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Encyclopedia > Matthäus Merian


Part of a copper engraving done by Matthäus Merian, showing Frankfurt in 1612. ...

Frankfurt ca. 1612 - 1619
Copperplate engraving done 1628 by Matthäus Merian d.Ä. (Detail)

Matthäus Merian der Ältere ("the Elder", or "Sr.") (22 September 1593 - 19 June 1650) was a notable Swiss engraver. Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years). ... Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... Events June 23 - Claimant King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland arrives in Scotland, the only of the three Kingdoms that has accepted him as ruler. ... The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ...


Born in Basel, he learned the art of copperplate engraving in Zurich and subsequently worked and studied in Strassburg, Nancy, and Paris, before returning to Basel in 1615. The following year he moved to Frankfurt, Germany where he worked for the publisher Johann Theodor de Bry, whose daughter Maria Magdalena he married in 1617. In 1620 they moved back to Basel, only to return three years later to Frankfurt, where Merian took over the publishing house of his father-in-law after de Bry's death in 1623. 1626 he became a citizen of Frankfurt and could henceforth work as an independent publisher. Matthäus Merian died after several years of illness in 1650 in Bad Schwalbach near Wiesbaden. Basel (English traditionally: Basle [ba:l], German: Basel [ba:z@l], French Bâle [ba:l], Italian Basilea [bazilE:a]) is Switzerlands third most populous city (188,000 inhabitants in the canton of Basel-City as of 2004; the 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate... General view showing Grossmünster church. ... Strasbourg townscape Strasbourg (German Straßburg, road to castle, Alsatian Strossburi) is the capital and principal city of the Alsace région of northeastern France. ... This article is about the city in France named Nancy. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... Events September 6 - English emigrants on the Mayflower depart from Plymouth, England for the future New England and arrive at the end of the year. ... Basel (English traditionally: Basle [ba:l], German: Basel [ba:z@l], French Bâle [ba:l], Italian Basilea [bazilE:a]) is Switzerlands third most populous city (188,000 inhabitants in the canton of Basel-City as of 2004; the 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci , chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... Events June 23 - Claimant King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland arrives in Scotland, the only of the three Kingdoms that has accepted him as ruler. ... Wiesbaden is a city in central Germany. ...


He spent most of his working life in Frankfurt. Already early in his life he produced detailed town plans in his unique style, e.g. the plan of Basel from 1615. With Martin Zeiler (1589 - 1661), a German geographer, and later (circa 1640) with his own son, Matthäus Merian (der Jüngere, i.e. "the Younger" or "Jr.") (1621 - 1687), he produced a series of Topographia consisting of 21 volumes, collectively known as the Topographia Germaniae. It includes a very large number of town plans and views as well as maps of most countries and a World Map—a very popular work issued in many editions. He also took over and completed the later parts and editions of the Grand Voyages and Petits Voyages originally started by de Bry in 1590. Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ...


The work of Merian served as a direct inspiration for the Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna by Erik Dahlberg. The German travel magazine "Merian" is named after Matthäus Merian. The title page Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna, or Ancient and Modern Sweden, is the title of a large work of engravings, collected by Erik Dahlberg in the middle of the 17th century. ... Erik Dahlberg in Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna Count Erik Dahlberg, (1625-1703), Swedish soldier and engineer, was born at Stockholm. ... Merian is a German travel magazine. ...


 
 

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