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Encyclopedia > Matthew Hutton (Archbishop of York)

Matthew Hutton (15291606), archbishop of York, son of Matthew Hutton of Priest Hutton, in the parish of Warton, North Lancashire, was born in that parish in 1529. He became a sizar in Cambridge University in 1546. He was fellow of Trinity College, and graduated B.A. 1551–2, M.A. 1555, and B.D. 1562. In 1561 he was elected Margaret professor of divinity, and next year master of Pembroke Hall, and regius professor of divinity. In the same year he was collated prebendary of St. Paul's, London, and in 1563 instituted rector of Boxworth, Cambridgeshire (resigned in 1576). About the same time he obtained a canonry at Ely. In 1564 he distinguished himself by his ability in the theological disputations before Queen Elizabeth at Cambridge (cf. NICHOLS, Progresses of Eliz.), and his character was established as one of the ablest scholars and preachers in the university. He was created D.D. there in 1565, and later in the year was installed a canon of Westminster. In the succeeding year he was one of the Lent preachers at court and a preacher at St. Paul's Cross. After his appointment in April 1567 as dean of York he resigned his mastership at Pembroke, the regius professorship, and his canonries of Ely and Westminster. Subsequently he was collated to prebends at York and Southwell. He was suggested as fit to succeed Edmund Grindal in the see of London in 1570, but his election was opposed by Archbishop Parker. An interesting letter to Burghley, dated 6 October. 1573, is preserved at Hatfield, giving at length his opinions on prevailing differences in church government. He was suspected of leaning to the Puritans, and this led to a dispute with Archbishop Sandys, who in 1586 preferred a charge of thirteen articles against him. Hutton defended himself with spirit, and, though compelled to make submission, admitted nothing more than the use of violent and indiscreet expressions. Events April 22 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal, stipulating that the dividing line should lie 297. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... York is a city in Northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... Lancashire is a county in North West England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Events April 22 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal, stipulating that the dividing line should lie 297. ... In the 19th century, a sizar was one of a body of students in the universities of Cambridge and Dublin, who, having passed a certain examination, are exempted from paying college fees and charges. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... // Events Spanish conquest of Yucatan Peace between England and France Foundation of Trinity College, Cambridge by Henry VIII of England Katharina von Bora flees to Magdeburg Science Architecture Michelangelo Buonarroti is made chief architect of St. ... Full name The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity Motto Virtus vera nobilitas Virtue is true Nobility Named after The Holy Trinity Previous names Kings Hall and Michaelhouse (until merged in 1546) Established 1546 Sister College(s) Christ Church Master The Lord Rees of Ludlow Location Trinity Street... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... This article refers to the Canadian electoral district, for other uses see St. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Events May 5 - Peace of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after Monsieur, the Duc dAnjou, brother of the King, who negotiated it). ... Events March 27 — Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death June 22 — Fort Caroline, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World September 10 — The Battle of Kawanakajima Ottoman Turks invade Malta Modern pencil becomes common in England Conquistadors crossed the Pacific Spanish founded a colony... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... In Western Christianity, Lent is the period from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday, the day before Easter Sunday. ... Ely (pronounced , rhyming with freely) is a cathedral city in the East Cambridgeshire district of Cambridgeshire in the East of England and 64 miles (103 km) east north-east of Charing Cross in London. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... York is a city in Northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... Southwell Minster Southwell Minster is a minster and cathedral, in the British town of Southwell in Nottinghamshire, six miles away from Newark. ... Edmund Grindal (c. ... See: Signing Exact English Visual perception Episcopal see Holy See This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis May 20 - Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. ... Matthew Parker Matthew Parker (August 6, 1504 - May 17, 1575) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1559. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... Events January - articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. ... The great hall. ... The Puritans were originally members of a group of English Protestants seeking purity — further reforms from the established church — during the Protestant Reformation, though many later sought separation from the church. ... 1586 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ...

On 9 June 1589 he was elected through Burghley's influence to the bishopric of Durham. On 11 December 1594, and in February 1594–5, he wrote beautiful and pathetic appeals to Burghley on behalf of Lady Margaret Neville, who had been condemned on account of the rebellion of her father, Charles, sixth earl of Westmoreland, and he was not only successful in his application for mercy, but gained a pension for the lady. June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... Statistics Population: 42,939 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NZ274424 Administration District: City of Durham Shire county: Durham Region: North East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Durham Historic county: Durham Services Police force: County Durham Ambulance service: North East Post office and telephone... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... Westmorland is one of the 39 traditional counties of England. ...

On 14 February. 1595–6 he was elected archbishop of York. The grammar school and almshouses at Warton were shortly afterwards founded by him. In Harington's ‘Nugæ Antiquæ,’ ii. 248, there is an interesting account of a very bold sermon which he preached before Queen Elizabeth at Whitehall. He acted as lord president of the north from 1595 to 1600, and in 1598 he had in his custody Sir Robert Ker [q.v.] of Cessford, one of the wardens of the Scottish Marches. His courtesy to his prisoner was afterwards acknowledged by King James and by Sir Robert himself. One of his last public acts was to write a letter to Robert Cecil, Lord Cranborne, counselling a relaxation in the prosecution of the puritans. He died at Bishopthorpe on 16 January 1605–6, and was buried in York Minster. His monument is in the south aisle of the choir (cf. WOOD, Fasti Oxon., ed. Bliss, i. 197). February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... James VI of Scotland/James I of England and Ireland (Charles James Stuart) (June 19, 1566 – March 27, 1625) was King of Scots, King of England, and King of Ireland and was the first to style himself King of Great Britain. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...

He married in 1565 Catherine Fulmetby, or Fulmesby, who died soon after. In 1567 he married Beatrice, daughter of Sir Thomas Fincham. She died on 5 May 1582, and on 20 November following he married Frances, widow of Martin Bowes. He left several children by the second marriage. Of these, Timothy Hutton, the eldest son, born 1569, was knighted in 1605, the year in which he was high sheriff of Yorkshire, and died in 1629; the second son was Sir Thomas Hutton of Popleton (d 1620). The archbishop was blamed by some for granting leases of church lands to his children. He was an ancestor of (16931758) [q.v.] , Archbishop of Canterbury. // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... Beatrice (pronounced in Italian bay-a-tree-chay, in English bee-a-tris) is a name derived from the Latin name Beatrix. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... Events January 15 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland February 24 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Timothy Hutton (born August 16, 1960) is an American actor. ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Events September 6 - English emigrants on the Mayflower depart from Plymouth, England for the future New England and arrive at the end of the year. ... Events January 11 - Eruption of Mt. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Arms of the see of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior clergyman of the established Church of England and symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ...

An original portrait of Hutton is at Marske, North Yorkshire, in the possession of descendants. A second portrait was twice engraved, first by Perry, and secondly for Hutchinson's ‘Durham.’ The ‘Hutton Correspondence,’ published by the Surtees Society, contains many of the archbishop's letters.


He is author of:

  • A Sermon preached at York before … Henry, Earle of Huntington, London, 1579, 12mo.
  • Brevis et Dilucida Explicatio veræ, certæ, et consolationis plenæ doctrinæ de Electione, Prædestinatione ac Reprobatione, Harderwijk, 1613, 8vo.


  • Cooper's Athenæ Cantabr. ii. 421, and authorities there cited
  • Hutton Correspondence, ed. by James Raine, 1843, for Surtees Society *Calend. of MSS. preserved at Hatfield (Hist. MSS. Com.), ii. 60
  • Fuller's Worthies, "Lancashire"
  • British Museum Catalogue
  • (Taken from Dictionary of National Biography, 1891)
Religious Posts
Preceded by:
Richard Barnes
Bishop of Durham
Succeeded by:
Tobias Matthew
Preceded by:
John Piers
Archbishop of York
Succeeded by:
Tobias Matthew



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