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Encyclopedia > Matra Rancho
Matra Rancho
1977 Matra-Simca Rancho
Also called: Matra-Simca Rancho
Talbot Matra Ranch
Manufacturer: Matra
Production: 1977–1984
Class: Leisure activity vehicle
Body style: 3-door estate
Layout: FF layout
Engine: 1.4 L Type 315 ohv I4
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Related: Simca 1100

The Matra Rancho is a leisure activity vehicle created by the French engineering group Matra in cooperation with the automaker Simca to capitalize on the off-road trend started by the Range Rover, but provide the "off-road look" at a lower price. The Rancho was presented in 1977 and became a popular model, but this did not alleviate more general problems Chrysler (Simca's parent company) was having at that time. Chrysler finally sold its European arm to PSA in 1978, which decided to rebrand all former Chrysler models to Talbots starting 1979. Thus, the former "Matra-Simca Rancho" became the "Talbot Matra Rancho". Production of the Rancho continued until 1984 (although it remained on sale up to January 1985) and totalled 57,792 cars.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (896x592, 138 KB) Summary Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Automakers or automobile manufacturers are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... Mécanique Avion TRAction or Matra is a French company covering a wide range of activities mainly related to aeronautics and weaponry which today operates as the Lagardère Group. ... Car classification is a somewhat subjective subject, as many vehicles fall between classes or even outside all of them. ... A leisure activity vehicle is a small van, generally related to a supermini, with a second or even a third seat row, and a large, tall boot. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Simca Type 315, commonly known as the Simca 1100 engine, was a four-cylinder OHV engine developed by Simca for use in its superminis and economy cars. ... In automotive engineering, an overhead valve internal combustion engine is one in which the entry and exit valves and ports are contained in the cylinder head. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... Manual gearbox Gearbox redirects here. ... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... The Simca 1100 was an automobile built by Chrysler Europes division Simca. ... A leisure activity vehicle is a small van, generally related to a supermini, with a second or even a third seat row, and a large, tall boot. ... Mécanique Avion TRAction or Matra is a French company covering a wide range of activities mainly related to aeronautics and weaponry which today operates as the Lagardère Group. ... Simca Rallye 2 Simca is a now-defunct French automobile manufacturer, which also produced cars in Brazil and Spain in the 1960s. ... First-generation Range Rover The Range Rover is the top luxury SUV model of Land Rover. ... The Chrysler Corporation is a United States-based automobile manufacturer, since 1998 merged with Daimler_Benz into DaimlerChrysler. ... PSA Peugeot Citroën (PSA) is a vehicle company that owns the marques Peugeot and Citroën. ... Talbot is an automobile brand, whose history is one of the industrys most complex. ...


The Rancho was based on the pick-up version of Simca's popular supermini, the Simca 1100, using its front body part and stretched chassis. The rest of the body was made by Matra from fibreglass and polyester, including the mouldings adorning the body, which made it look more "sturdy". The ground clearance was also increased. Unlike most off-roaders, however, it was not fitted with all-wheel drive, retaining the 1100's front-wheel drive layout. Other elements retained from the 1100 included the dashboard and front seats (identical with the ones found in the Simca 1100 GLS). The Rancho was powered by the 1442 cc, 80 bhp version of the Simca Type 315 straight-4 engine.[1] Pickup truck with extended cabin and homebuilt lumber rack. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... The Simca 1100 was an automobile built by Chrysler Europes division Simca. ... A chassis (plural: chassis) consists of a framework which supports an inanimate object, analogous to an animals skeleton; for example in the construction of an automobile or of a firearm. ... There is a disputed proposal to merge this article with glass-reinforced plastic. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Ride height (ground clearance or simply clearance) is the amount of space between the base of an automobile tyre and the underside of the chassis; or, more properly, to the shortest distance between a flat, level surface, and any part of a vehicle other than those parts designed to contact... A sport utility vehicle (SUV) or off-roader is a vehicle that combines the load-hauling and passenger-carrying capacity of a large station wagon or minivan with features designed for off-road driving. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... BHP may refer to: Broken Hill Proprietary Company BHP Billiton BHP Steel Brake horsepower This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ...


During its market career, the Rancho was offered in several versions. Apart from the basic Rancho, there was the Grand Raid, fitted with such "off-road" extras as an electric winch on the front bumper and the spare wheel mounted on the roof. The Rancho X was the upscale model, with such standard extras as alloy wheels or metallic paint. The Decouvrable, whose rear cabin consisted of an open frame with roll-down fabric covers, could serve as an "open" car during good weather. Finally, the Rancho AS was the commercial version, with no rear seats (and therefore exempt from the French tax on passenger cars).[1] Modern sailing boat winch A winch is a machine that is used to wind up a rope. ...


The Rancho can be also be thought of as the spiritual predecessor to the Renault Espace - the world's first MPV, the design of which Matra offered to PSA/Chrysler Europe who turned it down before offering it to Renault, who released the car in 1984. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault Espace The Renault Espace is a large MPV originally designed by Chrysler UK in Coventry, in collaboration with Matra of France. ... MPV is short for Multi Purpose Vehicle. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c Talbot Matra Rancho. Simca Talbot Information Centre – Simca Club UK. Retrieved on 2006-08-23.

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External links

  • Matra-Simca Rancho at matrasport.dk
  • The Matra Rancho: Chrysler Europe’s Car-Based SUV at allpar.com

 
 

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