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Encyclopedia > Max (software)
Max

A set of Max/MSP patches written and used by Autechre
Genre music and multimedia developed

Max is a graphical development environment for music and multimedia developed and maintained by San Francisco-based software company Cycling '74. It has been used for over fifteen years by composers, performers, software designers, researchers and artists interested in creating interactive software. From Sean Booth of Autechre, originally published in Sound on Sound magazine. ... Autechre is an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An integrated development environment (IDE) (also known as an integrated design environment and integrated debugging environment) is computer software to help computer programmers develop software. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Interaction (disambiguation). ...


The Max program itself is highly modular, with most routines existing in the form of shared libraries. An API allows third-party development of new routines (called "external objects"). As a result, Max has a large userbase of programmers not affiliated with Cycling '74 who enhance the software with commercial and non-commercial extensions to the program. Because of its extensible design and graphical interface (which in a novel way represents the program structure and the GUI as presented to the user simultaneously), Max is widely regarded as the lingua franca for developing interactive music performance software. In computer science, a library is a collection of subprograms used to develop software. ... API redirects here. ... This article is about the extension mechanism. ... Extensibility is a system design principle where the current implementation takes into consideration future growth. ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... A computer program is a collection of instructions that describe a task, or set of tasks, to be carried out by a computer. ... GUI redirects here. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ...

Contents

History

Max was originally written by Miller Puckette as the Patcher editor for the Macintosh at IRCAM in the mid-1980s to give composers access to an authoring system for interactive computer music. It was first used in a piano and computer piece called Pluton (written by Philippe Manoury in 1988), synchronizing the computer to the piano and controlling a Sogitec 4X, which performed the audio processing.[1] Miller Smith Puckette is the associate director of the Center for Research in Computing and the Arts as well as a faculty member at the University of California, San Diego, where he has been since 1994. ... The first Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, upgraded to a 512K Fat Mac. The Macintosh or Mac, is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. ... The IRCAM, Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique, was founded in the 1970s by Pierre Boulez. ... Computer music is music generated with, or composed with the aid of, computers. ... Philippe Manoury (born June 19, 1952) is a French composer. ... The Sogitec 4X was a digital synthesizer/DSP developed by IRCAM in the 1980s. ...


In 1989, IRCAM developed and maintained a concurrent version of Max ported to the IRCAM Signal Processing Workstation for the NeXT (and later SGI and Linux), called Max/FTS (FTS standing for "Faster Than Sound", and being analogous to a forerunner to MSP enhanced by a hardware DSP board on the computer).[2][3] The IRCAM Signal Processing Workstation (ISPW) was a hardware DSP platform developed by IRCAM and the Ariel Corporation in the late 1980s. ... For other meanings, see Next. ... Silicon Graphics, Inc. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... The abbreviation DSP can refer to: // Digital signal processing, the study of signals in a digital representation and their processing methods Digital signal processor, a specialized microprocessor designed specifically for digital signal processing Dylan Server Pages, a web template engine using the Dylan language Delivery Service Partner, a type of...


In 1989, it was licensed by IRCAM to Opcode Systems, which sold a commercial version of the program in 1990 called Max/Opcode (developed and extended by David Zicarelli). Never a perfect fit for Opcode Systems, it was released several years later. The current commercial version of Max has since been distributed by Zicarelli's company, Cycling '74 (founded in 1997[4]), since 1999. Opcode Systems, Inc. ...


Puckette released an entirely re-designed Free Software program in 1996 called Pd (short for "Pure Data"), which has a number of fundamental differences from the IRCAM original, and remains an attractive substitute for those who don't want to spend hundreds of dollars on Max/MSP. Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with minimal restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... Pure Data with many patches open (netpd project) Pure Data (or Pd) is a graphical programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for the creation of interactive computer music and multimedia works. ...


Max has a number of extensions and incarnations; most notably, a set of audio extensions to the software appeared in 1997, ported from Pure Data. Called MSP (short for either Max Signal Processing or the initials of Miller S. Puckette, the author of both Max and Pd), this "add-on" package for Max allowed for the manipulation of digital audio signals in real-time, allowing users to create their own synthesizers and effects processors (Max had previously been designed to interface with hardware synthesizers, samplers, etc. as a "control" language using MIDI or some other protocol). Pure Data with many patches open (netpd project) Pure Data (or Pd) is a graphical programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for the creation of interactive computer music and multimedia works. ... This article is about audible acoustic waves. ... Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... For other senses of this word, see protocol. ...


In 1998, a direct descendant of Max/FTS was developed in Java (jMax) and released as open-source. jMax is a highly-modular visual programming environment for interactive real-time music. ... For other uses, see Open source (disambiguation). ...


1999 saw the release of nato.0+55, a suite of externals developed by Netochka Nezvanova that brought to Max extensive control of realtime video. Although nato became increasingly popular among multimedia artists, its development was dropped in 2001. NATO.0+55+3d is a set of QuickTime software externals for the Max suite, authored by the enigmatic Netochka Nezvanova. ... Cover art for krop3rom||a9ff, audio CD, 1997 This article is about the art persona. ...


In the meantime, Cycling '74 created their "official" implementation of video control. A major package for Max/MSP called Jitter was released in 2003, providing real-time video, 3-D, and matrix processing capability. In mathematics, a matrix (plural matrices) is a rectangular table of elements (or entries), which may be numbers or, more generally, any abstract quantities that can be added and multiplied. ...


In addition, a number of sibling and Max-like programs exist.


Native Instruments markets a similar software called Reaktor. Reaktor is generally considered easier to use and learn than Max, albeit less powerful. It has been suggested that Traktor DJ Studio be merged into this article or section. ... An example of a Reaktor 5 ensemble Structure Reaktor is a graphical modular software sound studio developed by Native Instruments. ...


Apple has a very similar program called Quartz Composer focused on graphical compositions and there is also a free (for non-commercial use) software developed by meso called vvvv focused on real time video synthesis. Apple Inc. ... Quartz Composer is a node based visual programming language provided as part of the Xcode development environment in Mac OS X v10. ... Look up meso-, meso in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... VVVV is a graphical programming language similar to Pure Data or Max but less focused on audio. ...


Max Mathews

Max is named for Max Mathews, and can be considered a descendant of MUSIC, though its graphical nature disguises that fact. Max Vernon Mathews was born in Columbus, Nebraska, on November 13, 1926. ... MUSIC-N refers to a family of computer music programs and programming languages descended from or influenced by MUSIC, a program written by Max Mathews in 1957 at Bell Labs, it is widely considered to be the first computer program for making music (in actuality, sound) on a digital computer...


A large number of people use Max, even if they aren't aware of it. Max documents (called patchers) can be bundled into standalone applications and distributed free or sold commercially. In addition, Max can be used to author audio plugin software for major audio production systems. For other uses, see Plug in. ...


With the increased integration of laptop computers into live music performance (in electronic music and elsewhere), Max/MSP and Max/Jitter have received quite a bit of attention as a development environment available to those serious about laptop music / laptop video performance. For the band, see Laptop (band). ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ...


Notable artists

Many other artists use Max/MSP/Jitter, but prefer not to mention it. For more on this subject, see this discussion on the Max/MSP mailing list. Autechre is an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... David Behrman (born 1937) is a USA composer and the producer of Columbia Records Music of Our Time series. ... Kevin Blechdom, born Kristin Erickson, is an experimental electronic musician from San Francisco, California. ... Kit Clayton is the recording name of Joshua Kit Clayton, a San Francisco-based musician and programmer. ... Daft Punk is a duo consisting of Paris musicians Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo (born February 8, 1974)[1] and Thomas Bangalter (born January 3, 1975). ... Roger Luke DuBois (born September 10, 1975 in Morristown, New Jersey) is an American composer, video artist, programmer, record producer and pedagogue based in New York City. ... Karlheinz Essl (born August 15, 1960 in Vienna) is an Austrian composer, performer and improviser. ... Christian Fennesz (born December 25, 1962) is an Austrian musician who uses white noise to create his electronic compositions. ... Georg Hajdu Georg Hajdu (born June 21, 1960 in Göttingen, Germany) is a German composer of Hungarian descent. ... Jonathan Harvey is a British playwright whose work has earned multiple awards. ... Leafcutter John is the recording name of John Burton, a UK-based musician and artist. ... Zbigniew Karkowski was born in 1958 in Krakow, Poland. ... Jamie Lidell. ... John Wiese is an American noise and experimental music artist. ... Philippe Manoury (born June 19, 1952) is a French composer. ... Menomena IPA: are an experimental rock band from Portland, Oregon, made up of Brent Knopf on guitar, keyboards, glockenspiel; Justin Harris on bass, guitar, baritone sax and alto sax; and Danny Seim on percussion. ... Mesías Maiguashca (born 24 December 1938 in Quito) is an Ecuadorian composer. ... // Merzbow (Japanese; メルツバウ) is the name used by Japanese musician Masami Akita (秋田昌美 Akita Masami) for most of his experimental noise records, and is considered by many to be the earliest project among others in what has become known as the Japanese noise scene. He has released many CDs, LPs and cassettes... Radiohead are an English alternative rock band from Oxfordshire. ... Monolake is an electronic music act based in Berlin. ... Nobukazu Takemura (竹村延和 Takemura Nobukazu) is a Japanese musician whose style has run from jazz to house to drum and bass to chamber music to electronic glitch within less than a decade. ... Girl Talk is the stage name of music producer and mashup DJ Gregg Gillis (born October 26, 1981). ... Pauline Oliveros (born 1932 in Houston, Texas) is an accordionist and composer who currently resides in Kingston, New York. ... Bob Ostertag (b. ... Kurt Ralske was the key member of late 80s New York indie poppers Ultra Vivid Scene, and has gone on to work with a number of different artists including Rasputina and Boo Trundle. ... Peter Rehberg (a. ... Jean-Claude Risset (March 13, 1938 in Le Puy, France) is a French composer of electronic music. ... Kaija Saariaho (born October 14, 1952) is a Finnish composer. ... Hrvåtski is an alias of musician Keith Fullerton Whitman. ... Pamela Z (Pam Brooks, born 1956) is an American composer, performer, and audio artist who works primarily with her voice and live electronic processing. ... Richard Devine is an Atlanta-based electronic musician. ...


See also

Software audio synthesis environments typically consist of an audio programming language (which may be graphical) and a user environment in which to design/run the language. ... Pure Data with many patches open (netpd project) Pure Data (or Pd) is a graphical programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for the creation of interactive computer music and multimedia works. ... Birmingham ElectroAcoustic Sound Theatre, or as it is more commonly known, BEAST, is a sound diffusion system specifically designed for the performance of electroacoustic music. ...

References

  1. ^ Explanatory notes: Pluton
  2. ^ A brief history of MAX (with a block diagram of variant history)
  3. ^ Max/MSP History and Background — Where did MaxMSP come from?
  4. ^ Cycling '74 About Us

External links

  • Home Page of Cycling '74
  • Dac~ - Max/MSP and Jitter Wiki
  • RTC-lib Software library for algorithmic composition in Max/MSP/Jitter
  • Pd Home Page
  • jMax project page on SourceForge
  • AE Max/MSP patches and Powmod patch library
  • Max Objects Database This site is designed to find objects from Max universe (Max/MSP, Jitter,...)
  • Studiotoolz! Max/MSP standalones/patches and other experimental audio applications for Mac OS X...
  • Lobjects, a set of external objects developed by Peter Elsea at
  • lloopp a ready to use modular and experimental software built in max/msp/jitter
  • Interchanzheblique an experimental modular synthesizer
SourceForge is a collaborative revision control and software development management system. ...

 
 

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