FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Maxime Rodinson

Maxime Rodinson (26 January 191523 May 2004) was a French Marxist historian, sociologist and orientalist. The son of a Russian-Polish Jewish clothing trader who died in Auschwitz with his wife, Rodinson studied oriental languages, and became professor of Ethiopian (Amharic) at EPHE (École Pratique des Hautes Études, France). is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... A historian is an individual who studies history and who writes on history. ... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ... Orientalism is the study of Near and Far Eastern societies and cultures, by Westerners. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The École Pratique des Hautes Études is a university in Paris, France. ...


He joined the French Communist Party in 1937 for "moral reasons." He then turned away after the Stalinist drift of the party, from which he was excluded in 1958. He is the author of a rich body of work, including his well-known "Muhammad," a biography of the prophet of Islam. This does not cite any references or sources. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


Rodinson became well-known in France when he expressed a certain reticence about Israel, despite his own Jewish ancestry. He particularly criticized the settlement policies of the Jewish state. At the same time, some credit him with coining the term "Islamic fascism" (le fascisme islamique) in 1979, which he used to describe the Iranian revolution. Map of Israeli settlements (magenta) in the West Bank. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran from a monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza...

Contents

Biography

Family

The parents of Maxime Rodinson were Russian-polish immigrants, who became members of the Communist Party. They arrived in France at the end of the 19th century as refugees from anti-Semitic pogroms in the Russian Empire. His father was a clothing trader, who set up a business making waterproof clothing in the Yiddish-speaking part of Paris, called the Pletzl, in the district of the Marais. They became port-of-call for the other Russian exiles, most of them revolutionaries hostile to the Tsarist regime. His father tried to unionise and organize educational and other services for the working-class Jewish community. In 1892, he helped to establish a Jewish working-class library, containing hundreds of works in Yiddish, Russian and French. In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Russian word pogrom (погром) refers to a massive violent attack on people with simultaneous destruction of their environment (homes, businesses, religious centers). ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The Place des Vosges is Paris oldest square still with its original buildings, and also, according to some, Paris most beautiful square. ... Росси́йская Импе́рия, (also Imperial Russia) covers the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great into the Russian Empire stretching from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Yiddish (Yid. ...


In 1920, the Rodinsons joined the Communist Party and as soon as France recognised Soviet Russia, in 1924, they applied for Soviet citizenship. Rodinson grew up in a fervently Stalinist "de-Judaized" and "anti-Zionist" family. Neither he nor his sister learned Yiddish. The family was poor so that Rodinson became an errand boy at the age of 13 after obtaining a primary school certificate. But he thrived and learned by borrowing books, obliging teachers, who didn't demand payment, and began to learn oriental languages at first on Saturday afternoons and in the evenings. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Soviet Russia is sometimes used as a somewhat sloppy synonym to the Soviet Union — although the term Soviet Russia sometimes refers to Bolshevist Russia from the October Revolution in 1917 to 1922 (Although Russian communists officially formed RSFSR in 1918). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. ... Yiddish (Yid. ...


In 1932, he gained entry to the Ecole des Langues Orientales to prepare for a career as a diplomat-interpreter, thanks to the possibility for persons without academic qualifications to take the competitive entrance examination. He learned Arabic. Later he prepared a thesis in comparative Semitics, and learned Hebrew, which surprised his family. In 1937, he entered the National Council of Research, became a full-student of Islam and joined the same year the Communist Party. Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


During the Second World War, he was appointed to the French Institute of Damascus in 1940, where he extended his knowledge of Islam and escaped the persecution of Jews in occupied France. His parents perished in Auschwitz in 1943. He spent seven years in Lebanon (in Sidon and Beirut). Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Nickname: The Seal of the Damascus Governorate Syria Syria Governorates Damascus Governorate Government  - Governor Bishr Al Sabban Area  - City 573 km²  (221. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Motto Travail, famille, patrie French: Unoccupied zone of Vichy France (until November 1942) Capital Vichy Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholic Government Dictatorship Chief of state  - 1940 — 1944 Henri Philippe Pétain President of the Council  - 1940 — 1942 Philippe Pétain  - 1942 — 1944 Pierre Laval Legislature National Assembly Historical era... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Sidon or Saida, (Arabic صيدا á¹¢aydā) is the third-largest city in Lebanon. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ...


A professor of Oriental Languages and a Marxist without party

In 1948, he became a librarian at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, where he was put in charge with the Muslim section. In 1955, he was appointed director of studies at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, becoming a professor of classical Ethiopian four years later. He left the Communist Party but remained a Marxist in the same period (1958), accused of doing so to further his career. But his decision was based on his agnosticism, and he explained that being a party member was like following a religion and he wanted to renounce The new buildings of the library. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

"the narrow subordination of efforts at lucidity to the exigencies of mobilization, even for just causes."

He became well-known in the 1960s when he published "Muhammad" in 1961, a biography of the Prophet's life written in a sociological point of view, biography which is still banned in parts of the Arab world. Five years later, he published "Islam and Capitalism", a study of the economic decline of Muslims society. He was accused of being anti-Zionist for his stance in favor of Palestinian self-determination, during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. He was awarded the 1995 Prize by the Rationalist Organisation. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Combatants Israel Egypt Syria Jordan Iraq Saudi Arabia Commanders Yitzhak Rabin, Moshe Dayan, Uzi Narkiss, Israel Tal, Mordechai Hod, Ariel Sharon Abdel Hakim Amer, Abdul Munim Riad, Zaid ibn Shaker, Hafez al-Assad Strength 264,000 (incl. ...


The Palestinian Conflict

Few months before publishing his famous article, he took part in a meeting organised in the "Mutualité" in Paris for the Palestinian struggle. Published in June 1967 under the title "Israel, fait colonial" (Israel, a colonial fact) in Jean-Paul Sartre's journal, "les Temps Modernes", Rodinson's article made him known as an advocate of the Palestinian cause. He created the Groupe de Recherches et d'Actions pour la Palestine with his colleague Jacques Berque. The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980), normally known simply as Jean-Paul Sartre (pronounced: ), was a French existentialist philosopher and pioneer, dramatist and screenwriter, novelist and critic. ... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi...


At that time, he observed that the Palestinian struggle was mainly the cause of anti-semitic right and Maoist fringe of the left. He called on the Palestinians to take their case to liberal Europeans, warning them of the danger of a religious nature of the conflict which would tarnish the reputation of a just cause: The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi...

"in the ardor of the ideological struggle against Zionism, those Arabs most influenced by a Muslim religious orientation would seize upon the old religious and popular prejudices against the Jews in general"

His anti-Zionism was based on two main reproaches : pretending to impose on all Jews all over the world an identity and a nationalist ideology, and judaizing territories at the cost of expulsion and domination of the Palestinians. Hence, in his book Israël and the arabs in 1968, he considered the Palestinians as the single national fact in Palestinian territories: Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... This article is about the Palestinian territories as a geopolitical phenomenon. ...

"The Arabs of Palestine used to have the same rights over Palestinian territory as the French exercise in France and the English in England. These rights have been violated without any provocation on their part. There is no evading this simple fact."

Israeli Jews were from his point of view, as he said it in a 1969 speech before the Egyptian Popular Assembly:

"a heterogeneous collection of gangs of occupiers who could be sent back where they came from with the greatest of ease."

His vision of the Palestinian conflict shifted from this view to a call for peaceful negotiations between Israeli Jews and Palestinians. Israel could not be regarded only as a colonial-settler state but a national fact too. Israeli Jews had collective rights that the Palestinians had to honor: The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi...

"If there are two or more ethnic groups in the same country, and if the danger of the domination of one by the other is to be avoided, then both these groups must be represented as distinct communities at the political level, and each must be accorded the right to defend its interests and aspirations."

That is the reason why he disagreed with the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), warning them against the illusion based on the Algerian FLN guerilla warfare which driven out French "colons". At the same time, he urged the Israelis to stop pretending to be part of Europe and accept being a part of the Middle East, then, Israelis have to learn to live with their neighbors, by reckoning the injustices made against the Palestinians and adopting a language of conciliation and compromise. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic Munazzamat al-Tahrir Filastiniyyah منظمة تحرير فلسطينية ) is a political and paramilitary organization of Palestinian Arabs dedicated to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state to consist of the... The National Liberation Front , (Arabic: Jabhat al-TaḩrÄ«r al-WaÅ£anÄ«, French: Front de Libération Nationale aka FLN) is a socialist political party in Algeria. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Studying Islam in a sociological point of view

Rodinson's work combined Sociological and Marxist theories, Marxism which helped him: This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Marxism takes its name from the praxis (the synthesis of philosophy and political action) of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ...

"opening my eyes and making me understand and say that the world of Islam was subject to the same laws and tendencies as the rest of the human race."

Hence, his first book was a study of Muhammad ("Muhammad", 1960), setting the Prophet in his social context and "probably in an unconscious fashion, [he] compared him to Stalin." This attempt, despite some mistakes, was a rationalist study which tried to explain the economical and social origins of Islam. In his further work was "Islam and Capitalism" (1966), title echoing to Max Weber's famous thesis regarding the development of Capitalism in Europe and the rise of Protestantism. He tried to go beyond two prejudices: the first one widespread in Europe that Islam is a brake for the development of Capitalism and the second one widespread among Muslims that Islam was egalitarian. He emphasized social elements, seing Islam as a neutral factor. Throughout all his later works on Islam, he will stress out the relation between the doctrines inspired by Muhammad and economical and social structures in the Muslim world. Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... For the painter, see Max Weber (artist). ... Capitalism generally refers to an economic system in which the means of production are all or mostly privately[1][2] owned and operated for profit, and in which investments, distribution, income, production and pricing of goods and services are determined through the operation of a free market. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Capitalism generally refers to an economic system in which the means of production are all or mostly privately[1][2] owned and operated for profit, and in which investments, distribution, income, production and pricing of goods and services are determined through the operation of a free market. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ...


Works by Maxime Rodinson

This list refers to the English editions.

  • The Arabs (1981) ISBN 0-226-72356-9 — original French publication: 1979
  • Marxism and the Muslim world (1982) ISBN 0-85345-586-4, original French publication: 1972
  • Israel and the Arabs (1982) ISBN 0-14-022445-9
  • Marxist-Leninist Scientific Atheism and the Study of Religion and Atheism in the USSR (Religion and Reason) by James Thrower with introduction by Maxime Rodinson (1983) ISBN 90-279-3060-0
  • Cult, Ghetto, and State: The Persistence of the Jewish Question (1984) ISBN 0-685-08870-7
  • Israel: A Colonial-Settler State? (1988) ISBN 0-913460-22-2
  • Europe and the Mystique of Islam (2002) ISBN 1-85043-106-X, translation of 'La Fascination de l’Islam,' 1980
  • Muhammad (2002) ISBN 1-56584-752-0, original French publication: 1960
  • Islam and Capitalism (1973) ISBN 0-292738-161, original French publication of 'Islam et le capitalisme' in 1966.

Muhammad (ISBN 1-56584-752-0) is the name of a book written by prominent French non-Muslim Islamic scholar Maxime Rodinson in 2002 . ...

See also

Islamic scholars are Muslim and non-Muslim scholars who work in one or more fields of Islamic studies. ...

External links

  • A biography from The Guardian.
  • A deep article about Rodinson from The Nation newspaper.
  • Some thoughts on the death of 'anti-Marxist' from the Daily Star.
  • Jewish Discovery of Islam by Martin Kramer includes discussion of Rodinson.
  • Review of Rodinson's posthumous memoirs, Ahram Weekly.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Maxime Rodinson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1408 words)
Maxime Rodinson (26 January 1915–23 May 2004) was a French Marxist historian, sociologist and orientalist.
Rodinson became well-known in France when he expressed a certain reticence about Israel, despite his own Jewish ancestry.
The parents of Maxime Rodinson were Russian-polish immigrants, who became members of the Communist Party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m