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Encyclopedia > Me (mythology)
Fertile Crescent
myth series
Mark of the Palm
Mesopotamia
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Gods Semitic gods refers to the gods or deities of peoples generally classified as speaking a Semitic language. ... // The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ... Image File history File links Palmsymbol. ... Mesopotamia refers to the region now occupied by modern Iraq, eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and Southwest Iran. ... In the Levantine pantheon, the Elohim are the sons of El the ancient of days (olam) assembled on the divine holy place, Mount Zephon (Jebel Aqra). ... Arabian mythology is the ancient beliefs of the Arabs. ... Malak Ta’us, the peacock angel The Yazidi or Yezidi (Kurdish: Êzidî) are adherents of a small Middle Eastern religion with ancient origins. ... This article is in need of attention. ...

Heroes
In Sumerian mythology and later for Assyrians and Babylonians, Anu (see also An) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Ishtar (Arabic: عشتار) is the Assyrian counterpart to the Sumerian Inanna and to the cognate northwest Semitic goddess Astarte. ... The History of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ... For other uses, see Tiamat (disambiguation). ... In Mesopotamian mythology, the Tablets of Destiny are a work of carved stone covered in writing of great significance. ... In Sumerian mythology, the Annuna, the fifty great gods, whose domain appears to be principally but not exclusively the underworld. ... Zecharia Sitchin (born 1920?) is a best-selling author promoting the ancient astronaut theory of mankinds origins. ... Marduk [märdook] (Sumerian spelling in Akkadian AMAR.UTU solar calf; Biblical Merodach) was the name of a late generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon, who, when Babylon permanently became the political center of the Euphrates valley in the time of Hammurabi... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mesopotamian mythology. ...

Monsters In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim (also known as the Sumerian character Ziusudra) is the wise king of the Sumerian city state of Shuruppak who, along with his wife, whose name was not mentioned in the story, survived a great flood sent by Enlil to drown every living thing on... The Deluge by Gustave Doré. The story of a Great Flood sent by God or the gods to destroy civilization as an act of divine retribution is a widespread theme in myths. ... Tammuz or Tamuz Arabic تمّوز Tammūz; Hebrew תַּמּוּז, Standard Hebrew Tammuz, Tiberian Hebrew Tammûz; Akkadian Duʾzu, Dūzu; Sumerian Dumuzi was the name of a Babylonian deity. ... The category life-death-rebirth deity also known as a dying-and-rising god is a convenient means of classifying the many divinities in world mythology who are born, suffer death or an eclipse or other death-like experience, pass a phase in the underworld among the dead, and are... Gilgamesh, according to the Sumerian king list, was the fifth king of Uruk (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk), the son of Lugalbanda, ruling circa 2650 BCE. Legend has it that his mother was Ninsun, a goddess. ... The Cedar Forest is the glorious realm of the gods of Mesopotamian mythology. ... Enkidu and Gilgamesh, cylinder seal from Ur III Enkidu appears in Sumerian mythology as a mythical wild-man raised by animals; his beast-like ways are finally tamed by a courtesan named Shamhat. ... Therianthropy is a generic term for any transformation of a human into another animal form, or for a being which displays both human and animal characteristics, either as a part of mythology or as a spiritual concept. ...

Related In Akkadian mythology, Zu (called Anzu in Persia and Sumer) was a lesser god, the son of the bird goddess Siris. ... Shedu at the Louvre In Akkadian mythology the shedu were a type of demon, but they were demons of a benevolent nature, protective spirits of the houses, palaces and cities. ... Kingu, also spelled Qingu, was a demon in Babylonian mythology, and the consort of the goddess Tiamat before she was slain by Marduk. ... An origin belief is any story or explanation that describes the beginnings of humanity, earth, life, and the universe (cosmogony). ... In Chaldean mythology, Resheph was a god of plague and war. ... A pestilence is an epidemic or even a pandemic of a virulent and highly contagious disease. ... In Sumerian, Assyrian and Babylonian mythology Namtar was a hellish deity, god of death, and the messenger of An, Ereshkigal and Nergal; he was considered responsible for diseases and pests, because it was said that he commanded sixty diseases in the form of demons that could penetrate different parts of...

In Sumerian mythology, a me (Sumerian, (IPA: /mɛ/ or /mi/) or ŋe (IPA: /ŋɛ/) or parsu (Akkadian) is one of the decrees of the gods foundational to those social institutions, religious practices, technologies, behaviors, mores, and human conditions that make civilization, as the Sumerians conceived of it, possible. They are fundamental to the Sumerian understanding of the relationship between humanity and the gods. Ma is a Sumerian word meaning land that in Sumerian mythology was also used to design the primeval land. ... Irkalla - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... // In the study of mythology and religion, the underworld is a generic term approximately equivalent to the lay term afterlife, referring to any place to which newly dead souls go. ... The Assyro-Babylonian religion was a series of belief systems in places in the early civilizations of the Euphrates valley. ... The Fertile Crescent is a historical region in the Middle East incorporating Ancient Egypt, the Levant, and Mesopotamia. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Sumerian language of ancient Sumer was spoken in Southern Mesopotamia from at least the 4th millennium BCE. Sumerian was replaced by Akkadian as a spoken language around 1800 BCE, but continued to be used as a sacred, ceremonial, literary and scientific language in Mesopotamia until the first century AD... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Akkadian (lišānum akkadÄ«tum) was a Semitic language (part of the greater Afro-Asiatic language family) spoken in ancient Mesopotamia, particularly by the Assyrians and Babylonians. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... A social institution is any institution in a socity that works to socialize the groups or people in it. ... Various religious symbols Religion is a system of social coherence based on a common group of beliefs or attitudes concerning an object, person, unseen being, or system of thought considered to be supernatural, sacred, divine or highest truth, and the moral codes, practices, values, institutions, and rituals associated with such... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a level of technological mastery sufficient to leave the surface of the planet for the first time and explore space. ... The term mores (IPA ) as used in sociology is a plural noun. ... Cities are a major hallmark of human civilization. ... Sumer (or Shumer, Egyptian Sangar, Bib. ... Humanity refers to the human race or mankind as a whole, to that which is characteristically human, or to that which distinguishes [[1]] human beings from animals or from their animal nature. ... Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Mythological origin and nature

The mes were originally collected by Enlil and then handed over to the guardianship of Enki who was to broker them out to the various Sumerian centers beginning with his own city of Eridu and continuing with Ur, Meluhha and Dilmun. This is described in the poem, "Enki and the World Order" which also details how he parcels out responsibility for various crafts and natural phenomena to the lesser gods. Here the mes of various places are extolled but are not themselves clearly specified, and they seem to be distinct from the individual responsibilities of each divinity as they are mentioned separately and proper to places, not gods. After a considerable amount of self-glorification on the part of Enki, his daughter Inanna comes before him with a complaint that she has been given short shrift on her divine spheres of influence. Enki does his best to placate her by pointing up those she does in fact possess. Enlil was the name of a chief deity in Babylonian religion, perhaps pronounced and sometimes rendered in translations as Ellil in later Akkadian. ... Enki was a deity in Sumerian mythology, later known as Ea in Babylonian mythology. ... Eridu (or Eridug) was an ancient city seven miles southwest of Ur . ... For other uses, see UR. Ur seen across the Royal tombs, with the Great Ziggurat in the background, January 17, 2004 Ur was an ancient city in southern Mesopotamia, located near the original mouth of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers on the Persian Gulf and close to Eridu. ... Meluhha refers to one of ancient Sumers prominent trading partners, but precisely which one remains an open question. ... Dilmun (sometimes transliterated Telmun) is associated with ancient sites on the islands of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf. ... Inanna was one of the most revered of goddesses among later Sumerian mythology. ...


There is no direct connection implied in the mythological cycle between this poem and that which is our main source of information on the mes, "Inanna and Enki: The Transfer of the Arts of Civilization from Eridu to Erech", but once again Inanna's discontent is a theme. She is the tutelary deity of Erech and desires to increase its influence and glory by bringing the mes to it from Eridu. She travels to Enki's Eridu shrine, the E-abzu, in her "boat of heaven", and asks the mes from him after he is well into his cups, whereupon he complies. After she departs with them he comes to his senses and notices they are missing from their usual place, and on being informed what he did with them attempts to retrieve them. The attempt fails, and Inanna triumphantly delivers them to Erech. Uruk (Sumerian Unug, Biblical Erech, Greek Orchoë and Arabic وركاء Warka), was an ancient city of Sumer and later Babylonia, situated east of the present bed of the Euphrates, on the line of the ancient Nil canal, in a region of marshes, about 140 miles (230 km) SSE from Baghdad. ... A tutelary spirit is a god, usually a minor god, who serves as the guardian or watcher over a particular site, person, or nation. ... In Sumerian mythology Abzu or Apsu was the god of fresh water, also representing the primeval water and sometimes the cosmic abyss. ...


We never learn what any of the mes look like, yet they are represented as physical objects of some sort. Not only are they stored in a prominent location in the E-abzu, but Inanna is able to display them to the people of Erech after she arrives with them in her boat. Some of them are indeed physical objects such as musical instruments, but many are technologies like "basket weaving" or abstractions like "victory". It is not made clear in the poem how such things can be stored, handled, or displayed. A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A basket being woven. ...


Not all the mes are admirable or desirable traits. Alongside functions like "heroship" and "victory" we also find "the destruction of cities", "falsehood", and "enmity". It seems that the Sumerians considered such evils and sins an inevitable part of humanity's lot in life, divinely and inscrutably decreed, and not to be questioned. Sin is a term used mainly in a religious context to describe an act that violates a moral code of conduct or the state of having committed such a violation. ...


List of mes

Although more than one hundred mes appear to be mentioned in the latter myth, and the entire list is given four times, the tablets on which it is found are so fragmentary that we have only a little over sixty of them. In the order given, they are:

  1. Enship
  2. Godship
  3. The exalted and enduring crown
  4. The throne of kingship
  5. The exalted sceptre
  6. The royal insignia
  7. The exalted shrine
  8. Shepherdship
  9. Kingship
  10. Lasting ladyship
  11. "Divine lady" (a priestly office)
  12. Ishib (a priestly office)
  13. Lumah (a priestly office)
  14. Guda (a priestly office)
  15. Truth
  16. Descent into the nether world
  17. Ascent from the nether world
  18. Kurgarra (a eunuch)
  19. Girbadara (a eunuch)
  20. Sagursag (a eunuch)
  21. The battle-standard
  22. The flood
  23. Weapons (?)
  24. Sexual intercourse
  25. Prostitution
  26. Law (?)
  27. Libel (?)
  28. Art
  29. The cult chamber
  30. "hierodule of heaven"
  31. Guslim (a musical instrument)
  32. Music
  33. Eldership
  34. Heroship
  35. Power
  36. Enmity
  37. Straightforwardness
  38. The destruction of cities
  39. Lamentation
  40. Rejoicing of the heart
  41. Falsehood
  42. Art of metalworking
  43. Scribeship
  44. Craft of the smith
  45. Craft of the leatherworker
  46. Craft of the builder
  47. Craft of the basket weaver
  48. Wisdom
  49. Attention
  50. Holy purification
  51. Fear
  52. Terror
  53. Strife
  54. Peace
  55. Weariness
  56. Victory
  57. Counsel
  58. The troubled heart
  59. Judgment
  60. Decision
  61. Lilis (a musical instrument)
  62. Ub (a musical instrument)
  63. Mesi (a musical instrument)
  64. Ala (a musical instrument)

The term High Priest may refer to particular individuals who hold the office of ruler-priest in local regional or ethnic contexts. ... Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A crown is a symbolic form of headgear worn by a monarch or by a god, for whom the crown is traditionally one of the symbols of power and legitimacy (See Regalia for a broader treatment). ... The thrones for The Queen of Canada, and the Duke of Edinburgh in the Canadian Senate, Ottawa is usually occupied by the Governor General and her spouse at the annual State Opening of Parliament. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A sceptre or scepter is an ornamental staff held by a ruling monarch, a prominent item of kingly regalia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... For other uses, see Lady (disambiguation). ... Roman Catholic priests in traditional clerical clothing. ... Common dictionary definitions of truth mention some form of accord with fact or reality. ... In Sumerian mythology Kur was a monstrous demon personifying the home of the dead, Hell, the river of the dead (see also Styx), and the void space between the primeval sea (Abzu) and the earth (Ma). ... A eunuch is a castrated man. ... The tricolour flag of France A flag is a symbol, often displayed on a piece of cloth that can be flown from a pole or mast, and is generally used for signalling or identification. ... Coition of a Hemisected Man and Woman (c. ... A sex worker in Germany. ... Weighing scales represent the way law balances peoples interests For other senses of this word, see Law (disambiguation). ... Libel redirects here. ... The Bath, a painting by Mary Cassatt (1891-1892). ... A cella, in Ancient Greek and Roman temples was the central room that housed cult statues. ... In ancient Greece and Anatolia a hierodule, from Greek hiero- holy and doule female slave, was a temple slave in the service of a specific deity, often with the connotation of religious prostitution. ... Music is a form of art and entertainment or other human activity that involves organized and audible sounds and silence. ... From the Greek , in mythology and folklore, a hero (male) or heroine (female). ... Sociologists usually define power as the ability to impose ones will on others, even if those others resist in some way. ... The traditional heart shape appears on a 1910 St. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Illustration of a 15th century scribe This is about scribe, the profession. ... Look up craft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A smith or metalsmith is a person involved in the shaping of metal objects. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides, pelts and skins of animals, primarily cows. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... A basket being woven. ... Personification of wisdom (Greek Σοφια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Detail from the Allegory of Wisdom and Strength by Paulo Veronese (c. ... Fear is a basic emotional sensation and response system (feeling) initiated by an aversion to some perceived risk or threat. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

References in modern popular culture

The mes are a central plot device in Neal Stephenson's cyberpunk novel Snow Crash. Neal Town Stephenson (b. ... Snow Crash, U.S. version cover shot, illustrated by Bruce Jensen. ...


See also

This article is in need of attention. ... This is an article about the ancient middle eastern region. ...

External links

  • The Sumerian Mythology FAQ

References

  • Kramer, Samuel Noah (1963). The Sumerians: their history, culture, and character. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-45238-7
  • Hallroan, John A. (1999-08-11). Sumerian Lexicon, version 3.0 (PDF) pp. 1, 12. Retrieved on 2006-07-24.

  Results from FactBites:
 
World Mythology Encyclopedia, Greek Mythology, Norse, Roman, Egyptian, Celtic Mythology (476 words)
In Greek mythology, Zeuxippe was the daughter of Eridanus and the wife of Pandion.
In Egyptian mythology Uto was an earlier form of the goddess Buto.
In Druid mythology, Taranis is the god of the wheel, associated with forces of change.
Me (mythology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (601 words)
In Sumerian mythology, a me (Sumerian, (IPA: /mɛ/ or /mi/) or ŋe (IPA: /ŋɛ/) or parsu (Akkadian) is one of the decrees of the gods foundational to those social institutions, religious practices, technologies, behaviors, mores, and human conditions that make civilization, as the Sumerians conceived of it, possible.
The mes were originally collected by Enlil and then handed over to the guardianship of Enki who was to broker them out to the various Sumerian centers beginning with his own city of Eridu and continuing with Ur, Meluhha and Dilmun.
She is the tutelary deity of Erech and desires to increase its influence and glory by bringing the mes to it from Eridu.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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