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Encyclopedia > Matthew M. Neely
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Matthew Neely
Matthew Neely

Matthew M. Neely (b. November 9, 1874, d. January 18, 1958) was a Democratic politician from West Virginia. He is the only West Virginian to serve in both houses of the United States Congress and as Governor. He is also the only person to have held both Senate seats from the state. File links The following pages link to this file: Matthew M. Neely Categories: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress images ... Jump to: navigation, search November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Democratic Party, founded in 1792, is the second-oldest political party in the world (after the Tories of the United Kingdom). ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin (D) Senators Robert Byrd (D) Jay Rockefeller (D) Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ...


He was born in a rural area in Doddridge County, West Virginia on November 9, 1874. He attended Salem College of West Virginia, now Salem International University but did not earn a degree. At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War he entered the United States Army as a private. Following the war, he earned a law degree from West Virginia University. Doddridge County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Jump to: navigation, search November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Salem International University is a small college in Salem, West Virginia. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, and resulted in the United States of America gaining control over the former colonies of Spain in the Caribbean and Pacific. ... US Army Seal HHC, US Army Distinctive Unit Insignia The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... A private is a military soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... West Virginia University WVU Mountaineer Mascot statue in front of the Mountainlair Student Union. ...


He entered the practice of law in Fairmont, West Virginia and was elected its mayor in 1908. He was elected as a Congressman to an unexpired term in 1913 and was re-elected through 1918. In the 1920 election, he was defeated, due to his association with the policies of Woodrow Wilson. Jump to: navigation, search Fairmont is a city located in Marion County, West Virginia, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 19,097. ... A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A Congressman or Congresswoman (generically, Congressperson) is a politician who is a member of a Congress. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Dr. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States (1913–1921). ...


He then ran for, and was elected to, the United States Senate in 1922. He was defeated for re-election in 1928. He then ran for the state's other Senate seat in 1930 and was elected. He was re-elected in 1936. In 1940 he ran for governor and resigned the remaining two years of his Senate term. Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He soon regretted his decision and strongly considered resigning to run for his old Senate seat in 1942. In later life he expressed strong regret for his term as governor. Upon the expiration of his term as governor in 1944, he ran for and was elected to his old House seat. He was, however defeated for re-election in 1946. Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


In 1948 he was again elected to the Senate, beginning his third non-consecutive term there. He continued to serve until his death in 1958. Jump to: navigation, search 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He was an ardent segregationist. He sought out the chairmanship of the U.S. Senate Committee on the District of Columbia, where he opposed any actions to change the racial status quo there, or to provide basic services to the residents of the District. Racial segregation is a kind of formalized or institutionalized discrimination on the basis of race, characterized by the races separation from each other. ... The United States Senate Committee on the District of Columbia was one of the first standing committees created in the Senate, in 1816. ...


Neely was known through his political career as a master orator. In his honor, Fairmont State College sponsors an oratory contest in his name every year. In 1989 and 1990 a young student named David Tucker became the only person to win this contest in two consecutive years.

Preceded by:
Howard Sutherland
Class 1 Senator from West Virginia
1923–1929
Succeeded by:
Henry D. Hatfield
Preceded by:
Guy D. Goff
Class 2 Senator from West Virginia
1931–1941
Succeeded by:
Joseph Rosier
Preceded by:
Homer A. Holt
Governor of West Virginia
1941–1945
Succeeded by:
Clarence W. Meadows
Preceded by:
William C. Revercomb
Class 2 Senator from West Virginia
1949–1958
Succeeded by:
John D. Hoblitzell, Jr.

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Matthew Mansfield Neely was born in a log cabin near Grove, Doddridge County.
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