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Encyclopedia > Maya people
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The Maya people are a Native American people of southern Mexico and northern Central America. Jump to: navigation, search A Hupa Indian, 1923 The scope of this indigenous peoples of the Americas article encompasses the definitions of indigenous peoples and the Americas as established in their respective articles. ... Jump to: navigation, search Central America is the region of North America located between the southern border of Mexico and the northwest border of Colombia, in South America. ...


There are an estimated 6 million Maya people living in this area at the start of the 21st century. Some are quite integrated into the modern culture of the nations in which they reside, others continue a more traditional culturally distinct life, often speaking a Maya language. Jump to: navigation, search In calendars based on the Christian Era or Common Era, such as the Gregorian calendar, the 21st century is the current century, as of this writing. ... The Mayan languages are a family of related languages spoken from South-Eastern Mexico through northern Central America as far south as Honduras. ...


The largest populations of Maya people are in the Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, and Chiapas, and in the Central American countries of Belize, Guatemala, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador. Jump to: navigation, search Yucatán is the name of one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... Campeche is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Other Mexican States Capital Chetumal Other major cities Cancún Cozumel list of municipalities Area 50,212 km² Ranked 19th Population (2000 census) 873,800 Ranked 29th Governor of Quintana Roo (2005-2011) Félix González Cantú (PRI) Federal Deputies (2) PRI = 2 Federal Senators PRI = 2 PAN = 1... This article refers to Tabasco state; for the condiment see Tabasco sauce Other Mexican States Capital Villahermosa Other major cities List of municipalities Area 25,267 km² Ranked 24th Population (2000 census) 1,889,370 Ranked 20th Governor (2001-07) Manuel Andrade Díaz (PRI) Federal Deputies (6) PRI = 6... Jump to: navigation, search Chiapas is a state in the southeast of Mexico, and Kevin Shanley is a shark. ...

Contents


The Yucatán

The largest group of modern Maya is in the Yucatán region of Mexico. They commonly identifiy themselves simply as "Maya" with no tribe (unlike in the Highlands of Western Guatemala), and speak the language which anthropologists term "Yucatec Maya", but is identified by speakers and Yucatecos simply as "Maya", although the Spanish language is commonly spoken as well. Especially in the western areas, even those of mostly or all Maya descent who speak Maya at home often identify themselves as "Mestizo", showing a degree of assimilation and identification with the Mexican mainstream culture. Viewed historically or developmentally, a tribe consists of a social formation existing before the development of, or outside of, states. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mestizo (Portuguese, Mestiço; French, Métis: from Late Latin mixticius, from Latin mixtus, past participle of miscere, to mix) is a term of Spanish origin used to designate the peoples of mixed European and Amerindian racial strain inhabiting the region spanning the Americas, from the...


Historically, the population in the eastern half of the peninsula was less affected by and less integrated with Hispanic culture than those of the western half.


A large 19th century revolt by the Yucatec Maya, known as the Caste War of Yucatán, was one of the most successful modern Native American revolts; results included the temporary existence of the Maya state of Chan Santa Cruz, recognized as an independent nation by the British Empire. The Caste War of Yucatán (1847–1901) began with the revolt of native Maya people of Yucatán (Mexico) against the population of European descent (called Yucatecos) in political and economic control. ... Chan Santa Cruz is a former name for the town now named Felipe Carrillo Puerto in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico, as well as the name of an independent Maya Indian state which the town was the capital of for much of the second half of the 19th century. ... Jump to: navigation, search The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps The British Empire was the worlds first global power and the largest empire in human history, a product of the European Age of Exploration that began with the...


The development of the Caribbean Sea tourism resorts in Quintana Roo such as Cancun and the encouragement of many people from other parts of Mexico to move to that region has been seen by some critics as motivated in part by the desire of the Mexican government to lessen the Maya identity of that region and to make it more generically "Mexican". Jump to: navigation, search Map of Central America and the Caribbean The Caribbean Sea is a tropical body of water adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean and southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. ... Jump to: navigation, search A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Beaches make popular tourist resorts. ... Canc n is a coastal city in Quintana Roo, Mexicos easternmost state. ...


Chiapas

Chiapas was long part of Mexico least touched by the reforms of the Mexican Revolution. Many Maya there gave support to the Zapatista Army of National Liberation. Jump to: navigation, search The Mexican Revolution was a violent social and cultural movement, colored by socialist, nationalist, and anarchist tendencies, that began with the popular rejection of dictator Porfirio Díaz Mori in 1910 and continued even after the promulgation of a new constitution seven years later. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Maya groups in Chiapas include the Tzotzil and Tzeltal, in the highlands of the state, and the Ch'ol in the jungle. The Tzotzil Maya of the central highlands of Chiapas, Mexico are a Native American group, the direct descendants of the Classic Maya. ... Tzeltal is a Maya language spoken in Chiapas, Mexico. ... Chol is Maya ethnic group or northern Chiapas in South-Eastern Mexico. ...


Guatemala

In Guatemala, the largest and most traditional Maya populations are in the western highlands.


In Guatemala the Spanish colonial pattern of keeping the native population legally separate and subservient continued well into the 20th century. This resulted in many traditional customs being retained, as the only other option than traditional Maya life open to most Maya was entering the Hispanic culture at the very bottom rung. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Considerable identification with tribes, often corresponding to pre-Columbian nation states, continues, and many people wear traditional clothing that displays their specific local identity. Clothing of women tends to be more traditional than that of the men, as the men have more interaction with the Hispanic commerce and culture.


Maya peoples of the Guatemala highlands include the Quiché, Mam, Pocomam, Kaqchikel, Ixil, Kekchi, Tz'utujil, Jacaltec, and Xinca. Jump to: navigation, search The Kiche (or Quiché in Spanish spelling), are a Native American people, part of the Maya ethnic group. ... The Mam are a Native American people of the highlands of western Guatemala. ... The Tzutujil are a Native American people, one of the 21 Mayan ethnic groups that dwell in Guatemala. ... The Jacaltec (or Jakalteko or Popti) are a group of Maya Indians living in the Western Guatemala highlands and adjoining part of Chiapas and southern Mexico. ...


Other Maya groups

The most traditional of Maya groups are the Lacandon, a small population avoiding contact with outsiders until the late 20th century by living in small groups in the rain forests. The Lacandon people are indigenous Native American Maya people who live mostly in the jungles in Chiapas, Mexico (until 1854 a part of Guatemala). ...


Quotes

  • "We are not myths of the past, ruins in the jungle or zoos. We are people and we want to be respected, not to be victims of intolerance and racism." -- Rigoberta Menchú

  Results from FactBites:
 
Maya (people) - MSN Encarta (944 words)
Maya (people), group of related Native American peoples of the Mayan linguistic stock, living in Mexico, in the states of Veracruz, Yucatán, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas, and also in the greater part of Guatemala and in parts of Belize and Honduras.
Among the other politically significant peoples are the Huastec of northern Veracruz; the Tzental of Tabasco and Chiapas; the Chol of Chiapas; the Quiché, Cakchiquel, Pokonchi, and Pokomam of the Guatemalan highlands; and the Chortí of eastern Guatemala and western Honduras.
The Maya peoples developed a method of hieroglyphic notation and recorded mythology, history, and rituals in inscriptions carved and painted on stelae (stone slabs or pillars), on lintels and stairways, and on other monumental remains.
Maya people - Academic Kids (533 words)
The largest populations of Maya people are in the Mexican states of [[Yucatᮝ], Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, and Chiapas, and in the Central American countries of Belize, Guatemala, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador.
Maya groups in Chiapas include the Tzotzil and Tzeltal, in the highlands of the state, and the Ch'ol in the jungle.
The most traditional of Maya groups are the Lacandon, a small population avoiding contact with outsiders until the late 20th century by living in small groups in the rain forests.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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