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Encyclopedia > Maximilian Karl Lamoral O'Donnell

Maximilian Karl Lamoral Graf O’Donnell von Tyrconnell (October 29, 1812-July 14, 1895) was a descendant of the Irish noble dynasty of O'Donnell of Tyrconnell[1] . October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The House of ODonnell of Tyrconnell is the dynastic Royal House of the former Kings and Princes of Tyrconnell in Ireland. ...

Count Maximilian Karl Lamoral O'Donnell von Tyrconnell (portrait by Prinzhofer, 1853)

Contents

Family Background

He was born in Vienna, son of Count Maurice O'Donnell (Moritz Graf O’Donnell), and Christine, the legitimated daughter of Charles Joseph, Prince de Ligne. He married Franziska Wagner, who was not of noble birth, and the marriage was frowned upon. He died in his home Salzburg in 1895, and is buried in the Salzburg Cemetery. Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... ODonnell Coat of Arms Alternative ODonnell Coat of Arms ODonnell (Irish: Ó Dónaill or Ó Dómhnaill), which is derived from the forname Domhnaill (meaning world ruler, Rex Mundi in Latin, Modern Irish spelling, Dónall) were an ancient and powerful Irish clan, kings, princes, and lords of... Charles Joseph, Prince de Ligne (1735 - December 13, 1814), soldier and writer, came of a princely family of Hainaut, and was born at Brussels in 1735. ...


Military Career

He was educated in Dresden, then joined the military and served in several engagements in Europe, including in Italy in 1848, and Hungary in 1849, resulting in many awards and promotion. He became Aide-de-Camp to the Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria. For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 - November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ...


Saved life of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria

On February 18, 1853, Maximilian helped save the life of the young Emperor, foiling an assassination attempt by a tailor János Libényi, who was a nationalist from Hungary[2]. The Emperor was taking a stroll with Count Maximilian O’Donnell on a city-bastion, when Libényi approached him. Libényi immediately struck the Emperor from behind with a knife straight at the neck. Even though the Emperor was wounded and bleeding, his collar may have helped save his life. Count Maximilian O'Donnell struck Libényi down with his sabre[1]. Another witness who happened to be nearby, the butcher Joseph Ettenreich, quickly overwhelmed Libényi. For his deed he was later elevated to nobility by the Emperor and became Joseph von Ettenreich. Libényi was subsequently put on trial and condemned to death for attempted regicide. He was executed on the Simmeringer Haide. Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 - November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The point of a bastion on a reconstructed French fort in Illinois. ... The broad definition of regicide is the deliberate killing of a king, or the person responsible for it. ...


After the unsuccessful attack the Emperor's brother Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph, the later Emperor of Mexico, called upon the Europe's Royal families for donations to a new church on the site of the attack. The church was to be a Votivgabe (a thank-you present to God) for the rescue of the Emperor. It is located on Ringstraße in the district of Alsergrund close to the University of Vienna, and is known as the Votivkirche. Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (Emperador Maximiliano I de México) (July 6, 1832 – June 19, 1867) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg-Lorraine family. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... The Ringstraße at night The Ringstraße is a circular road surrounding the Innere Stadt district of Vienna, Austria and is one of its main sights. ... Alsergrund is the ninth district of Vienna, Austria, located just north of the first, central district Innere Stadt. ... The University of Vienna (German: Universität Wien) in Vienna, Austria is the oldest university in the current Austro-Hungarian domain; it formally opened in 1365. ... The Votivkirche in Vienna is one of the most important neo-Gothic religious architectural sites in the world. ...


Honours and Awards

Maximilian O’Donnell already held a German Habsburg title of Count, granted to his great-grandfather[3]. However, after successfully rescuing the Emperor, he was additionally honoured and made a Count of the Habsburg Austrian Empire, but an error occurred in the Letters Patent, omitting one “n” from the family name, and the Austrian O’Donnells have since then usually used “O’Donell” as the standard version. Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Anthem: Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Disestablished 1867 Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was an empire centred on what is modern day Austria that officially lasted from 1804...


Maximilian was also honoured with orders of chivalry by several European monarchs, and made a Freeman of the cities of Vienna, Prague, Pest, Laibach, and others. He was also conferred with the Commander's Cross of the Royal Order of Leopold, and his customary O'Donnell arms were augmented by the initials and shield of the ducal House of Austria, with additionally the double-headed eagle of the Empire. These arms can still be seen emblazoned on the portico of no. 2 Mirabel Platz in Salzburg, where O'Donnell built his residence thereafter in the former gardens of Schloss Mirabell[4]. Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Nickname: City of a Hundred Spires Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... Look up Pest in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Pest may refer to: A pest, an animal (usually an insect), or sometimes a plant (weed) with characteristics that are injurious or harmful to humans. ... Laibach is the German name for Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia; Laibach is a Slovenian industrial musical group, named after the place name; Congress of Laibach was held in 1821 in todays Ljubljana. ... Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ...


References

  1. ^ O'Domhnaill Abu - O'Donnell Clan Newsletter no.7, Spring 1987 (ISSN 0790-7389)
  2. ^ The Wild Geese in Austria - Irish Soldiers and Civilians in the Habsburg Service (1618-1918), published by the National Museum of Ireland, with foreword by H.E. Dr. Paul Leifer, Ambassador of Austria to Ireland
  3. ^ Maximilian’s great-grandfather was Major General Count Henry O’Donnell (1726-1789), Commander of the O’Donnell No.5 Cuirassier Regiment who married HSH Princess Leopoldine Cantacuzino descendant of the Byzantine Emperors through the Russian branch of the Moldavian Cantacuzinos, in Pressburg (Bratislava)
  4. ^ O’Domhnaill Abu – O’Donnell Clan Newsletter, no.7 Spring, 1987 (ISSN 0790-7389)

ODonnell Coat of Arms Alternative ODonnell Coat of Arms ODonnell (Irish: Ó Dónaill or Ó Dómhnaill), which is derived from the forname Domhnaill (meaning world ruler, Rex Mundi in Latin, Modern Irish spelling, Dónall) were an ancient and powerful Irish clan, kings, princes, and lords of... The National Museum of Ireland (NMI) is the main museum in Ireland. ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Cuirassiers were mounted cavalry soldiers equipped with armor and firearms, first appearing in late 15th-century Europe. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - - commanded by a colonel. ... The Cantacuzino (Cantacuzène) family is an old boyar family of Wallachia which they claim to get their roots from the Byzantine Emperor John VI Cantacuzenus. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Preßburg is the historical name (in German and in English) for the city of Bratislava. ... Bratislava (see below for other names) is the capital of Slovakia, and the countrys largest city, with a population of some 450,000. ...

External links

  • Vienna City Website with portraits of Emperor's Rescue [2]
  • Note regarding personal names: Graf is a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name. The female form is Gräfin.

 
 

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