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Encyclopedia > Mechatronics engineering

Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of mechanical engineering ("mecha" for mechanisms, i.e., machines that 'move'), electronic engineering ("tronics" for electronics), and software engineering. The purpose of this interdisciplinary engineering field is the study of automata from an engineering perspective and serves the purposes of controlling advanced hybrid systems. Synergy or synergism (from the Greek synergos meaning working together, circa 1660) refers to the phenomenon in which two or more discrete influences or agents acting together create an effect greater than that predicted by knowing only the separate effects of the individual agents. ... Mechanical engineers design and build engines and power plants. ... Mechanism is the following: In general, a mechanism is part of a chain of causes leading to some object or process. ... Wind turbines A machine is any mechanical or organic device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... Electronic engineering is a professional discipline that deals with the behavior and effects of electrons (as in electron tubes and transistors) and with electronic devices, systems, or equipment. ... The field of electronics comprises the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers) in devices such as thermionic valves (vacuum tubes) and semiconductors. ... Software Engineering (SE) is the design, development, and documentation of software by applying technologies and practices from computer science, project management, engineering, application domains, interface design, digital asset management and other fields. ... An automaton (plural: automata) is a self-operating machine. ... A hybrid system consists of both discrete signals and continuous signals. ...

Contents

Description

A typical mechatronics Venn diagram, Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of several engineering disciplines.
A typical mechatronics Venn diagram, Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of several engineering disciplines.

Mechatronics is centred on mechanics, electronics and computing which, combined, make possible the generation of simpler, more economical, reliable and versatile systems. The portmanteau "mechatronics" was first coined by Mr. Tetsuro Mori, a senior engineer of the Japanese company Yaskawa, in 1969. Mechatronics may alternatively be referred to as "electromechanical systems" or less often as "control and automation engineering". Image File history File links MechatronicsDiagram. ... Image File history File links MechatronicsDiagram. ... Venn diagrams are illustrations used in the branch of mathematics known as set theory. ... Synergy or synergism (from the Greek synergos meaning working together, circa 1660) refers to the phenomenon in which two or more discrete influences or agents acting together create an effect greater than that predicted by knowing only the separate effects of the individual agents. ... Mechanics (Greek ) is the branch of physics concerned with the behaviour of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effect of the bodies on their environment. ... The field of electronics comprises the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers) in devices such as thermionic valves (vacuum tubes) and semiconductors. ... Originally, the word computing was synonymous with counting and calculating, and a science and technology that deals with the original sense of computing mathematical calculations. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Yaskawa Electric Corporation is a Japanese manufacturer of servos, machine controllers, AC drives, switches and robots. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... In engineering, electromechanics combines electromagnetism and mechanics. ... For the Macintosh operating system, which was called System up to version 7. ...


Engineering cybernetics deals with the question of control engineering of mechatronic systems. It is used to control or regulate such a system; see control theory. Through collaboration the mechatronic modules perform the production goals and inherit flexible and agile manufacturing properties in the production scheme. Modern production equipment consists of mechatronic modules that are integrated according to a control architecture. The most known architectures involve hierarchy, polyarchy, heterarchy and hybrid. The methods for achieving a technical effect are described by control algorithms, which may or may not utilize formal methods in their design. Hybrid-systems important to Mechatronics include production systems, synergy-drives, planetary-rovers, automotive subsystems such as anti-lock braking systems, spin-assist and every day equipment such as autofocus cameras, video, hard disks, CD-players, washing machines, lego-matics etc. Engineering cybernetics deals with the question of control engineering of mechatronic systems. ... Engineering is the application of scientific or mathematical principles with due reference to economics, society and environment to develop solutions to technical problems, creating products, facilities, and structures that are useful to people. ... In engineering and mathematics, control theory deals with the behavior of dynamical systems. ... Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of mechanical engineering (mecha for mechanisms), electronic engineering (tronics for electronics), and software engineering. ... A hierarchy (in Greek: , it is derived from -hieros, sacred, and -arkho, rule) is a system of ranking and organizing things or people, where each element of the system (except for the top element) is subordinate to a single other element. ... Polyarchy (Greek: poly many, arkhe rule) has long been used to mean the opposite of monarchy, i. ... A heterarchy is a network of elements which share the same horizontal position of power and authority, each having an equal vote. ... // In biology, hybrid has two meanings. ... In computer science, formal methods refers to a variety of scientific and engineering techniques for rigorous reasoning about the correctness of computer programs, chiefly based on the use of mathematical logic. ... An anti-lock braking system (ABS) is a system on motor vehicles which prevents the wheels from locking while braking. ... Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ...


A typical mechatronic engineering degree would involve classes in engineering mathematics, mechanics, machine component design, mechanical design, thermodynamics, circuits and systems, electronics and communications, control theory, digital signal processing, power engineering, robotics and usually a final year thesis. Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, known today as the father of geometry; shown here in a detail of The School of Athens by Raphael. ... Mechanics (Greek ) is the branch of physics concerned with the behaviour of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effect of the bodies on their environment. ... Thermodynamics (from the Greek thermos meaning heat and dynamics meaning power) is a branch of physics that studies the effects of changes in temperature, pressure, and volume on physical systems at the macroscopic scale by analyzing the collective motion of their particles using statistics. ... There are many kinds of circuit An electric circuit interconnects electrical elements. ... The field of electronics comprises the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers) in devices such as thermionic valves (vacuum tubes) and semiconductors. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with robot. ... Look up thesis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Variant of this field

An emerging variant of this field is biomechatronics, whose purpose is to integrate machine and man, usually in the form of removable gadgets such as exoskeleton. This is the “real-life” version of cyberware. Biomechatronics is an applied interdisciplinary science which aims to integrate mechanical elements in the human body, both for therapeutic (artificial hearts) and augmentation (mainly military uses for the moment) reasons. ... Cyberware is a relatively new and unknown field. ...


See also

Biomechatronics is an applied interdisciplinary science which aims to integrate mechanical elements in the human body, both for therapeutic (artificial hearts) and augmentation (mainly military uses for the moment) reasons. ... Cybernetics is the study of communication and control, typically involving regulatory feedback in living organisms, machines and organisations, as well as their combinations. ... Fatronik is a project, under the figure of a private non-profit organisation, which objective is to improve the quality of life of people, centering mainly on the elderly and disabled. ... This page aims to list all topics related to the broad field of engineering. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with robot. ...

References

  • Mechatronics Principles Concepts and Applications by Tata McGraw-Hill
  • Bradley, Dawson et al, Mechatronics, Electronics in products and processes, Chapman and Hall Verlag, London, 1991.
  • Karnopp, Dean C., Donald L. Margolis, Ronald C. Rosenberg, System Dynamics: Modeling and Simulation of Mechatronic Systems, 4th Edition, Wiley, 2006. ISBN 0-471-70965-4 Bestselling system dynamics book using bond graph approach.

London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ...

External links

  • Mechatronics Wiki at Northwestern University
  • Mechatronics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • DLR Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics
  • Mechatronics at Asian Institute of Technology
  • K.U.Leuven Mechatronics and Robotics
  • Mechatronics Laboratory at Engineering School of São Carlos - University of São Paulo
  • Mechatronics Engineering at the University of Waterloo
  • Mechatronics Research at the Helsinki University of Technology, Finland
  • Mechatronics Research at ITESM Monterrey, Mexico
  • Mechatronics Research Group at De Montfort University, UK
  • Mechatronics Research Centre at Loughborough University, UK
  • Faculty of Mechatronics of the Warsaw University of Technology

 
 

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