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Encyclopedia > Mathilde Kschessinskaya

Mathilde Kschessinska (Polish: Matylda Krzesińska, 19 August 1872 (O.S.) Ligovo near Peterhof7 June 1971 Paris), (also known as Her Serene Highness Princess Romanova-Krasinskaya since 1921) was the first Russian prima ballerina assoluta in the world. Today, she is probably best known for her love affair with the future Emperor Nicholas II, who is said to have lost his virginity with her. Image File history File links Kszessinska. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and took force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... Peterhof: the Samson Fountain and Sea Channel Peterhof (Russian: , Petergof, originally Piterhof, Dutch for Peters Court) is a series of palaces and gardens, laid out on the orders of Peter the Great, and sometimes called the Russian Versailles. It is located about twenty kilometers west and six kilometers south... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ... Maya Plisetskaya, prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet from 1943 to 1960 and prima balerina assoluta from 1960 to 1990. ... Nicholas II can refer to: Pope Nicholas II Tsar Nicholas II of Russia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Like all her Polish family, Mathilde performed at the Mariinsky Theatre of St Petersburg. After Pierina Legnani amazed the world with her 32 consecutive fouettés in 1893, (in Cinderella), Kschessinska was the first who managed to repeat this feat . The scandals and rumours around her name persisted, however, as she formed a Ménage à trois with two Grand Dukes of the Romanov family - Sergei Mikhailovich and his cousin Andrei Vladimirovich. The Maryinsky (or Mariinsky) Theatre (or Theater), is the St Petersburg theatre where the Mariinsky Ballet is located. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Pierina Legnani (1863-1923) was an Italian ballerina responsible for the inclusion of 32 consecutive fouettés en tournant en pointe to the ballet Swan Lake. ... 32 fouettés en tournant (fr. ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A ménage à trois is a relationship or domestic arrangement in which three people, often a married couple and another lover, live together or are romantically or sexually involved. ... The House of Romanov (Рома́нов, pronounced ) was the second and last imperial dynasty of Russia, which ruled Muscovy and the Russian Empire for five generations from 1613 to 1762. ...

Through her aristocratic connections, she managed to amass much valuable property in the Russian capital. It was from the balcony of her elegant house that Lenin addressed the revolutionary crowd when he had returned from Finland in 1917. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Russian revolutionary, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the founder of the ideology of Leninism. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...

The Russian Revolution over, Kschessinska moved first to French Riviera before she moved to Paris, where she married, in 1921, one of the tsar's cousins, Grand Duke Andrey Vladimirovich Romanov, with whom she had had a son, Prince Vladmir Romanovsky-Krasinsky ("Vova"), in 19021. In 1929, she opened her own ballet school, where she taught such students as Dame Margot Fonteyn, Dame Alicia Markova, André Eglevsky, and Tamara Toumanova. She performed for the last time at the age of 64, for a charity event at Covent Garden. In 1960, she published an autobiography entitled Souvenirs de la Kschessinska (published in English as Dancing in St. Petersburg: The Memoirs of Kschessinska). She died several months before her 100th birthday. The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution or November Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... The Promenade des Anglais in Nice on the French Riviera at night. ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Margot Fonteyn ( 18 May 1919- 21 February 1991) was a leading British ballet dancer of her time. ... Dame Alicia Markova (1 December 1910 – 2 December 2004) was an English prima ballerina. ... Tamara Toumanova (1919-1996) was one of the greatest ballerinas. ... The Royal Ballet, which is based at the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London, is the leading ballet company in the United Kingdom. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... An Autobiography is an account of a persons life written by that person For music albums named Autobiography, see Autobiography (album) An autobiography (from the Greek auton, self, bios, life and graphein, write) is a biography written by the subject or composed conjointly with a collaborative writer (styled as...


1Though Andrei acknowledged Vladimir as his son, it is possible that Vova’s biological father was Grand Duke Sergei, whose patronym he was given. It has also been suggested that Grand Duke Vladimir was the father.


  • Hall, Coryne, Imperial Dancer: Mathilde Kschessinska and the Romanovs, Sutton Publishing, England, 2005.

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