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Encyclopedia > Mayagüez, Puerto Rico

Mayagüez (pronounced Mah-yah-GWEHZ) is the third largest city of Puerto Rico. Also known as "La Sultana del Oeste" (The Western Sultana) or "Ciudad de las Aguas Puras" (City of Pure Waters), Mayagüez is located in the western part of the island of Puerto Rico. A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ...


Its area is of 197 km2 with an estimated population of just over 100,000. Mayagüez is located 2 hours by automobile from San Juan. San Juan is the capital city of Puerto Rico. ...


Natives of Mayagüez are known as mayagüezanos.

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Other names La Sultana del Oeste
Founded 1760
Population 98,434 (2000 - U.S. Census)
Density  ???
Area  ???
Lat/Long Coordinates 18° 12′ 22″ N 67° 8′ 20″ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=18_12_22_N_67_8_20_W_)
Mayor José Guillermo Rodríguez (PPD)

1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico —or Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico (PPD) in Spanish— is a political party that stands for Puerto Rico to be a free associated state of the United States, which is also known as a commonwealth status. ...

History

Mayagüez was founded in 1760 by Faustino Martínez de Matos, Juan de Silva and Juan de Aponte, at a hill located about one kilometer inland from Mayagüez Bay and the outlet of the Yagüez River. "Yagüez" was the indigenous name for the local river (the word means "clear water" in the language of its original inhabitants, the Taíno indians). "Mayagüez" is a variation on this name, which means "Land of the Clear Waters" and eventually gave the city its nickname. The Taino indians had settled the area for hundreds of years before the town's founding, at the nearby settlement of Yagüeca (also spelled Yagueca or Yaweka), which sit near a larger river, the Río Grande de Añasco. The Taíno are the pre-colombian Amerindian inhabitants of the Greater Antilles, which includes Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica and the Bahamas. ... The Taíno are the pre-Hispanic Amerindian inhabitants of the Greater Antilles, which includes Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica and the Bahamas. ...


The Spanish crown granted the founders the right to self-government in 1763, formally separating the town from the larger Partido de San Germán. Originally the settlement was named “Our Lady of the Candelaria of Mayaguez”. Most of the town's settlers, including its founders, came originally from the Canary Islands, whose patron saint is the Virgin of Candlemas (Candelaria), hence the name. San Germán is the name of a city in south-west Puerto Rico, near Mayagüez and Cabo Rojo. ... Canaries Capitals Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Santa Cruz de Tenerife Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 13th  7 447 km²  1,5% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 8th  1 843 755  4,4%  247,58/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Canary Islander  canario/a Statute of Autonomy August 16...


In 1836, the settlement was elevated to the royal status of villa — at the time the principal industry was agriculture. The famous patriot, educator, sociologist, philosopher, essayist, and novelist Eugenio María de Hostos was born in Mayagüez in 1839. 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A villa was originally a Roman country house built for the upper class. ... Eugenio María de Hostos (1839 – 1903) born Río Cañas, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, was a Puerto Rican educator and independence advocate known as El Cuidadano de las Americas (The Citizen of the Americas). ...


In 1841 a fire nearly destroyed the villa. The town was rebuilt with some of its main roads widened as to prevent any future fires to spread quickly. The Spanish military governor of Puerto Rico, Gen. Santiago de Méndez Vigo raised funding through a subscription fund to rebuild the entire city; as a result one of Mayagüez's two main thoroughfares was named after him. 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Mayagüez later became the cultural and political center of the western part of Puerto Rico. Due to its physical isolation from the rest of the island (the city was founded on a coastal valley surrounded by mountains) and its need for self-sufficiency from Puerto Rico's main government (which, some of its current inhabitants claim, lasts to this day) Mayagüez developed a peculiar local culture and a strong sense of regional pride that tends to distinguish its inhabitants from the rest of Puerto Rico's. Some historians claim that this strong, fiercely independent culture was responsible for breeding not only liberal thinkers such as Eugenio María de Hostos, but also radical ones such as Dr. Ramón Emeterio Betances, the father of the Puerto Rican independence movement and founder of Mayagüez's Municipal Hospital (currently known as Hospital San Antonio), Segundo Ruiz Belvis, the father of the Puerto Rican Abolitionism movement and a former city administrator, and José de Diego y Martínez, first president of the Puerto Rico House of Representatives and founder of the local College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. The Grito de Lares, Puerto Rico's first major pro-independence revolt, was planned at a farm in the outskirts of town. The September 23, 1868 revolution was chiefly remotely organized by Dr. Betances who, twelve years earlier, had literally saved the town from exticntion by a cholera epidemic that killed over 30,000 people in the island and decimated the town's population. Eugenio María de Hostos (1839 – 1903) born Río Cañas, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, was a Puerto Rican educator and independence advocate known as El Cuidadano de las Americas (The Citizen of the Americas). ... Ramón Emeterio Betances (Image: Library of Congress) Dr. ... Segundo Ruiz Belvis (May 13, 1829-November 3, 1867) born in Hormigueros, Puerto Rico was a dedicated abolisionist who also fought for Puerto Ricos right to independence. ... This poster depicting the horrific conditions on slave ships was influencial in mobilizing public opinion against slavery in Great Britain and the United States. ... The University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez (UPRM) —or Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez (RUM) in Spanish— is a Puerto Rico. ... El Grito de Lares (or The Cry of Lares in English) —also referred as the Lares uprising, the Lares revolt, or the Lares rebellion— refers to the revolt against Spanish rule in Puerto Rico which occurred on September 23, 1868, in the town of Lares, Puerto Rico. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The "Escuela Libre de Música" or Free Music School was founded in 1894 and directed by Don Fernando Callejo. In 1896, a statue was raised in the main plaza to honor Cristopher Columbus. That same year the villa formally received its city charter from the Spanish royal crown and given its current formal title, "Excelente Ciudad de Mayagüez" 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Plaza is a Spanish word related to field which describes an open public space, such as a town square. ... No authentic contemporary portrait of Columbus has been found; this late 19th-century engraving is one of many conjectural images For information about the director, see the article on Chris Columbus. ...


During the Spanish-American War, on August 11, 1898, U.S. troops entered Mayagüez. Spanish troops encircled the city to fight a battle that never occurs. Baseball was first played in Puerto Rico on the main plaza that same day. The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, and resulted in the United States of America gaining control over the former colonies of Spain in the Caribbean and Pacific. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Plaza is a Spanish word related to field which describes an open public space, such as a town square. ...


In 1911, the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts was founded in Mayagüez. Today it is known as the University of Puerto Rico - Mayagüez Campus (UPRM) — the Caribbean's leading science and engineering institution. A database query syntax error has occurred. ... The University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez (UPRM) —or Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez (RUM) in Spanish— is a Puerto Rico. ... The University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez (UPRM) —or Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez (RUM) in Spanish— is a state university located in the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... What is science? There are different theories of what science is. ... Engineering is the application of science to the needs of humanity. ...


The city of Mayagüez was nearly destroyed again on October 11, 1918 by an earthquake and a tsunami. In June 20, 1919 a fire nearly destroyed the Teatro Yagüez, the town's main theater, killing 92 people. The Teatro was later rebuild and remodeled twice; it is now Mayagüez's municipal theater. October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The city's main Roman Catholic church, “Our Lady of the Candelaria” was rebuilt in 1922. The original redesign by architect Luis Perocier sought to restore the building to its original splendor (not only the 1918 earthquake had destroyed the temple's ceiling, but a lightning bolt also struck and tore down a wedge-shaped corner of one of its two bell towers), but lack of proper funding and the extent of the damage in the original structure forced the actual rebuilding of the church to be scaled-down considerably. Pope Paul VI authorized the founding of the Diocese of Mayagüez on April 30, 1976, which led to the rededication of the church as a cathedral soon after. The first bishop of the city, Mon. Ulises Casiano Vargas led the drive for the cathedral's remodeling to Perocier's original plan; the remodeled cathedral was reopened on January 1, 2004. 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Paul VI, Giovanni Battista Enrica Antonia Maria Montini (September 26, 1897 – August 6, 1978), served as Pope from 1963 to 1978. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Mayagüez is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States and is comprised of the southwestern part of the island of Puerto Rico, an American commonwealth. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Between 1962 and 1998 Mayagüez was a major tuna canning and processing center. At one time, 80% of all tuna products consumed in the United States were packed in Mayagüez. Mayagüez was also a major textile industry hub; until very recently, almost a quarter of all drill uniforms used by the United States Army were sawn in the city. The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...


On May 12, 1975 a unit of the Cambodian Khmer Rouge seized a container ship, the USS Mayagüez, on the Gulf of Siam. The botched recovery of the ship's crew by armed forces of the United States off the island of Koh Tang -which occurred on May 15- became known as the Mayagüez Incident, considered by historians as one of president Gerald R. Ford's foreign policy setbacks. The container ship was actually part of the then government-owned Navieras de Puerto Rico, which explains why the city's name became entangled in such a major military international incident. May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... The flag of the Khmer Rouge Party The Khmer Rouge (Khmer: Khmaey Krahom; French: Khmers Rouges) was a Communist organization which ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. ... The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... The Mayagüez incident was the first major foreign policy crisis of United States President Gerald R. Ford. ...


Mayagüez today

Although the city has seen its share of natural disasters, today it faces an economic downturn due to the closure of the needle factories and tuna industry, which where the principal industries of the city for the most part of the century. The city still continues to play an important role in the western part of the island.


Today, Mayagüez has become a major college town, due in part to UPRM, the Eugenio Maria de Hostos Law School and the Pontiff Catholic University of Puerto Rico, among other educational institutions located in the area. wow Mayagüez is also home to the Mayagüez Zoo. A college town is a community (often literally a town, but possibly a small city or region, most commonly in the United States) which is dominated by its university population. ...


Mayagüez's BSN professional basketball team, the Tainos de Mayagüez, are named in honor of the city's Indian heritage. Its LBPPR baseball team, the Indios de Mayagüez, honor both their Indian heritage and the home town's Cervecería India. The National Superior Basketball League of Puerto Rico —or Liga Baloncesto Superior Nacional De Puerto Rico (BSN) in Spanish— was established in 1933 and has produced a handful of NBA players and a lot of classic games and emotive moments to its fans. ...


Mayagüez's airport, the Eugenio Maria de Hostos Airport, has had airline services for a long period of time. In the 1970s it had domestic service from Prinair. After 1985, both American Airlines (with American Eagle) and Eastern Airlines (with Eastern Metro Express) started flights there, but Eastern went bankrupt in 1991 leaving American as the only operator. Nowadays, Pan Am was said to be planning to start Mayagüez's first jet service ever, with Boeing 727s flying between Mayagüez and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, but the plans were never carried out. In addition, Fina Air flies from there to the Dominican Republic. Eugenio María de Hostos Airport (IATA Airport Code MAZ) is a small, commercial airport located in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. ... Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... Prinair was Puerto Ricos domestic and international airline for 3 decades. ... Note: For the arenas named after this company, see American Airlines Arena (Miami, Florida), or American Airlines Center (Dallas, Texas). ... American Eagle is a commuter subsidiary of American Airlines, operating from hubs in Dallas-Fort Worth, Chicago-OHare, Miami, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Boston-Logan, Raleigh-Durham, and San Jose. ... For the Chinese airline, see China Eastern Airlines. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet-liner in the world. ... Santo Domingo, population 2,061,200 (2003), is the capital of the Dominican Republic. ... Fina Air Saab 340, registration number N112-PX, at Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic. ...


Well-known "mayagüezanos" include: singer (Armando Hipólito) Chucho Avellanet, his nephew, former Menudo Roberto Avellanet, late former governor Roberto Sánchez Vilella, late former Speaker of the Puerto Rico House of Representatives Ernesto Ramos Antonini, and the late former Mayagüez Mayor, Benjamin Cole, whom served for 24 years in a row as mayor of the city. Two major Latino television stars in the United States, singer and show host Rafael José (Diaz) and anchorwoman María Celeste Arrarás, were raised in Mayagüez. Chucho Avellanet (born circa 1945) is a Puerto Rico during the 1960s, as a member of the nueva ola music movement. ... Roberto Sánchez Vilella (February 19, 1913-March 24, 1997) was the second democratically eleted Governor of Puerto Rico. ...


The current mayor of Mayagüez is José Guillermo Rodríguez of the PPD. The Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico —or Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico (PPD) in Spanish— is a political party that stands for Puerto Rico to be a free associated state of the United States, which is also known as a commonwealth status. ...


Mayagüez is served by Eugenio María de Hostos Airport. Eugenio María de Hostos Airport (IATA Airport Code MAZ) is a small, commercial airport located in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. ...


External links

  • Municipality of Mayagüez (http://www.mayaguezpr.com)
  • 1888 Map of Mayaguez Library of Congress (http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/gmd:@field(SUBJ+@band(Puerto+Rico--Mayaguez+)))
  • 1918 Mayaguez Earthquake (http://redsismica.uprm.edu/english/Info/quake1918.php)
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