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Encyclopedia > Maxfield Parrish
The Dinky Bird, by Maxfield Parrish, an illustration from Poems of Childhood by Eugene Field, 1904. This work exemplifies Parrish's characteristic use of androgynous figures.

Maxfield Parrish (July 25, 1870March 30, 1966) was an American painter and illustrator. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Download high resolution version (635x871, 95 KB)The Dinky Bird by Maxfield Parrish, 1904 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (635x871, 95 KB)The Dinky Bird by Maxfield Parrish, 1904 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Eugene Field, American writer Eugene Field (September 2, 1850 - November 4, 1895) American writer, best known for poetry for children and for humorous essays. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... Look up illustration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Life

Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he began drawing for his own amusement as a child. His given name was Frederick Parrish but he later adopted the maiden name of his paternal grandmother, Maxfield, as his middle name, and later as his professional name. His father was an engraver and landscape artist, and young Parrish's parents encouraged his talent. He attended Haverford College and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He entered into an artistic career that lasted for more than half a century, and which helped shape the Golden Age of illustration and the future of American visual arts. Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Haverford College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college located in Haverford, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia. ... The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor William Rush, and other artists and business leaders. ... Many times, the term art is used to refer to the visual arts. ...

The Dream Garden, a mosaic by Louis Comfort Tiffany based on a Parrish painting. It may be seen at the Curtis Building in Philadelphia.
The Dream Garden, a mosaic by Louis Comfort Tiffany based on a Parrish painting. It may be seen at the Curtis Building in Philadelphia.

Launched by a commission to illustrate L. Frank Baum's Mother Goose in Prose in 1897, his repertoire included many prestigious projects including Eugene Field's Poems of Childhood (including 8 colour plates) (1904) (see illustration) and such traditional works as Arabian Nights (including 12 colour plates) (1909). Books illustrated by Parrish, in addition to those that include reproductions of Parrish's work - including A Wonder Book and Tanglewood Tales (including 10 colour plates) (1910), The Golden Treasury of Songs and Lyrics (including 8 colour plates) (1911) and The Knave of Hearts (including 23 colour images) (1925) - are highly sought-after collectors items. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 2619 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Louis Comfort Tiffany Maxfield Parrish Curtis Publishing Company Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 2619 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Louis Comfort Tiffany Maxfield Parrish Curtis Publishing Company Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) circa 1908 Louis Comfort Tiffany (February 18, 1848 – January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass and is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and... During the early 20th century The Curtis Publishing Company was one of the largest and most influential publishers in America. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919) was an American author, actor, and independent filmmaker best known as the creator, along with illustrator W. W. Denslow, of one of the most popular books in American childrens literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, better known today as simply... Mother Goose in Prose is a collection of twenty-two childrens stories based on Mother Goose nursery rhymes written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by Maxfield Parrish. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Eugene Field, American writer Eugene Field (September 2, 1850 - November 4, 1895) American writer, best known for poetry for children and for humorous essays. ... Queen Scheherazade tells her stories to King Shahryar. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


He had numerous commissions from popular magazines in the 1910s and 1920s including Hearst's, Colliers, and Life. He was also a favorite of advertisers, including Wanamaker's, Edison-Mazda Lamps, Fisk Tires, Colgate and Oneida Cutlery. In the 1920s, Parrish turned away from illustration and concentrated on painting for its own sake. Androgynous nudes in fantastical settings were a recurring theme. He continued in this vein for several years, living comfortably off the royalties brought in by the production of posters and calendars featuring his works. An early favorite model was Kitty Owen in the 1920's Later another favorite, Susan Lewin, posed for many works, and was employed in the Parrish household for many years. Parrish himself posed for many images that featured male — and occasionally female — figures (see Potpourri, 1905). Colliers (May 7, 1932) Colliers Weekly was an American magazine founded by Peter Fenelon Collier and published from 1888 to 1957. ... Philippe Halsmans famous portrait of Marilyn Monroe Life generally refers to two American magazines: A humor and general interest magazine published from 1883 to 1936; A publication created by Time founder Henry Luce in 1936, with a strong emphasis on photojournalism. ... Wanamakers department store was the first department store in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and one of the first department stores in the United States. ... Mazda was a trademarked name used by General Electric and others on incandescent light bulbs from 1909 through 1945. ... Colgate redirects here. ... The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually when speaking about the United States. ... For other uses, see Androgyny (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... 1942 US government war poster. ... A calendar is a system for assigning calendar dates to days. ...


In 1931, he declared to the Associated Press, "I'm done with girls on rocks", and opted instead to focus on landscapes. Though never as popular as his earlier works, he profited from them. He would often build models of the landscapes he wished to paint, using various lighting setups before deciding on a preferred view, which he would photograph as a basis for the painting (see for example, The Millpond). He lived near Cornish, New Hampshire and painted until he was 91 years old. The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Cornish is a town located in Sullivan County, New Hampshire. ...


Technique

A fantastical Parrish illustration titled Cadmus Sowing the Dragon's Teeth, which appeared in Collier's in 1908 and A Wonder Book and Tanglewood Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
A fantastical Parrish illustration titled Cadmus Sowing the Dragon's Teeth, which appeared in Collier's in 1908 and A Wonder Book and Tanglewood Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Parrish's art features dazzlingly luminous colors; the color Parrish blue was named in acknowledgement. He achieved the results by means of a technique called glazing where bright layers of oil color separated by varnish are applied alternately over a base rendering (Parrish usually used a blue and white monochromatic underpainting). Cadmus Sowing the Dragons Teeth, 1908 Source: http://mcduffskeep. ... Cadmus Sowing the Dragons Teeth, 1908 Source: http://mcduffskeep. ... Cadmus Sowing the Dragons teeth, by Maxfield Parrish, 1908 Caddmus, or Kadmos (Greek: Κάδμος), in Greek mythology, was the son of the king of Phoenicia (Modern day Lebanon) and brother of Europa. ... Tanglewood Tales for Boys and Girls (1853) is a book by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... A glaze in painting refers to a layer of paint, thinned with a medium, so as to become somewhat transparent. ... View of Delft in oil paint, by Johannes Vermeer. ... This article is about varnish. ... In art, an underpainting is an initial layer of paint applied to a ground, which serves as a base for subsequent layers of paint. ...


He would build-up the depth in his paintings by photographing, enlarging, projecting and tracing half or full size objects or figures. Parrish then cut out and placed the images on his canvas, covering them with thick, but clear, layers of glaze. The result is realism of elegiac vivacity. His work achieves a unique three-dimensional appearance, which does not translate well to coffee table books.


Parrish devised many innovative techniques which no other major artist has successfully copied. A technique which Parrish used frequently involved creating a large piece of cloth with a geometric pattern in stark black-and-white (such as alternate black and white squares, or a regular pattern of black circles on a white background). A human model (often Parrish himself) would then pose for a photograph with this cloth draped naturally on his or her body in a manner which intentionally distorted the pattern. Parrish would develop a transparency of the photo, then project this onto the canvas of his current work in progress. Using black graphite on the white canvas, Parrish would painstakingly trace and fill in all the black portions of the projected photo. The result was astonishing: in the finished painting, a human figure would be seen wearing a distinctive geometrically-patterned cloth which draped realistically and accurately. For other uses, see Graphite (disambiguation). ...


Influence

Parrish's work defies categorization since he was part of no traditional movement or school, and developed an original and individual style. However, his work has been highly influential. For Wikipedias categorization projects, see Wikipedia:Categorization. ...


Among recent homages was the 1995 music video "You Are Not Alone", featuring Michael Jackson and his then wife Lisa Marie Presley, in which they appear semi-nude in emulation of Parrish's most famous work, Daybreak 1922. A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... Lisa Marie Presley (born February 1, 1968) is an American singer-songwriter. ... Daybreak by Maxfield Parrish Daybreak was the title of a Maxfield Parrish work of art painted in 1922. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Irish musician Enya has also been inspired by the works of Parrish. For example, the cover art of her 1995 album The Memory of Trees is based on his painting Black Isles [1]. She has also used his inspiration in a number of her music videos. For the letter Ñ pronounced Enye, see Ñ. Enya (born Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáin[4] on 17 May 1961, Gaoth Dobhair, County Donegal, Ireland), sometimes presented in the media as Enya Brennan, is an Irish singer and songwriter. ... The Memory of Trees is an album by Irish musician Enya, released in 1995 (see 1995 in music). ...


The Elton John album Caribou has a Maxfield Parrish background. Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Caribou is the eighth studio album by British singer/songwriter Elton John, released in 1974 (see 1974 in music). ...


The Moody Blues album The Present uses a variation of Daybreak for its cover. The Moody Blues are a British rock band originally from Birmingham, England. ... An album by the rock band The Moody Blues. ...


In 1984, Dali's Car, the British New Wave project of Peter Murphy and Mick Karn, use the Parrish painting The Waking Hour as the cover art and title of their only album. Dalis Car was formed in 1984 by Peter Murphy (vocals) and Mick Karn (bass, keyboards) shortly after they left their former bands ( Bauhaus and Japan, respectively). ... Peter John Murphy (born July 11, 1957, near Northampton, England) was the singer of the British rock group Bauhaus who later went on to release a number of solo albums, such as Deep and Love Hysteria. ... Mick Karn (born July 24, 1958) is an English musician, multi-instrumentalist and songwriter, most noted as the bassist for the 1980s art rock band Japan, from 1974 to 1982. ...


In 2001, Parrish was featured in a U.S. Post Office commemorative stamp series honoring American illustrators, including Rockwell Kent, Norman Rockwell, Frederic Remington, and 16 others. Rockwell Kent photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1933 Rockwell Kent (1882-1971), an American artist was born in Tarrytown, New York, was well educated in art. ... Norman Percevel Rockwell (February 3, 1894 – November 8, 1978) was a 20th century American painter. ... Frederic Remington (October 4, 1861 - December 26, 1909) was an American painter, illustrator, sculptor, and writer who specialized in depictions of the American West. ...


The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York along with many other museums has samples of his work. The San Diego Museum of Art toured a collection of his work in 2005. The National Museum of American Illustration claims the largest body of his oeuvre in any collection, with sixty-nine works by Parrish. The Metropolitan Museum of Art is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park, along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City. ... The San Diego Museum of Art opened as the Museum of Fine Arts on February 28, 1926. ... The National Museum of American Illustration (NMAI) is the first museum in the world to be devoted exclusively to American Illustration artwork. ...


Family

His second son Maxfield Parrish Jr. is known for his important contribution to the development of the first self-developing camera at Dr. Edwin H. Land's Polaroid Corporation. He also collaborated with his cousin, inventor John Haven Emerson, in an important patent lawsuit involving iron lungs. Edwin Herbert Land Edwin Herbert Land (May 12, 1909 â€“ March 1, 1991) was an American scientist and inventor. ... Polaroid Corporation was founded in 1937 by Edwin H. Land. ... // John Haven Jack Emerson (5 February 1906 – 4 February 1997) was an American inventor of biomedical devices, specializing in respiratory equipment. ... An Emerson iron lung. ...


Maxfield Parrish's third son, Stephen Parrish II, worked for Pan American as a mechanic. Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ...


His daughter Jean Parrish was a noted artist in her own right. She died in 2004.


With her death, there are no living children of Maxfield Parrish. There are seven grandchildren, six great grandchildren, and several great great grandchildren as of 2007.


Further reading

  • Coy Ludwig, Maxfield Parrish, New York: Watson Guptill, 1973
  • Laurence S Cutler; Judy Goffman Cutler; National Museum of American Illustration. Maxfield Parrish and the American Imagists. Edison, NJ: Wellfleet Press, 2004. ISBN 0785818170; ISBN 9780785818175 (Worldcat link: [2])

The National Museum of American Illustration (NMAI) is the first museum in the world to be devoted exclusively to American Illustration artwork. ...

External links

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Maxfield Parrish
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Maxfield Parrish
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Parrish House - Maxfield Parrish Biography (335 words)
Maxfield Parrish (1870 - 1966) was an American painter and illustrator.
Parrish was famous for the dazzlingly luminous colors that marked much of his artwork; the shade “Parrish blue” was coined in acknowledgement.
Maxfield Parrish was the most popular American artist from the turn of the century until Norman Rockwell succeeded him in the 1940’s.
Classic Tile Murals - Artist Maxfield Parrish (453 words)
Maxfield Parrish's first major commission, in 1894, was for the Old King Cole mural and other wall decorations at the Mask and Wig Club of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
Parrish's talent as an architect was lauded by numerous architectural digests and was the subject of many magazine articles.
Maxfield Parrish died at "The Oaks" in 1966 at the age of ninety-five.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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