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Encyclopedia > Medical emergency

{{Otheruses4|the medical term|the Australian television series|Medical Emergenc an immediate threat to a person's life or long term health. These emergencies may require assistance from another person, who should ideally be suitably qualified to do so, although some of these emergencies can be dealt with by the victim themselves. Dependant on the severity of the emergency, and the quality of any treatment given, it may require the involvement of multiple levels of care, from a first aider to an emergency physician through to specialist surgeons. First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Surgeon may refer to: a practitioner of surgery the moniker of British electronic music producer and DJ, Anthony Child; see Surgeon (musician) This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Any response to an emergency medical situation will depend strongly on the situation, the patient involved and availability of resources to help them. It will also vary depending on whether the emergency occurs whilst in hospital under medical care, or outside of any care (for instance, in the street) A patient having his blood pressure taken by a doctor. ...


Response

For emergencies starting outside of medical care, a key component of providing proper care is to summon the emergency medical services (usually an ambulance), by calling for help using the appropriate local emergency telephone number, such as 911 or 999. The emergency dispatchers will generally run through a questioning system such as AMPDS in order to assess the priority level of the call, along with the caller's name and location. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... An ambulance in San Jose del Cabo, Mexico A Helicopter used as an Ambulance. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Distress call. ... Many countries public telephone networks have a single emergency telephone number, sometimes known as the universal emergency telephone number or occasionally the emergency services number, that allows a caller to contact local emergency services for assistance. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Star of Life AMPDS stands for the Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch System, and is a piece of computer software used by ambulance services worldwide to prioritise calls by priorty. ...


Those trained to perform first aid can act within the bounds of the knowledge they have, whilst awaiting the next level of definitive care. Those who are not able to perform first aid can also assist by remaining calm and staying with the injured or ill person. A common complaint of emergency service personnel is the propensity of people to crowd around the scene of victim, as it is generally unhelpful, making the patient more stressed, and obstructing the smooth working of the emergency services. First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ...


The principles of the chain of survival apply to medical emergencies where the patient has an absence of breathing and heartbeat. This involves the four stages of Early access, Early CPR, Early defibrillation and Early advanced life support The chain of survival was developed by the American Heart Association in 1990. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: First Aid/CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency first aid procedure for a victim of cardiac arrest. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Unless the situation is particularly hazardous, and is likely to further endanger the patient, evacuating the victim requires special skills, and should be left to the professionals of the emergency medical and fire service. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Clinical response

Within hospital settings, an adequate staff is generally present to deal with the average emergency situation. Emergency medicine physicians have training to deal with most medical emergencies, and maintain CPR and ACLS certifications. In disasters or complex emergencies, most hospitals have protocols to summon on-site and off-site staff rapidly. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: First Aid/CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency first aid procedure for a victim of cardiac arrest. ... Advanced cardiac life support or (ACLS) refers to a set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest and other life threatening medical emergencies, as well as the knowledge and skills to deploy those interventions. ...


Both emergency room and inpatient medical emergencies follow the basic protocol of Advanced Cardiac Life Support. Irrespective of the nature of the emergency, adequate blood pressure and oxygenation are required before the cause of the emergency can be eliminated. Possible exceptions include the clamping of arteries in severe hemorrhage. A sphygmomanometer, a device used for measuring blood pressure. ... Oxygenation refers to the amount of oxygen in a medium. ... Section of an artery For other uses, see Artery (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Public Health Law Article 30 - New York State Department of Health (11041 words)
At least one of the eight shall be an emergency nurse, at least one shall be an advanced emergency medical technician, at least one shall be a basic emergency medical technician, and at least one shall be employed in a hospital setting with administrative responsibility for a hospital emergency department or service.
Emergency medical services provided to those suffering from sudden illness or injury have potential to reduce the incidence of disability and death and are therefore, invaluable.
The members of the state emergency medical services for children advisory committee shall receive no compensation for their services as members, but each shall be allowed the necessary and actual expenses incurred in the performance of his or her duties under this section.
Emergency Medical Services (10049 words)
For the purposes of this section, an emergency medical condition is a condition such that a prudent layperson, acting reasonably, would have believed that emergency medical treatment is needed.
Emergency services include emergency medical services transportation in addition to the usual health care and ancillary services provided in or available to a hospital emergency department.
The rules are to ensure the adequacy of emergency medical care for children relative to facility equipment standards, qualifications of facility personnel and continuing professional education of facility personnel.
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