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Encyclopedia > Mechanized warfare

Armies have been using machinery in combat for thousands of years. Simple war machines such as battering rams and other siege engines date back to the ancient Greeks. The first steam warship was comissioned in 1815; Richard Gatling patented his early machine gun in 1861; and 1866 saw demonstrations of an early self-propelled torpedo. But mechanized warfare usually refers to 20th-century land battles in which the mobility and power of motor vehicles and aircraft was paramount, especially in the two World Wars. Replica battering ram at Château des Baux, France A battering ram is a weapon used from ancient times. ... A siege engine is a device that is designed to break or circumvent city walls and other fortifications in siege warfare. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek_speaking world in ancient times. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga class cruiser. ... Dr. Richard Jordan Gatling (September 12, 1818 – February 26, 1903) was an American inventor, best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, the first successful rapid-repeating fire arm. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... A torpedo in Rail terminology refers to a small explosive device strapped to the top of the rail to alert an approaching train of immediate danger ahead. ... The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar. ... An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... There have been two World Wars, now more commonly known as World War I or First World War (from 1914 to 1918), and World War II or Second World War (from 1939 to 1945). ...


The "armored fist" tank assault has become the symbol of these tactics, but doctrine calls for coordination of mechanized infantry, air support, and several classes of lighter armored vehicle besides the main battle tank. A fully mechanized frontline force needs a fully mechanized supply train to fulfill its heavy requirements for fuel, ammunition, replacement parts, and other supplies. It also needs combat engineering assets to fortify positions, demolish obstacles, build and repair airstrips, salvage disabled vehicles, and so forth. Tactics is the collective name for methods of winning a small-scale conflict, performing an optimization, etc. ... Military doctrine is a level of military planning between national strategy and unit-level tactics, techniques, and procedures. ... Mechanized infantry are infantry troops provided with trucks, armored personnel carriers (APCs), or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport and combat. ... Close air support (often abbreviated CAS) is the use of military aircraft in a ground attack role against targets in close proximity to friendly troops, in support of ground combat operations. ... ... Combat engineers place satchel charges and detonating cord, preparatory to blowing up a railway bridge during the Korean War, 30 Jul 1950. ... An airstrip is a kind of airport that consists only of a runway with perhaps fueling equipment. ...


In the present day, mobility and air power have become so important that no major country would field a non-mechanized frontline force of any size; however, pre- and lightly-mechanized forces are still dangerous in asymmetric and guerrilla warfare, such as counter-insurgency. Symmetry is a characteristic of geometrical shapes, equations and other objects; we say that such an object is symmetric with respect to a given operation if this operation, when applied to the object, does not appear to change it. ... Guerrilla War redirects here. ... Counter-insurgency is the combatting of insurgency, by the government (or allies) of the territory in which the insurgency takes place. ...

Contents


History

Early Military Trucks and Tractors

American automobile makers such as Winton, FWD, Cadillac, General Motors and Ford helped motorize the Allies with dual-use technology, such as civilian trucks outfitted as four-stretcher ambulances. The Winton Motor Carriage Company of Cleveland, Ohio was a pioneer United States automobile manufacturer. ... Cadillac is a brand of luxury automobile, part of the General Motors corporation, produced and mostly sold in the United States; outside of North America, they have been less successful. ... General Motors Corporation NYSE: GM, also known as GM, is a United States-based automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... European military alliances in 1915. ... Dual-use is a term often used in politics and diplomacy to refer to technology which can be used for both peaceful and military aims, usually in regard to the proliferation of nuclear weapons. ... Ambulance An ambulance is a vehicle designated for the transport of sick or injured people. ...



The first armored fighting vehicles were based on the Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost. Developed in 1914 and crewed by three men, they added double rear tires, armor plate, and a turreted Maxim machine gun or .303 Vickers. Although it was difficult for them to negotiate the obstacles, mud, and trenches of the Western Front, they were well suited for the Near East; even Lawrence of Arabia used one. The Rolls-Royce armoured car was an armoured car developed in 1914 and used in World War I and in the early part of World War II. It was a simple vehicle built on a Rolls Royce car chassis. ... The Rolls Royce logo Rolls-Royce is a set of several companies, all deriving from the British automobile and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls in 1906. ... An early Maxim gun in operation with the Royal Navy The Maxim gun was the first self-acting machine gun. ... The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled . ... Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World Wars to describe the contested armed frontier between lands controlled by Germany to the East and the Allies to the West. ... The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing the Levant (modern Israel, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Anatolia (modern Turkey), Mesopotamia (Iraq and eastern Syria), and the Iranian Plateau (Iran). ... Thomas Edward Lawrence (August 16, 1888 – May 19, 1935), also known as Lawrence of Arabia, and (apparently, among his Arab allies) Aurens or El Aurens, became famous for his role as a British liaison officer during the Arab Revolt of 1916–1918. ...


The Tank in World War One

Mechanization 1920-1945

i have found in my parents barn 2 fcda stretchers what year would these be


Post-WW2 Air Mobility


  Results from FactBites:
 
mechanized warfare. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (381 words)
Central to the waging of mechanized warfare are the tank and armored vehicle, with support and supply from motorized columns and aircraft.
Although the basic essentials of mechanized warfare were thus established early, it was not until Germany attacked Poland at the start of World War II that its full potentials were revealed.
The Germans used their mechanized forces for deep penetrations into enemy territory but were ultimately beaten by superior use of artillery and aircraft as shown by the Allies in the battle of El Alamein and other engagements.
Mechanized warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (400 words)
The first steam warship was comissioned in 1815; Richard Gatling patented his early machine gun in 1861; and 1866 saw demonstrations of an early self-propelled torpedo.
But mechanized warfare usually refers to 20th-century land battles in which the mobility and power of motor vehicles and aircraft was paramount, especially in the two World Wars.
The "armored fist" tank assault has become the symbol of these tactics, but doctrine calls for coordination of mechanized infantry, air support, and several classes of lighter armored vehicle besides the main battle tank.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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