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Encyclopedia > Media franchise

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A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. Generally, a whole series is made in that particular medium, along with merchandising and endorsements. Multiple sequels are often planned well in advance and, in the case of motion pictures, actors and directors often sign multi-film deals to ensure their participation. For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... A fictional universe is an imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction or translatable non-fiction. ... For other senses of this word, see Trademark (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Television series redirects here. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... A coffee mug bearing the logo of a company or organization is a common practice in product merchandising. ... Endorsement can refer to: A political endorsement is where a significant individual, group, or business selects, campaigns, or contributes heavily to a political campaign. ...


Some media franchises are accidental, such as the Ma and Pa Kettle series of films (the title characters of which broke out of the 1947 film The Egg and I), and some are planned, such as The Lord of the Rings trilogy. The most profitable film franchises include Star Wars, James Bond, Harry Potter, and The Lord of the Rings. Ma and Pa Kettle were the featured characters in a series of popular light comedic movies in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Lord of the Rings film trilogy comprises three live action fantasy epic films; The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). ... Star Wars is an epic science fantasy saga and fictional universe created by George Lucas during the late 1970s. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ...


Long-running film franchises were common in the studio era, when Hollywood studios had actors and directors under long-term contract. Examples include Andy Hardy, Ma and Pa Kettle, Bulldog Drummond, Superman, Tarzan, and Sherlock Holmes. The longest-running modern film franchises include James Bond, Godzilla, Friday the 13th, and Star Trek. In such cases, even lead actors are often replaced as they age, lose interest, or their characters are killed. Andy Hardy was a fictional character played by Mickey Rooney in an extremely successful MGM film series from 1937 to 1947. ... Ma and Pa Kettle were the featured characters in a series of popular light comedic movies in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Bulldog Drummond is a British fictional character created by Sapper, a pseudonym of H. C. McNeile (1888-1937), in imitation of the hard boiled noir-style detectives appearing in contemporary American fiction. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... James H. Pierce and Joan Burroughs Pierce starred in the 1932-34 Tarzan radio series 1964 Edition of Tarzan of the Apes Tarzan, a fictional character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs, first appeared in the 1912 novel Tarzan of the Apes, and then in twenty-three sequels. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... For other uses, see Godzilla (disambiguation). ... DVD cover for Friday the 13th (1980) Friday the 13th is a popular series of American slasher films. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ...


Media franchises tend to cross over from their original media to other forms. Literary franchises are often transported to film, such as Sherlock Holmes, Miss Marple, and other popular detectives, and Superman, Spider-Man, and other popular comic book superheroes. Television and film franchises are often expanded upon in novels, particularly those in the fantasy and science fiction genres, such as Star Trek, Doctor Who, and Star Wars. Similarly, fantasy and science fiction films and television series are frequently adapted into animated television series or video games, and vice versa. A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... Margaret Rutherford as Miss Marple Jane Marple, usually known as Miss Marple, is a fictional character appearing in twelve of Agatha Christies crime novels. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Spider-Man swinging around his hometown, New York City. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... [[ For the bands, see Superheroes (band) and Super Heroines. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who explores time and space in his TARDIS time ship with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... Star Wars is an epic science fantasy saga and fictional universe created by George Lucas during the late 1970s. ... An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ...


Non-fiction literary franchises include the ...For Dummies and The Complete Idiot's Guide to... reference books. The Playboy franchise began with the pornographic magazine, and has since expanded to include a television channel, numerous direct to video films, books (including collections of non-pornographic short stories that had originally appeared in the magazine), and countless articles of clothing and other pieces of merchandising. Non-fiction is an account or representation of a subject which is presented as fact. ... Cover of HTML 4 for Dummies. ... The Complete Idiots Guide to. ... A reference work is a compendium of information, usually of a specific type, compiled in a book for ease of reference. ... Playboy is an American mens magazine, founded in 1953 by Hugh Hefner and his associates, which has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc. ... Pornographic movies Pornography (Porn) (from Greek πόρνη (porne) prostitute and γραφή (grafe) writing), more informally referred to as porn or porno, is the explicit representation of the human body or sexual activity with the goal of sexual arousal. ... The term television channel generally refers to either a television station or its cable/satellite counterpart (both outlined below). ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also known as made-for-video, straight-to-video and, more recently, straight-to-DVD) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats (historically VHS) before or without being released in movie theaters or broadcast on television. ...


See also

This is a list of video game franchises organised alphabetically by name. ... A film series is a collection of related films in succession. ... A metaseries includes series of stories which include references to each other and some overall similar chronological or cast backdrop, but are not similar enough to be considered direct sequels. ... A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... A spiritual sequel or spiritual successor is a sequel or successor to a computer or video game, movie, comic or even a stage play. ... A trilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature or film, that are connected and can generally be seen as a single work as well as three individual ones. ... A tie-in is an authorized product that is based on an existing or upcoming media property, such as a movie or video/DVD, computer game, video game, television program/television series, board game, web site, role-playing game or literary property. ...

External links

  • Slate: "The Midas Formula (How to create a billion-dollar movie franchise)"
  • Box Office Mojo: Film franchise earning comparison

 
 

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