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Encyclopedia > Maurice Sarrail

Maurice-Paul-Emmanuel Sarrail (18561929) was a French general of the First World War. Sarrail endeared himself to the political elite of the Third Republic through his openly socialist views, all the more conspicuous in contrast to the Catholics, conservatives and monarchists who dominated the French Army in the years prior to the war. Historians hold this, as much as—if not more than—any natural aptitude, as the reason for his rise to high command.[1][2] 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The French Third Republic, (in French, La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) (1870/75-10 July 1940) was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Vichy Regime. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control. ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... Monarchism is the advocacy of the establishment, preservation, or restoration of a monarchy as a form of government in a nation. ... The French Army (Armée de Terre) is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces. ...


In 1914 he commanded the French Third Army in the Ardennes, but when mounting losses soured his early successes, Joseph Joffre, who personally disliked him, took the opportunity to dismiss him. The political uproar this caused on the Left led to him receiving command of the French Army of the Orient, which was despatched to Salonika in October 1915. In January 1916 he was granted command of all Allied forces in the Macedonian theatre. Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (January 12, 1852 - January 3, 1931) was a Catalan French general who became prominent in the battles of World War I. Joffre was born in Rivesaltes, Roussillon. ... The White Tower The Arch of Galerius Map showing the Thessaloníki prefecture Thessaloníki (Θεσσαλονίκη) is the second-largest city of Greece and is the principal city and the capital of the Greek region of Macedonia. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... European military alliances in 1914. ...


Here Sarrail demonstrated an alarming tendency toward interfering in politics, encouraging the Venizelist coup against King Constantine of Greece. His only major offensive ended in failure, and only his political contacts saved his command. In December 1917, however, the new French premier, Georges Clemenceau, relieved him of command, and he took no further part in the war. When his political allies returned to power in 1924 he was despatched to Syria as high commissioner. He was recalled a year later, however, after the Druze Revolt. Venizelism was one of the major political movements in Greece from the 1900s until the mid 1970s. ... Constantine I, King of the Hellenes (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος A, Βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων) (2 August 1868 - 11 January 1923) ruled Greece from 1913-1917 and from 1920-1922. ... Combatants Austria-Hungary German Empire Bulgaria(1915-1918) Serbia Greece(1916-1918) Montenegro France(1916-1918) United Kingdom(1916-1918) Italy(1916-1918) Commanders August von Mackensen Oskar Potiorek Nikola Zhekov Radomir Putnik Nicholas I Maurice Sarrail Adolphe Guillaumat Franchet dEsperey George Milne Panagiotis Danglis The Serbian Campaign was... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Georges Clemenceau Georges Clemenceau[1] (Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Vendée, 28 September 1841 – 24 November 1929) was a French statesman, physician and journalist. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... Druze star The Druze or Druz (also known as Druse; Arabic: derzī or durzī درزي, pl. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Haythornthwaite, pg. 345
  2. ^ Firstworldwar.com

References

Haythornthwaite, Philip J. (1994). The World War One Sourcebook. Arms and Armour Press, London. ISBN 1-85409-102-6


External links

  • Maurice Sarrail at Firstworldwar.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
First World War.com - Who's Who - Maurice Sarrail (268 words)
Having thus endeared himself to the political elite, this mandated that a senior command position be assigned to Sarrail by the then Commander in Chief of the French Army, Joseph Joffre, once war was declared in August 1914.
Indulging in political intrigue throughout, Sarrail's tenure as commander was brought to an abrupt - and surprisingly a politically inconsequential - end by Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau in December 1917.
Sarrail thereafter retired from public life, reappearing (briefly) as French High Commissioner in Syria, where he was most unsuccessful.
Maurice Sarrail (184 words)
Sarrail was also a committed socialist and his well-known political views made him popular with certain sections of the French public.
Sarrail was critical of the Joseph Joffre, his Commander-in-Chief, and as a result was removed from the leadership of the Third Army.
Sarrail, who had overall command of the Allied forces in the East he was instrumental in the overthrow of Constance I of Greece.
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