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Encyclopedia > Matilda of Flanders
Matilda of Flanders
Queen consort of the English; Duchess of Normandy (more...)
Consort 25 December 10662 November 1083
Consort to William I the Conqueror
Issue
Robert III Curthose
William II Rufus
Adela, Countess of Blois
Henry I Beauclerc
among others...
Royal house House of Normandy
Father Baldwin V, Count of Flanders
Mother Adela Capet
Born c. 1031
Died 2 November 1083 (aged c. 51)
Burial St. Stephen's, Caen, Normandy

Matilda of Flanders (c. 10312 November 1083) was Queen consort of the Kingdom of England and the wife of William I the Conqueror. Anne of Denmark, wife of James I of England, was the first Queen consort of both England and Scotland Prince Albert was the only male consort to be awarded the title of Prince Consort, compared to the usual custom of raising them to the peerage Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... Bold textInsert non-formatted text here This statue of Rollo the Viking (founder of the fiefdom of Normandy) stands in Falaise, Calvados, birthplace of his descendant William I the Conqueror (the Duke of Normandy who became King of England). ... The precise style of British Sovereigns has varied over the years. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned September 20 - Battle of Fulford September 25 - Battle of Stamford Bridge September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... William I of England (c. ... Robert III (called Curthose for his short squat appearance) (c. ... William II (c. ... Adela of Blois (c. ... Henry I (circa 1068 – 1 December 1135) was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and the first born in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. ... A Royal House or Dynasty is a sort of family name used by royalty. ... Norman conquests in red. ... Baldwin V of Flanders (died September 1, 1067) was Count of Flanders from 1036 until his death. ... Adela Capet, Adèle of France or Adela of Flanders, known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines; (born in 1009 or 1014 – died at Messines 8 January 1079) was the second daughter of Robert II (the Pious), and Constance of Arles. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... Caen (pronounced /kɑ̃/) is a commune of northwestern France. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right)1 Capital Winchester, then London from 11th century. ... William I of England (c. ...


She was the daughter of count Baldwin V of Flanders, and Adèle (1000-1078/9), daughter of Robert II of France. Baldwin V of Flanders (died September 1, 1067) was Count of Flanders from 1036 until his death. ... Adela Capet, Adèle of France or Adela of Flanders, known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines; (born in 1009 or 1014 – died at Messines 8 January 1079) was the second daughter of Robert II (the Pious), and Constance of Arles. ... Robert II the Pious (French: Robert II le Pieux) (March 27, 972 – July 20, 1031) was King of France from 996 to 1031. ...


Accustomed to speaking her mind and getting her way, the 4'2"-tall (Britain's smallest queen[citation needed]) Matilda (or "Maud") told the representative of William, Duke of Normandy (later king of England as William the Conqueror), who had come asking for her hand, that she was far too high-born (being descended from King Alfred the Great of England) to consider marrying a bastard. When that was repeated to him, William, all of 5'10", rode from Normandy to Bruges, found Matilda on her way to church, dragged her off her horse (some said by her long braids), threw her down in the street in front of her flabbergasted attendants, and then rode off. Another version states that William rode to Matilda's father's house in Lille, threw her to the ground in her room (again, by the braids), and hit her (or violently shook her) before leaving. Naturally Baldwin took offense to this but before they drew swords, Matilda settled the matter. [1] Regardless of the story, she decided to marry him, and even a papal ban (on the grounds of consanguinity) did not dissuade her. They were married in 1053. William I of England (c. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen (King) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate... Alfred (also Ælfred from the Old English: ÆlfrÄ“d) (c. ... Geography Country Belgium Region Flemish Region Community Flemish Community Province West Flanders Arrondissement Bruges Coordinates Area 138. ... Consanguinity, literally meaning common blood, describes how close a person is related to another in the sense of a family. ... Events June 18 - Battle of Civitate - 3000 horsemen of Norman Count Humphrey rout the troops of Pope Leo IX Good harvests in Europe Malcolm Canmore invades Scotland. ...


There were rumours that Matilda had been in love with the English ambassador to Flanders, a Saxon so pale he was nearly an albino, named Brihtric (but nicknamed "Snow"), who was already married. Whatever the truth of the matter, years later when she was acting as Regent for William in England, she used her authority to confiscate Brihtric's lands (without even any formal charges, much less a trial) and throw him into prison, where he died under suspicious circumstances consistent with poisoning. Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; generally called the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; the constituent governing institution... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ...


When William was preparing to invade England, Matilda outfitted a ship, the Mora, out of her own money and gave it to him. For many years it was thought that she had something to do with creating the Bayeux Tapestry, but historians no longer believe that; it seems to have been commissioned by William's half-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, and made by Saxons in Kent. The Bayeux Tapestry (French: Tapisserie de Bayeux) is a 50 cm by 70 m (20 in by 230 ft) long embroidered cloth which depicts the events leading up to, as well as, the Norman invasion of England in 1066. ... Odo of Bayeux (c. ... coat of Arms of Kent For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ...


Matilda bore William eleven children, and he was believed to have been faithful to her, at least up until the time their son Robert rebelled against his father and Matilda sided with Robert against William. After she died, in 1083 at the age of 51, William became tyrannical, and people blamed it on his having lost her. She was buried at St. Stephen's in Caen, Normandy, where William was also eventually buried. Years later, their graves were opened and their bones measured, proving their physical statures. Caen (pronounced /kɑ̃/) is a commune of northwestern France. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ...


Children

Some doubt exists over how many daughters there were. This list includes some entries which are obscure.

  1. Robert Curthose (c. 1054 – 1134), Duke of Normandy, married Sybil of Conversano, daughter of Geoffrey of Conversano
  2. Adeliza (or Alice) (c. 1055 – ?), reportedly betrothed to Harold II of England (Her existence is in some doubt.)
  3. Cecilia (or Cecily) (c. 1056 – 1126), Abbess of Holy Trinity, Caen
  4. William Rufus (1056 – 1100), King of the English
  5. Richard (1057 – c. 1081), killed by a stag in New Forest
  6. Adela (c. 1062 – 1138), married Stephen, Count of Blois
  7. Agatha (c. 1064 – c. 1080), betrothed to (1) Harold of Wessex, (2) Alfonso VI of Castile
  8. Constance (c. 1066 – 1090), married Alan IV Fergent, Duke of Brittany; poisoned, possibly by her own servants
  9. Matilda (very obscure, her existence is in some doubt)
  10. Henry Beauclerc (1068–1135), King of England, married (1) Edith of Scotland, daughter of Malcolm III, King of Scotland, (2) Adeliza of Louvain

Gundred (c. 1063 – 1085), wife of William de Warenne (c. 1055 – 1088), was formerly thought of as being yet another of Matilda's daughters, with speculation that she was William I's full daughter, a step-daughter, or even a foundling or adopted daughter. However, this connection to William I has now been firmly debunked--see Gundred's discussion page for further information. Robert II (called Curthose for his short squat appearance) (c. ... Name Harold Godwinson Lived c. ... William II (c. ... For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ... Adela of Blois (c. ... Stephen II Henry (c. ... Map of the British Isles circa 802 Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... Alfonso VI (before June 1040 – July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave, was King of León from 1065 to 1109 and King of Castile since 1072 after his brothers death. ... Alan IV of Cornwall (died 1119) was duke of Brittany, from 1084 to 1112. ... The Duke of Brittany (French: Duc de Bretagne) governed Brittany, a region with strong traditions of independence, including a language and a distinctive culture. ... Henry I (circa 1068 – 1 December 1135) was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and the first born in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. ... Edith of Scotland, (c. ... Máel Coluim mac Donnchada (anglicised Malcolm III) (1030x1038–13 November 1093) was King of Scots. ... Adeliza of Louvain (1103-1151) was queen consort of England from 1121 to 1135, the second wife of King Henry I of England. ... Leuven   (French Louvain, German Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Flanders, Belgium, European Union. ... Gundred (1063 - 1085) was the wife of William de Warenne. ... William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, (died 1088) was one of the Norman aristocrats who fought at the Battle of Hastings and became great landowners in England. ...


References

  1. ^ Hilliam, Paul (2005). William the Conqueror: First Norman King of England. New York City, New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 20. ISBN 1-4042-0166-1. 
Preceded by
Edith of Wessex
Queen consort of the English
25 December 10662 November 1083
Succeeded by
Matilda of Scotland

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lt (2195 words)
ANULF II, "the Young," Count of Flanders, born at: ----- on: 961/62, died at: ----- on: 30 March 987, bur.
BALDWIN II, "the Bald," Count of Flanders, born at: ----- on: in 863/65, died at: ----- on: in 918, ca.
BALDWIN I, "Bras de Fer," Count of Flanders, born at: ----- on: ----- died at: Arras, Pas- de-Calais, France, on: in 879; married on: in 862.
Alfred "The Great" King of England (137 words)
Count of Flanders B: ca890 D: ca964/65 M: Adela de Vermandois B: ca910 D: ca960.
Arnulf II Count of Flanders B: ca961 D: ca987/988 M: Rosela of Ivrea B: ca950 D: ca1003/04.
Baldwin IV Count of Flanders B: ca980 D: 30 May 1035 M: Otgive of Luxemburg B: ca995 D: ca1030/31.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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