FACTS & STATISTICS
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). There are 225 days remaining.
325 - The First Council of Nicaea is held; the first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church. 526 - An Earthquake kills about 300,000 people in Syria and Antiochia. 1293 - King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcala. 1497 - John Cabot sets sail from Bristol on his ship The Mathew looking for a route to the west (other documents give a May 2 date). 1498 - Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India. 1521 - Battle of Pampeluna. 1570 - Cartographer Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. 1690 - England passes the Act of Grace, forgiving followers of Catholic James II. 1845 - HMS Erebus and HMS with 134 men under Terror John Franklin sail from the River Thames beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost. 1861 - American Civil War: Kentucky proclaims its neutrality which will last until September 3 when Confederate forces enter the state. 1862 - President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act into law. 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Bermuda Hundred - In Virginia, 3,000 Confederates and l,200 Union troops are killed in this Union victory. 1873 - Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a US patent for blue jeans with copper rivets. 1882 - The Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy is formed. 1891 - History of cinema: First public display of Thomas Alva Edison's prototype kinetoscope (shown at Edison's Laboratory for a convention of the National Federation of Women's Clubs). 1902 - Cuba gains independence from the United States. 1916 - The publishes its first cover with a Saturday Evening Post Norman Rockwell painting ("Boy with Baby Carriage"). 1916 - The town of Codell, Kansas is struck by a tornado. 1917 - The town of Codell, Kansas is struck by a tornado. 1918 - For the third consecutive year on this date, the town of Codell, Kansas is struck by a tornado. 1920 - Montreal Quebec station XWA broadcasts the first regularly scheduled radio programming in North America. 1927 - Treaty of Jedda: Saudi Arabia becomes independent from the United Kingdom. 1927 - At 7:52 A.M Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, New York on the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (he will touch down at Le Bourget Field in Paris at 10:22 P.M. the next day). 1932 - Amelia Earhart takes off from Newfoundland to begin the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean by a female pilot, landing in Ireland the next day. 1940 - Holocaust: The first prisoners arrive at a new concentration camp at Auschwitz. 1941 - World War II: Battle of Crete - German troops invade Crete. 1949 - In America the AFSA (predecessor of the NSA) is established. 1954 - Chiang Kai-shek is selected for another term as President of the Republic of China by the National Assembly 1965 - A Pakistani Airlines Boeing 720-B crashes on landing at Cairo, Egypt, airport killing 121 people. 1971 - Soul singer Marvin Gaye releases the influential album What's Going On 1980 - Referendum in Quebec where the population rejects by a vote of 60% the proposal from its government to move towards independence from Canada. 1985 - Propaganda: Radio Marti begins broadcasting to Cuba. 1990 - The first post- Communist presidential and parliamentary elections are held in Romania. 1992 - Amy Fisher, the so-called "Long Island Lolita," is arrested for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco on the front porch of her Massapequa, New York home. 1993 - The television sitcom, ends an 11-year run on Cheers NBC (the show debuted on September 30, 1982). 1996 - Gay rights: The Supreme Court of the United States rules in against a law that would have prevented any city, town or county in the state of Romer v. Evans Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of homosexuals. 2002 - Restoration of East Timor independence.
Births 1470 - Pietro Bembo, Italian cardinal (d. 1547) 1726 - Francis Cotes, English painter (d. 1770) 1737 - William Petty Fitzmaurice, later 2nd Earl of Shelburn & 1st Marquess of Landsdowne, British statesman (d. 1805) 1759 - William Thornton, original architect of the United States Capitol (d. 1828) 1768 - Dolley Madison, First Lady of the United States (d. 1849) 1772 - Sir William Congreve, inventor (d. 1828) 1799 - Honoré de Balzac, novelist (d. 1850) 1806 - John Stuart Mill, philosopher (d. 1873) 1830 - Hector Malot, writer (d. 1907) 1838 - Jules Méline, French statesman (d. 1925) 1851 - Emil Berliner, telephone and recording pioneer (d. 1929) 1882 - Sigrid Undset, author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature 1928 (d. 1949) 1883 - King Faisal I of Iraq (d. 1933) 1894 - Adela Rogers St. Johns, author (d. 1988) 1895 - R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer, developer of the Spitfire (d. 1937) 1901 - Max Euwe, world chess champion (d. 1981) 1903 - Barbara Hepworth, sculptor (d. 1975) 1905 - Gerrit Achterberg, poet 1906 - Giuseppe Cardinal Siri, senior cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1989) 1908 - Jimmy Stewart, actor (d. 1997) 1911 - Annie M. G. Schmidt, children's book writer 1911 - Gardner Fox, writer (d. 1986) 1913 - William Hewlett, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard (d. 2001) 1915 - Moshe Dayan, general (d. 1981) 1916 - Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (d. 1995) 1916 - Trebisonda Valla, athlete 1919 - George Gobel, comedian (d. 1991) 1920 - Betty Driver, big band singer and actress 1921 - Wolfgang Borchert, lyricist, narrator and dramatist (d. 1947) 1921 - Hal Newhouser, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1998) 1927 - Bud Grant, Canadian and American football coach 1930 - James McEachin, actor 1931 - Ken Boyer, baseball player (d. 1981) 1935 - Marinella, Greek singer 1936 - Anthony Zerbe, actor 1940 - Stan Mikita, Hockey Hall of Famer 1940 - Sadaharu Oh, baseball star 1942 - David Proval, actor 1944 - Joe Cocker, singer 1944 - Boudewijn de Groot, singer 1944 - Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman and founder of Red Bull 1946 - Cher, singer 1952 - Roger Milla, Cameroonian football star 1955 - Zbigniew Preisner, film composer 1956 - Ingvar Ambjørnsen, Norwegian author 1958 - Ron Reagan, dancer, talk show host, son of former President Ronald Reagan 1958 - Jane Wiedlin, singer 1959 - Bronson Pinchot, actor 1959 - Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, Hawaiian singer 1960 - John Billingsley, actor ( ) Star Trek: Enterprise 1960 - Tony Goldwyn, actor 1962 - Mike Jeffries, American soccer coach 1965 - Luis Alberto Cardozo, Humanities idol 1966 - Mindy Cohn, actress 1968 - Timothy Olyphant, actor 1971 - Tony Stewart, motor racing driver 1972 - Busta Rhymes, rap music singer 1976 - Ramón Hernández, Major League Baseball All-Star
Deaths 685 - Ecgfrith, king of Northumbria (b. 645) 1254 - King Conrad IV of Germany (b. 1228) 1277 - Pope John XXI 1506 - Christopher Columbus, explorer (b. 1451) 1550 - Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Ashikaga shogun (b. 1510) 1622 - Osman II, sultan of Turkey and emperor of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1604) 1793 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist (b. 1720) 1841 - Joseph Blanco White, British theologian (b. 1775) 1873 - Sir George-Étienne Cartier, French-Canadian statesman (b. 1814) 1896 - Clara Schumann, composer (b. 1819) 1917 - Philipp von Ferrary, stamp collector (b. 1850) 1956 - Max Beerbohm, theater critic (b. 1872) 1971 - Waldo Williams, poet (b. 1904) 1989 - Gilda Radner, comedian, actress (b. 1946) 1996 - Jon Pertwee, actor ( Doctor Who) (b. 1919) 2000 - Jean Pierre Rampal, French flutist (b. 1922) 2001 - Renato Carosone, Italian musician and singer 2002 - Stephen Gould, paleontologist (b. 1941)
Holidays and observances
Eliza Doolittle Day from
My Fair Lady
May 19 - May 21 - April 20 - June 20 -- listing of all days
Results from FactBites:
1 May - definition of 1 May in Encyclopedia (941 words)
May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years).
These events are today commemorated as May Day or Labour Day in most industrialized countries.
May Day, Labour Day, Loyalty Day, Day of the International Solidarity of Workers - see event section above.
Researchers Determine Global Warming During The 20th Century May Be Slightly Larger Than Earlier Estimates (727 words)
The measured increase in the EarthÂ’s surface temperature during the 20th century is based upon thermometer measurements, which become increasingly incomplete further back in time.
Some greenhouse-warming dissenters have claimed that the gradual increase in coverage during the 20th century introduced an artificial warming trend into the temperature record, which accounts for most or all of the 20th centuryÂ’s measured warming.
The comparison enabled the researchers to assess the effect of missing observational data on the apparent temperature trend during the 20th century.
More results at FactBites »