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Encyclopedia > Meat and bone meal
Meat & bone meal
Meat & bone meal

Meat and bone meal (MBM) is a by-product of the rendering industry. It is typically about 50% protein, 35% ash, 8-12% fat, and 4-7% moisture. It is primarily used in the formulation of animal feed to improve the amino acid profile of the feed. Feeding of MBM to cattle is thought to have been responsible for the spread of BSE. In most parts of the world, MBM is no longer allowed in feed for ruminant animals. However, in some areas, including the US, MBM is still used to feed monogastric animals. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1025x682, 980 KB)Meat and bone meal. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1025x682, 980 KB)Meat and bone meal. ... A by-product is a secondary or incidental product deriving from a manufacturing process or chemical reaction, and is not the primary product or service being produced. ... Industrial rendering is a factory-scale process that uses slaughterhouse waste, restaurant grease, and butcher shop trimmings as its raw materials. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Look up ash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Ash may mean: The unburnable solid remains of a fire Ash (analytical chemistry), one of the components in the proximate analysis of biological materials, consisting mainly of carbonates and bicarbonates of metals Ash (band), a Britpop band Ash (god), a hawk-god... Fat is one of the three main classes of food and, at approximately 38 kJ (9 kilocalories) per gram, as compared to sugar with 17 kJ (4 kcal) per gram or ethanol with 29 kJ (7 kcal) per gram, the most concentrated form of metabolic energy available to humans. ... Moisture generally refers to the presence of water in trace amounts. ... In agriculture, fodder or animal feed is any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed livestock, such as cattle, sheep, chickens and pigs. ... In chemistry, an amino acid is any molecule that contains both amino and carboxylic acid functional groups. ... Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease of cattle, which infects by a mechanism that shocked biologists on its discovery in late 20th century and appears transmissible to humans. ... A ruminant is any hooved animal that digests its food in two steps, first by eating the raw material and regurgitating a semi-digested form known as cud, then eating the cud. ... A Monogastric organism has only one stomach, and is the alternate gastral complex to a four-chambered stomach known as a ruminant. ...

In Europe, some MBM is used as ingredients in petfood but the vast majority is now used as a fossil-fuel replacement for renewable energy generation, as a fuel in cement kilns,landfilling or incineration. A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... A modern landfill operation. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Meat and bone meal has around two thirds the energy value of fossil fuels such as coal and is carbon neutral; the UK in particular widely uses meat and bone meal for the generation of renewable electricity.

External link

Description of meat & bone meal from a major rendering company

PDM Group Information on the use of meat and bone meal for renewable power generation.

  Results from FactBites:
bone meal - Encyclopedia.com (1153 words)
bone meal finely ground bone used as a fertilizer for its content of phosphate and nitrogen (about 23%-30% available phosphate and 2%-4% nitrogen); it is an expensive form of phosphoric acid when compared with superphosphates.
the feeding of mammalian meat and bone meal (MBM) to cattle, sheep and goats...
June 2001 on the feeding of meat and bone meal to all farm animals, and an amendment...
Hormel Foods Agri-Nutrition - Newsletters (499 words)
Meat and bone meal was limited to a maximum of 5% of the total diet.
Ruminant meat and bone meal can also be used for swine diets but, may be of lesser value in the diet as total crude protein content will usually be closer to 50%.
Meat and bone meal is considered to have about 110% of the value of 44% soybean meal or 102.5% of dehulled soybean meal.
  More results at FactBites »



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