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Encyclopedia > Meat Packing Industry

The meat packing industry is an industry that handles the slaughtering, processing and distribution of animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and other livestock. Slaughter is the term used to describe the killing and butchering of domestic livestock. ... Typically, processing describes the act of taking something through an established and usually routine set of procedures to convert it from one form to another, as a manufacturing procedure (processing milk into cheese) or administrative procedure (processing paperwork to grant a mortgage loan). ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Distribution is one of the four aspects of marketing. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Species See text. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ...


The industry is primarily focused on producing meat for human consumption, but it also yields a variety of by-products including hides, feathers, dried blood, and, through the process of rendering, fat such as tallow and protein meals such as meat & bone meal. Kinnikuman character, see Meat Alexandria. ... A by-product is a secondary or incidental product deriving from a manufacturing process or chemical reaction, and is not the primary product or service being produced. ... Look up hide in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Two feathers Feathers are one of the epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on birds. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... Rendering is an industrial process that converts waste animal tissue into stable, value-added materials. ... Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. ... Tallow is rendered beef or mutton fat, processed from suet. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Meat and bone meal (MBM) is a by-product of the rendering industry. ...


In the U.S. and some other countries the place where the meat packing is done is called a meat packing plant; in New Zealand, where most of the produce is exported, it is called a freezing works. An abattoir is a place where animals are slaughtered for food. Workers and cattle in a slaughterhouse. ...

Contents

Labor relations

Because no two animals are the same, the meat packing industry has not been able to automate to the same extent that some other food processors have and remains very labor-intensive. If the meat is to be processed in as cost-effective a manner as possible, labor costs must be minimized by paying the lowest wages possible and maximizing productivity from the workforce. This combined with the nature of the work makes conditions intolerable to many people. In many plants, fewer than one out of ten recruits remains beyond the probationary period. Workplace injuries are very common.[1] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


For this reason, many meat packing plants in the developed world are unionized while those that are not are often prime targets for labor organizers. Relations between management and organized labor in meat packing plants can be strained at the best of times. Strikes and lockouts are fairly common occurrences in the meat packing industry. Because much of the work is relatively unskilled, it is possible to bring in replacement workers so long as such a workforce is available and the laws of the jurisdiction in question allow replacements to be hired. If management does attempt this route, the possibility for violence on the picket line can be great. All and all packing plants suffer from high turn-around, mainly hiring recent immigrants and having to hire 110% of the requiered staff for the day particularly in Alberta where abbatoirs compete with oil for labor. Salting is the preparation of food with salt. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a group of workers who act collectively to address common issues. ... A lockout is a work stoppage in which an employer prevents employees from working. ... Strike breaking is the practice of using intimidation, coercion and even murder to break the support for a union strike. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Employees of the BBC form a picket line during a strike in May 2005. ...


The United States meat packing industry held a prominent focus in the 1906 novel The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, which criticized the treatment of workers and the safety of the products themselves. A more modern exposé with a view of the current meat packing industry is Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal by Eric Schlosser and Slaughterhouse by Gail A. Eisnitz. See also: 1905 in literature, other events of 1906, 1907 in literature, list of years in literature. ... The Jungle (1906) is the title of the book of socialist American author Upton Sinclair. ... Upton Beall Sinclair Jr. ... Fast Food Nation, paperback edition Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal (2001) is a book by investigative journalist Eric Schlosser that examines the local and global influence of the United States fast food industry. ... Eric Schlosser (born 1959) is an American journalist and author. ...


References

  • Hinman, Robert B., Harris, Robert B. The Story of Meat. Swift & Company, 1939.

See also

Philip Danforth Armour (1832-1901) was born in Stockbridge, New York, of Scottish descent. ... Gustavus Franklin Swift (June 24, 1839–March 29, 1903) founded a meat-packing empire in the Midwest during the late 19th century, over which he presided until his death. ... Dr. Temple Grandin, one of the more successful adults with autism. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Meat - MSN Encarta (414 words)
The meat of cattle is known as beef; calves, as veal; sheep, as mutton; lambs, as lamb; and swine, as pork.
Meat consists of skeletal muscle, with varying amounts of fat and connective tissue, but internal organs are also used.
Meat is a nutritious food, containing quantities of essential amino acids in the form of protein.
Meat packing industry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (224 words)
The meat packing industry is an industry that handles the slaughtering, processing and distribution of animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and other livestock.
The industry is primarily focused on producing meat for human consumption, but it also yields a vareity of by-products including hides, feathers, dried blood, and through the process of rendering, fat such as tallow and protein meals such as meat and bone meal.
The United States meat packing industry held a prominent focus in the 1906 novel The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, which criticized the treatment of workers and the safety of the products themselves.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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