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Encyclopedia > Maximilian I of Mexico
Maximilian I
Reign April 10, 1864-May 15, 1867
Coronation April 10, 1864
Born July 6, 1832
Schönbrunn, Vienna, Austria
Died June 19, 1867
Cerro de las Campanas, Querétaro, Mexico Flag of Mexico
Buried Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
Predecessor Benito Juárez as President of Mexico
Successor Benito Juárez as President of Mexico
Consort Princess Charlotte of Belgium
Issue Prince Agustín de Iturbide
Salvador de Iturbide y de Marzán
Both Adopted
Royal House Habsburg
Father Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
Mother Princess Sophie of Bavaria

Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico (Emperador Maximiliano I de México) (July 6, 1832June 19, 1867) (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph) was a member of Austria's Imperial Habsburg-Lorraine family. With the backing of Napoleon III of France and a group of Mexican conservatives, he was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico on April 10, 1864. Many foreign governments refused to recognize his government, especially the United States; this ensured the success of Republican forces led by Benito Juárez, and Maximilian was executed, after his capture by Mexican Republicans, in Querétaro in 1867. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (832x1200, 109 KB) Description Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, circa 1857-1867. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (136th in leap years). ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Schönbrunn Palace (Schloss Schönbrunn) in Vienna is one of the most important cultural monuments in Austria and since the 1860s has also been one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Querétaro (formal name: Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... An ornament of the sarcophagus of Emperor Karl VI: a deaths head with the crown of the Holy Roman Empire Tomb of Franz Josef I, flanked by wife Elisabeth and son Rudolf. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Benito Pablo Juárez García () (March 21, 1806 – July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Amerindian who served five terms [1] (1858–1861), (1861–1865), (1865–1867), (1867–1871), and (1871–1872), as President of Mexico. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Benito Pablo Juárez García () (March 21, 1806 – July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Amerindian who served five terms [1] (1858–1861), (1861–1865), (1865–1867), (1867–1871), and (1871–1872), as President of Mexico. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Charlotte of Belgium (Princess Marie Charlotte Amélie Augustine Victoire Clémentine Léopoldine of Belgium), (June 7, 1840–January 19, 1927) as Charlotte (or Carlota), Empress of Mexico was the consort of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico. ... Agustín de Iturbide y Green (April 2, 1863 – March 3, 1925) was the grandson of Agustín de Iturbide, the first emperor of independent Mexico. ... Don Salvador of Iturbide (Mexico City 18 September 1849-Ajaccio, Corsica 26 February 1895) , son of His Highness Prince Salvador of Iturbide-Huarte and Her Highness, Princess Rosario of Marzán-Guisasola; Grandson of His Imperial Majesty, Austin I, by his grandmother, Empress Anna María, he was descendant of... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Sophie of Austria Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Habsburg - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Benito Pablo Juárez García () (March 21, 1806 – July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Amerindian who served five terms [1] (1858–1861), (1861–1865), (1865–1867), (1867–1871), and (1871–1872), as President of Mexico. ...

Contents

Early life

Maximilian was born in Schönbrunn, Vienna, Austria, the second son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and his wife Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria. His siblings were Emperor Franz Josef of Austria (sometimes identified by the English spelling Francis Joseph), Karl Ludwig, Archduchess Maria Anna Caroline Pia and Archduke Ludwig Viktor. Maximilian was born as His Imperial and Royal Highness Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1160x1439, 266 KB) Summary no rights due of age Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Maximilian I of Mexico ... Schönbrunn Palace (Schloss Schönbrunn) in Vienna is one of the most important cultural monuments in Austria and since the 1860s has also been one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Sophie of Austria Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 - November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ... Karl Ludwig, Archduke of Austria (30 July 1833 - 19 May 1896) was the father of Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose shooting occasioned the start of World War I. He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Franz Karl Josef of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife Sophie... Archduke Ludwig Viktor Archduke Ludwig Viktor Joseph Anton of Austria (15 May 1842-18 January 1919), was the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ...


He was a particularly clever boy, showing considerable taste for the arts and displaying an early interest in science, especially botany. He was trained for the navy, and threw himself into this career with so much zeal that he quickly rose to high command, and was mainly instrumental in creating the naval port of Trieste and the fleet with which Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff won his victories in the Italian War. Very much influenced by the progressive ideas in vogue at the time, he had some reputation as a liberal, and this led, in February 1857, to his appointment as viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Pinguicula grandiflora Botany is the scientific study of plantlife. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian: Trst; German: Triest) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ... Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, a lithography by Joseph Kriehuber, 1866 Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff (December 23, 1827 – April 7, 1871) was an Austrian Admiral who commanded the Austrian North Sea fleet in during the Second war of Schleswig of 1864 and the Seven Weeks War of 1866. ... Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (Italian: ; German: ) (1815 - 1866) was established after the defeat of Napoleon, according to the decisions of the Congress of Vienna (9 June 1815). ...


He married Princess Charlotte of Belgium (also known as Empress Carlota of Mexico), daughter of Leopold I, King of the Belgians, on July 27, 1857, in Brussels, Belgium. Charlotte of Belgium (Princess Marie Charlotte Amélie Augustine Victoire Clémentine Léopoldine of Belgium), (June 7, 1840–January 19, 1927) as Charlotte (or Carlota), Empress of Mexico was the consort of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ... Leopold I of the Belgians (Leopold George Christian Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, later of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) (b. ... July 27 is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ...


They lived as the Austrian regents in Milan until 1859 when Emperor Franz Josef dismissed Maximilian. The emperor was angered by the liberal policies pursued by his brother in Italy. Shortly after Maximilian's dismissal, Austria lost control of most of its Italian possessions. He then retired into private life, chiefly at Trieste, near which he built the beautiful castle Miramar. This article is about the city in Italy. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Miramare Castle The Miramare Castle (Italian: Castello di Miramare; German: Schloss Miramar) is a 19th century castle, built for Austrian Archduke Maximilian and his wife, Charlotte of Belgium, on the Gulf of Trieste near Trieste, northeastern Italy. ...


Offer of a Mexican crown

Portrait of Maximilian I of Mexico, by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
Portrait of Maximilian I of Mexico, by Franz Xaver Winterhalter

In 1859 he was first approached by Mexican monarchists with a proposal to become the Emperor of Mexico. He did not accept at first, but sought to satisfy his restless desire for adventure with a botanical expedition to the tropical forests of Brazil. However, after the French intervention in Mexico, under pressure from Napoleon III and after General Élie-Frédéric Forey's capture of Mexico City and the plebiscite which confirmed his proclamation of the empire, he consented to accept the crown in 1863 (Maximilian was not told of the dubious nature of the plebiscite, which was held while French troops were occupying most of the territory). His decision involved the loss of all his noble rights in Austria, though he was not informed of this until just before he left. Archduchess Charlotte was thereafter known as "Her Imperial Majesty Empress Carlota". Image File history File linksMetadata Maximilian_of_Mexico_Winterhalter. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Maximilian_of_Mexico_Winterhalter. ... The Empress Eugenie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting Franz Winterhalter was a famous Victorian, German speaking artist. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Combatants Second Mexican Empire Second French Empire United Kingdom Spain Austria-Hungary Belgium Republic of Mexico Strength 38,493 French soldiers, 7000 Austro-Hungarian volunteers, 2000 Belgian volunteers ~80,000 Casualties 6,654 French killed and wounded 12,000 Mexican killed and wounded Emperor Maximilian Napoleon III of France Ju... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Élie Frédéric Forey (10 January 1804 - 20 June 1872) was a Marshal of France. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Emperor of Mexico

Maximilian and Carlota were crowned in 1864 at La Catedral Metropolitana in Mexico City.
Maximilian and Carlota were crowned in 1864 at La Catedral Metropolitana in Mexico City.

Maximilian landed at Veracruz on May 28, 1864 with the backing of Mexican conservatives and Napoleon III; but from the very outset he found himself involved in serious difficulties since the Mexican liberals, led by Benito Juárez, refused to recognize his rule. There was continuous warfare between his French troops and the Mexican republicans. Image File history File linksMetadata Catedral_de_México. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Catedral_de_México. ... The Catedral Metropolitana, is the oldest in the American continent. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... Veracruz is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Benito Pablo Juárez García () (March 21, 1806 – July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Amerindian who served five terms [1] (1858–1861), (1861–1865), (1865–1867), (1867–1871), and (1871–1872), as President of Mexico. ...


The Imperial couple were crowned at the Catedral Metropolitana in 1864 and chose as their seat Mexico City. The Emperor and Empress set up their residence at Chapultepec Castle, located on the top of a hill in the outskirts of Mexico City that had been a retreat of Aztec emperors. Maximilian ordered a wide avenue cut through the city from Chapultepec to the city center; originally named Avenue of the Empress, it is today Mexico City's famous Paseo de la Reforma (The Reform Promenade). The Catedral Metropolitana, is the oldest in the American continent. ... Chapultepec (Grasshopper Hill in the Nahuatl language) is a large hill on the outskirts of central Mexico City with much significance in Mexican history. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... The Aztecs is a term used for certain Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican peoples of Central America. ... Chapultepec Park with Polanco at the right, as seen from Torre Mayor observation deck. ... Paseo de la Reforma (Reform Avenue) is a 12 km long grand avenue in Mexico City. ...


As Maximilian and Carlota had no children, they adopted Agustín de Iturbide y Green and his cousin Salvador de Iturbide y de Marzán, both grandsons of Agustín de Iturbide, who had briefly reigned as Emperor of Mexico in the 1820s. They gave young Agustín the title of "His Highness, the Prince of Iturbide" and intended to groom him as heir to the throne. Agustín de Iturbide y Green (April 2, 1863 – March 3, 1925) was the grandson of Agustín de Iturbide, the first emperor of independent Mexico. ... Don Salvador of Iturbide (Mexico City 18 September 1849-Ajaccio, Corsica 26 February 1895) , son of His Highness Prince Salvador of Iturbide-Huarte and Her Highness, Princess Rosario of Marzán-Guisasola; Grandson of His Imperial Majesty, Austin I, by his grandmother, Empress Anna María, he was descendant of... Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu (September 27, 1783 – July 19, 1824) was Emperor of Mexico from 1822 to 1823. ...


To the dismay of his conservative allies, Maximilian upheld several liberal policies proposed by the Juárez administration – such as land reforms, religious freedoms, and extending the right to vote beyond the landholding class. At first Maximilian offered Juárez an amnesty if he would swear allegiance to the crown, which Juárez refused. Later Maximilian ordered all captured followers of Juárez to be shot: a tactical mistake that only exacerbated opposition to his regime.


After the end of the American Civil War the United States began supplying arms to the republicans. By 1866 the imminence of Maximilian's abdication was apparent to almost everyone outside Mexico. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Look up abdication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In 1866 Napoleon III withdrew his troops in the face of Mexican resistance and U.S. opposition under the Monroe Doctrine. Carlota travelled to Europe, seeking assistance for her husband's regime in Paris and Vienna and, finally, in Rome from Pope Pius IX. Her efforts failed, and she suffered a profound emotional collapse (some say insanity) and never went back to Mexico. After her husband was executed by Mexican republicans the following year, she spent the rest of her life in reclusion, first at Miramare Castle near Trieste, Italy, and then at Bouchout Castle in Meise, Belgium, where she died on January 19, 1927. 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... U.S. President James Monroe The Monroe Doctrine is a U.S. doctrine which, on December 2, 1823, proclaimed that European powers would no longer colonize or interfere with the affairs of the nations of the Americas. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope of Rome... Pope Pius IX (May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, reigned as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from his election in June 16, 1846, until his death more than 31 years later in 1878, making him the longest-reigning Pope since the Apostle St. ... Miramare Castle The Miramare Castle (Italian: Castello di Miramare; German: Schloss Miramar) is a 19th century castle, built for Austrian Archduke Maximilian and his wife, Charlotte of Belgium, on the Gulf of Trieste near Trieste, northeastern Italy. ... Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian: Trst; German: Triest) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ... Bouchout Castle Bouchout Castle (Kasteel van Bouchout in Dutch) is a castle in the Flemish town of Meise, Belgium, and has its origins in the 12th century. ... Meise is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Downfall

Execution of the Emperor by Édouard Manet (this depiction is inaccurate, as Maximilian did not stand in the center at his execution, nor did he wear a hat). However, Miramón (right) and Mejía (left) are depicted according to photographic portraits
Execution of the Emperor by Édouard Manet (this depiction is inaccurate, as Maximilian did not stand in the center at his execution, nor did he wear a hat). However, Miramón (right) and Mejía (left) are depicted according to photographic portraits

Though urged to abandon Mexico by Napoleon III himself, whose withdrawal from Mexico was a great blow to the Mexican Imperial cause, Maximilian refused to desert his followers. Withdrawing, in February 1867, to Querétaro, he sustained a siege for several weeks, but on 11 May resolved to attempt an escape through the enemy lines. However the city fell on May 15, 1867, before he could carry out this plan, and he was captured. Following a court-martial, he was sentenced to death. Many of the crowned heads of Europe and other prominent figures (including the eminent liberals Victor Hugo and Giuseppe Garibaldi) sent telegrams and letters to Mexico pleading for Maximilian's life to be spared, but Juárez refused to commute the sentence, believing that it was necessary to send a message that Mexico would not tolerate any government imposed by foreign powers. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1714, 400 KB) Description: Title: de: Erschießung Kaiser Maximilians von Mexiko en: Execution of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico es: Ejecución del Emperador Maximiliano de México Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand en: Oil on canvas es: Óleo sobre tela... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1714, 400 KB) Description: Title: de: Erschießung Kaiser Maximilians von Mexiko en: Execution of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico es: Ejecución del Emperador Maximiliano de México Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand en: Oil on canvas es: Óleo sobre tela... Articles with similar titles include Claude Monet, another painter of the same era. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Latitude 20. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (136th in leap years). ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A court-martial (plural courts-martial) is a military court that determines punishments for members of the military subject to military law. ... Victor-Marie Hugo (pronounced in French) (26 February 1802 — 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, playwright, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. ... Garibaldi in 1866. ...


The sentence was carried out on June 19, 1867, when Maximilian was executed (together with his generals Miguel Miramón and Tomás Mejía) by a firing squad. His last words were reported to be "Poor Carlota!" (referring to his wife, who was absent in Europe seeking help for him, and was driven to madness when she learned of his death). [1] Although he bribed the seven riflemen not to shoot him in the head, one did anyway. Maximilian's body was embalmed and displayed in Mexico before being buried in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, Austria, early the following year. is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Miguel Gregorio de la Luz Atenógenes Miramón y Tarelo (November 17, 1831 – June 19, 1867) was a Mexican conservative general and Mexicos youngest president ever. ... Tomás Mejía (September 17, 1820) - June 19, 1867) was a Mexican soldier. ... An ornament of the sarcophagus of Emperor Karl VI: a deaths head with the crown of the Holy Roman Empire Tomb of Franz Josef I, flanked by wife Elisabeth and son Rudolf. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ...


Titles from birth

Titles Maximilian held from birth, in chronological order:

July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Ancestry

Maximilian's ancestors in three generations
Maximilian I,
Emperor of Mexico
Father:
Francis Charles of Austria
Paternal Grandfather:
Francis I of Austria
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Leopold II of Austria
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Maria Louisa of Spain
Paternal Grandmother:
Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Maria Carolina of Austria
Mother:
Sophie of Bavaria
Maternal Grandfather:
Maximilian I of Bavaria
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Maria Francisca of Sulzbach
Maternal Grandmother:
Karoline of Baden
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Charles Louis of Baden
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832 Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. ... Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792) was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ... Maria Louisa(Spanish: Maria Luisa, German: Maria Ludovika) (24 November 1745 - 15 May 1792) was Empress consort to Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. Maria Louisa was born in Portici, in Campania, the site of the summer palace of her parents, King Charles VII and Queen Maria Amalia of Naples and... Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies (Cascais, June 6, 1772 – April 13, 1807 in Vienna) was the eldest daughter of Fernando I, King of the Two Sicilies (1751-1825) and his wife, Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (1752-1814). ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... HM Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily Her Majesty Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily née Her Imperial & Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria (13 August 1752- 8 September 1814) was queen consort and de facto ruler of Naples from 1768 to 1799 and from 1799... Sophie of Austria Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... King Maximilian I of Bavaria. ... Maria Francisca, Countess Palatine of Sulzbach (Maria Franziska, Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach). ... Frederica Caroline Wilhelmina (German: ) of Baden was the eldest daughter and child of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and his wife, Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. ... Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (February 14, 1755 in Karlsruhe--December 16, 1801 in Arboga, Sweden) was heir-apparent of the Margraviate of Baden. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Further reading

Execution of Maximilian

Maximilian's papers were published at Leipzig in 1867, in seven volumes, under the title Aus meinem Leben, Reiseskizzen, Aphorismen, Gedichte (In My Life: Travelogues, Aphorisms & Poems).
Other works: Drawing of the Execution of Maximillian This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Drawing of the Execution of Maximillian This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

  • The Cactus Throne by Richard O'Connor, ISBN 0-380-00641-3
  • The Crown of Mexico by Joan Haslip, ISBN 0-03-086572-7
  • Maximilian and Juarez by Jasper Ridley, ISBN 1-84212-150-2
  • La Corona de Sombra by Rodolfo Usigli ISBN-10: 0390891509 ISBN-13: 978-0390891501
Tomb in the Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
Tomb in the Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
  • From Mexico to Miramar or, Across the Lake of Oblivion by C.M. Mayo, Massachussetts Review, December 2006

Joan Haslip. ... Rodolfo Usigli (born November 17, 1905, and died June, 1979) was a Mexican playwright. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 590 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maximilian I of Mexico Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 590 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maximilian I of Mexico Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... An ornament of the sarcophagus of Emperor Karl VI: a deaths head with the crown of the Holy Roman Empire Tomb of Franz Josef I, flanked by wife Elisabeth and son Rudolf. ...

See also

Franz Liszt wrote a Funeral March in Maximilian's honour in 1867, which was published as No. 6 of Années de Pèlerinage, Troisieme Année in 1883. Mexico is a country of North America and the largest Castilian-speaking country in the world. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... Portrait by Henri Lehmann, 1839 Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc; pronounced , in English: list) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian [1] virtuoso pianist and composer of the Romantic period. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Années de Pèlerinage (Years of Pilgrimage) are three suites by Franz Liszt for solo piano. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


In the 1939 film Juarez, Brian Aherne gave a very sympathetic portrayal of Maximilian. Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brian Aherne (May 2, 1902 – February 10, 1986) was an English film actor who found success in Hollywood. ...


Fernando del Paso's novel Noticias del Imperio concerns the life of Maximiliano I and Carlota during their reign in Mexico. Fernando del Paso is a Mexican writer. ...


French composer Darius Milhaud wrote an opera entitled Maximilien, which was premiered at the Palais Garnier in 1932. Darius Milhaud Darius Milhaud (IPA: ) (September 4, 1892 – June 22, 1974) was a French composer and teacher. ... The Palais Garnier, Paris The Palais Garnier, also known as the Opéra de Paris as well as the Opéra Garnier, is a 2,200 seat opera house in Paris, France. ...


External links

  • Imperial House of Mexico
  • C.M. Mayo's Maximilian Page
  • Recollections of my life by Maximilian I of Mexico Vol. I at archive.org
  • Recollections of my life by Maximilian I of Mexico Vol. II at archive.org
  • Recollections of my life by Maximilian I of Mexico Vol. III at archive.org
Maximilian I of Mexico
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 6 July 1832
Died: 19 June 1867
Regnal titles
Vacant
Title last held by

Emperor of Mexico
1864–1867
Succeeded by
Empire abolished
Preceded by
Juan Nepomuceno Almonte and José Mariano Salas as Regents
Mexican head of state
1864–1867
Succeeded by
Benito Juárez as President
Vacant Viceroy of Lombardy-Venetia
1857–1859
Succeeded by
Franz Joseph I in Venetia
Succeeded by
Victor Emmanuel II in Lombardy
Titles in pretence
New Title NOT REIGNING
Emperor of Mexico
1867
Succeeded by
Agustín de Iturbide y Green

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kaiser Maximilian Puerto Vallarta Restaurant: History (476 words)
In his early years, Maximilian, the brother of Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph, served his family's empire as a naval officer and governor of Lombardy-Venetia in Italy (1857-59).
In 1864, Maximilian and Carlota arrived in Mexico, The conservatives wanted Maximilian to annul the liberal reforms of the Benito Juarez goverment.
The restaurant Kaiser Maximilian was named after him, providing you with a combination of modern european cuisine and contemporary and traditional austrian dishes.
Maximilian I of Mexico Summary (0 words)
Maximilian of Hapsburg (1832-1867) was an Austrian archduke and emperor of Mexico.
Maximilian was described at the time as being 6 feet 2 inches in height, handsome, diplomatic, and gracious, or the ideal monarch for the age of enlightened despotism.
Maximilian landed at Veracruz on May 28, 1864; but from the very outset he found himself involved in serious difficulties since the Mexican liberals, led by Benito Juárez, refused to recognize his rule and there was continuous warfare between his French troops and the Mexican republicans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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