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Encyclopedia > Mayapan


Mayapan (in Spanish Mayapán) is a Pre-Columbian Maya site in the state of Yucatán, Mexico, about 40 km south-east of Mérida and 100 km west of Chichen Itza. Mayapan was the political capital of the Maya in the Yucatan Peninsula from about the late 1220s until 1440s. The term Pre-Columbian is used to refer to the cultures of the New World in the era before significant European influence. ... The Maya are people of southern Mexico and northern Central America (Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras, and El Salvador) with some 3,000 years of history. ... The Yucatán Peninsula separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. ... Cathedral on the Plaza Mayor, the oldest in North America [1]. Mérida is the capital city of the state of Yucatán, Mexico. ... Temple of the Warriors Chichen Itza is the largest of the Pre-Columbian archaeological sites in Yucat n, Mexico. ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s Years: 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 Events and Trends Categories: 1220s ... Events and Trends Categories: 1440s ...

In 1221 the Maya revolted against the Maya-Toltec lords of Chichen Itza. After a short civil war the lords of various powerful cities and families met to restore a central government to Yucatan. It was decided to build a new capital city near the town of Techaquillo, hometown of Hunac Ceel, the general who defeated the rulers of Chichen Itza. This new city was built within a defensive wall and named "Mayapan", meaning "Standard of the Maya people". The chief of the Cocom family, a rich and ancient family that had taken part in the revolt against Chichen, was chosen to be king, but all the other noble families and regional lords were to send members of their families to Mayapan to play parts in the government. This arrangement lasted for over 200 years. (An alternative account is given in a Maya chronicle from the Colonial era which claims that Mayapan was contemporary with Chichen and Uxmal and in alliance with those cities, but archeological evidence shows this version to be less likely.) In 1441 Ah Xupan of the powerful noble family of Xiu became resentful of the political machinations of the Cocom rulers and organized a revolt. At the end of this most of the Cocom family were killed, Mayapan was sacked, burned, and abandoned, and Yucatan fell apart into warring city states. Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s Years: 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 - 1221 - 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 See also: 1221 state leaders Events May 13 - End of the reign of Emperor Juntoku of Japan Emperor Chukyo... Temple of the Warriors Chichen Itza is the largest of the Pre-Columbian archaeological sites in Yucat n, Mexico. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... Uxmal is a large Pre-Columbian ruined city of the Maya civilization in the state of Yucatán, Mexico. ... This page is about the year 1441. ...

Image:MayapanUrn.jpg
Mayapan: Ceramic incense urn in the form of the rain-god Chac Pre-Columbian polychrome pottery incense urn in the form of Maya rain god Chac, from Mayapan. ... In Maya mythology, Chac (sometimes spelled Chaac,) was the god of rain and thunder, and important as a fertility and agriculture god. ...

Today the site of Mayapan is far from one of the more impressive Maya sites. This is in part due to the fact that at the end of the revolt the roofs of every building in the city were burned or torn down. In a larger part, however, it is due to the fact that monumental architecture on the scale of Chichen Itza or Uxmal was simply never attempted at Mayapan. One central pyramid is a smaller version of the "Castillo" at Chichen Itza, there were a few other moderately sized temples and a palace (of which only the foundations exist); otherwise Mayapan had little public architecture. Most of the 4 km square walled city was packed with some 3500 residential buildings; Mayapan is estimated to have housed some 11,000 to 15,000 people.

Five years of archeological investigations at Mayapan were conducted by the Carnegie Institution in the 1950s. In 2001 further investigations at the site were made under the direction of Grinnell College. The Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW) is a foundation established by Andrew Carnegie in 1902 to support scientific research. ... // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the baby-boom from returning... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Grinnell College Grinnell College is a selective, four-year undergraduate liberal arts college located in Grinnell, Iowa. ...

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Mayapan ruins:Town of Mani: History & photos: Yucatan Mexico (627 words)
Mayapan ("Banner of the Mayas") is considered the last great Maya capital, dating back to the beginning of the common Era and reaching its golden age in the Postclassic period.
Although it is believed that Mayapan together with Uxmal and Chichen Itza formed a triple alliance, recent archaeological excavations indicate that these two last cities actually flourished well before Mayapan.
In the mid-XV century, Mayapan was destroyed, burned and abandoned.
Mayapan (363 words)
Mayapan (in Spanish Mayapán) is a Pre-Columbian Maya site in the state of Yucatan, Mexico, about 40 km south-east of Merida and 100 km west of Chichen Itza.
Mayapan was the political capital of the Maya in the Yucatan Peninsula from about the late 1220s until 1440s.
It was decided to build a new capital city near the town of Techaquillo[?], hometown of Hunac Ceel[?], the general who defeated the rulers of Chichen Itza.
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