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Encyclopedia > Media in Canada

Canada has a well-developed media sector, but cultural output—particularly in English Canada—is often overshadowed by imports from the United States. Media are primarily for-profit corporations based on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues, although a public network, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Société Radio-Canada operates radio and TV networks in both English and French, and some provincial governments offer their own public broadcast services as well. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Commercialism redirects here. ... The subscription business model is a business model that has long been used by magazines and record clubs, but the application of this model is spreading. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, commonly known by the abbreviation CBC, is Canadas government-owned radio and television service. ...


See also: Communications in Canada. Telephones - main lines in use: 20,802,900 (1999) Telephones - mobile cellular: 8,751,300 (1997) Telephone system: excellent service provided by modern technology domestic: domestic satellite system with about 300 earth stations international: 5 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (4 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean...

Contents

History

Canadian Reginald Aubrey Fessenden, the "Father of Radio Broadcasting", was the first person ever to broadcast a voice by radio waves that were heard by another person. On December 23, 1900, from a site on Cobb Island in the middle of the Potomac River near Washington, DC, Fessenden said "one - two - three - four, is it snowing where you are Mr. Thiessen? If it is, would you telegraph back to me?" Mr. Thiessen, one mile away, confirmed, and radio broadcasting was born. Reginald Fessenden Electrician and inventor Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (October 6, 1866 - July 22, 1932), was a Canadian inventor sometimes dubbed The Father of Radio Broadcasting, was born in East Bolton, Quebec, Canada the son of a Protestant minister. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (358th in leap years). ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


Fessenden presented radio's first program on Christmas Eve 1906. With the assistance of his wife Helen, her friend and an assistant, he broadcast from Boston. Wireless operators on ships in the harbour heard the inventor play "O Holy Night" on his violin and Helen and her friend sing Christmas carols. (Broadcasting-History.ca) Christmas is an annual holiday that marks the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. ... O Holy Night (Cantique de Noël) is a well-known Christmas carol composed by Adolphe Adam in 1847 to the French poem Minuit, chrétiens by Placide Cappeau (1808-1877), an accomplished amateur. ... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ...


The history of Canadian media performers goes back to the first days of radio. In the 1940s an association was formed called the Radio Artists of Toronto Society - RATS. Radio performers in Montreal, Winnipeg and Vancouver also organized to fight for artists' rights, working conditions and better fees. In 1943, the Association of Canadian Radio Artists (ACRA) was formed as a loose national coalition of actors' groups. Over the years, ACRA evolved to become the Association of Canadian Radio and Television Artists, the Canadian Council of Authors and Artists, the Association of Canadian Television and Radio Artists and, in 1984, the Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists. (ACTRA 2005) The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... ACTRA is a Canadian organization representing performers in English-language media. ...


The Canadian Broadcasting Act, historically and in its modern conception, is based on the fact that since the start of the 20th century, it was important for broadcasters to ensure that information flowed freely and reflected the diversity of Canadian points of view, as opposed to the classic approach, which gives media owners more freedom to express their views. "The Canadian broadcasting system as we know it today would probably not exist if we had allowed the marketplace to regulate ownership rights." (Pierre Trudel, Professor, L.R. Wilson Chair, Information Technologies and Electronic Commerce Law, Public Law Research Centre, University of Montreal, May 29, 2003)


Television broadcasting

Main article: Television in Canada

The Canadian television broadcasting industry is split between public and private ownership. Canada currently has 130 originating television stations, which broadcast on 1,456 transmitters across the country, on both the VHF and UHF bands. This article concerns television in Canada, including its history, programming and business. ... Very high frequency (VHF) is the radio frequency range from 30 MHz to 300 MHz. ... This article is about the radio frequency. ...


In addition to the public Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Société Radio-Canada, which operates both English and French television networks, there are four major private TV networks. CTV and Global broadcast in English, and are available throughout the country. TVA and TQS broadcast in French and are available over the air only in Quebec (and some communities in Ontario and New Brunswick which are near the Quebec border), although TVA is available across Canada on cable. Radio-Canada (the French division of the CBC), TVA and TQS function in the particular cultural context of Quebec television. Most network stations are owned and operated by the networks themselves, although all networks except Global have some affiliates with different ownership. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, commonly known by the abbreviation CBC, is Canadas government-owned radio and television service. ... CTV is a TLA that may stand for: CTV Television Network - a Canadian English language television network Channel Television - the main television broadcaster in the Channel Islands Chukyo TV. Broadcasting - a Japanese TV station in Nagoya This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... Global Television and Global TV redirect here. ... TVA is a private commercial Canadian French-language television network based in Quebec. ... TQS is a Canadian French language commercial television network in Quebec. ... Quebec television is an important part of the culture of Quebec. ...


In addition, Aboriginal Peoples Television Network, a service devoted mainly to programming from the First Nations, is considered a network by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, although in most of Canada APTN airs only on cable. Aboriginal Peoples Television Network, or APTN, is a Canadian television network which airs and produces programming made by, for, and about Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was established in 1968 by the Canadian Parliament to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors. ...


There are, as well, a number of smaller broadcast systems, which are treated as independent local stations which air some common programming:

Several provinces maintain provincial public broadcasting networks in addition to the CBC: This article is about the general Citytv brand. ... A-Channel, formerly known as NewNet or The New Net, is a system of six local Canadian television stations in Ontario and British Columbia, all owned by CHUM Limited. ... CH is a system of six local television stations across Canada, all but one owned by the Global Television unit of CanWest Global. ... CKXT is a broadcast television station in Toronto, Ontario, Canada which uses the on-air brand of Sun TV. The station began broadcasting on September 19, 2003, on channel 52. ...

Unlike in the United States, where a statewide public network is usually the state's primary PBS member station, the provincially-owned public systems in Canada are not CBC affiliates, but distinct networks which offer entirely different programming schedules. Télé-Québec is the television network operated by the provincial government of Quebec, Canada. ... TVOntario, officially the Ontario Educational Communications Authority, is an educational public television broadcaster in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... TFO is a French language educational public television network in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Saskatchewan Communications Network is a Saskatchewan public television educational channel owned by the Saskatchewan government. ... Knowledge Network (call sign CKNO) is a public television educational television network in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Note: Public Broadcasting Services is a broadcaster in Malta. ...


Only CBC/Radio-Canada, TVA and APTN are officially considered national networks by the CRTC, while TQS is a provincial network in Quebec. CTV and Global are legally considered "television services" even though they operate as networks for all practical purposes.


As well, there are multilingual community stations in Toronto (CFMT and CJMT), Montreal (CJNT), and Vancouver (CHNM); and religious stations in Lethbridge, Alberta (CJIL), Burlington, Ontario (CITS), and Surrey, British Columbia (CHNU). Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... CFMT is a Canadian television station, which broadcasts multicultural programming in Toronto, Ontario. ... CJMT is a Canadian television station, which broadcasts multicultural programming in Toronto, Ontario. ... This article needs cleanup. ... CJNT is the callsign for an independent station in Montreal, Quebec. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... CHNM is an independent Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada-based television station aimed at promoting the provinces multicultural diversity. ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... The Miracle Channel (CJIL) is a Canadian specialty channel broadcasting Christian-themed programming. ... Motto: Stand By Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Region Halton Regional Municipality Established 1874  - Mayor Cam Jackson  - Governing Body Burlington City Council  - MPs Mike Wallace (CPC), Garth Turner (Liberal)  - MPPs Joyce Savoline (PC), Ted Chudleigh (PC) Area    - City 187 km²  (72 sq mi) Population (2001)  - City 150,8361(sc)  - Density... CITS is an Ontario-based Christian television station. ... Surrey is a Canadian city in the province of British Columbia that is within the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD), and geographically at the centre of the larger region known as the Lower Mainland of BC. It is the provinces second-largest city by population, surpassed only by Vancouver. ... CHNU is a religious television station in Surrey, British Columbia, owned by Rogers Media. ...


One station, Newfoundland and Labrador's NTV, does not fit the pattern, as it airs primarily Global entertainment programming, but airs the CTV network's newscasts. Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Capital St. ... CJON is a privately-owned television station in St. ...


TV station callsigns in Canada are usually made up of four letters, although two stations have three call letters (CKX in Brandon, Manitoba and CKY in Winnipeg, Manitoba) and some (primarily CBC-owned Radio-Canada stations) have five. The first call letter is always C, and callsigns of privately owned television stations start with the two-letter combinations of CF, CH, CI, CJ, or CK. The combinations CG, CY, CZ and several combinations beginning with V and X are also assigned to Canada, but to date no Canadian television station has ever been licensed to take a call sign within those ranges. In broadcasting and radio communication, a callsign or call sign (also call letters) is a unique designation for a transmitting station. ... CKX is a television station in Brandon, Manitoba affiliated with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Brandon Manitoba, a city in southwestern Manitoba, Canada. ... CKY-TV (also commonly known as CTV Winnipeg) is a television station based in Winnipeg, Manitoba and owned by Bell Globemedia. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... The ITU allocates call sign prefixes for radio and television stations of all types. ...


CBC-owned stations use call letters beginning with the combination CB (through a special agreement with the government of Chile); private affiliates of the CBC use the same combinations as other private stations. The CBC has also sometimes directly acquired former private affiliate stations; these usually (although not always) retain their historic call sign rather than changing to a CB call.


While Canadian TV stations are technically required to identify themselves over the air by their call letters, the rule is rarely enforced by the CRTC. As a result, many TV stations never use their call letters for any purpose other than official CRTC business, and are instead identified by a brand such as CTV Northern Ontario, OMNI.1 or Global BC. CTV Northern Ontario, formerly known as MCTV, is a system of four television stations in Northern Ontario, Canada, owned and operated by the CTV Television Network. ... CFMT is a Canadian television station, which broadcasts multicultural programming in Toronto, Ontario. ... Chán is the Chinese name for the school of Mahāyāna Buddhism known in Japanese as Zen. ...


There is no clear rule for the call letters of rebroadcasters—some are labelled by the call-letters of the originating station, followed by a number, while others have their own distinct call letters. Low-power repeater transmitters (LPRTs) have their own unique callsign format, which consists of the letters CH followed by four numbers. Some rebroadcast transmitters are licensed as semi-satellites, which are licensed to air separate commercials (and, on rarer occasions, a limited amount of distinct programming) targeted to their community of license. A rebroadcaster, in Canadian broadcasting, is a television or radio transmitter which airs the programming associated with a radio or television station in a different market. ...


Canada also has a large number of cable channels. For a more extensive list of Canadian TV broadcast outlets, see List of Canadian television channels. Canada has adopted the NTSC and ATSC television transmission standards without any alterations. ...


Although all broadcast networks in Canada are required to produce and air some Canadian content, only the English and French networks of the CBC run almost entirely Canadian-produced schedules. (The English network does run a few imported British series, such as Coronation Street, Doctor Who and Emmerdale, and afternoon strip reruns of one American series, The Simpsons.) Both CTV and Global have at times faced criticism over their level of commitment to producing and airing Canadian programming. Both networks often find it easier to purchase rights to hit American series than to invest in Canadian productions, which are often prohibitively costly for the comparatively small size of the Canadian market. The French-language networks traditionally have had less difficulty meeting their Canadian content obligations, as the language difference makes francophone audiences much more readily receptive to home-grown programming than to dubbed American imports. Canadian content (abbreviated cancon or can-con) refers to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission requirements that radio and television broadcasters (including cable/satellite specialty channels) must air a certain percentage of content that was at least partly written, produced, presented, or otherwise contributed to by persons from Canada. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... Coronation Street is Britains longest-running television soap opera, first broadcast on Friday December 9, 1960, in the Granada region of ITV. The programme is consistently the highest-rated programme on British television. ... Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme (and 1996 television movie) produced by the BBC about the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor, who explores time and space with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... For the 1994 debut album by The Cardigans, see Emmerdale (album). ... Simpsons redirects here. ... CTV is Canadas largest privately owned English language television network. ... Global Television and Global TV redirect here. ...


Digital television is an emerging technology in Canada. Although some TV stations have begun broadcasting digital signals in addition to their regular VHF or UHF broadcasts, this is not yet as widespread as in the United States. Although most markets have digital channel assignments already in place, to date digital broadcasts have only launched in the largest metropolitan areas. Digital television sets are available in Canadian stores, but are not widely owned by consumers at this time. Unlike the Federal Communications Commission in the United States, the CRTC has not yet adopted a formal deadline for the conversion of all television broadcasting to digital transmission, and broadcasters including the CBC have argued that there is no viable business case for a comprehensive digital conversion strategy in Canada. CRTC hearings on the future direction of regulatory policy for television are currently being held — proposals under consideration include funding digital conversion by eliminating restrictions on the amount of advertising that television broadcasters are permitted to air, allowing terrestrial broadcasters to charge cable viewers a subscription fee similar to that already charged by cable specialty channels, permitting license fees similar to those which fund the BBC in the United Kingdom, or eliminating terrestrial television broadcasting entirely and moving to an exclusively cable-based distribution model. Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analog signals used by analog (traditional) TV. DTV uses digital modulation data, which is digitally compressed and requires decoding by a specially designed television set, or a... Metropolitan area in Western Tokyo as seen from Tokyo Tower A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or... The FCCs official seal. ... A specialty channel (or speciality channel) is a television channel which consists of programming focused on a single type or targeted at a specific demographic. ... A television licence is an official licence required in some countries for all owners of a television receiver. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion...

See also: List of Canadian television series

This is a list of TV shows from the English-speaking provinces of Canada. ...

Cable television

Main article: Multichannel television in Canada.

Cable television is a very common method of television programming delivery in Canada. Many Canadian cities have cable penetration rates of 90 per cent or more of television households. The vast majority of Canadians now receive their television service through some sort of multichannel television platform, such as cable television or satellite television, as opposed to an antenna-based system providing only conventional stations. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ...


There are currently 739 licensed cable distributors in Canada. This significant decline from over 2000 just a few years ago is attributable both to major cable companies acquiring smaller distributors and to a recent change in CRTC rules by which independent cable operators with fewer than 2,000 subscribers are no longer required to operate under full CRTC licenses. (However, the CRTC does retain some regulatory authority over these operators. This is an exemption granted by the CRTC to previously licensed companies that continue to meet certain conditions, and does not mean that anybody can simply set up their own small cable company without CRTC approval.)


Major Canadian cable companies include Rogers, Shaw, Cogeco, Videotron, Persona and EastLink. Most Canadian cities are served by only one cable company per market; in the few cities that are served by more than one cable company, each company is restricted to a specific geographical division within the market. For instance, in Hamilton, Ontario, Cogeco Cable, Mountain Cablevision and Source Cable are all licensed operators, but each has a monopoly in a specific area of the city. Rogers Communications Inc. ... Shaw Communications Inc. ... Cogeco (TSX: CGO) is a Canadian media and communications company. ... Vidéotron Limited is an integrated communications company active in cable television, interactive multimedia development, video on demand and Internet access services, serving Quebec, Canada. ... Persona Inc. ... Bragg Communications, doing business as EastLink, is a group of companies providing the incumbent cable television services, as well as competitive internet and wireline telephone services, primarily in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, Canada. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - Representatives 5 MPs and 5 MPPs Area [2]  - City 1,138. ... Cogeco Cable Inc. ...


However, two major companies offer direct broadcast satellite delivery as an alternative to cable: ExpressVu, which is a division of BCE Inc., and StarChoice, which is a division of Shaw Cable. Grey market DBS dishes can also be obtained from American services such as DirecTV and Dish Network, but as these are not licensed Canadian providers, stores that sell those packages—and users who buy them—are at risk of criminal charges. Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to as direct-to-home signals. ... Bell ExpressVu is the division of Bell Canada which sells digital television services in Canada. ... Bell Canada Enterprises is a major telecommunications company and a provider of telephone services in Canada. ... StarChoice is Canadas second direct broadcast satellite television distributor (the other being Bell ExpressVu), and is majority-owned by cable TV operator Shaw Communications Inc. ... Shaw Communications Inc. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A standard DIRECTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DIRECTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... DISH Network is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the United States, owned by parent company EchoStar Communications Corporation (NASDAQ: DISH). ...


In some remote communities in the Territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), cable delivery is prohibitively costly, so similar services are offered through MMDS technology. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Motto: none Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłįchǫ [1] Government - Commissioner Tony Whitford - Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 - Senate seats 1 Confederation 1870... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Government - Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson - Premier Paul Okalik (Consensus government) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 (Nancy Karetak-Lindell) - Senate seats 1 (Willie Adams) Confederation... Multichannel multipoint distribution service, also known as MMDS or wireless cable, is a wireless telecommunications technology, used for general-purpose broadband networking or, more commonly, as an alternative method of cable television programming reception. ...


A basic cable package in English Canada traditionally includes:

  • the major Canadian commercial networks (CTV and Global),
  • the English and French CBC networks, including Newsworld and RDI (the French-language Newsworld equivalent),
  • the provincial educational broadcast undertaking (if one is available, as not all provinces have one),
  • a community channel (locally-produced public affairs and information programming and community events listings),
  • APTN, a network devoted to Aboriginal programming,
  • TVA, one of the two private French-language broadcasters in Quebec1,
  • local or regional independent stations such as Citytv, A-Channel and CH,
  • CPAC, which broadcasts parliamentary sessions and committee meetings, along with some political public affairs programming,
  • a similar channel broadcasting the proceedings of the provincial legislature,
  • American network affiliates of ABC, CBS, NBC, PBS and Fox2,
  • a mixture of Canadian and American special interest channels such as TSN, MuchMusic, CNN, CTV Newsnet and Showcase3.

A further set of Canadian and American special interest channels are offered as extended cable packages, which are available for additional fees. In the past, cable companies have engaged in the controversial practice of negative option billing, in which a subscriber is automatically given and billed for the new services unless he or she specifically declines them, but this is now illegal. CTV is a TLA that may stand for: CTV Television Network - a Canadian English language television network Channel Television - the main television broadcaster in the Channel Islands Chukyo TV. Broadcasting - a Japanese TV station in Nagoya This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... Global Television and Global TV redirect here. ... CBC Newsworld is a Canadian 24-hour cable news television channel operated by the CBC. It broadcasts into over 10 million homes nation-wide, as well as into some northern states in the U.S. It is the worlds third-oldest television service of this nature, after CNN in... Réseau de linformation (RDI) is a 24 hour Canadian French language cable television news channel operated by CBC/Radio-Canada. ... Community Channel Community Channel broadcasts across the UK on digital cable (NTL and Telewest) and digital terrestrial television (Freeview), and also both the UK and Republic of Ireland on digital satellite television (Sky). ... Aboriginal Peoples Television Network, or APTN, is a Canadian television network which airs and produces programming made by, for, and about Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... Aboriginal peoples in Canada are Indigenous Peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35, respectively, as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ... TVA is a private commercial Canadian French-language television network based in Quebec. ... This article is about the general Citytv brand. ... A-Channel, formerly known as NewNet or The New Net, is a system of six local Canadian television stations in Ontario and British Columbia, all owned by CHUM Limited. ... CH is a system of three local television stations across Canada, owned by Global. ... CPAC (English: Cable Public Affairs Channel and French: La Chaîne Daffaires Publiques Par Câble), is a Canadian cable television specialty service devoted to coverage of public and government affairs, including carrying a full, uninterrupted feed of proceedings of the Canadian House of Commons, with two separate audio... The Parliament of Canada (French: Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... NBC (an acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ... TSN may also refer to The Sporting News, The Sierra Network, Team Sportscast Network or taxonomic serial number. ... MuchMusic (often called Much) is a Canadian cable television specialty channel dedicated to music and music related programs. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... CTV Newsnet is a Canadian 24-hour headline news cable television channel which went onair on October 17, 1997. ... Showcase Television, now often just Showcase, is a Canadian cable specialty television channel owned by Alliance Atlantis. ... Negative option billing is a business practice in which a service provider adds new features or options to the service without a subscribers explicit consent, and the subscriber must specifically decline the services to avoid receiving and being billed for them. ...


As well, a package of pay TV channels is also available for further fees, including movie networks such as The Movie Network, Movie Central and Super Écran, and American superstations such as WSBK, WPIX, WGN and KTLA (which are often CW or MyNetworkTV affiliates.) These services, however, require a descrambler box. The Movie Network is a general-interest premium television service available in Canada, specifically east of the Ontario-Manitoba border, excluding the territories. ... Movie Central is a Canadian premium television service available in Western Canada and the territories which was launched on April 1, 2001, and is owned by Corus Entertainment. ... Super Écran is a Canadian French language pay TV network that broadcasts the French version of popular movies and television series 24 hours a day on four different channels. ... Superstation in United States television can have several meanings. ... WSBK-TV, channel 38, is the Boston, Massachusetts and southern New Hampshire UPN affiliate. ... WPIX, channel 11, is a television station in New York City. ... Superstation WGN is a Chicago-based American Superstation, owned by Tribune Broadcasting Company. ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ...


Cable companies now offer digital cable packages in most Canadian cities, including a number of channels which have been licensed exclusively for digital package distribution. Digital cable also typically includes a range of audio broadcast services such as Galaxie and MaxTrax. Digital cable, however, is provided only if a customer chooses to subscribe to that package. Digital cable is a term for a type of cable digital television that delivers more channels than possible with analog cable by using digital video compression. ... Galaxie is a Canadian digital broadcasting or digital television radio service, which offers 45 commercial-free music channels, each devoted to a particular genre of music, using no live, on-air disc jockeys. ... MaxTrax is a Canadian digital broadcasting service, which offers music channels, each devoted to a particular genre of music, for distribution with digital cable or direct broadcast satellite services. ...


Although this is sometimes controversial, Canadian cable companies are required by the CRTC to practice simultaneous substitution when a Canadian channel and a non-Canadian channel (which is usually American) are airing the same program at the same time. Programming on an American service may also be blocked if it has significant bearing on a Canadian legal matter (one episode of Law & Order, inspired by the trials of Paul Bernardo and Karla Homolka, was blocked in Canada) or if it interferes with a Canadian channel's broadcast rights (such as James Bond movies airing on Spike TV; the Canadian broadcast rights are held by Bell Globemedia.) Simultaneous substitution or simsub, in Canadian broadcasting, is the practice by which cable, direct broadcast satellite and multichannel multipoint distribution service television distribution companies substitute the local Canadian signal over a non-Canadian or non-local signal, when two or more stations are airing the same programming at the same... Law & Order is an American television police procedural and legal drama set in New York City. ... Karla Homolka & Paul Bernardo on their wedding day Paul Kenneth Bernardo, (he later assumed the name Paul Teale) (born August 27, 1964 in Scarborough, Ontario), is a Canadian serial killer, known for the murders he committed with his wife Karla Homolka. ... Karla Leanne Homolka, also known as Karla Leanne Teale (born May 4, 1970 in Port Credit, Ontario, Canada), is a Canadian serial killer who attracted worldwide media attention when she was convicted of helping her husband, Paul Bernardo, rape and murder teenage girls, including her own sister Tammy Homolka. ... Flemings commissioned image of James Bond to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bell Globemedia Inc. ...


Many cable companies also offer high speed cable Internet service. A cable modem is a special type of modem that is designed to modulate a data signal over cable television infrastructure. ...


Notes

  1. The other French language broadcaster in Quebec, TQS, does not have mandatory national carriage rights, although some cable companies in Ontario and New Brunswick offer the network on a discretionary basis, and the network does have mandatory carriage in Quebec.
  2. Under CRTC rules, American networks are offered on a "4 + 1" basis, meaning that a cable company may offer any four American commercial networks and PBS on basic cable; other American networks can only be offered on a pay tier. In most cities, this means that The CW and MyNetwork TV are not available on basic cable, due to lower demand for those networks. However, cable providers in border cities have been allowed to offer all American networks on basic cable that are available over the air in that market, even if that means more than four commercial networks are provided. American network affiliates are usually provided from the nearest available American market. However, signals distributed by Cancom (particularly affiliates from Detroit and Rochester) are frequently substituted where cost or technical limitations prevent use of a closer signal.
  3. Under CRTC rules, cable companies cannot offer a new American service if a comparable Canadian service already exists. However, if a Canadian equivalent begins operations after an American service has already been added to cable packages, the cable company is not required to discontinue the American service. (For example, Canadian cable companies cannot offer MTV, as the station was not yet available in Canada when MuchMusic began broadcasting in 1984. However, cable companies can offer CNN, as they were already offering that service when CBC Newsworld first aired in 1989.) This rule recently created some controversy in Canada, due to The Nashville Network's recent rebranding as Spike TV, which overlapped with the pre-existing mandate of the Canadian channel mentv. However, the CRTC ultimately ruled that Spike TV would be allowed to stay on the cable dial.

TQS is a Canadian French language commercial television network in Quebec. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (de facto) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 4th 1,076... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Official languages English, French (the only constitutionally bilingual province in the country) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson - Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 10 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... CANCOM is the common name for Canadian Satellite Communications, Incorporated, which is owned and controlled by Shaw Communications Inc. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Government  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area  - City  143. ... Nickname: The Flour City, The Flower City, The Worlds Image Center Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country United States State New York County Monroe  - Mayor Robert Duffy Area    - City  37. ... MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Spike TV logo Spike TV is a cable television network. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... mentv is a Canadian category 1 digital cable mens interest television channel owned by CanWest Global Communications and Quebecor Media. ...

Radio broadcasting

Canada is served by almost 2000 radio stations, on both the AM and FM bands. Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ...


As with television stations, radio callsigns in Canada are made up of four letters beginning with the two-letter combinations of CF, CH, CI, CJ, or CK, although a few stations use three-letter callsigns. In addition to private stations CKX and CKY, some CBC stations have three-letter callsigns, generally in major cities where the stations first aired in the 1930s. Newer CBC stations have normal four-letter callsigns, however. As with CBC television, CBC radio uses callsigns beginning with CB, through a special arrangement with the government of Chile. A few exceptions, such as CKSB in Winnipeg and CJBC in Toronto, exist where the CBC acquired an existing station with a historically significant callsign. The ITU allocates call sign prefixes for radio and television stations of all types. ... CKX is the call sign of a radio station operating in Brandon, Manitoba, Canada. ... CKY has been the callsign of three radio stations in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... CKSB is the callsign of two radio stations in Winnipeg, Manitoba, which broadcast the Canadian Broadcasting Corporations French language radio networks. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... CJBC is the callsign of two Canadian radio stations, which broadcast the CBCs French language radio networks in Toronto, Ontario. ...


The combinations CG, CY, CZ and several combinations beginning with V and X are also assigned to Canada. Only four Canadian radio stations, all in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, have taken call signs in those ranges. Three of these stations, VOAR, VOWR and VOCM, began broadcasting before Newfoundland was a Canadian province, and retained their VO call letters when Newfoundland joined Canadian Confederation in 1949. The other station, VOCM-FM, adopted the callsign in 1981 because of its ownership association with VOCM. With the exception of VOCM-FM, radio stations licensed in Newfoundland after 1949 use the same CF-CK range as other Canadian stations. Nickname: The City of Legends Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Newfoundland and Labrador Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... VOAR (Voice of Adventist Radio) is a Canadian radio station, which airs religious programming in St. ... VOWR (Voice of Wesley United Church Radio) is a Canadian radio station, which airs religious programming in St. ... VOCM (referred to by its broadcasters as Voice of the Common Man) is the callsign of a AM station in St. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... VOCM-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 97. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The future of VO callsigns in Canada is unknown. It would not be at all unusual for Industry Canada to simplify all callsigns used in Canada as part of the ongoing modernization and simplification of domestic telecom regulations. The Department of Industry, also referred to as Industry Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for regional economic development, investment, and innovation/research and development. ...


There is no clear rule for the call letters of repeater stations—some repeaters are labelled by the call-letters of the originating station, followed by a number, while others have their own distinct call letters. Low-power repeater transmitters (LPRTs) have their own unique callsign format, which consists of the letters VE or VF followed by four numbers.


Major commercial radio broadcast groups in Canada include Rogers Communications, Corus Entertainment, Standard Broadcasting, CHUM Limited and Newcap Broadcasting. However, many smaller broadcasters operate radio stations as well. Most genres of music are represented on the Canadian commercial radio spectrum, including pop, rock, hip hop, country, jazz and classical. News, sports, talk radio and religious stations are also available in many cities. In addition, many Canadian universities and colleges have licensed campus radio stations, and some communities also have community radio stations licensed to non-profit groups or co-operatives. Rogers Communications Inc. ... Corus Entertainment Inc. ... Standard Broadcasting Corporation is a Canadian radio broadcasting company. ... CHUM Limited is a media company based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Newcap Broadcasting is a Canadian group of radio stations, owned by Newfoundland Capital Corporation. ... For popular music (music produced commercially rather than art or folk music), see Popular music. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Rock and roll. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Jazz is a style of music which originated in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States at around the start of the 20th century. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... A cooperative (also co-operative or co-op) comprises a legal entity owned and democratically controlled by its members, with no passive shareholders. ...


As well, the publicly owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation operates four national radio networks, two each in English and French. The English Radio One and the French Première Chaîne provide news and information programming to most communities in Canada, regardless of size, on either the AM or FM band. The English Radio Two and French Espace Musique provide arts and culture programming, including classical music and opera, and are always on FM, generally serving larger communities only. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... La Première Chaîne is the news and information service of la Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public broadcaster in Canada. ... CBC Radio Two is an FM radio network in Canada, operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Espace musique is the French language musical radio service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation / Société Radio-Canada, the national public broadcaster in Canada. ...


Music-based commercial radio stations in Canada are mandated by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to reserve at least 35 per cent of their playlists for Canadian content, although exemptions are granted in some border cities (e.g. Windsor, Ontario) where the competition from American stations threatens the survival of Canadian broadcasters, and for stations whose formats may not have enough Canadian recordings available to meet the 35 per cent target (e.g. classical, jazz or pop standards). The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was established in 1968 by the Canadian Parliament to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors. ... Canadian content (abbreviated cancon or can-con) refers to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission requirements that radio and television broadcasters (including cable/satellite specialty channels) must air a certain percentage of content that was at least partly written, produced, presented, or otherwise contributed to by persons from Canada. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In recent years, a notable trend in Canadian radio has been the gradual abandonment of the AM band, with many AM stations applying for and receiving authorization from the CRTC to convert to the FM band. In some Canadian cities, in fact, the AM band is now either nearly or entirely vacant. Because Canada is more sparsely populated than the United States, the limitations of AM broadcasting (particularly at night, when the AM dial is often overwhelmed by distant signals) have a much more pronounced effect on Canadian broadcasters. AM radio stations have the additional protection that cable companies which offer cable FM services are required by the CRTC to distribute all locally-available AM stations through conversion to a cable FM signal, but cable FM only accounts for a small percentage of radio listeners in Canada. Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Cable radio or cable FM is a complementary concept to that of cable television, bringing radio transmissions into homes and businesses via coaxial cable. ...


Digital audio broadcasting, or DAB, is an emerging technology in Canada. Although there are currently 73 licensed digital audio broadcasters in Canada, not many consumers yet own digital radios, and the existing digital audio broadcast signals duplicate AM or FM broadcasts. No Canadian radio broadcaster currently offers an exclusively DAB signal. Official DAB logo, found on compliant devices Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB), also known as Eureka 147, is a technology for broadcasting of audio using digital radio transmission. ...


On November 1, 2004, the CRTC began hearing applications for satellite radio services. Three applications were filed: one by XM Radio Canada, one by Sirius Canada, and one by the partnership of CHUM and Astral Media. These services, which were approved by the CRTC on June 16, 2005, were Canada's first official satellite radio services, although a small grey market already existed for American satellite radio receivers. Sirius and XM both launched in December of 2005. As of December 2006, however, the CHUM-Astral service has not launched; CHUM has, in fact, suggested that the service may never launch, as its business plan was based in part on the expectation that in the interests of Canadian content, the CRTC would have rejected the Sirius and XM applications, approving only the CHUM-Astral service. November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ... XM Radio Canada is the operating name of Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. ... Sirius Canada is a Canadian partnership between Standard Broadcasting, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and Sirius Satellite Radio, which was one of three services licensed by the CRTC on June 16, 2005 to introduce satellite radio service to Canada. ... Astral Media Inc. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Newspapers

Almost all Canadian cities are served by at least one daily newspaper, along with community and neighbourhood weeklies. In large cities which have more than one daily newspaper, usually at least one daily is a tabloid format. Bilingual cities like Montreal and Ottawa have important papers in both French and English. This article needs cleanup. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ...


Canada currently has two major "national" newspapers, The Globe and Mail and the National Post, although their circulation is limited in Quebec. The newspaper with the highest circulation is the Toronto Star. The Globe and Mail is a large English language national newspaper based in Toronto, Canada, and printed in seven cities across Canada. ... The National Post is a major Canadian English-language national newspaper based in Don Mills, Ontario, a district of Toronto. ... The Toronto Star is Canadas highest-circulation newspaper, though its print edition is distributed almost entirely within Ontario. ...


Canadian newspapers are mostly owned by large chains. The largest of these is the CanWest News Service chain, owned by CanWest. Quebecor owns many tabloid newspapers through its Sun Media subsidiary, including Le Journal de Montréal and the Toronto Sun. CanWest News Service is a Canadian newspaper chain owned by CanWest. ... CanWest Global Communications Corp. ... Quebecor (written without an accent on the first e, even in French) is a Quebec-based company with two main spheres of activity: Quebecor World is the largest commercial printing company in the world, with 39 000 employees around the world. ... Sun Media Corporation is the owner of several widely read Canadian tabloid newspapers. ... Le Journal de Montréal is a tabloid daily newspaper in Montreal, Quebec, and is the largest-circulation French-language newspaper in North America. ... The Toronto Sun is an English language daily newspaper published in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


At various times there have been concerns about concentration of newspaper ownership, most recently when Conrad Black's Hollinger acquired the Southam newspapers in the late 1990s. When Hollinger sold its Canadian properties, however, many of their smaller-market newspapers were in fact purchased by a variety of new ownership groups such as Osprey Media, increasing the diversity of newspaper ownership for the first time in many years. Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour PC, OC, KCSG (born 25 August 1944, in Montreal, Quebec), is a prominent and controversial British biographer, financier and former newspaper magnate. ... Hollinger may be one of two holding companies: Hollinger Inc. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Osprey Media is a Canadian newspaper chain that publishes 22 daily and 27 weekly newspapers in the province of Ontario. ...


The 1980s and 1990s have seen the emergence of city-based alternative weekly newspapers, geared toward a younger audience with coverage of the arts and alternative news. In recent years, many of these weeklies have also been acquired or driven out of business by conglomerates like CanWest, Quebecor and Irving. Smaller newspapers like The Dominion, publishing primarily online but in a newspaper format, have attempted to fill gaps in Canada's journalistic coverage while avoiding the vulnerabilities of the previous generation of alternative media. Recent cover of Portland, Oregons Willamette Week An alternative weekly is a type of weekly newspaper that eschews comprehensive coverage of general news in favor of opinionated reviews and columns, investigations into edgy topics and magazine-style feature stories highlighting local people and culture. ... CanWest Global Communications Corp. ... Quebecor (written without an accent on the first e, even in French) is a Quebec-based company with two main spheres of activity: Quebecor World is the largest commercial printing company in the world, with 39 000 employees around the world. ... Irving may refer to: // Persons Family name David Irving, a British Holocaust denier Henry Irving, British actor. ... The Dominion is a newspaper and web site in Canada. ... Alternative media are defined most broadly as those media practices falling outside the mainstreams of corporate communication. ...


In the 2000s, a number of online news and culture magazines have launched to provide alternative sources of journalism. Some important online publications include Rabble, The Tyee, Vigile, CBC Radio Three/Bande à part and SooToday.com. The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ... This page is about the website. ... The Tyee is a Canadian online web magazine, which focuses on coverage of news and media issues in British Columbia. ... Vigile. ... CBC Radio Three is a website devoted to Canadian arts and music. ... Bande à part is the name of a website and a Sirius Satellite Radio station in Canada that are devoted primarily to Québécois arts and music. ... SooToday. ...


Motion pictures

Main article: Cinema of Canada

Most of Canada's film (and television) industry produces output geared towards mainstream North American audiences, with Alliance Atlantis and Lions Gate Films in particular enjoying significant successes in recent years. Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver are major production centres, with Vancouver being the second largest film and television production centre in North America (after Los Angeles). The Toronto International Film Festival is considered one of the most important events in North American film, showcasing both Canadian talent and Hollywood films. The cinema of Canada has produced many people who have made an impact in the cinema of the world, despite the small scale of the Canadian film industry. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Alliance Atlantis Alliance Atlantis is a Toronto-based media company. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lions Gate Films. ... Nickname: City of Mary (Ville-Marie) Motto: Concordia Salus (salvation through harmony) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1] [2] [3]  - City 365. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Nickname: City of Angels Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D)  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Poster for the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival Box office at the Manulife Centre The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) is widely considered to be one of the top film festivals in the world and is the premiere film festival in North America from which the Oscars race begins. ...


Alliance Atlantis has become by far the largest and most successful Canadian film studio, both as a film and television production house (the company's television properties include Due South, This Hour Has 22 Minutes and C.S.I.), and as the major Canadian distributor of independent American and international films. Lions Gate Entertainment has also become a major player in recent years. Due South is an award-winning Canadian television police drama created by Paul Haggis and produced by Alliance Communications (now part of Alliance Atlantis), first airing in 1994. ... This Hour Has 22 Minutes is a weekly Canadian television comedy that airs on CBC Television. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ...


Canada also produces films of a characteristically "Canadian" nature, and of all Canadian cultural industries, this segment of the film industry has the hardest time escaping the shadow of its (North) American counterpart. Between the marketing budgets of mainstream films, and the largely American-controlled film distribution networks, it has been nearly impossible for most distinctively Canadian films to break through to a wide audience. In many Canadian cities, in fact, moviegoers don't even have the option of seeing such films, as there aren't any theatres showing them. As a result, a Canadian film is usually considered a runaway hit if it makes as little as $1 million at the box office.


French Canadian films, on the other hand, are often more successful—as with French-language television, the language difference makes Quebec audiences much more receptive to Canadian-produced film. In most years, the top-grossing Canadian film is a French-language film from Quebec.


As a result of the economic challenges involved in Canadian film production, film funding is often provided by government bodies such as Telefilm Canada, and CBC television is often a Canadian film's most lucrative potential market. However, there is an established network of film festivals which also provide important marketing and audience opportunities for Canadian films. In addition to Toronto's film festival, the smaller Vancouver International Film Festival features films from around the world, and festivals in Montreal, Quebec and Greater Sudbury, Ontario—among other cities—are also important opportunities for Canadian filmmakers to gain exposure among more populist film audiences. Telefilm Canada is a federal cultural agency dedicated primarily to the development and promotion of the Canadian film, television, and new media industries. ... The Vancouver International Film Festival is a film festival held in Vancouver, Canada for two weeks in late September and early October. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Location City Information Established: 1883 (as Sudbury) 2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Area: 3,354 km² Population:  - City (2001)  - CD Rank  - Municipal Rank 155,219 20th in Canada 26th in Canada Population density: 46. ...


One particular film production house, the National Film Board of Canada, has become internationally famous for its animation and documentary production. The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ...


Publishing

Books

Canada's most famous book publisher is McClelland and Stewart, which made its name in the 1970s as the leading publisher of English language Canadian literature. English Canada also has many smaller publishing houses, including Coach House Press, House of Anansi, Key Porter Books, Hidden Brook Press, and Douglas & McIntyre. Numerous American and British publishers, including Random House, HarperCollins, Alfred A. Knopf and Penguin Books, also have Canadian divisions. McClelland and Stewart is a Canadian publishing company. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Canadian literature may be divided into two parts, based on their separate roots: one stems from the culture and literature from France; the other from Britain. ... Coach House Press is an independent press located in Toronto, Canada. ... House of Anansi Press is a Canadian publishing company, founded in 1967 by writers Dennis Lee and David Godfrey. ... Key Porter Books is a Canadian book publishing company. ... Random House is a publishing division of the German media conglomerate Bertelsmann based in New York City. ... HarperCollins is a publishing company owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... Colophon of the publisher Alfred A. Knopf. ... Penguin Books is a British publisher founded in 1935 by Allen Lane. ...


Major francophone publishers in Quebec include Bibliotheque québécoise, Alire, Québec-Amérique, Éditions Guérin and Groupe Beauchemin. Several small francophone publishers also operate outside of Quebec, including Éditions Le Nordir and Prise de parole. Le Nordir is a Canadian book publishing company. ... Prise de parole (Take the word) is a Canadian book publishing company. ...


Canada's largest English science fiction genre publisher is EDGE Science Fiction and Fantasy Publishing, which now also owns the Tesseract Books imprint, well known for producing excellent Canadian speculative fiction. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...


Magazines

Magazines published in Canada include:

A notable controversy in Canadian magazine publishing in recent years has been the existence of split run magazines, where a title published in another country, such as TIME or Sports Illustrated, is republished in Canada with a few pages of special Canadian content, in order to take advantage of Canadian advertising sales revenues. The government of Canada imposed a special excise tax on split run publications in 1995 to discourage the practice, although this continues to be controversial. Lactualité is a French-language news and general interest magazine in Canada, published in Montreal, Quebec by Rogers Communications. ... Adbusters is a political magazine, founded by Kalle Lasn and Bill Schmalz that is published in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada by the Media Foundation. ... Cover of the January 2006 edition of Auto Atlantic Auto Atlantic is an Atlantic Canada based automotive industries magazine. ... Cahoots is an independent womens magazine, published in Canada. ... Canadian Business is the longest-publishing business magazine in Canada. ... Canadian Geographic is the bimonthly magazine of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society (RCGS). ... Canadian Living is a monthly Canadian lifestyle magazine, which publishes articles relating to food, fashion, crafts and health and family advice. ... Chart is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... Chatelaine is a Canadian womens magazine, published by Rogers Media Publishing (a subsidiary of Rogers Communications). ... Exclaim! (a/k/a !*@#) is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... Flare is a Canadian fashion magazine. ... Frank is a bi-weekly Canadian scandal or satirical magazine, inspired by and often compared to the British Private Eye. ... Geist is a Canadian literary magazine, which has been published in Vancouver since 1990. ... The Literary Review of Canada (or LRC) is a Canadian magazine, which publishes ten times a year. ... A cover of the Canadian magazine Macleans. ... Maisonneuve is a Canadian general interest magazine, which publishes journalism on arts, science and social and cultural trends. ... MoneySense is a Canadian financial magazine owned by Rogers Communications. ... Saturday Night is a Canadian general interest magazine. ... Toronto Life is a Canadian magazine about entertainment, politics and life in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... This Magazine is a Canadian political magazine. ... Cover of the April 2005 issue of The Walrus. ... Urban Male Magazine was Canadas first mens interest magazine. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... Commercialism redirects here. ... An excise is an indirect tax or duty levied on items within a country. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also List of Canadian magazines. This is a list of magazines published in Canada. ...


External links


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