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Encyclopedia > Max Bruch
Max Bruch

Background information
Birth name Max Bruch
Born January 6, 1838
Origin Cologne, Germany Germany
Died October 20, 1920
Friedenau, Germany
Occupation(s) Composer
conductor

Max Christian Friedrich Bruch (Cologne, January 6, 1838Friedenau, October 20, 1920) was a German Romantic composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including a violin concerto which is a staple of the violin repertoire. Description: Max Bruch Size: 230 &times 314 pixels Source: What We Hear in Music, Anne S. Faulkner, Victor Talking Machine Co. ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Cologne (German:   ; Kölsch: Kölle /ˈkÅ“É«É™/) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... Friedenau is a district within the Borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg in Berlin, Germany. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A conductor conducting a band at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Cologne (German:   ; Kölsch: Kölle /ˈkÅ“É«É™/) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Friedenau is a district within the Borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg in Berlin, Germany. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A conductor conducting a band at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ...


Life

Bruch received his early musical training in Cologne under the composer and pianist Ferdinand Hiller, to whom Robert Schumann dedicated his piano concerto. Ignaz Moscheles recognized his aptitude. He had a long career as a teacher, conductor and composer, moving among musical posts in Germany: Mannheim (1862-1864), Koblenz (1865-1867), Sondershausen, (1867-1870) Berlin (1870-1872), Bonn, where he spent 1873 -1878 working privately. At the height of his reputation he spent three seasons as conductor of the Liverpool Philharmonic Society (1880-83). He taught composition at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (the Berlin Conservatoire) from 1890 until his retirement in 1910. Ferdinand Hiller (October 24, 1811 - May 12, 1885), was a German composer of the romantic era. ... Robert Schumann (June 8, 1810 – July 29, 1856) was a German composer and pianist. ... Ignaz Moscheles, from a portrait by his son Felix. ... Mannheim is a city in Germany. ... Map of the Koblenz region Koblenz (also Coblenz in pre-1926 German spellings; French Coblence) is a city situated on both banks of the Rhine at its confluence with the Moselle, where the Deutsches Eck (German Corner) and its monument ( Emperor William I on horseback) are situated. ... Sondershausen, a town of Germany, capital of the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, situated in a plain 37 miles by rail North of Erfurt. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society is one of the oldest concert-giving organisations in the world, and the second oldest in Britain. ...


His conservatively structured works in the German romantic musical tradition, placed him in the camp of Romantic classicism exemplified by Johannes Brahms, rather than the opposing "New Music" of Franz Liszt and Richard Wagner. In his time, he was known primarily as a choral composer. Johannes Brahms. ... Portrait of Franz Liszt, painted in 1839 by Henri Lehmann. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ...


His Concerto No. 1 in G minor, op. 26 (1868) for violin is one of the most popular Romantic violin concertos in the concert repertoire. The Bruch concerto uses several techniques from Felix Mendelssohn's violin concerto. These include the linking of movements, and a departure from the customary orchestral exposition and rigid form of earlier concertos. Bruch sold the rights to the G minor Concerto to the publisher August Cranz. The Concerto No. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin (occasionally, two or more violins) and instrumental ensemble, customarily orchestra. ... Felix Mendelssohn at the age of thirty Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... Felix Mendelssohns Violin Concerto in E Minor, Op. ...


Other pieces which are also well-known and widely played include the Scottish Fantasy for violin and orchestra which includes an arrangement of the tune "Hey Tuttie Tatie", best known for its use in the song Scots Wha Hae by Robert Burns. Bruch also wrote a popular work for cello and orchestra, his Op. 47, "Adagio on Hebrew Melodies for Violoncello and Orchestra" better known as his Kol Nidre. This piece was based on Hebrew melodies, principally the melody of the Kol Nidre prayer, which gives the piece its name. The success of this work has made many assume that Bruch himself had Jewish ancestry, but there is no evidence for this. The Scottish Fantasy in E-flat major, op. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Scots Wha Hae ( a calque on the English Scots who have *) is a patriotic song of Scotland which served for a long time as an unofficial National anthem of the country, but has lately been largely supplanted by Scotland the Brave and The Flower of Scotland. ... Robert Burns, preeminent Scottish poet Robert Burns (January 25, 1759 – July 21, 1796) was a poet and a lyricist. ... The violoncello, almost always abbreviated to cello, or cello (the c is pronounced as the ch in cheese), is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... Kol Nidre, Op. ... () Kol Nidre (ashk. ...


Other works include two other concerti for violin and orchestra (which Bruch himself regarded as at least as fine as the famous first); a concerto for double piano and orchestra; and another concerto for orchestra with the unusual combination of viola and clarinet. There are also 3 symphonies, which, while not displaying any originality in form or structure, nevertheless show Bruch at his best as a composer of fine melodic talent and a gift for orchestration, firmly in the tradition of the Romantics. He wrote a number of chamber works, including a set of eight pieces for piano, clarinet, and viola.


The violinists Joseph Joachim and Willy Hess advised Bruch on composing for strings, and Hess performed the premieres of a number of works by Bruch, including the Concert Piece for violin and orchestra, op. 84, which was composed for him. Joseph Joachim Joseph Joachim (June 28, 1831 – August 15, 1907) (pronounced YO-a-chim) was a violinist, conductor, composer and teacher. ... Willy Hess (July 14, 1859 – 1939) was a famous violin virtuoso and violin teacher. ...


External links

Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
Preceded by:
unknown
Principal Conductors, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
1880–1883
Succeeded by:
Charles Hallé

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra is one of the UKs longest established orchestras, and is based in Liverpool. ... Karl Hallé (April 11, 1819–October 25, 1895), who later changed his first name to Charles, was a pianist and conductor. ...

Further reading

  • Christopher Fifield., 1988. Max Bruch His Life And Works (George Braziller) ISBN 0-8076-1204-9

  Results from FactBites:
 
Max Bruch - LoveToKnow 1911 (310 words)
MAX BRUCH (1838-), German musical composer, son of a city official and grandson of the famous Evangelical cleric, Dr Christian Bruch, was born at Cologne on the 6th of January 1838.
On his father's death in 1861, Bruch began a tour of study at Berlin, Leipzig, Vienna, Munich, Dresden and Mannheim, where his opera Lorelei was brought out in 1863.
Max Bruch has written in almost every conceivable musical form, invariably with straightforward honest simplicity of design.
Max Bruch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (679 words)
Max Christian Friedrich Bruch (Cologne, January 6, 1838 Friedenau, October 20, 1920) was a German composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including a violin concerto which is a staple of the violin repertoire.
Bruch sold the rights to the G minor Concerto to the publisher August Cranz for a one-time payment and he never received another penny from its innumerable performances.
Bruch also wrote a popular work for cello and orchestra, his Op.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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