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Encyclopedia > Mazurka

The mazurka (Polish: mazurek, named after Poland's Mazovia district; mazurka is the feminine form of mazurek) is a Polish folk dance in triple metre with a lively tempo, containing a heavy accent on the third or second beat. It is always found to have either a triplet, trill, dotted quaver pair, or ordinary quaver pair before two crotchets. The dance became popular at Ballroom dances in the rest of Europe during the nineteenth century. The Polish national anthem has a mazurka rythm, but lacks the character as it is so slow Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ... Folk dancers in Prague Folk dance is a term used to describe a large number of dances, mostly of European origin, that tend to share the following attributes: They were originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not currently copyrighted); Their performance is... Triple metre is a musical metre characterised by a primary division of 3 beats to the bar, usually indicated by 3 (simple) or 9 (compound) in the upper figure of the time signature, with 3/4 and 9/8 being the most common examples. ... In music, an accent is an emphasis on a particular note created by length, as in an agogic accent, pitch, as in a pitch accent, and dynamics, such as dynamic accents. ... putang ina. ... In music, a quarter note (American) or crotchet is a note played for one-quarter the duration of a whole note, hence the name. ... Gaskell Ball Ballroom dance, refers collectively to a set of partner dances, which originated in the Western world and are now enjoyed both socially and competitively around the globe. ... Mazurek Dąbrowskiego (Dąbrowskis Mazurka) is the Polish national anthem written by Józef Wybicki in 1797. ...


Several classical composers have written mazurkas, with the best known being the 57 composed by Frédéric Chopin for solo piano, the most famous of which is the Mazurka nr. 5. Henryk Wieniawski wrote two for violin with piano (the popular "Obertas", op. 19), and in the 1920s, Karol Szymanowski wrote a set of twenty for piano. Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... The mazurkas are Frédéric Chopins most numerous compositions. ... “Chopin” redirects here. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... Henryk Wieniawski (July 10, 1835 Lublin, Poland - March 31, 1880 Moscow) was a Polish composer and violinist. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Karol Szymanowski Karol Szymanowski Karol Maciej Korwin-Szymanowski (October 6, 1882–March 28, 1937) was a Polish composer and pianist. ...

Contents

The Mazurka Outside Poland

In Russia, Tchaikovsky composed six mazurkas for solo piano, one for his Swan Lake score, one in his opera Eugene Onegin, and one for his Sleeping Beauty score; Leo Delibes composed one which appears several times in the first act of his ballet Coppelia; Borodin wrote two in his Petite Suite for piano; Mikhail Glinka also wrote two,although one is a simplified version of Chopin's mazurka number 13 and Alexander Scriabin used the form as well. The Mazurka is an important dance in many Russian novels. In addition to its mention in Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina as well as in a protracted episode in War and Peace, the dance is prominently featured in Ivan Turgenev's novel Fathers and Sons. Arkady reserves the Mazurka for Madame Odintsov with whom he is falling in love. “Tchaikovsky” redirects here. ... The Valse des cygnes from Act II of the Ivanov/Petipa edition of Swan Lake. ... Eugene Onegin (Russian: Евгений Онегин, BGN/PCGN: Yevgeniy Onegin) is a novel in verse written by Aleksandr Pushkin. ... Sir Edward Burne-Jones painted The Sleeping Beauty. ... (Clément Philibert) Leo Delibes (February 21, 1836 – January 16, 1891) was a French composer of Romantic music. ... Coppélia is a ballet by Leo Delibes based upon a story by E.T.A. Hoffmann entitled The Sandman. It concerns an inventor who makes a life-size dancing doll. ... Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (Russian: , Aleksandr Porfirevič Borodin) (31 Oct. ... Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Russian: Mihail Ivanovič Glinka) (June 1, 1804 [O.S. May 20] - February 15, 1857 [O.S. February 3]), was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition inside his own country, and is often regarded as the father of Russian classical music. ... Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Russian: Александр Николаевич Скрябин, Aleksandr Nikolajevič Skriabin; sometimes transliterated as Skryabin or Scriabine (6 January 1872 [O.S. 26 December 1871]—27 April 1915) was a Russian composer and pianist. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy(Lyof, Lyoff) (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , IPA:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... This article refers to the novel by Tolstoy. ... For other uses, see War and Peace (disambiguation). ... Ivan Turgenev, photo by Félix Nadar (1820-1910) “Turgenev” redirects here. ... Fathers and Sons is an 1862 novel by Ivan Turgenev, his best known work. ...


In France, Impressionistic composers Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel both wrote Mazurkas: Debussy's is a stand-alone piece, and Ravel's is part of a suite of an early work, La Parade. This article is about the art movement. ... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... Maurice Ravel. ...


In Australia, Julian Cochran composed a collection of Mazurkas for solo piano. Julian Cochran (born 14 June 1974) is an English-born Australian composer. ...


In Swedish folk music, the quaver or eight-note polska has a similar rhythm to the mazurka, and the two dances have a common origin. Sweden shares the tradition of Nordic folk dance music with its neighbouring countries, including polka, schottische, waltz, polska and mazurka. ...


In Brazil, the composer Heitor Villa-Lobos wrote a mazurka for classical guitar in a similar musical style to Polish mazurkas. Heitor Villa-Lobos (March 5, 1887 - November 17, 1959) was a Brazilian composer, possibly the best-known classical composer born in South America. ...


The dance was also common as a popular dance in Europe the United States in the mid- to late 19th century. It survives in some old time fiddle tunes, and also in early Cajun music, though it has largely fallen out of Cajun music now. In the Southern United States it was sometimes known as a mazuka. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Old-time music, a traditional style of American music, has roots in Irish, Scottish and African folk music. ... Cajuns are an ethnic group mainly living in Louisiana, consisting of the descendants of Acadian exiles and peoples of other ethnicities with whom the Acadians eventually intermarried on the semitropical frontier. ... Historic Southern United States. ...


In Cape Verde the mazurka is also revered as an important cultural phenomenon played with a violin and accompanied by guitars. It also takes a dance form found in the north of the archipelago, mainly in São Nicolau, Santo Antão. São Nicolau is one of the Barlavento islands of Cape Verde. ... Santo Antão (Portuguese for Saint Anthony) is the westernmost and largest of the Barlavento islands of Cape Verde. ...


Mazurkas are also popular in the traditional dance music of County Donegal, Ireland. Groucho Marx mentions the Mazurka in his song "Lydia the Tattooed Lady" from "At the Circus": "For two bits, she will do a Mazurka in Jazz..." The Donegal fiddle tradition is a kind of Irish traditional music, based on a tradition, or set of coexisting traditions, at least 200 years old, of playing the fiddle in County Donegal, Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Ulster Dáil Éireann: Donegal North East, Donegal South West County Town: Lifford Code: DL Area: 4,841 km² Population (2006) 146,956 Website: www. ... “Groucho” redirects here. ... Lydia the Tattooed Lady, which became one of Groucho Marxs signature tunes, was written by Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg, and first appeared in the movie At the Circus (1939). ...


Media

Debussy - Mazurka. ... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... Mazurka. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Columbia State Historic Park, August 2005 Columbia is a former California Gold Rush boom town that lives on as a state-preserved historic park and a National Historic Landmark that preserves the original, gold-rush-town flavor of the town, once dubbed the Gem of the Southern Mines. ...

See also

Poland has a lively and diverse music scene and even its own music genres like the sung poetry and disco polo. ... Typical rhythm of a Polonaise For a robe à la polonaise, see Polonaise (clothing). ...

External links

  • history, description, costumes, music, sources
  • Mazurka within traditional dances of the County of Nice (France)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Polish Dance ~ Mazurka (1904 words)
An important fact in the history of the mazurka is its appearance in the Polish national anthem.
Mazurek D±browskiego (D±browski Mazurka) was created in 1797 as a Song of the Polish Legion for the troops of General Jan D±browski, serving Napoleon during his conquest of Europe with the hope of regaining Poland's independence.
In America, the mazurka (the title was usually in this spelling) appeared in 1840s; salon composers wrote the mazurkas as dances associated with Poland and its celebrated loss of independence, or as fashionable dances dedicated to society ladies.
The drawing-room dances. By Cellarius
XIV.THE QUADRILLE-MAZURKA.
(0 words)
But the mazurka is not as yet sufficiently common in France for us to execute it as the Poles do, that is to say, without rehearsal, though I do not doubt that we shall eventually be able to extemporize it as in Russia and Poland.
In a word, it not unfrequently happens that a mazurka, pompously announced, ends in a general rout, for a single unskilful gentleman is often enough to defeat the whole.
mazurka, and will alone suffice to justify, in default of other claims, the success which it obtained last winter in my courses and in the assemblies where they thought proper to adopt it.
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