly decorated text that opens the Gospel of John. ... Gravegoods from various North French and Rhineland sites, up to the 6th c. ... The German term Völkerwanderung (the migration of peoples), is used in historiography as an alternate label for the Migration Period, of Germanic, Slavic and other tribes on the European continent during the period AD 300–900. ... Muiredacha Cross. ... Vendel sword hilt from Norway. ... Gravegoods from various North French and Rhineland sites, up to the 6th c. ... Pre-Romanesque art is the roughly 400 year period in Western European art from about the Carolingian Renaissance in the 8th century, to the beginning of the 12th century Romanesque period. ... Lorsch Gospels 778-820. ... A map showing the general locations of the major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms The Anglo-Saxons were a group of Germanic tribes from Angeln, a peninsula in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, protruding into the Baltic Sea, and what is now Lower Saxony in Northern Germany, who achieved dominance in southern Britain from... Interior of the Saint-Saturnin church St-Sernin, Toulouse, 1080 – 1120: elevation of the east end Romanesque sculpture, cloister of St. ... The Western (Royal) Portal at Chartres Cathedral ( 1145). ... Königsberg Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Western (Royal) Portal at Chartres Cathedral ( 1145). ... International Gothic is a subset of Gothic art developed in Burgundy, Bohemia and northern Italy in the late 1300s and early 1400s. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... For building painting, see painter and decorator. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... The term Old Master Print is used to describe works of art produced by a printing process within the Western tradition (European or New World). ... Islamic art is the art of Islamic people, cultures, and countries. ...

Medieval art by region, type and genre

Motto: none Anthem: Intermeco Bosnia and Herzegovina() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Sarajevo Official languages Bosnian Croatian Serbian Government Descriptively, a federalized union of two entities, a result of the peace settlement  - High Representative Christian Schwarz-Schilling  - Presidency members NebojÅ¡a Radmanović1 Haris Silajdžić2... Map of Constantinople. ... The word Copt signifies the natives of Egypt as a nationality, and in popular common culture in Egypt it is used to specifically signify Christian Egyptians, although its use to mean Egyptian is not unwitnessed. ... the Harrowing of Hell from the Melisende Psalter The art of the crusades, meaning primarily the art produced in Middle Eastern areas under Crusader control, encompassed roughly two artistic periods in Europe, the Romanesque Period, and the Gothic period, the transition between the two occurring around the middle of the... The Crusader states, c. ... Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the... The most famous of the surviving Byzantine mosaics of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople - the image of Christ Pantocrator on the walls of the upper southern gallery. ... Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus The Comnenus or Komnenos family was an important dynasty in the history of the Byzantine Empire. ... An example of Macedonian ivorywork: the Harbaville Tryptych, now in the Louvre, Paris. ... Macedonian Renaissance is a label sometimes used to describe the period of the Macedonian dynasty of the Byzantine Empire (867-1056) which some scholars have seen as a time of increased interest in classical scholarship and the assimilation of classical motifs into Christian themes. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... The most famous of the surviving Byzantine mosaics of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople - the image of Christ Pantocrator on the walls of the upper southern gallery. ... The Double-headed eagle, emblem of the Paleologus dynasty and the Byzantine Empire. ... The most famous of the surviving Byzantine mosaics of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople - the image of Christ Pantocrator on the walls of the upper southern gallery. ... Borzesti church was built by Stefan cel Mare in 1493. ... The Russian culture is rooted in the early East Slavic culture. ... Sassanid art is the term commonly used to describe the various artistic products of the Sassanid Empire of Persia from about the 3rd century until its fall of Ctesiphon in 640. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Empire (Persian: ‎ Sasanian) is the name used for the fourth Iranian dynasty, and the second Persian Empire (226 - 651). ... Art of Serbia. ... Anthem: Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Abbasid (Arabic: العبّاسيّون, AbbāsÄ«yÅ«n) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Arab Empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Motto: Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia by herself, for Spain, and for humankind) Capital Seville Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87,268 km²  17. ... The Ayyubid Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Egypt, Iraq in the 12th and 13th centuries. ... Iraq has one of the worlds oldest cultural histories. ... Baghdad (Arabic ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... The Fatimids, Fatimid Caliphate or al-FātimiyyÅ«n (Arabic الفاطميون) is the Shia dynasty that ruled over varying areas of the Maghreb, Egypt, and the Levant from 5 January 910 to 1171. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 977 to 1186. ... Hafsid dynasty in Ifriqiya (1229-1574) Significant Rulers: Abu Zakariyya Yahya I. (1229-1249) Muhammad I. al-Mustansir (1249-1277) Yahya II. al-Watiq (1277-1279) Ibrahim I. (1279-1283) Ibn Abi Umara (1283-1284) Abu Hafs Umar I. (1284-1295) Abu Bakr II. (1318-1346) Ishaq II. (1350-1369... A Mamluk cavalryman, drawn in 1810 A mamluk (Arabic: مملوك (singular), مماليك (plural), owned; also transliterated mameluk, mameluke, or mamluke) was a slave soldier who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid sultans during the Middle Ages. ... The Berber Marinids (Banu Marin) conquered Morocco from the Almohads in 1269. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Mozarabic was a continuum of closely related Iberian Romance dialects spoken in Muslim dominated areas of the Iberian Peninsula during the early stages of Romance languages development in Iberia. ... Mudéjar is the name given to the Moors who remained in Spain after the Christian reconquista but were not converted to Christianity, and to a vernacular style of Spanish architecture and decoration, particularly of Aragon and Castile, of 12th and 16th centuries, strongly influenced by Moorish taste and workmanship... Iran is filled with tombs of poets and musicians, such as this one belonging to Rahi Moayeri. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and beyond in Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. ... The Samanids (875-999) (in Persian: Samanian) were a Persian dynasty in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... Secular Jewish culture embraces several related phenomena; above all, it is the culture of secular communities of Jewish people, but it can also include the cultural contributions of individuals who identify as secular Jews, or even those of religious Jews working in cultural areas not generally considered to be connected... Secular Jewish culture embraces several related phenomena; above all, it is the culture of secular communities of Jewish people, but it can also include the cultural contributions of individuals who identify as secular Jews, or even those of religious Jews working in cultural areas not generally considered to be connected... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A map showing the general locations of the major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms The Anglo-Saxons were a group of Germanic tribes from Angeln, a peninsula in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, protruding into the Baltic Sea, and what is now Lower Saxony in Northern Germany, who achieved dominance in southern Britain from... Lorsch Gospels 778-820. ... Pre-Romanesque art is the roughly 400 year period in Western European art from about the Carolingian Renaissance in the 8th century, to the beginning of the 12th century Romanesque period. ... Contents // Categories: Art stubs | Art by nationality | Art history | Italian culture ... English art is a term referring to a body of the visual arts originating from the nation of England, in the form of a continuous tradition. ... The Culture of England is sometimes difficult to separate clearly from the culture of the United Kingdom, so influential has English culture been on the cultures of the British Isles and, on the other hand, given the extent to which other cultures have influenced life in England. ... Muiredacha Cross. ... Muiredacha Cross. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence comes the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... A gold chalice from the Treasure of Gourdon. ... Gravegoods from various North French and Rhineland sites, up to the 6th c. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Merovingian (disambiguation). ... Mosan art or Rheno-Mosan art is medieval art from the valleys of the Meuse and Rhine, in present-day Belgium and Rhineland, from the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. ... The visual and plastic arts of France have had an unprecedented diversity -- from the Gothic cathedral of Chartres to Georges de la Tours night scenes to Monets Waterlilies and finally to Duchamps radical Fontaine -- and have exerted an unparalleled influence on world cultural production. ... Pre-Romanesque art is the roughly 400 year period in Western European art from about the Carolingian Renaissance in the 8th century, to the beginning of the 12th century Romanesque period. ... For other uses, see Palermo (disambiguation). ... Contents // Categories: Art stubs | Art by nationality | Art history | Italian culture ... A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ... The Culture of Poland is closely connected with its intricate 1000 years of history. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban... Spanish art is an important and influential type of art in Europe. ... The culture of Spain has roots in Iberian and Latin influences, Catholicism, Moorish Islam, tension between the centralized Castilian state and its regions, and its minority peoples. ... The Ramsund carving in Sweden depicts 1) how Sigurd is sitting naked in front of the fire preparing the dragon heart, from Fafnir, for his foster-father Regin, who is Fafnirs brother. ... The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne explorers, traders, and warriors of the Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles, France and other parts of Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image:San Juan de Baños . ... Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... Fixed Partial Denture, or Bridge The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos). ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... A tessera (plural: tesserae, diminutive tessella) is an individual tile in a mosaic, usually formed in the shape of a cube. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... Lusterware is a type of pottery or porcelain with a metallic sheen that gives the effect of iridescence, produced by metallic oxides and an overglaze finish This style was popular with and likely invented by Persian potters in the 9th century. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Art glass. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... A manuscript (Latin manu scriptus, written by hand), strictly speaking, is any written document that is put down by hand, in contrast to being printed or reproduced some other way. ... Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book from a number of separate sheets of paper or other material. ... Calligraphy in a Latin Bible of AD 1407 on display in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England. ... In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts decorated with gold or silver, like this miniature of Christ in Majesty from the Aberdeen Bestiary (folio 4v), would be considered illuminated. ... The term Old Master Print is used to describe works of art produced by a printing process within the Western tradition (European or New World). ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... Metalcut is a relief printmaking technique, belonging to the category of old master prints. ... Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer. ... Metalworking is the craft and practice of working with metals to create parts or structures. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... Bold textthe silversmith is a fun trade This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A goldsmith creating a new ring A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with precious metals, usually to make jewelry. ... „Minden Cross“ in Niello technique, appr. ... Jewelry (the American spelling; spelled jewellery in Commonwealth English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ... A relic is an object, especially a piece of the body or a personal item of someone of religious significance, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial, Relics are an important aspect of Buddhism, some denominations of Christianity, Hinduism, shamanism, and many other personal belief systems. ... For building painting, see painter and decorator. ... Look up Iconography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Christ the Redeemer (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) An icon (from Greek , eikon, image) is an image, picture, or representation; it is a sign or likeness that stands for an object by signifying or representing it, or by analogy, as in semiotics; in computers an icon is a symbol on the... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... The Ghent Altarpiece: The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, interior view, 1432. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ... Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ... A carpet is any loom-woven, felted textile or grass floor covering. ... Look up dye in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn made of fiber called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... This article is about tapestry the textile. ... Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures. ... A Shaker rocker, or rocking chair. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... Vendel sword hilt from Norway. ... An antiquarian or antiquary is one concerned with antiquities or things of the past. ... Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech/discourse) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... For other meanings, see Spolia (disambiguation) Re-use in Roman building material in the late Roman empire(eg Arch of Janus, Arch of Constantine) of rubble and artworks from earlier Roman buildings. ... Look up Apocalypse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Illustrated Apocalypse manuscripts are manuscripts that contain the text of Revelation and/or a commentary on Revelation and also illustrations. ... Christs baptism in the bottom panel. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... Memento mori is a Latin phrase that may be freely translated as Remember that you are mortal, Remember you will die, or Remember your death. It names a genre of artistic creations that vary widely from one another, but which all share the same purpose, which is to remind people... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Seville Town Hall facade Plateresque refers to the 15th and 16th century art form in Spain, characterized by an ornate style of architecture. ... A synagogue (from Ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: ‎ beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish place of religious worship. ... The unicorn (from Latin unus one and cornus horn) is a legendary creature whose power is exceeded only by its mystery. ... This is a list of illustrated or decorated manuscripts. ... List of Late Antique, Early Christian and Medieval art monuments Catacomb Frescos Good Shepherd Sarcophagus Sarcophagus of Endymion Sarcophagus of Junius Bassius Dura-Europos house church Arch of Constantine Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius Basilica Ulpia of Trajan Constantine the Great statue fragment Old Saint Peter’s Basilica, Rome...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Medieval painting

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Medieval Art Main article: Medieval art Art during Medieval times was almost exclusively concerned with Christianity. ... Medieval literature is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages (encompassing the one thousand years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire ca. ... Medieval poetry was often preserved by mere happenstance. ... A musician plays the vielle in a 14th century medieval manuscript. ... Palaeography, literally old writing, (from the Greek words paleos = old and grapho = write) is the study of script. ... Medieval theatre refers to the theatre of Europe between the fall of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the Renaissance. ...

External links

  • Medieval Art on the Web, Art History resources.


Middle Ages

Architecture | Art | Cuisine | Demography | Literature | Poetry | Music | Philosophy | Science | Technology | Warfare The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Church of the Intercession on the Nerl(1165) - an archetypal example of early Russian architecture. ... Peasants threshing siligo, a type of wheat. ... Medieval demography is demography in the Middle Ages. ... Medieval literature is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages (encompassing the one thousand years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire ca. ... Medieval poetry was often preserved by mere happenstance. ... A musician plays the vielle in a 14th century medieval manuscript. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The history of science in the Middle Ages refers to the discoveries in the field of natural philosophy throughout the Middle Ages - the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history. ... During the 12th and 13th century in Europe there was a radical change in the rate of new inventions During the 12th and 13th century in Europe there was a radical change in the rate of new inventions, innovations in the ways of managing traditional means of production, and economic... Medieval warfare is the warfare of the European Middle Ages. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Islamic art collection at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, LACMA (2627 words)
The art of Islamic Spain during this period is somewhat less inventive and energetic than that produced elsewhere, which may have to do with the relative isolation of Spain and North Africa under conservative Almoravid and Almohad rule.
Architectural decoration, the arts of the book, textiles, glass, metalwork, and pottery all attained a high level, enriched by a decorative vocabulary that was frequently dominated by figural representation.
In the early medieval period metalworkers began to cover large areas of the base metal surface with decoration inlaid in copper and silver, gold and silver, or silver alone, perhaps as a less costly means of imitating the richness of objects fashioned entirely of precious metal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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