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Encyclopedia > Meat Inspection Act

The United States Meat Inspection Act of 1906 authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption. The law was partly a response to the publication of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, an expose of the Chicago meat packing industry, as well as to other Progressive Era muckraking publications of the day. 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the United States Department of Agriculture concerned with land and food as well as agriculture and rural development. ... Upton Beall Sinclair (September 20, 1878 – November 25, 1968) was a prolific American author who wrote in many moveieslksdjfpoiwiuropwquropu71293847012847820917492074237490237409217492374394owuefal;sdjal;fsdopfujfhg jdj hf h hsldfsdfjlsd fh hl;fssafshdof often advocating Socialist views, and achieved considerable popularity in the first half of the twentieth century. ... The Jungle (1906) is the most famous novel by the U.S. author Upton Sinclair. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... The meat packing industry is an industry that handles the slaughtering, processing and distribution of animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and other livestock. ... In the United States of America, the Progressive Era was a period of reform that began in Americas urban regions from, approximately the 1890s and lasted through the 1920s, although some experts say it lasted from 1900 to 1920. ... McClures Magazine (cover, Jan, 1901) published many early muckraker articles. ...


The book's assertions were confirmed in the Neill-Reynolds report, commissioned by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906. The President was suspicious of Sinclair’s socialist attitude and conclusions in "The Jungle", and so sent labor commissioner Charles P. Neill and social worker James Bronson Reynolds, men whose honesty and reliability he trusted, to Chicago to make surprise visits to meat packing facilities. Despite betrayal of the secret to the meat packers, who worked three shifts a day for three weeks to clean the factories prior to the inspection, Neill and Reynolds were still revolted by the conditions at the factories, and at the lack of concern by plant managers. Following their report, President Roosevelt became a supporter of regulation of the meat packing industry. President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was the 26th (1901–09) President of the United States. ... The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ...


The Federal Meat Inspection Act, passed in June of 1906, mandated the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) inspection of meat processing plants that conducted business across state lines. 34 Stat. 674 (amended by Pub. L. No. 59-242, 34 Stat. 1260 (1967)) (codified at 21 U.S.C. §§ 601 et seq.). The Pure Food and Drug Act, enacted on the same day in 1906, also gave the government broad jurisdiction over food in interstate commerce. Pub. L. No. 59-384, 34 Stat. 768 (1906), (codified at 21 U.S.C. §§ 1-15) (1934) (repealed in 1938 by 21 U.S.C. § 392(a)). June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with a length of 30 days The month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter and equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera. ... The U.S. Department of Agriculture, also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA, is a Cabinet department of the United States Federal Government. ... ... Article I, Section 8, Clause 3 of the United States Constitution empowers the United States Congress To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes. The Commerce Clause has been the subject of intense constitutional and political disagreement centering on the extent to...


The four primary requirements of the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 were:

  1. Mandatory inspection of livestock before slaughter (cattle, sheep, goats, equines, swine, chicken);
  2. Mandatory postmortem inspection of every carcass;
  3. Sanitary standards established for slaughterhouses and meat processing plants;
  4. Authorized US Department of Agriculture ongoing monitoring and inspection of slaughter and processing operations.

The act was a piece of the groundbreaking Progressive Era regulation, establishing a federal regulatory scheme that was significantly more effective than any previous act or standard covering the meat packing industry. Pre-slaughter inspection of animals intended for interstate shipment, and condemnation of diseased meat, in the late 1890s did little to improve the quality of the meat shipped and sold in the United States. After 1906, many additional laws to further standardize the meat industry and the USDA's methods of inspection were passed. Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (called cows in vernacular usage) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Species See text A sheep is any of member of the eight wooly quadruped species that comprise the genus Ovis, part of the goat antelope subfamily. ... Species See Species and subspecies A goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The Horse (Equus caballus) is a sizeable ungulate mammal, one of the ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... PIG has several meanings; see pig (disambiguation). ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name Gallus gallus Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} {{{subdivision_ranks}}} [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} A chicken (Gallus gallus) is a type of domesticated bird which is often raised as a type of poultry. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... A carcass (or carcase) is a term for a dead body, typically that of an animal. ... Workers and cattle in a slaughterhouse. ... The meat packing industry is an industry that handles the slaughtering, processing and distribution of animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and other livestock. ... The word federal in a general sense refers to the nature of an agreement between or among two or more states, nations, or other groups to merge into a union in which control of common affairs is held by a central authority created by and with the consent of the... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anenomes) Placozoa (trichoplax) Subregnum Bilateria (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... A typical rural stretch of Interstate highway, with two lanes in each direction separated by a large grassy median, and with cross-traffic limited to overpasses and underpasses. ... The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no...


See: Philip J. Hilts, Protecting America’s Health: The FDA, Business, and One Hundred Years of Regulation 51-53 (Alfred A. Knopf 2003). The United States Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, biologics and blood products in the United States. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Federal Meat Inspection Act (5826 words)
Inspection of carcasses, meat of which is intended for export.
The provisions of the meat inspection law may be extended to the inspection of reindeer.
The cost of inspection rendered on and after July 1, 1948, under the requirements of laws relating to Federal inspection of meat and meat food products shall be borne by the United States except the cost of overtime pursuant to section 394 of title 7.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency - Meat Hygiene Manual of Procedures - Chapter 13 (1200 words)
The Meat Inspection Service Agreement signed by the Minister of Agriculture on behalf of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the responsible Provincial Minister on behalf of the participating province constitutes the legal basis for the Department to carry out Domestic Inspection within a province.
Dressed carcasses, meat cuts and organs approved for human consumption in a domestic plant may be marked with the Canada Domestic Legend.
Dispositions in regard to antemortem and postmortem inspections and sanitary requirements shall be the same in domestic plants as in establishments registered under the Meat Inspection Act.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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