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Encyclopedia > May Revolution
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La Revolución de Mayo (the May Revolution) was the first attempt at independence in the Viceroyalty of the River Plate, which contains present-day Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of La Plata (in Spanish, Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. ...


On May 13, 1810, the arrival of a British frigate in Montevideo confirmed the rumors circulating in Buenos Aires: Napoleon I of France had invaded Spain, capturing and overthrowing King Ferdinand VII, who was replaced by Napoleon's older brother Joseph Bonaparte. This meant that the power of the Crown was transferred to the Regency Council in Cádiz, which was besieged by French troops. The situation was clear: with the authority of the viceregency gone, there was a power vacuum. Jump to: navigation, search May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Frigate is a name which has been used for several distinct types of warships at different times. ... Montevideo Independence Plaza Independence Plaza, c. ... Buenos Aires (Good Airs in Spanish, originally meaning Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Jump to: navigation, search Napoleon I of France, by Jacques-Louis David Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution, and the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from 11 November 1799 to 18 May 1804, then... An Overthrow or Coup is a term referring to a change in government, whereby a leader or party is forced from power, often through the use of force. ... A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state, whose titles and ascent are often inherited, not earned, and who represents a larger monarchical system which has established rules and customs regarding succession, duties, and powers. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Joseph Bonaparte Joseph Bonaparte (January 7, 1768 – July 28, 1844) was the elder brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and Spain (1808–1813). ... Jump to: navigation, search City nickname: Tacita de plata (little silver cup) Location Location within Spain Government Province Cádiz Mayor Teófila Martínez Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 12. ... A troop is a military unit, which can have different meanings depending on the country in which it is used. ...


On May 25, 1810 the First Junta was created in Buenos Aires, removing viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros from power. In 1816 Argentina won its independence from the Spanish Crown. May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The First Junta or Primera Junta was the first goverment that appeared in Argentina after the May Revolution. ... Buenos Aires (Good Airs in Spanish, originally meaning Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ... Jump to: navigation, search Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros de la Torre (1758–1829) was a Spanish naval officer born in Cartagena. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Today, el Día de la Revolución de Mayo (May Revolution Day) on May 25 is an annual holiday in Argentina to commemorate these significant events in the history of Argentina. This and other events of the week leading up to that day are referred to as la Semana de Mayo (May Week). May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Note 1 - If the date falls on a Tuesday or Wednesday the holiday is the preceding Monday. ... This article is about the history of Argentina. ...

Contents


Friday, May 18

Viceroy Cisneros attempted to conceal the news from Spain; however, the rumor had already spread through the whole city. He decided then to give his own version of the facts through a proclamation, while trying to calm down the criollos (creoles). He asked for allegiance to King Ferdinand VII, but popular unrest continued to intensify. Fifth day of the week, falling between Thursday and Saturday. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... The term Creole is used with different meanings in different contexts, which can generate confusion. ...


Not fooled by the viceroy's story, some creoles decided to meet at the houses of Nicolás Rodríguez Peña and Hipólito Vieytes. During these secret sessions they decided to name a representative commission to ask the viceroy for a Cabildo Abierto (Open Town Hall), an unprecedented move. There they intended to decide the future of Cisneros.


Saturday, May 19

Cisneros received Juan José Castelli and Martín Rodríguez, and they presented the petition. They urged him to set the meeting for the next day, but the viceroy would not decide: he thought that a Cabildo Abierto would not be in his favor. He decided that he needed more time, and called the leaders of the military to his gubernatorial residence, el Fuerte ("the strong"), to find out whether they would support him. Saturday is considered either the sixth or the seventh day of the week, between Friday and Sunday. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ...


Sunday, May 20

The military leaders arrived at el Fuerte in the late hours of the afternoon. Creole Cornelio Saavedra, chief of the Patricios Regiment and member of the Society of the Seven, attended the meeting. When Cisneros asked for his support, Saavedra replied that he should recant, as the Junta who had appointed him no longer existed. The only one to defend Cisneros's position was Julián de Leiva, the prosecutor of the Cabildo. Jump to: navigation, search Sunday is considered either the first or the seventh day of the week, between Saturday and Monday, and the second day of the weekend in some cultures. ... Jump to: navigation, search 20 May is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... Cornelio Saavedra was a military man, born to a noble family in 1761 in Potosí (then part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, now Bolivia), died in Buenos Aires in 1829. ... Cisneros is a municipality in the Colombian department of Antioquia. ...


Monday, May 21

At 09:00, business at the Cabildo began as usual, but was interrupted by armed men and women who occupied la Plaza de la Victoria (known today as la Plaza de Mayo). They demanded a Cabildo Abierto and the removal of the viceroy. Amongst the agitators Domingo French and Antonio Beruti distinguished themselves. Cisneros finally signed an authorization for the assembly to be held the following day. Monday is considerd either the first or the second day of the week, between Sunday and Tuesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... The Plaza de Mayo (Spanish: May Square) is the main square in downtown Buenos Aires, Argentina; it is flanked by Hipólito Yrigoyen, Balcarce, Rivadavia and Bolívar streets. ...


Tuesday, May 22

The Cabildo Abierto began at noon. 600 invitations had been printed, only 450 of which were delivered. The list of individuals invited had been drawn up by the Cabildo, taking in account the most prominent citizens of the city. Many did not attend out of fear, which led to a final attendance of 251. The debate lasted four hours, and was interrupted by moments of great disorder. There were two opposing viewpoints: the archbishop of Buenos Aires Benito de Lué cautioned against abrupt change, and Juan José Castelli maintained that the American population should assume their own fates until Ferdinand VII could retake the throne. Tuesday is considered either the second or the third day of the week, between Monday and Wednesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. ...


Wednesday, May 23

After the speeches of the previous day, the Cabildo met again to vote for the continuation of the viceroy (alone or in company) or for his removal. The outcome of the vote was 69 for and 155 against, deciding that Cisneros should be removed the viceroyalty. Ultimately, Saavedra's proposal prevailed and a Junta was created. Leiva nominated Cisneros as the Junta's president, and with that aim presented a list of future members. Saavedra and Manuel Belgrano, who were on the list, were present at the Cabildo and rejected Leiva's proposal. They insisted on the viceroy's removal from government. Wednesday is considered either the third or the fourth day of the week, between Tuesday and Thursday. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... Manuel Belgrano (June 3, 1770 – June 20, 1820) was an Argentine lawyer, politician, and military leader, born in Buenos Aires. ...


Thursday, May 24

With all gathered at the Cabildo, the formation of a Junta consisting of four Creoles plus the ex-viceroy as president was once again proposed. Such a Junta would be maintained until the arrival of deputies from the rest of the viceroyalty. The Junta consisted of Cisneros, Saavedra, Juan N. Sola, Juan José Castelli and José Santos de Incháurregui. The Cabildo approved the Junta but the news was concealed from the public until the military could voice its opinion. The military chiefs were summoned and swore allegiance by 15:00. When news spread of the new Junta, public discontent arose. They proclaimed, "lo de Cisneros presidente de la Junta es igual a Cisneros virrey" ("Cisneros as the Junta's president is the same as Cisneros as viceroy"). With tension among the populace rising, Saaverra and Castelli relinquished membership in the Junta. At 20:00, the revolutionaries met at Rodríguez Peña's house, and sent emissaries to persuade all members to quit. Jump to: navigation, search Thursday, by international standard, is the fourth day of the week, falling between Wednesday and Friday. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ...


Friday, May 25

In the morning, the collective Cabildo Abierto was prepared to reject the resignations, holding that the Junta had no faculties to relinquish a power that had been endorsed by the population. But two things precipitated the crisis: Saavedra's Patricios Regiment no longer supported Cisneros, and pressure from the populace remained strong. Fifth day of the week, falling between Thursday and Saturday. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ...


The Cabildo had no choice but to ask Cisneros for his resignation, and dissolved the Junta that he had presided over. Patriots took advantage of the situation and asserted the need for a local authority. Thus, la Primera Junta de Gobierno (the First Junta) was created. The First Junta or Primera Junta was the first goverment that appeared in Argentina after the May Revolution. ...


See also

This article was based largely upon the corresponding article from the Spanish Wikipedia. This article is about the history of Argentina. ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Muslim Conquest of Iberia Timeline of Muslim Occupation Medieval Spain Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History...


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