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Encyclopedia > Measures of dialysis

In nephrology, dialysis adequacy is the measurement of renal dialysis for the purpose of determining dialysis treatment regime and to better understand the pathophysiology of renal dialysis. It is an area of considerable controvery in nephrology. Nephrology is the branch of internal medicine dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney. ... This article is about clinical dialysis; for the laboratory technique, see Dialysis (biochemistry) In medicine, dialysis is a method for removing waste such as urea from the blood when the kidneys are incapable of this, i. ... Nephrology is the branch of internal medicine dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney. ...


In the US, the dominant way of measuring dialysis adequacy in Kt/V and based on the clearance of urea. Kt/V - a dimensionless number used to quantify hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis treatment adequacy. ... In medicine, the clearance, also renal clearance or renal plasma clearance (when referring to the function of the kidney), of a substance is the inverse of the time constant that describes its removal rate from the body divided by its volume of distribution (or total body water). ... Urea is an organic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen, with the formula CON2H4 or (NH2)2CO. Urea is also known as carbamide, especially in the recommended International Non-proprietary Names (rINN) in use in Europe. ...

Contents


Urea

Comparing normal to ERSD

The normal clearance of urea is approximately 100 ml/min. A patient getting a conventional hemodialysis treatment, without remaining residual function, has a urea clearance of 10-15 ml/min.


p-Cresol

Cresols are organic chemical compounds which are methylphenols. ...

beta-2 Microglobulin


 
 

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