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Encyclopedia > Medford, Massachusetts
Medford, Massachusetts
Image:Medford, Massachusetts logo.png
Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°25′06″N 71°06′24″W / 42.41833, -71.10667
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex County
Settled 1630
Incorporated 1630
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Michael J. McGlynn
Area
 - City  8.6 sq mi (22.4 km²)
 - Land  8.1 sq mi (21.1 km²)
 - Water  0.5 sq mi (1.3 km²)
Elevation  14 ft (4 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 55,765
 - Density 6,851.3/sq mi (2,645.3/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02155
Area code(s) 617 / 781
Website: http://www.medford.org/

Medford is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in the United States, on the Mystic River, just a few miles north of Boston. In the 2000 census, Medford's population was 55,765. It is the home of Tufts University. The city's name comes from the description of a "meadow by the ford". Image File history File links Medford, Massachusetts logo. ... Image File history File links Medford_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 617 once covered the entire Greater Boston (Eastern Massachusetts) area, reaching beyond the I-495 loop. ... Under the North American Numbering Plan for telephone area codes, area code 781 covers suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... A quiet afternoon on the Mystic River, as seen from very close to Grandfathers House, Medford, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... A meadow is a habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. ... A ford is a section of water (most commonly a section of a river) that is sufficiently shallow as to be traversable by wading. ...

Contents

History

Medford was founded in 1630. Medford was established as a city in 1892 and was a center of industry, including the manufacture of brick and tile, rum, Medford Crackers, and clipper ships. 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... An old brick wall in English bond laid with alternating courses of headers and A brick is a block of ceramic material used in masonry construction and sized to be layed with one hand using mortar. ... Mission, or barrel, roof tiles A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, porcelain, metal or even glass. ... A model of a vessel of the clipper type, the four-masted barque named Belle Étoile A clipper was a very fast multiple-masted sailing ship of the 19th century. ...


Gypsy moth

In 1868, a French astronomer and naturalist, Leopold Trouvelot, was attempting to breed a better silkworm using Gypsy moths. Several of the moths escaped from his home, at 27 Myrtle Street, which no longer exists. Within ten years, the insect had denuded the vegetation in the neighborhood. It spread over North America.[citation needed] Media:Example. ... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant Astronomy (also frequently referred to as astrophysics) is the scientific study of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere (such as the cosmic background radiation). ... Étienne Léopold Trouvelot (December 26, 1827–April 22, 1895) was a French artist, astronomer and amateur entomologist. ... Binomial name Bombyx mori Linnaeus, 1758 For other senses of this word, see silkworm (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Lymantria dispar Linnaeus, 1758 The gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, is a moth in the family Lymantriidae of Eurasian origin. ... A moth is an insect closely related to the butterfly. ...


Holiday songs

In a pub on Salem Street in the late 19th century, local resident James Pierpont wrote "Jingle Bells" after watching a sleigh race from Medford to Malden. Another local resident, Lydia Maria Child (1802–1880), made a poem out of the trip across town to her grandparents' house, now the classic song "Over the River and Through the Woods". James Lord Pierpont (25 April 1822 - 5 August 1893) was an American songwriter and composer, best known for writing and composing Jingle Bells. ... Jingle Bells, originally One Horse Open Sleigh, is one of the best known and commonly sung secular Christmas songs in the world. ... For the cricket meaning, see Sledging (cricket) A sled, sledge or sleigh is a vehicle with runners for sliding instead of wheels for rolling. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1649 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Richard C. Howard Area  - City  5. ... Lydia Maria Child (February 11, 1802, Medford - July 7, 1880, Wayland) was an American abolitionist, novelist, and journalist. ... Grandfathers House, beside the Mystic River in Medford, Massachusetts. ... The song, written by Lydia Maria Child in 1844, celebrates her childhood memories of visiting her Grandfathers House at the Christmas holiday. ...


Other notables

1790 bird's-eye view from Bunker Hill of the "Malden Bridge" across the Mystic River, with Medford in the background.
1790 bird's-eye view from Bunker Hill of the "Malden Bridge" across the Mystic River, with Medford in the background.

Medford was home to Fannie Farmer, author of one of the world's most famous cookbooks—as well as James Plimpton, the man credited with the 1863 invention of the first practical four-wheeled roller skate, which set off a roller craze that quickly spread across the United States and Europe. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x914, 314 KB) View of the bridge over Mystic River & the contry adjacent from Bunkers Hill / engraved by S. Hill. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x914, 314 KB) View of the bridge over Mystic River & the contry adjacent from Bunkers Hill / engraved by S. Hill. ... Combatants Kingdom of Great Britain Province of Massachusetts Bay Commanders British Army: William Howe, Robert Pigot, Henry Clinton, Royal Navy: Samuel Graves Israel Putnam, William Prescott, Joseph Warren†, Seth Pomeroy, (Both Warren and Pomeroy declined command) Strength 2,600 1,500 Casualties 226 dead, 828 wounded 140 dead, 271 wounded... A quiet afternoon on the Mystic River, as seen from very close to Grandfathers House, Medford, Massachusetts. ... Fannie Merritt Farmer (23 March 1857 - 15 January 1915) was an American culinary expert whose book, The Boston Cooking-School Cookbook, became a widely used culinary text. ... The roller skate is a type of skate with wheels to be used on solid ground (as opposed to the ice skate which is to be used on ice. ...


"The Black Dahlia", the infamous Hollywood murder victim, was born and raised in Medford before going to the West Coast looking for fame.


The Peter Tufts house (350 Riverside Ave.) is thought to be the oldest all-brick building in New England. Another important site is the "Slave Wall" on Grove Street, built by "Pomp," a slave owned by the prominent Brooks family.


Medford has sent more than its share of athletes to the National Hockey League; Sean Bates, though born in Melrose, MA grew up in Medford, as did Keith Tkachuk and Joe Sacco. “NHL” redirects here. ... Melrose is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Keith Matthew Tkachuk (born March 28, 1972, in Melrose, Massachusetts) is an American professional ice hockey player in the National Hockey League. ... Cover of Saccos Palestine (2001) Joe Sacco (born 1960) is a Maltese comics artist and journalist. ...


Medford is home to some of New England's most well-known bakeries and Italian restaurants and delis.


Medford was home to Michael Bloomberg, American businessman, philanthropist, and the founder of Bloomberg L.P., who is currently serving as the Mayor of New York City. Mayor Bloomberg attended Medford High School and resided in Medford until after he graduated college. His mother remains a resident of Medford. Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, philanthropist, and the founder of Bloomberg L.P., currently serving as the Mayor of New York City. ... A businessman (sometimes businesswoman, female; or businessperson, gender neutral) is a generic term for a wide range of people engaged in profit-oriented enterprises, generally the management of a company. ... A philanthropist is someone who engages in philanthropy; that is, someone who donates his or her time, money, or reputation to a charitable cause. ... Bloomberg L.P. is a financial software service company founded by current New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg with the help of Thomas Secunda in 1981. ... For a list of the Dutch Director-Generals who governed New Amsterdam (as New York City was called when it was a Dutch-run settlement) between 1624 and 1664, see: Director-General of New Netherland. ...


Medford and the law

Medford is also home to some famous scandals. A few crooked officers of the Medford Police and MDC forces pulled off one of the biggest bank robberies and jewel heists in world history in 1980, robbing the Depositors Trust bank over the Memorial Day weekend. Also, the only recorded proof of the Mafia's existence is from an FBI audiotape of a Medford Mafia ceremony in the late 1980s. An admitted Mob execution by Stephen "The Rifleman" Flemmi took place at the "Pewter Pot" cafe in Medford Square according to "Black Mass: The Irish Mob, the Boston FBI and a Devil's Deal." written by: " Dick Lehr (Author), Gerard O'Neill (Author)[citation needed]. The Rifleman Flemmi Stephen The Rifleman Flemmi (b. ...


Geography

Medford is located at 42°25′12″N, 71°6′29″W (42.419996, −71.107942).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.4 km² (8.6 mi²). 21.1 km² (8.1 mi²) of it is land and 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²) of it (5.79%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


An impressive park called the Middlesex Fells Reservation1 straddles the town's northern boundary. This 2060-acre preserve is shared by Medford with the municipalities of Winchester, Stoneham, Melrose and Malden. Unfortunately its two Depression-era stone towers, both of which offered wide views across much of the park and city, have become overgrown by maturing forests, and fallen into disrepair due to government cutbacks. A cliff in the Fells. ... Winchester is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Stoneham is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Melrose is a city located in the Greater Boston metropolitan area and Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1649 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Richard C. Howard Area  - City  5. ... The Great Depression was the result of the economic downturn that started with the Stock Market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ...


Neighborhoods

People of Medford often identify themselves with what part of the city they are from. The most populated are:

  • West Medford
  • The Heights (or Fulton Heights)
  • Wellington/Glenwood
  • Medford Square
  • The Hillside
  • South Medford
  • Lawrence Estates

Demographics

The majority of Medford's population is Italian American families who mostly live in the south Medford neighborhood of the city. Irish-Americans also are a strong majority in the city and live in all areas. An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... Irish Americans are citizens of the United States who can claim some ancestry originating in the west European island nation of Ireland. ...


As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 55,765 people, 22,067 households, and 13,505 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,645.1/km² (6,851.3/mi²). There were 22,687 housing units at an average density of 1,076.1/km² (2,787.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.45% White, 6.10% African American, 0.11% Native American, 3.87% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 2.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.59% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 22,067 households out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $52,476, and the median income for a family was $62,409. Males had a median income of $41,704 versus $34,948 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,707. About 4.1% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Medford has three Public Access television stations: TV3, Channel 15 (educational access) and Channel 16 (governmental or municipal access). Public access television is a cable television service that allows members of the public to use a cable companys facilities and equipment to create and broadcast their own content. ... TV3 TV3 is Medfords Public Access television station. ...


Transportation

In Medford Square numerous buses provided by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority run through, allowing easy access to other parts of town and nearby cities. On Medford's east side, Wellington serves as the city's source to the Orange Line. From the Orange Line people obtain quick transportation to countless areas including Boston. On the west side, the Lowell Commuter Rail Line makes a stop in West Medford Square. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [2] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ... Parking 1,316 spaces Bicycle facilities 16 spaces Other information Opened September 6, 1975 Accessible Owned by MBTA Services Wellington Station is a MBTA station on the Orange Line, located in Medford, Massachusetts, USA on the Revere Beach Parkway (a. ... The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the MBTA. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden, Massachusetts in the north. ... The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the MBTA. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden, Massachusetts in the north. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... The Lowell Line is a railroad line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running north from Boston to Lowell, Massachusetts. ...


Points of interest

Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... The name Somerville, when stated by itself, has several different meanings in the English language. ... The Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service, (originally named University College of Citizenship and Public Service, UCCPS) is a college of Tufts University, located in Medford, Massachusetts. ... Amelia Mary Earhart (24 July 1897 – missing 2 July 1937, declared dead 5 January 1939) was a noted American aviation pioneer and womens rights advocate. ... Fannie Merritt Farmer (23 March 1857 - 15 January 1915) was an American culinary expert whose book, The Boston Cooking-School Cookbook, became a widely used culinary text. ... Grandfathers House, beside the Mystic River in Medford, Massachusetts. ... The Grace Episcopal Church is an Episcopal church designed by noted American architect H. H. Richardson, with a major stained glass window by John LaFarge. ... Library, North Easton, MA Henry Hobson Richardson (1838 - 1886) was the outstanding American architect of his day, one of a half-dozen most influential American architects. ... Established in 1948 by businessman Roger Babson (also founder of Babson College), the Gravity Research Foundation was an organization designed to find ways to block or reduce the effect of gravity. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... The Isaac Royall House is a historic house located at 15 George Street, Medford, Massachusetts. ... Jingle Bells, originally One Horse Open Sleigh, is one of the best known and commonly sung secular Christmas songs in the world. ... The Peter Tufts House (formerly and incorrectly known as the Cradock House) is a Colonial American house located at 350 Riverside Avenue, Medford, Massachusetts. ... Salem Street Burying Ground is a cemetery located at the intersection of Salem Street and Riverside Avenue in Medford, Massachusetts. ... Outside the Lines Studio is a day program for adults with developmental disabilities established in 1995 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ...

Notable residents

Edwin Adams (1834 - 1877) was a United States stage actor. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, philanthropist, and the founder of Bloomberg L.P., currently serving as the Mayor of New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Terri Lyne Carrington (born 1965 in Medford, Massachusetts) is a musician, composer, producer and clinician. ... Lydia Maria Child (February 11, 1802, Medford - July 7, 1880, Wayland) was an American abolitionist, novelist, and journalist. ... Fannie Merritt Farmer (23 March 1857 - 15 January 1915) was an American culinary expert whose book, The Boston Cooking-School Cookbook, became a widely used culinary text. ... Paul Geary was once the drummer for the band Extreme. ... See also Extreme value, Extreme sports, Extremophile Extreme was an American funk metal / hair metal / hard rock band which achieved popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Godsmack are an American grammy-nominated heavy metal band from Massachusetts formed in 1996. ... See also Discovery Channel Discovery Communications Inc. ... Maria Menounos (Μαρία Μενούνος in Greek) (born June 8, 1978) is an American actress, journalist, and television presenter. ... The Miss Massachusetts Teen USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Massachusetts in the Miss Teen USA pageant. ... Entertainment Tonight is a daily television entertainment news show that is syndicated by CBS Paramount Domestic Television throughout the United States, Canada, on the Nine Network in Australia and on UBC Inside in Thailand. ... William Charles Monbouquette (born August 11, 1936 in Medford, Massachusetts) is a former major league pitcher for, most significantly, the Boston Red Sox (1958 - 1965) and 3 other teams (the Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, and the San Francisco Giants). ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in North American professional baseball. ... John Forbes Nash, Jr. ... Julianne Nicholson (born July 1, 1971,Medford,Massachusetts) is an American actress. ... Ally McBeal is an American television series which ran on the FOX network from 1997 to 2002 and was one of the best-known dramedy television series of the 1990s winning several awards. ... Michael Timothy Pagliarulo (born March 15, 1960 Medford, MA - ) was an infielder with an 11 year career from 1984-1993, 1995. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in North American professional baseball. ... James Lord Pierpont (25 April 1822 - 5 August 1893) was an American songwriter and composer, best known for writing and composing Jingle Bells. ... Portrait of Isaac Royall, painted in 1769 by John Singleton Copley Isaac Royall, Jr. ... Elizabeth Short, better known as the Black Dahlia, is a murder victim, born July 29, 1924 and died January 15, 1947. ... Elizabeth Betty Short (29 July 1924 – 15 January 1947), was an aspiring actress, today better known as the Black Dahlia. ... Paul Edward Theroux (born April 10, 1941) is an American travel writer and novelist, whose best known work is The Great Railway Bazaar (1975), a travelogue about a trip he made by train from Great Britain through Europe and South Asia, then South-East Asia, up through East Asia, as... Keith Matthew Tkachuk (born March 28, 1972, in Melrose, Massachusetts) is an American professional ice hockey player in the National Hockey League. ...

References

  1. ^ (1967) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 42°25′12″N 71°06′29″W / 42.419996, -71.107942Coordinates: 42°25′12″N 71°06′29″W / 42.419996, -71.107942

  Results from FactBites:
 
Medford, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1114 words)
Medford is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts just a few miles north of Boston on the Mystic River.
Medford was established as a city in 1892 and was a center of industry, manufacturing brick and tile, rum, and Medford Crackers, and building clipper ships.
This 2060-acre preserve is shared by Medford with the municipalities of Winchester, Stoneham, Melrose and Malden.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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