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Encyclopedia > Matsya
Incarnation of Vishnu as a Fish, from a devotional text.
Incarnation of Vishnu as a Fish, from a devotional text.

Matsya (Fish in Sanskrit) was the first Avatara of Vishnu. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (700x977, 218 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (700x977, 218 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Sanskrit language ( , ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 22 official languages of India. ... See Avatar (disambiguation) for other meanings. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari , with honorific Shri Vishnu; , ), is a form of God, in Hinduism. ...


According to legend, the cheif advisor or mantri of the king of pre-ancient Dravida, Satyavata who later becomes known as Manu was washing his hands in a river when a little fish swam into his hands and begged him to save it. He put it in a jar, which it soon outgrew; he successively moved it to a tank, a river and then the ocean. The fish then warned him that a Great Flood would occur in a week that would destroy all life. Manu therefore built a boat which the fish towed to a mountaintop when the flood came, and thus he survived along with some "seeds of life" to re-establish life on earth. Dravida is a term that represented various identities throughout the history of India. ... In Hindu mythology, Manu is a title accorded the progenitor of humankind, first king to rule this earth, the Indian Noah who saves mankind from flood from the universal flood. ... The Deluge by Gustave Doré. The story of a Great Flood sent by God or the gods to destroy civilization as an act of divine retribution is a widespread theme in myths. ... Manu has several meanings: *Manu in Indo-European mythology was the first man, hero and first Holy King to rule this earth, see Manu (Hinduism), Germanic Mannus, Mannaz. ...


The Bhagavata Purana narrates the following tale about Vishnu's Matsya incarnation (avatar): The Bhagavata Purana (sometimes rendered as Bhagavatha Purana), also known as the Srimad Bhagavatam, written c. ... Look up avatar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Long ago, when life first appeared on the earth, a terrible demon terrorized the earth. He prevented sages from performing their rituals and stole the Holy Vedas, taking refuge in a conch shell in the depths of the ocean. Brahma, the creator of the world approached Vishnu for help and the latter immediately assumed the form of a fish and plunged into the ocean. He killed the demon by ripping open his stomach and retrieved the Vedas. Four forms emerged from the demon's stomach representing the four Vedas: Rig, Sam, Atharva, and Yajus. The Vedas (Sanskrit वेद) are an extremely large series of writings originating in Ancient India. ... Brahma (written Brahmā in IAST) (Devanagari ब्रह्मा, pronounced as ) is the Hindu God of Creation, and one of the Hindu Trinity - Trimurti, the others being Vishnu and Shiva. ... Look up Rig in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In Norse mythology, see Ríg. ... Look up Sam, SAM in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Atharvaveda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेद, , a tatpurusha compound of , a type of priest, and meaning knowledge) is a sacred text of Hinduism, and one of the four Vedas, often called the fourth Veda. According to tradition, the Atharvaveda was mainly composed by two groups of rishis known as the Bhrigus and the... The Yajurveda (Sanskrit , a tatpurusha compound of sacrifice + veda knowledge) is one of the four Hindu Vedas. ...


Matsya is generally represented as a four-armed figure with the upper torso of a man and the lower of a fish.


See also

The Deluge by Gustave Doré. The story of a Great Flood sent by God or the gods to destroy civilization as an act of divine retribution is a widespread theme in myths. ... A painting by the American Edward Hicks (1780–1849), showing the animals boarding Noahs Ark two by two. ...

References

  • Matsya, the Fish Incarnation of Vishnu


Hinduism | Dashavatara of Vishnu
Matsya | Kurma | Varaha | Narasimha | Vamana | Parashurama | Rama | Krishna | Balarama | Buddha | Kalki


Hinduism (Sanskrit: , IAST: ), also known as , (IAST: ) and , (IAST: ) is a set of religious traditions that originated mainly in the Indian subcontinent. ... Look up avatar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari , with honorific Shri Vishnu; , ), is a form of God, in Hinduism. ... Image File history File links HinduSwastika. ... A carving of the Kurma avatar on a pillar at the Vittala Temple, Hampi, India Kurma is also an alternative transliteration of korma. ... Varaha is the third avatar of Vishnu, a boar sent to defeat Hiranyaksha, a horrible demon who had taken the Earth (prthivi) and carried it to the bottom of the ocean. ... A monolithic statue of Narasimha at Vijayanagara. ... In Hinduism, Vamana is the fifth avatar of Vishnu, a dwarf. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Bhargava Rama and Parshuram (Discuss) Parashurama Bhargava or Parasurama (Axe-wielding Rama), according to Hindu mythology is the Sixth avatara of Vishnu, belongs to the Treta yuga, and is the son of Jamadagni. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, IAST ) is according to various Hindu traditions the eighth or the ninth avatar of Vishnu. ... Balarama (left) with his brother Krishna Krishna-Balarama Mandir, Vrindavan, India // Introduction In mainstream Hindu tradition, Balarama (phonetically Balarāma - his other names include Baladeva, Balabhadra and Halayudha) is the name of the elder brother of Sri Krishna. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Hinduism | Hindu mythology | Itihasa
Male Deities: Swaminarayan | Shiva | Brahma | Vishnu | Rama | Krishna | Ganesha | Murukan | Hanuman | Lakshman | Indra | Surya | more...
Female Deities: Gayatri | Saraswati | Lakshmi | Parvati | Durga | Jagaddhatri | Shakti | Kali | Sati | Sita | Vaishno Devi | Radha | more...
Texts: Vedas | Upanishads | Puranas | Shikshapatri | Vachanamrut | | Ramayana | Mahabharata
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Matsya (109 words)
Before the latest creation of the present universe, the four Vedas (the holy books delivered from the mouth of the Supreme-God) remained drowned in the waters.
Vishnu was therefore appointed to bring up the Vedas from the deep.
He took the form of a fish (matsya), descended into the waters and brought up these sacred books.
Indian Mythology - Hindu Mythology Articles, Facts @ Indian Divinity.com >> MATSYA AVATAR (395 words)
The same story is found in the Mahabharata where the fish is described as having a horn.
In the Bhagvada-Purana the story is further elaborated by the addition of a fight between Matsya and the demon Hayagriva, who had stolen the Vedas when Brahma was asleep.
As the PRALAYA (Brahma's night - when the Universe will be reabsorbed in his divine sleep) was fast approaching it was necessary to collect all the plants, seeds, herbs, and animals so that they would continue to exist in the new creation.
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