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Encyclopedia > Medan, Indonesia
Location of Medan in Indonesia.
Location of Medan in Indonesia.

Medan is the capital city of the Sumatera Utara (North Sumatra) province of Indonesia. It is located in the north of the province, at 3° 35′ N, 98° 40′ E, and has a nearby harbour, Belawan, and an international airport, Polonia International Airport. Image File history File links I created this image myself. ... Image File history File links I created this image myself. ... Map of North Sumatra province within Indonesia Sumatera Utara or North Sumatra is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest part of Indonesia. ... Polonia International Airport is located about 2 km from the city of Medan, Indonesia. ...


Officially Medan's birthdate is 1 July 1590. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... Events March 14 - Battle of Ivry - Henry IV of France again defeats the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne. ...

Contents


Demography

The city is Indonesia's third most populous after Surabaya and Jakarta, with approximately 2.5 million people. Compared to Jakarta, the city might seem a little provincial, as it lacks most of the glossy Western skyscrapers and shops. One of the reasons is because the international airport of Polonia is located near the city centre. Surabaya (formerly Soerabaja) is Indonesias second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ...


History

Medan's embryo was a village called Kampung Medan (Medan Village). Kampung Medan was founded by Guru Patimpus around the 1590s. Because Kampung Medan sits on Tanah Deli (Land of Deli), Kampung Medan is also referred as Medan-Deli. The original location of Kampung Medan is an area where the River of Deli meets River Babura. Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Decades: 1540s 1550s 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s 1630s 1640s Years: 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 Events and Trends Categories: 1590s ...


The first inhabitants of Medan came from the Batak Karo community. It was not until the King of Aceh, Sultan Iskandar Muda, sent his warlord, Gocah Pahlawan Laksamana Khoja Bintan, to be the Kingdom of Aceh's representative in Tanah Deli, that the Kingdom of Deli started to grow. This growth stimulated growth in both the population and culture of Medan. Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic tribes found in the highlands of North Sumatra Indonesia. ...


Medan did not enjoy vast development until the 1860s, when the Dutch colonialists began clearing the land for tobacco plantations. Medan quickly became a centre of government and commercial activity, dominating development of Indonesia's western region. // Events and trends Technology The First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States is built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family indigenous to North and South America or to the dried and cured leaves. ...


The Dutch governed Tanah Deli from 1658, after Sultan Ismail, ruler of the Kingdom of Siak Sri Indrapura, yielded some of his once-ruled land, Deli, Langkat, and Serdang. In 1915 Medan officially became the capital of North Sumatera Province, and officially a city at 1918. Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... In full Sultan Ismail ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim, was the third sultan of modern Johor in Malaysia. ... This article needs cleanup. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Places

There are many older buildings in Medan that still retain their Dutch architecture. Some buildings are: the old City Hall, Post Office Center, Water Tower which has been Medan City's icon, and Titi Gantung - a bridge over railway.


There are several historic places such as Maimun Palace and the Great Mosque (Masjid Raya) of Medan. Maimun Palace or Maimoon Palace (Indonesian: Istana Maimun), is a well-known landmark at Medan, the capital city of North Sumatra. ...


The newest food court in central of Medan city is Kesawan Square. Many kinds of Indonesian, Western and Chinese cuisine become special interest.


Transportation

One of the unique features of Medan are the motorized becaks that are found almost everywhere. Unlike traditional becaks, a motorized becak can take its passenger to anywhere in the city. There are also more common transport like taxis and minibuses. Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...


Railroad tracks connect Medan to Tanjungpura to the northwest, to port of Belawan to the north, and to Binjai, Tebing Tinggi and Pematang Siantar to the southeast. Map of Sumatra island showing the location of Binjai Binjai is a capital city of Binjai District in province of North Sumatra, Indonesia, located about 24 km from Medan, capital of the province. ...


The seaport of Belawan is about 20 km to the north. Polonia International Airport is located in the heart of the city. Polonia International Airport is located about 2 km from the city of Medan, Indonesia. ...


A tollroad connects Medan to Belawan and Tanjungmorawa. Medan–Lubuk Pakam and Medan–Binjai are being planned. Map of Sumatra island showing the location of Binjai Binjai is a capital city of Binjai District in province of North Sumatra, Indonesia, located about 24 km from Medan, capital of the province. ...


External links

  • Medan
  • Official website of Medan City (in Indonesian)
  • Map of north Sumatra

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Medan is the capital of North Sumatra Province, a trading center and important harbor.
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