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Encyclopedia > Medieval architecture
This article is part of the 
History of western
architecture series
Neolithic architecture
Ancient Egyptian architecture
Sumerian architecture
Classical architecture
Ancient Greek architecture
Ancient Roman architecture
Byzantine architecture
Medieval architecture
Romanesque architecture
Gothic architecture
Renaissance architecture
Baroque architecture
Neoclassical architecture
Neo-Renaissance architecture
Gothic Revival architecture
Modern architecture
Postmodern architecture
Related articles
Church of the Intercession on the Nerl(1165) - an archetypal example of early Russian architecture.
Church of the Intercession on the Nerl(1165) - an archetypal example of early Russian architecture.

Medieval architecture is a term used to represent various forms of architecture popular in the Middle Ages. Image File history File links SaintPierre1. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Neolithic architecture is the architecture of the Neolithic period. ... For at least ten thousand years, the Nile valley has been the site of one of the most influential civilizations in the world. ... The Sumerians generally built structures using mud brick. ... From the point of view of modern times, the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean sometimes seem to blend smoothly into one melange we call the Classical. ... The restored Stoa of Attalus, Athens Architecture, defined as building executed to an aesthetically considered design, was extinct in Greece from the end of the Mycenaean period (about 1200 BC) to the 7th century BC, when urban life and prosperity recovered to a point where public building could be undertaken. ... The Romans adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for their own purposes, which were so different from Greek buildings as to create a new architectural style. ... Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire. ... Interior of the Saint-Saturnin church St-Sernin basilica, Toulouse, 1080 – 1120: elevation of the east end Romanesque sculpture, cloister of St. ... See also Gothic art. ... Renaissance Architecture: The cultural movement called the Renaissance (which literally means re-birth) was just that in architecture, a rebirth of the Roman traditions of design recognized by contemporaries in the term allAntica, in the Antique manner. It was expressed in a new emphasis on rational clarity and regularity... For the Baroque style in a more general sense, see Baroque. ... The neoclassical movement that produced Neoclassical architecture began in the mid-18th century, as a reaction against both the surviving Baroque and Rococo styles, and as a desire to return to the perceived purity of the arts of Rome, the more vague perception (ideal) of Ancient Greek arts (where almost... Château de Ferrières 1855 Mentmore Towers English Neo-Renaissance of the 1850s. ... It has been suggested that Neo-gothic architecture be merged into this article or section. ... Modern architecture is a broad term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament, that first arose around 1900. ... Piazza dItalia by Charles Willard Moore, New Orleans. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x640, 78 KB) Church of Intercession upon Nerl (1165), Bogolyubovo, Russia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x640, 78 KB) Church of Intercession upon Nerl (1165), Bogolyubovo, Russia. ... Diminutive church dominating the area by virtue of its siting and proportions. ... Saint Basils Cathedral (1555-61) is a showcase of medieval Russian architecture. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1544x1024, 620 KB) GFDL - This picture was taken on March 22/2005 by myself. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1544x1024, 620 KB) GFDL - This picture was taken on March 22/2005 by myself. ... Bodiam Castle from the south Bodiam Castle from the north Bodiam Castle is located in East Sussex, England. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...

Contents

Religious architecture

The Latin cross plan, common in medieval ecclesiastical architecture, takes the Roman Basilica as its primary model with subsequent developments. It consists of a nave, transepts, and the altar stands at the east end (see Cathedral diagram). Also, cathedrals influenced or commissioned by Justinian employed the Byzantine style of domes and a Greek cross (resembling a plus sign), centering attention on the altar at the center of the church. The traditional form of the Christian cross, known as the Latin cross The Christian cross is a familiar religious symbol of most Christianity. ... St. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... Full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... Look up Altar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Amiens floorplan: massive piers support the west end towers; transepts are abbreviated; seven radiating chapels form the chevet reached from the ambulatory This article discusses cathedral diagrams. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the Basilica of San Vitale. ... Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Architecture in the Early Middle Ages may be divided into Early Christian, Merovingian, Carolingian, and Ottonian. While these terms are problematic, they nonetheless serve adequately as entries into the era. Considerations that enter into histories of each period include Trachtenberg's "historicising" and "modernizing" elements, Italian versus northern, Spanish, and Byzantine elements, and especially the religious and political maneuverings between kings, popes, and various ecclesiastic officials. The Good Shepherd: Early Christian catacomb art Early Christian art and architecture is the art produced by Christians or under Christian patronage from about the year 200 to about the year 500. ... A gold chalice from the Treasure of Gourdon. ... Lorsch monastery gatehouse The Palatine Chapel in Aachen Carolingian architecture is the style of North European architecture promoted by Charlemagne, King of the Franks, who was crowned Imperator Augustus in Rome on Christmas Day, 800 by Pope Leo III. The period of architecture spans the late 8th and 9th centuries... Ottonian Architecture evolved during the reign of Emperor Otto the Great (936-975). ... Trachtenberg (Трахтенберг, טרחטנבּרג) is a surname of several people, especially Ukrainian Jewish family name. ...


Romanesque

Main article: Romanesque architecture

Romanesque, prevalent in medieval Europe during the 11th and 12th centuries, was the first pan-European style since Roman Imperial Architecture and examples are found in every part of the continent. The term was not contemporary with the art it describes but rather is an invention of modern scholarship based on its similarity to Roman Architecture in forms and materials. Romanesque is characterized by a use of round or slightly pointed arches, barrel vaults, cruciform piers supporting vaults, and groin vaults. Interior of the Saint-Saturnin church St-Sernin basilica, Toulouse, 1080 – 1120: elevation of the east end Romanesque sculpture, cloister of St. ... The Romans adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for their own purposes, which were so different from Greek buildings as to create a new architectural style. ...


Gothic

Main article: Gothic architecture

The style originated at the 12th century abbey church of Saint-Denis in Saint-Denis, near Paris, where it exemplified the vision of Abbot Suger. Verticality is emphasised in Gothic architecture and features almost skeletal stone structures with great expanses of glass, pointed arches using the ogive shape, ribbed vaults, clustered columns, sharply pointed spires and flying buttresses. Windows contain beautiful stained glass, showing stories from the Bible and from lives of saints. Such advancements in design allowed cathedrals to rise taller than ever, and it became something of an inter-regional contest to build a church as high as possible. See also Gothic art. ... West façade of Saint Denis The Basilica of Saint Denis (French: Basilique de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is the famous burial site of the French monarchs, comparable to Westminster Abbey in England. ... Saint Denis can refer to: a Christian saint: see Denis Seine-Saint-Denis a département of France Several communes in France: Saint-Denis,in the Aude département Saint-Denis, in the Gard département Saint-Denis, in the Seine-Saint-Denis département, home of Saint Denis Basilica... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... Suger of Saint-Denis on a medieval window Suger (c. ... Isometric view of a typical arch An arch is a curved structure capable of spanning a space while supporting significant weight (e. ... An ogive is a curved shape, figure, or feature. ... Flying buttresses at Bath Abbey, Bath, England. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... The word Bible refers to the canonical collections of sacred writings of Judaism and Christianity. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are usually depicted as having halos. ...


Secular architecture

Surviving examples of medieval secular architecture mainly served for defense. Castles and fortified walls provide the most notable remaining non-religious examples of medieval architecture. Windows gained a cross-shape for more than decorative purposes: they provided a perfect fit for a crossbowman to safely shoot at invaders from inside. Crenelated walls (battlements) provided shelters for archers on the roofs to hide behind when not shooting. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... A crossbow is a weapon consisting of a bow mounted on a stock that fires projectiles. ... Crenellation (or crenelation) is the name for the distinctive pattern that framed the tops of the walls of many medieval castles, often called battlements. ... A battlement, in defensive architecture such as that of city walls or castles, comprises a parapet (i. ...


Elements of medieval architecture

Elaborately decorated classical-style stone corbels support balconies on a building in Indianapolis. ... Categories: Fortification | Architectural elements | Stub ... A merlon, in architecture, forms the solid part of an embattled parapet between the embrasures, sometimes pierced by loopholes. ... Alternate meanings: See Jetty (web server) Alternate meanings: See Jetty (river, dock and maritime structures) A double jettied timber framed building. ... Timber framing is the modern term for the traditional half-timbered construction in which timber provides a visible skeletal frame that supports the whole building. ...

See also



Religious architecture is the style and requirements followed for building religious buildings. ... Anglo-Saxon architecture was a period in the history of architecture in England, and parts of Wales, from the mid-5th century until the Norman Conquest of 1066. ... Pre-romanesque art in Asturias is framed between the years 718 and 910, the period of the rise, extension and disappearance of the kingdom of Asturias. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Pre-Romanesque art. ... Plan of Saint Gall. ... New technological discoveries allowed the development of the gothic style. ... Medieval fortification is the military aspect of Medieval technology that covers the development of fortification construction and use in Europe roughly from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance. ... Bastides are fortified towns built in medieval France starting around 1229, the date of the first recorded bastide. ...

Middle Ages

Art | Literature | Poetry | Music | Architecture | Philosophy | Universities | Science | Technology | Mariners | Warfare | Fortifications | Demography The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Byzantine art was the high art of the Middle Ages and monumental Church mosaics were the crowning glory. ... Medieval literature is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages (encompassing the one thousand years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire ca. ... Medieval poetry was often preserved by mere happenstance. ... A musician plays the vielle in a 14th century medieval manuscript. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The first European medieval institutions generally considered to be universities were established in Italy, France, and England in the late 11th and the 12th centuries for the study of arts, law, medicine, and theology. ... The history of science in the Middle Ages refers to the discoveries in the field of natural philosophy throughout the Middle Ages - the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history. ... During the 12th and 13th century in Europe there was a radical change in the rate of new inventions During the 12th and 13th century in Europe there was a radical change in the rate of new inventions, innovations in the ways of managing traditional means of production, and economic... Please be aware that the following article is apparently meant to be very entertaining fiction, of no reference purpose or value. ... Medieval warfare is the warfare of the European Middle Ages. ... Medieval fortification is the military aspect of Medieval technology that covers the development of fortification construction and use in Europe roughly from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance. ... Medieval demography is demography in the Middle Ages. ...


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Serbia Info / History of Serbia:Medieval Serbia (7th - 14th century) (932 words)
He is also famous for building churches, some of which are the brightest examples of Medieval Serbian architecture: the Gracanica Monastery in Kosovo, the Cathedral in Hilandar Monastery on Mt. Athos, the St. Archangel Church in Jerusalem etc. Because of his endowments, King Milutin has been proclaimed a saint, in spite of his tumultuous life.
Medieval Serbia that enjoyed a high political, economic and cultural reputation in Medieval Europe, reached its apex in mid-14th century, during the rule of Tzar Stefan Dusan.
Sava's Nomocanon, Dushan's Code, frescoes and the architecture of the medieval monasteries adorning Serbian lands are eternal civilizational monuments of the Serbian people.
Medieval architecture in England (741 words)
At the beginning of the Norman era the style of architecture that was in vogue was known as Romanesque, because it copied the pattern and proportion of the architecture of the Roman Empire.
This was a reference to the imagined lack of culture of the barbarian tribes, including the Goths, which had ransacked Rome in the twilight of the Roman Empire.
Advances in architectural technique learned from contacts with the Arab world during the Crusades led to innovations such as the pointed arch, ribbed vault, and the buttress.
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