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Encyclopedia > Mechanics' Institutes

Historically, Mechanics' Institutes were educational establishments formed to provide adult education, particularly in technical subjects, to working men. As such, they were often funded by local industrialists on the grounds that they would ultimately benefit from having more knowledgeable and skilled employees (such philanthropy was shown by, among others, Robert Stephenson, James Nasmyth and Joseph Whitworth). The Mechanics' Institutes were used as 'libraries' for the adult working class. Libraries are a useful resource for adult learners. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Statue of Robert Stephenson at Euston Station, London Robert Stephenson FRS (October 16, 1803–October 12, 1859) was an English civil engineer. ... James Nasmyth James Hall Nasmyth (August 19, 1808 – May 7, 1890) was an engineer and inventor famous for his development of the steam hammer. ... Sir Joseph Whitworth Sir Joseph Whitworth, Baronet (December 21, 1803 - January 22, 1887) was an English engineer and entrepreneur. ...


The first institute was established in Glasgow in 1821, some 20 years after George Birkbeck had first instituted free lectures on arts, science and technical subjects. For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... George Birkbeck (1776-1841) was a doctor, academic, philanthropist and early pioneer in adult education. ...

 Wakefield's Mechanics' Institution (1825) put to a new use in the 21st century
Wakefield's Mechanics' Institution (1825) put to a new use in the 21st century

The London Mechanics' Institute (later Birkbeck College) followed in 1823, and the Mechanics' Institute in Manchester (later to become UMIST) in 1824. By the mid 19th century, there were over 700 institutes in towns and cities across the UK and overseas. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 729 KB) self made I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 729 KB) self made I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The 21st century is the present century of the Gregorian calendar. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Birkbeck, University of London, sometimes referred to by its former name Birkbeck College or by the abbreviation BBK, is a College of the University of London. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Manchester is a major city in North West England, historically notable for being the worlds first industrialised city, and its subsequent central role in the Industrial Revolution. ... UMIST Main Building on Whitworth Street The University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) was a university based in the centre of the city of Manchester in England (, ). It specialised in technical and scientific subjects and was a major centre for research. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


In Australia, for example, the first Mechanics' Institute appeared in Hobart in 1827, followed by the Melbourne Mechanics' Institute established in 1839 (renamed The Melbourne Athenaeum in 1873). From the 1850s, Mechanics' Institutes quickly spread throughout Victoria wherever a hall, library or school was needed. Nearly a thousand were built in Victoria but just over 500 remain today, and only six still operate their lending library services. Melbournes Yarra River is a popular area for walking, jogging, cycling, rowing and for relaxing on the banks with a picnic Melbourne (pronounced either or [1]) is the second most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 3. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Athenaeum or Melbourne Athenaeum is the oldest public institution in Victoria, Australia, founded in 1839. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Emblems: Pink heath (floral)Weedy Seadragon (Aquatic) helmeted honeyeater (bird) Leadbeaters possum (faunal) Motto: Peace and Prosperity Slogan or Nickname: Garden State, The Place To Be, On The Move Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Government Const. ...


Existing Mechanics' Institutes

Australia

Canada The Mechanics Institute, Sorrento is a building classified by the National Trust of Australia and located at 827 Melbourne Road, Sorrento, Victoria, Australia. ... Prahran Mechanics Institute is a subscription library situated at 140 High Street, Prahran, Victoria (Australia). ...

  • Atwater Library of the Mechanics' Institute, Montreal, Quebec

USA

  • Mechanics' Institue of the General Society, New York, New York
  • Mechanics' Institute, San Francisco, California

The Mechanics Institute is a library and chess room located at 57 Post Street in San Francisco, California. ...

Historical Mechanics' Institutes

Swindon is a town in Wiltshire in the South West of England. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mechanics Institutes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (237 words)
The first institute was established in Glasgow in 1821, some 20 years after George Birkbeck had first instituted free lectures on arts, science and technical subjects.
In Australia, for example, the first Mechanics' Institute appeared in Hobart in 1827, followed by the Melbourne Mechanics' Institute established in 1839 (renamed The Melbourne Athenaeum in 1873).
From the 1850s, Mechanics' Institutes quickly spread thoughout Victoria wherever a hall, library or school was needed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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