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Encyclopedia > Medical views of suicide

Modern medical views on suicide consider suicide to be a mental health issue. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Suicide
Types of suicide
Teenage suicide
Euthanasia
Murder-suicide
Suicide bombing
Ritual suicide
Cult suicide
Mass suicide
Suicide pact
Internet suicide
Copycat suicide
Forced suicide
Suicide-by-cop
History and Methodology
History of suicide
Famous suicides
Parasuicide (threats of suicide)
Suicide methods
Suicide note
Suicide watch
Views on suicide
Cultural
Legal
Medical
Philosophical
Religious
Right to die
Resources for dealing with suicidal thoughts
Crisis hotline
Suicide prevention
Crisis hotlines by country
Medical views of suicide
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Contents

Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ... Teenage suicide is an act where a teenager feels it necessary to kill themselves, suicide. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A murder suicide is an act in which an individual kills one or more other persons immediately before, or while killing himself. ... A suicide attack is an attack in which the attacker or attackers intend and expect to die (see suicide). ... Ritual suicide is the act of suicide motivated by a religious, spiritual, or traditional ritual. ... Cult suicide is that phenomenon by which some religious groups, in this context often referred to as cults, have led to their membership committing suicide. ... Mass suicide occurs when a number of people kill themselves together with one another or for the same reason and is usually connected to a real or perceived persecution. ... A suicide pact describes the suicides of two or more individuals in an agreed-upon plan. ... An Internet suicide is a suicide pact made between individuals who meet on the Internet. ... A copycat suicide is defined as a duplication or copycat of another suicide that the person attempting suicide knows about either from local knowledge or due to accounts or depictions of the original suicide on television and in other media. ... Forced suicide is a method of execution where the victim is given the choice of commiting suicide, or facing an alternative they perceive as worse - like suffering torture, or having friends or family members killed. ... Suicide-by-cop is a suicide method in which someone deliberately acts in a threatening way towards a law enforcement officer, with the main goal of provoking a lethal response (e. ... Suicide has been part of the history of the world - people of all walks of life had committed suicide over the years. ... A list of famous people who have committed suicide. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of a number of common suicide methods that are used by people who wish to commit suicide. ... Kurt Cobains alleged suicide note. ... Suicide watch is the act of a prison officer making sure that a prisoner does not commit suicide because they show intentions of doing so. ... Various human cultures may have views on suicide not directly or solely linked to religious views of suicide. ... This page concerns suicide. ... There are a variety of philosophical views of suicide. ... There are a variety of religious views of suicide. ... For the 1987 film, see Right to Die (film) The term right to die refers to various issues around the death of an individual when that person could continue to live with the aid of life support, or in a diminished or enfeebled capacity. ... Wikipedia contains a list of crisis hotlines by country. ... Various suicide prevention strategies have been used: Promoting mental resilience through optimism and connectedness. ... List of crisis hotlines by country USA - 1-800-784-2433 (1-800-SUICIDE) National Hopeline Network USA - 1-800-273-8255 (1-800-273-TALK) National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Links http://www. ... Image File history File links Stop_hand. ...


Suicidal thoughts as a medical emergency

Psychiatric emergency

Modern medicine considers severe suicidal thoughts to be a medical emergency. Mental health practitioners consistently advise suicidal people to seek help. This is especially true if the means (weapons, drugs, or other methods) are available, or if a detailed plan is in place. A medical emergency is an injury or illness that poses an immediate threat to a persons health or life which requires help from a doctor or hospital. ...


Current medical advice is that people who are seriously considering suicide should go to the nearest emergency room, or call the emergency services. Severe suicidal ideation, according to this advice, is a condition that requires immediate emergency medical treatment. If depression is a major factor, then treatment usually leads to the disappearance of suicidal thoughts. [citation needed] The emergency room is the American English term for a room, or group of rooms, within a hospital that is designed for the treatment of urgent and medical emergencies. ... Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ... Suicidal ideation is common medical term for the mere thoughts about and of plans of committing suicide, not the actual following through or act itself. ...


Critics of mainstream views about mental health and some advocates of the right to die argue that, far from being a sign of poor mental health, considering or intending to commit suicide can be rational, and that it is the right of the individual person to decide for themselves whether to continue living. For the 1987 film, see Right to Die (film) The term right to die refers to various issues around the death of an individual when that person could continue to live with the aid of life support, or in a diminished or enfeebled capacity. ...


First aid

Anyone who knows a person whom they suspect to be suicidal can assist them by taking them aside and asking them directly if they have contemplated committing suicide. Posing such a question does not render a previously non-suicidal person suicidal. Follow-up questions can include if the person has made specific arrangements, has set a date, etc. The person questioning should seek to be understanding and sympathetic above all else. A suicidal person will often already feel ashamed or guilty about contemplating suicide so care should be taken not to exacerbate that guilt.


An affirmative response to these questions should motivate the immediate seeking of medical attention. If the doctor who normally treats the person is unavailable, contacting the emergency room at the nearest hospital is recommended. The emergency room is the American English term for a room, or group of rooms, within a hospital that is designed for the treatment of urgent and medical emergencies. ...


If possible a suicidal person should go to an emergency room and ask to be admitted to the mental health ward on a voluntary basis. The advantage of voluntarily seeking treatment rather than being involuntarily committed is that involuntary commitment would require intervention by the legal system. In addition, in most jurisdictions the same process followed to be committed must be followed to be released. Involuntary commitment is the practice of using legal means or forms as part of a mental health law to commit a person to a mental hospital, insane asylum or psychiatric ward without their informed consent, against their will or over their protests. ...


Law enforcement can be involved if the person seems determined to make a suicide attempt. While the police do not always have the authority to stop the suicide attempt itself, in some countries including some jurisdictions in the US, killing oneself is illegal, and a disruptance of public order, which could justify their intervention. In most cases law enforcement does have the authority to have people involuntarily committed to mental health wards. Usually a court order is required, but if an officer feels the person is in immediate danger he can order an involuntary commitment without waiting for a court order. Such commitments are for a certain amount of time, such as 72 hours – which is long enough for a doctor to see the person and make an evaluation. After this initial period, a hearing is held in which a judge can decide to order the person released or can extend the treatment time further. Afterwards, the court is kept informed of the person's condition and can release the person when they feel the time is right to do so. For the band, see The Police. ... A psychiatric hospital (also called a mental hospital or asylum) is a hospital specializing in the treatment of persons with mental illness. ... A court order is an official proclamation by a judge (or panel of judges) that defines the legal relationships between the parties before the court and requires or authorizes the carrying out of certain steps by one or more parties to a case. ...


Treatment

Treatment is directed at the underlying causes of suicidal thinking. Clinical depression is the major treatable cause, with alcohol or drug abuse being the next major categories. Other psychiatric disorders associated with suicidal thinking include bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, Borderline personality disorder, Gender identity disorder and anorexia nervosa. Suicidal thoughts provoked by crises will generally settle with time and counseling. For a person with strong or at least definitive family or community ties, urgently providing information about who else would be hurt and the loss that they would feel can sometimes be effective. For a person suffering poor self-esteem, citing valuable and productive aspects of their life can be helpful. Sometimes provoking simple curiosity about the victim's own future can be helpful. Clinical depression is a state of sadness or melancholia that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Drug abuse has a wide range of definitions, all of them relating to the use, misuse or overuse of a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. ... The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ... Bipolar disorder (previously known as manic depression) is a diagnostic category describing a class of mood disorders where the person experiences states or episodes of depression and/or mania, hypomania, and/or mixed states. ... Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is defined within psychiatry, and some other fields, as a disorder characterized primarily by emotional dysregulation, extreme black and white thinking in some areas, and disrupted relationships. ... Gender identity disorder, as identified by psychologists and medical doctors, is a condition with which a person who has been assigned one gender (usually at birth on the basis of their sex, but compare intersexual), but identifies as belonging to another gender, or does not conform with the gender role... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques intended to improve mental health, emotional or behavioral issues of individuals, family members or a whole familys interactional climate. ...


During the acute phase, the safety of the person is one of the prime factors considered by doctors, and this can lead to admission to a psychiatric ward or even involuntary commitment. A psychiatric hospital (also called a mental hospital or asylum) is a hospital specializing in the treatment of persons with mental illness. ... Involuntary commitment is the practice of using legal means or forms as part of a mental health law to commit a person to a mental hospital, insane asylum or psychiatric ward without their informed consent, against their will or over their protests. ...


According to a 2005 randomized controlled trial by Gregory Brown, Aaron Beck and others, Cognitive therapy can reduce repeat suicide attempts by 50%.[1] A randomized controlled trial (RCT) is a form of clinical trial, or scientific procedure used in the testing of the efficacy of medicines or medical procedures. ... Aaron T. Beck, M.D. (born 1921), The Father of Cognitive Behavior Therapy, is a professor at the Psychopathology Research Unit of the University of Pennsylvania. ... Cognitive therapy or cognitive behavior therapy is a kind of psychotherapy used to treat depression, anxiety disorders, phobias, and other forms of mental disorder. ...


Suicide prevention

Main article: Suicide prevention

Various suicide prevention strategies have been used: Various suicide prevention strategies have been used: Promoting mental resilience through optimism and connectedness. ... Various suicide prevention strategies have been used: Promoting mental resilience through optimism and connectedness. ...

  • Promoting mental resilience through optimism and connectedness. This can be through various means.
  • Education about suicide, including risk factors, warning signs and the availability of help.
  • Increasing the proficiency of health and welfare services at responding to people in need. This includes better training for health professionals and employing crisis counselling organizations.
  • Reducing domestic violence and substance abuse are long-term strategies to reduce many mental health problems.
  • Reducing access to convenient means of suicide (e.g., toxic substances, handguns).
  • Reducing the quantity of dosages supplied in packages of non-prescription medicines e.g., aspirin.
  • Interventions targeted at high-risk groups.

Research into suicide is published across a wide spectrum of journals dedicated to the biological, economic, medical and social sciences. Research papers, overview articles, and other material on the incidence, prevention and treatment of suicide are regularly carried by general medical, psychiatric, and clinical and medical psychology journals. In addition to those, a few journals are exclusively devoted to the study of suicide (suicidology). Half full or half empty? Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Optimism Optimism, the opposite of pessimism, exemplifies a lifeview where one looks upon the world as a positive place. ... Domestic violence occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other. ... Substance abuse refers to the overindulgence in and dependence on a stimulant, depressant, chemical substance, herb (plant) or fungus leading to effects that are detrimental to the individuals physical health or mental health, or the welfare of others. ... A handgun is a firearm small enough to be carried and used in one hand. ... Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid is a drug in the family of salicylates, often used as an analgesic (against minor pains and aches), antipyretic (against fever), and anti-inflammatory. ...


References

  1. ^ Cognitive Therapy for the Prevention of Suicide Attempts, Brown, G.K., Have, T.T., Henriques, G.R., Xie, S.X., Hollander, J.E., Beck, A.T., Journal of the American Medical Association, 2005

  Results from FactBites:
 
Suicide information - Search.com (2925 words)
Suicide is frequently highly stigmatized, and those experiencing suicidal ideation, or thoughts about fatally harming one's self, struggle to be heard and understood.
The person feeling suicidal may often be made to feel rejected and guilty by those they have confided their thoughts and feelings to - sometimes even by mental health professionals - accusing them of trying to hurt the feelings of the friends or family they just confided to, or of making suicide 'threats'.
Medical professionals believe this is due to the fact that males are more likely to end their life through violent means (guns, knives, hanging, drowning, ect.), while women primarily overdose on medications.
Medical views of suicide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (935 words)
Modern medical views on suicide consider suicide to be a mental health issue.
Severe suicidal ideation, according to this advice, is a condition that requires immediate emergency medical treatment.
Critics of mainstream views about mental health and some advocates of the right to die argue that, far from being a sign of poor mental health, considering or intending to commit suicide can be rational, and that it is the right of the individual person to decide for themselves whether to continue living.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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