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Encyclopedia > Medical education

Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor or further training thereafter. The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ...


Medical education and training varies considerably across the world. Various teaching methodologies have been utilised in medical education, which is an active area of educational research.

Contents

Entry-level education

Main article: Medical school

Entry-level medical education programs are tertiary-level courses undertaken at a medical school. Depending on jurisdiction and university, these may be either undergraduate-entry or graduate-entry programs. A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution or part of such an institution that teaches medicine. ... A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution or part of such an institution that teaches medicine. ... Graduate Medical Program (GMP) or sometimes also known as Graduate Entry Program (GEP) are terms generally used outside of North America to refer to medical programs usually of 4-years duration where applicants are university graduates who have taken aptitude tests such as the GAMSAT or MCAT. These tests are...


Generally, initial training is taken at medical school. Traditionally initial medical education is divided between preclinical and clinical studies. The former consists of the basic sciences such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology. The latter consists of teaching in the various areas of clinical medicine such as internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, surgery. Increasingly, however, medical programs are using systems-based curricula in which learning is integrated, and several institutions do this. A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution or part of such an institution that teaches medicine. ... Anatomical drawing of the human muscles from the Encyclopédie. ... Leonardo da Vincis Vitruvian Man, an important early achievement in the study of physiology. ... Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes and transformations in living organisms. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how substances interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ... Pathology (from Greek pathos, feeling, pain, suffering; and logos, study of; see also -ology) is the study of the processes underlying disease and other forms of illness, harmful abnormality, or dysfunction. ... Doctors of internal medicine (internists) are medical specialists who focus on adult medicine and have had special study and training focusing on the prevention and treatment of adult diseases. ... Clinical Examination Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents (from newborn to age 16-21, depending on the country). ... Obstetrics and gynaecology (often abbreviated Ob-Gyn in the US and O&G elsewhere) form a single medical specialty and have a combined postgraduate training program. ... Psychiatrist redirects here. ... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ...


Post-graduate education

Following completion of entry-level training, newly graduated doctors are often required to undertake a period of supervised practice before full registration is granted; this is most often of one year duration and may be referred to as "internship" or "provisional registration". Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ...


Further training in a particular field of medicine may be undertaken. In some jurisdictions this is commenced immediately following completion of entry-level training, whilst other jurisdictions require junior doctors to undertake generalist (unstreamed) training for a number of years before commencing specialisation.


Example of medical education systems

Medical education in Australia is concerned with both the basic training of medical practitioner and further post-graduate training. ... Medical education in the United Kingdom includes educational activities involved in the education and training of medical doctors in the United States, from entry-level training through to continuing education of qualified specialists. ... Medical education in the United States includes educational activities involved in the education and training of medical doctors in the United States, from entry-level training through to continuing education of qualified specialists. ... In India, the term medical college refers to a special educational institution that provides medical education. ... Undergraduate Level: ENTRY Entry to the two medical faculties of Hong Kong requires completion of the HKCE A-level examination or its equivalent (e. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Education of Medical Students (18919 words)
The good news is that many medical educators are implementing curricular changes that are responsive to the latest advances in biomedical science, to the social and policy sciences relevant to medical practice, to the burden of disease, to the organization and financing of health care, and to the changing demography of the American population.
Although in the mid-1800s some medical schools began to offer formal instruction in clinical medicine, the opening of the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore in 1893 is usually considered to be the signal event that established clinical instruction as a necessary and required component of the formal education of medical students.
Medical educators created the hospital clerkship, the mainstay of clinical education, in the late 19th century, when Americans' life expectancy was barely 40 years and when the treatment of acute illnesses (infections, injuries, and acute manifestations of chronic diseases) dominated medical practice.
AAMC : Medical Education (297 words)
An ad hoc committee of 10 medical school deans convened by the IIME recently completed a yearlong study of the state of medical education, proposing several changes.
An AAMC project — "Medical Education and Cultural Competence: A Strategy to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care" — developed TACCT to assess cultural-competence training in medical schools.
Clinical skills education is key to ensuring that tomorrow's doctors are prepared for specialty training and clinical practice.
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