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Encyclopedia > Max Valier
Valier's birthplace.
Valier's birthplace.
Valier in a rocket car, circa April 1930.

Max Valier (February 9, 1895 - May 17, 1930) was an South Tyrolean rocketry pioneer. He helped found the German Verein für Raumschiffahrt (VfR - "Spaceflight Society") that would bring together many of the minds that would later make spaceflight a reality in the twentieth century. Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1037 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1037 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Max_Valier_in_Rocket_Car_(1931). ... Image File history File links Max_Valier_in_Rocket_Car_(1931). ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Südtirol, Italian: Alto Adige; official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen - Südtirol, official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige, official in Ladin: Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan - Südtirol) is an autonomous province of Italy that belongs to the region of Trentino... A Redstone rocket, part of the Mercury program A rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving exhaust gas from within a rocket engine. ... Members of the VfR, circa 1930. ...


Valier was born in Bozen-Bolzano, South Tyrol and in 1913 enrolled to study Physics at the University of Innsbruck. He also trained as a machinist at a nearby factory. His studies were interrupted by the First World War, during which he served in the Austro-Hungarian army's air corps as an aerial observer. Coat of Arms Bolzano (Italian) / Bozen (German) is a city in the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region of Italy; its 2001 population was 94,989, and the area of the municipality is 52. ... South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Südtirol, Italian: Alto Adige; official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen - Südtirol, official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige, official in Ladin: Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan - Südtirol) is an autonomous province of Italy that belongs to the region of Trentino... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... A black hole concept drawing by NASA. Physics (from the Greek, φυσικός (physikos), natural, and φύσις (physis), nature) is the science of the natural world dealing with the fundamental constituents of the universe, the forces they exert on one another, and the results produced by these forces. ... The Leopold-Franzens-Universität, more often simply called University of Innsbruck, is one of the major Austrian universities, offering a broad range of subjects. ... A machinist is a tradesperson who specializes in making things out of metal or other solid material. ... Clockwise from top: Trenches in frontline, a British Mark I Tank crossing a trench, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the battle of the Dardanelles, a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks and a Sopwith Camel biplane. ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ...


After the war, Valier did not return to his studies, but became a freelance science writer. In 1923, he read Hermann Oberth's landmark book Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen (The Rocket into Interplanetary Space) and was inspired to write a similar work to explain Oberth's ideas in terms that could be understood by lay persons. With Oberth's assistance, he published Der Vorstoß in den Weltenraum (The Advance into Space) the following year. It was an outstanding success, selling six editions before 1930. He followed this with numerous articles on the subject of space travel, with titles like "Berlin to New York in One Hour" and "A Daring Trip to Mars". 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Oberth (in front) with fellow ABMA employees Hermann Julius Oberth (June 25, 1894 - December 28, 1989) was a German physicist and one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics. ...


In 1928 and 1929 he worked with Fritz von Opel on a number of rocket-powered cars and aircraft. For von Opel, these were publicity stunts for the Opel company, and for Valier, a way of further raising interest in rocketry amongst the general population. It was Valier who enlisted the assistance of Friedrich Sander in these endeavours as the supplier of solid-fuel rocket motors. By the late 1920s, the VfR was focussing its efforts on liquid-fuelled rockets. Their first successful test firing with liquid fuel (five minutes) occured in the Heylandt plant on January 25, 1930. On April 19, 1930, Valier performed the first test drive of a rocket car with liquid propulsion, the Valier-Heylandt Rak 7. 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... -1... Fritz von Opel Fritz Adam Hermann von Opel (May 4, 1889 - April 8, 1971) was the only child of Wilhelm von Opel, and a grandson of Adam Opel, founder of the Opel Company. ... Opel, originally and more correctly known as Adam Opel AG is an automobile maker in Germany. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Sander (died 1938) was a German pyrotechnics engineer and manufacturer remembered for his contributions to rocket-powered flight. ...


Valier was killed less than a month later when an alcohol-fuelled rocket exploded on his test bench in Berlin. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Max Valier is still recorded in South Tyrol, beeing one of the most famous inventors and scientist of this province, and a number of institutions bear his name: - The South-Tyrolean amateur-astronomers "Max Valier" [1] - The public observatory "Max Valier" in Gummer (BZ) [2] - The professional school Gewerbeoberschule „Max Valier“ [3]


References

  • Data pages, Historic American Engineering Record for the Marshall Space Flight Center, United States Library of Congress

  Results from FactBites:
 
Max Valier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (470 words)
Valier was born in Bozen (Bolzano), South Tyrol and in 1913 enrolled to study Physics at the University of Innsbruck.
Valier was killed less than a month later when an alcohol-fuelled rocket exploded on his test bench in Berlin.
Max Valier is still recorded in South Tyrol, being one of the most famous inventors and scientist of this province, and a number of institutions bear his name:
Valier (1159 words)
Max Valier was an early advocate of the use of rockets for spaceflight.
Valier met Hitler in Munich and was the first to acquaint the future German ruler with the potential of rocketry.
Valier was killed in the explosion of a Heylandt motor during a test run in Berlin on 17 May 1930 and buried with honours in Munich.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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