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Encyclopedia > Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria
Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria.
Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria.

Maximilian III Joseph (28 March 1727-30 December 1777) was Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1745 to 1777. Image File history File linksMetadata MaximilianIII.jpg Summary Maximilian III Joseph (Bavaria) Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MaximilianIII.jpg Summary Maximilian III Joseph (Bavaria) Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


Biography

Born in Munich, Maximilian was the eldest son of Emperor Charles VII and his wife Marie Amalie, Archduchess of Austria. His maternal grandparents were Emperor Joseph I and Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII Emperor Charles VII Albert (Brussels August 6, 1697 – January 20, 1745 in Munich), a member of the Wittelsbach family, was Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from January 24, 1742 until his death in 1745. ... Marie Amelie in Hunting Dress Marie Amalie or Maria Amalia, Archduchess of Austria (October 22, 1701 - December 11, 1756) was the daughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and Wilhelmina Amalia, daughter of Duke Frederick of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ... Joseph I. Joseph I (July 26, 1678 – April 17, 1711), Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduke of Austria, was the elder son of the emperor Leopold I and his third wife, Eleanora, Countess Palatine, daughter of Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine. ...

Maximilian Joseph as electoral prince
Maximilian Joseph as electoral prince

Upon his father's death in 1745, he inherited a country in the process of being invaded by Austrian armies (see War of the Austrian Succession), and quickly abandoned his father's imperial pretenses and made peace with Maria Theresa in the Treaty of Füssen, in which he agreed to support her husband, Grand Duke Francis Stephen of Tuscany, in the upcoming imperial election. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... Combatants Prussia France Spain Bavaria Naples and Sicily Sweden (1741 — 1743) Austria Great Britain Hanover Dutch Republic Saxony Kingdom of Sardinia Russia Commanders Frederick II Leopold I Leopold II Maurice de Saxe François-Marie de Broglie Charles VII Charles Emil Lewenhaupt Ludwig Khevenhüller Charles Alexander George II Charles... Not to be confused with Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867). ... The Treaty of Füssen, signed on 22 April 1745, ended the participation of Bavaria on the French side in the War of the Austrian Succession. ... Francis I Francis I (December 8, 1708 - August 18, 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ...


Maximilian Joseph was a progressive and enlightened ruler who did much to improve the development of his country. In 1747 the porcelain factory at Nymphenburg was established. Munich's first academic institution, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, was founded in 1759 by Maximilian III. He also ordered in 1751 François de Cuvilliés to construct the splendid rococo Cuvilliés Theatre. During the severe dearth in 1770 Maximilian sold crown jewels to pay corn shipments. In this year he also issued his edict against the extravagant pomposity of the Church which contributed to the end of the era of Bavarian rococo. He also forbade the Oberammergau Passion Play. In 1771 the elector regulated the general school attendance. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was received by Maximilian III Joseph, who was skilled in music and composed, but due to strict frugality no post was offered. enlightened desportism is the act when a prist lies in order to become better in the eyes of the churchEnlightened absolutism (also known as benevolent or enlightened despotism) is a form of despotism in which rulers were influenced by the Enlightenment, a historical period. ... Year 1747 (MDCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nymphenburg porcelain tableware, c. ... View from the Park The Nymphenburg Palace (German: Schloss Nymphenburg) is a Baroque palace in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. ... The Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities (Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften) is an independent public institution, located in Munich. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... François de Cuvilles ( Cuvilliés ) (1698 - c. ... A style of 18th century French art and interior design, Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. ... Cuvilliés-Theatre The Cuvilliés Theatre or Old Residence Theatre of the Residence in Munich was built from 1751 to 1753 by François de Cuvilles in rococo style. ... For the village in Queensland, see 1770, Queensland. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... A style of 18th century French art and interior design, Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. ... Oberammergau Passion Play is a passion play performed since 1634 as a tradition, by the inhabitants of the village of Oberammergau in Bavaria (now in Germany). ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... “Mozart” redirects here. ...

Arms of the Bavarian electorate 1753:

In december of 1777 Maximilian Joseph died of small pox without leaving a heir. As the last of the junior branch of the Wittelsbach dynasty which derived from Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor and had ruled Bavaria since early 14th century, his death led to a succession dispute and the brief War of the Bavarian Succession. Maximilian's consort Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony negotiated with Prussia to secure Bavaria's independence against Austria. Ultimately, he was succeeded by his distant cousin, the Elector Palatine Karl IV from the senior branch of the dynasty. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ... The Treaty of Pavia was signed in Pavia in 1329, which divided the House of Wittelsbach two branches. ... Emperor Louis IV Louis IV of Bavaria (also known as Ludwig the Bavarian) of the House of Wittelsbach (April 1, 1282 – October 11, 1347) was duke of Bavaria from 1294/1301 together with his brother Rudolf I, also count of the Palatinate until 1329 and, German king since 1314 and... The War of the Bavarian Succession was a war that occurred in 1778 and 1779. ... Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony Maria Anna Sophie Sabina Angela Franziska Xaveria, Princess of Poland and Saxony (29 August 1728 in Dresden – 17 February 1797 in Munich) was a daughter of Augustus III of Poland and Maria Josepha of Austria. ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Karl Theodor (born in 1724) reigned as Elector and Prince of the Palatinate from 1742 until his death 1799, and also as Duke of Bavaria from 1777 (until his death in 1799). ...


Max III Joseph is buried in the crypt of the Theatinerkirche in Munich. The Theatiner Church in Munich was built from 1663 to 1690, it was founded by Elector Ferdinand Maria and his wife, Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, as a gesture of thanks for the birth of the long-awaited heir to the Bavarian crown, Prince Max Emanuel, in 1662. ...


Ancestors

Maximilian III Joseph's ancestors in three generations
Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria Father:
Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Grandfather:
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
Paternal Grandmother:
Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
Paternal Great-grandfather:
John III Sobieski
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien
Mother:
Maria Amalia of Austria
Maternal Grandfather:
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
Maternal Grandmother:
Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
Maternal Great-grandfather:
John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Benedicta-Henrietta of Simmern
Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria
Born: 28 March 1727 Died: 30 December 1777
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles Albert
Elector of Bavaria
1745-1777
Succeeded by
Charles Theodore

  Results from FactBites:
 
Maximilian III, Elector of Bavaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (232 words)
Maximilian III Joseph (28 March 1727-30 December 1777) was Elector of Bavaria from 1745 to 1777.
Born in Munich, Maximilian was the eldest son of Emperor Charles VII and his wife Marie Amalie, Archduchess of Austria.
Maximilian Joseph was a progressive and enlightened ruler who did much to improve the development of his country.
Worldroots.com (601 words)
0, Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria, Duke of Bavaria
748, Tassilo III of Bavaria, Duke of Bavaria
1651 Wittelsbach, Ferdinand Maria of Bavaria, Elector of Bavaria
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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