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Encyclopedia > Medicines

A medication is a licenced drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition. Medications are generally divided into two groups -- over the counter (OTC) medications, which are available in pharmacies and supermarkets without special restrictions, and prescription only (POM), which must be prescribed by a physician. Most OTC medication is generally considered to be safe enough that most persons will not hurt themselves accidentally by taking it as instructed. However, the precise distinction between OTC and prescription depends on the legal jurisdiction. A drug is any substance that can be used to modify a chemical process or processes in the body, for example to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, enhance a performance or ability, or to alter states of mind. ... Illness can be a synonym for disease or it can be a persons perception of having poor health. ... See separate articles for over-the-counter trading and the medical condition Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency. ... Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον = drug) is the profession of compounding and dispensing medication. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A physician is a person who practices medicine. ... In law, jurisdiction refers to the aspect of a any unique legal authority as being localized within boundaries. ...

Medications are typically produced by pharmaceutical companies and are often patent. Those that are not patented are called generic drugs. A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a person for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or substance (known as an invention) which is new, inventive and useful. ... A generic drug is a drug which is bioequivalent to a brand name drug with respect to pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, but is normally sold for a lower price. ...

Some common medications

http://kimoruni. ... Asthma medication is designed to reverse the constriction of bronchi that causes the difficulty breathing in asthma. ... A cough medicine or antitussive is a medication given to people to help them stop coughing. ... Diarrhea in American English, (spelled diarrhoea in other anglophone countries) is a condition in which the sufferer has frequent and watery or loose bowel movements (from the ancient Greek word διαρροή = leakage; lit. ... Loperamide Hydrochloride is an anti-diarrhea drug which provides relief of diarrheal symptoms, resulting from nonspecific diarrhea or inflammatory bowel disease. ... Nasal sprays are used for the nasal delivery of a drug or drugs, generally to alleviate cold or allergy symptoms. ... Xylometazoline (Neo-Rinoleina®; Novorin®; Olynth®; Otriven®; Otrivin®; Xymelin®) is a nasal decongestant that is directly dosed into the nose, either as a spray or as drops. ... Anti-inflammatory refers to the property of a substance that reduces inflammation. ...

See also

Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) is drug, and logos (λόγος) is science) is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems. ... Herbology is the art of combining medicinal herbs. ... Dioscorides’ Materia Medica, c. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Institute of Medicine (197 words)
The Institute of Medicine serves as adviser to the nation to improve health.
Established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine provides independent, objective, evidence-based advice to policymakers, health professionals, the private sector, and the public.
The mission of the Institute of Medicine embraces the health of people everywhere.
Medicine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4387 words)
Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury.
Medicine as it is practiced now developed largely in the late 18th and early 19th century in England (William Harvey), Germany (Rudolf Virchow) and France (Jean-Martin Charcot, Claude Bernard and others).
Evidence-based medicine is a recent movement to establish the most effective algorithms of practice (ways of doing things) through the use of the scientific method and modern global information science by collating all the evidence and developing standard protocols which are then disseminated to doctors.
  More results at FactBites »



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