For mediant in mathematics, see Mediant (mathematics)
In music, the mediant is the third degree of the diatonic scale. For example, in the C major scale (white keys on a piano), the mediant is the note E; and the mediant chord uses the notes E, G, and B. In music theory, the mediant chord is symbolized with the Roman numeral III if major or iii if minor.
"Mediant" also refers to a relationship of musical keys. For example, relative to the key of C major, the key of E major is the mediant. Modulation (changes of key) to the mediant are relatively rare, compared with, say, modulation into the dominant.
While the impasse might signal that the dispute is unresolvable in mediation, the mediator may believe that a workable agreement is still possible.
The goal of a mediator is to foster a fair environment that facilitates mutual, respectful problem-solving efforts by the parties.
To reach that goal, a mediator tries to assist those involved in the conflict to communicate clearly with each other, identify their own needs and then work together to develop a solution that meets those needs.
The eldest branch of mediation applies to business and commerce, and still this one is the widest field of application, with reference to the number of mediators in these activities and to the economical range of total exchanged values.
Mediation can be reasonably seen as the simplest of many such processes, where there is no great dispute about political context, jurisdiction has been agreed, whatever process selected the mediator is not in doubt, and there is no great fear that safety, fairness and closure guarantees will be violated by future bad-faith actions.
Others claim that mediation is a form of harms reduction or de-escalation, especially in its large-scale application in peace process and similar negotiation, or the bottom-up way it is performed in the peace movement where it is often called mindful mediation.
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