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Encyclopedia > Mattapan

Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. Originally part of neighboring Dorchester, Mattapan was annexed to Boston in 1870. Like other neighborhoods of the time, Mattapan developed, residentially and commercially, as the railroads and streetcars made downtown Boston increasingly more accessible. Predominately residential, Mattapan is a mix of public housing, small apartment buildings, single homes and two and three family houses. Blue Hill Avenue and Mattapan Square, where Blue Hill Avenue, River Street, and Cummins Highway meet, is the commercial heart of the neighborhood, home to banks, law offices, restaurants, and retail shops. Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... Dorchester is the largest neighborhood within the City of Boston located within Suffolk County, Massachusetts. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Mattapan also has a significant amount of open space, including Franklin Park, the Franklin Park Zoo, and the historic Forest Hills Cemetery. Franklin Park may refer to: Franklin Park, Illinois Franklin Park, Florida Franklin Park, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Franklin Park Zoo, located in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the oldest zoos in the U.S. It is operated by Zoo New England, which also operates the Stone Zoo in Stoneham, Massachusetts. ... The Forest Hills Cemetery (1848) in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (formerly in the city of Roxbury, now in the city of Boston) is an early suburban garden cemetery inspired by the Mount Auburn Cemetery. ...


Demographic change

In the 1960s Mattapan went through a major change in the makeup of its population. It changed from a predominately white Jewish neighborhood to one that was mostly African American. According to Levine and Harmon in their book Death of an American Jewish Community, by redlining the area, blockbusting, and creating fear in neighborhood residents to bring about panic selling and white flight, the banking consortium Boston Banks Urban Renewal Group (B-BURG) deliberately drove the Jewish community out of Mattapan. This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1960s. ... A Jewish American (also commonly American Jew) is an American (a citizen of the United States) of Jewish descent who maintains a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practicing Judaism or through cultural and historical affiliation. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... Redlining also refers to operating an engine in the redline. ... White flight is a colloquial term for the demographic trend of upper and middle class Americans (predominantly white) moving away from (predominantly non-white) inner cities, finding new homes in nearby suburbs or even moving to new locales entirely, e. ...


Again, according to Levine and Harmon, the reason behind this orchestrated attack on the community was to lower market values to buy property, sell the housing with federally guaranteed loans at inflated prices to people who couldn't afford it, and to get the white community to buy property owned by the banks in the suburbs.


Today Mattapan is seeing another major population shift, albeit a natural turn over of housing, as a large number Haitian immigrants move in. Mattapan now has the largest Haitian community in Massachusetts.


Transportation

The Mattapan-Ashmont trolley line of the MBTA serves Mattapan. The Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line (or Mattapan-Ashmont Line, or just the M Line) is considered part of the MBTAs Red Line, even though it uses different equipment (trolleys) and passengers have to change at Ashmont. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ...


Links

  • Heart of the City, Mattapan (http://ksgaccman.harvard.edu/hotc/displayplace.asp?id=11452), The Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University article on Mattapan
  • Why the Jews Left Boston (http://partners.nytimes.com/books/first/g/gamm-exodus.html), New York Times book review of Why the Jews Left Boston and the Catholics Stayed.
  • Why the Jews Left Boston (http://www.boston.com/globe/search/stories/books/gerald_gamm.htm), Boston Globe book review of Why the Jews Left Boston and the Catholics Stayed.
  • Death of an American Jewish Community (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0029138663/qid=1111610359/sr=8-1/ref=sr_8_xs_ap_i1_xgl14/002-5205044-6019254?v=glance&s=books&n=507846). Amazon reviews
  • First Year Urban Project (http://hcs.harvard.edu/~fup/password/otherplaces.html), A Harvard University urban program.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Roxbury, Mattapan rap police in survey - The Boston Globe (739 words)
Roxbury and Mattapan residents are the city's harshest critics of the Boston Police Department, according to a police survey that showed wide disparities in neighborhood perception of law enforcement.
Mattapan and Roxbury residents also were much less likely than other neighborhoods to say officers are good or excellent at being fair and respectful to all people or that emergency response times are good or excellent.
City Councilor Charles C. Yancey, whose district includes Mattapan, said the high percentage of racial profiling complaints in his neighborhood may stem not only from incidents occurring near home, but from local minorities who had a negative experience with a police officer outside their own neighborhoods, perhaps in one that is predominantly white.
Boston.com / Real estate (752 words)
Reports of violent crime used to be the routine in Mattapan, a neighborhood of Boston.
In fact, crime in Mattapan declined by 9 percent from 1998 to 1999 - the second biggest drop in crime citywide, according to the Boston Police Department.
"Mattapan is a gateway into the city from Milton and deserves attention because the neighborhood is crucial to the vibrancy and the history of the city," Richie said.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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