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Encyclopedia > Material safety data sheet
An example MSDS in a US format provides guidance for handling a hazardous substance and information on its composition and properties.
An example MSDS in a US format provides guidance for handling a hazardous substance and information on its composition and properties.

A material safety data sheet (MSDS) is a form containing data regarding the properties of a particular substance. An important component of product stewardship and workplace safety, it is intended to provide workers and emergency personnel with procedures for handling or working with that substance in a safe manner, and includes information such as physical data (melting point, boiling point, flash point, etc.), toxicity, health effects, first aid, reactivity, storage, disposal, protective equipment, and spill handling procedures. The exact format of an MSDS can vary from source to source. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1487x1902, 393 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Material safety data sheet Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1487x1902, 393 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Material safety data sheet Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Unofficial artists rendition of the game case. ... Product stewardship is the inclusion of waste disposal measures in the distribution chain of an industrial product. ... Workplace safety is an important management responsibility in industry. ... The melting point of a crystalline solid is the temperature range at which it changes state from solid to liquid. ... Italic text This article is about the boiling point of liquids. ... For other uses, see Flash point (disambiguation). ... // Toxic and Intoxicated redirect here – toxic has other uses, which can be found at Toxicity (disambiguation); for the state of being intoxicated by alcohol see Drunkenness. ... Health effects, health impacts or health risks are an important consideration in many areas, such as hygiene, pollution studies, workplace safety, nutrition and health sciences in general. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... Reactivity refers to the rate at which a chemical substance tends to undergo a chemical reaction in time. ...


MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) are a widely used system for cataloging information on chemicals, chemical compounds, and chemical mixtures. MSDS information may include instructions for the safe use and potential hazards associated with a particular material or product. MSDS can be found anywhere chemicals are being used. A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... A chemical compound is a chemical substance of two or more different chemically bonded chemical elements, with a fixed ratio determining the composition. ... In chemistry, a mixture is a substance made by combining two or more different materials in such a way that no chemical reaction occurs. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


There is also a duty to properly label substances on the basis of physico-chemical, health and/or environmental risk. Labels include hazard symbols such as the Saint Andrew's Cross (a black diagonal cross on an orange background which is used in the European Union to denote a harmful or irritant substance). The Saltire (or St Andrews Cross) is the national flag of Scotland. ...


An MSDS for a substance is not primarily intended for use by the general consumer, focusing instead on the hazards of working with the material in an occupational setting. For example, an MSDS for a cleaning solution is not highly pertinent to someone who uses a can of the cleaner once a year, but is extremely important to someone who does this in a confined space for 40 hours a week.


In some jurisdictions, the MSDS is required to state the chemical's risks, safety and impact on the environment.

Contents

Usage by country

In the U.S., the Occupational Safety and Health Administration requires that MSDS be available to employees for potentially harmful substances handled in the workplace under the Hazard Communication regulation. The MSDS is also required to be made available to local fire departments and local and state emergency planning officials under Section 311 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... OSHA logo The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. ... The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 is a United States federal law locate at Title 42, Chapter 116 of the U.S. Code, concerned with emergency response preparedness. ...


In Canada, the program known as the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) establishes the requirements for MSDSs in workplaces and is administered federally by Health Canada under the Hazardous Products Act, Part II and the Controlled Products Regulations. WHMIS and MSDS requirements are also enforced by provincial Ministries or Departments of Labour. WHMIS (or Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System) - pronounced WHIM-ISS - is Canadas national hazard communication program for hazardous workplace chemicals. ...


In the U.K., the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002 - known as CHIP Regulations - impose duties upon suppliers, and importers into the EU, of hazardous materials. The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations govern the use of hazardous substances in the workplace in the UK and specifically require an assessment of the use of a substance. Regulation 12 requires that an employer provides employees with information, instruction and training for people exposed to hazardous substances. This duty would be very nearly impossible without the data sheet as a starting point. It is important for employers therefore to insist on receiving a data sheet from a supplier of a substance. “UK” redirects here. ...


Phrases

The European Union (EU) requires that Risk and Safety Statements ( R- and S-phrases) and a symbol appear on each label and safety data sheet for hazardous chemicals. Risk and Safety Statements, also known as R/S statements, R/S numbers, R/S phrases, and R/S sentences, is a system of hazard codes and phrases for labeling dangerous chemicals and compounds. ... A label is any kind of tag attached with adhesive to something so as to identify the object or its contents. ... Look up hazard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ...

  • R-phrases consist of the letter R followed by a number. See List of R-phrases.
  • S-phrases consist of the letter S followed by a number. See List of S-phrases.

R-phrases are defined in Annex III of European Union Directive 67/548/EEC: Nature of special risks attributed to dangerous substances and preparations. ... S-phrases are defined in Annex IV of European Union Directive 67/548/EEC: Safety advice concerning dangerous substances and preparations. ...

Water hazard classes

The German Federal Water Management Act requires that substances be evaluated for negative influence on the physical, chemical or biological characteristics of water. These are classified into numeric water hazard classes (WGK or WHC depending whether you use the German or English acronym). A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, knowledge), also referred to as the biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. ...

  • WGK nwg: Non-water polluting substance
  • WGK 1: Slightly water polluting substance
  • WGK 2: Water polluting substance
  • WGK 3: Highly water polluting substance

MSDS authoring

Many companies offer the service of collecting, or writing and revising, data sheets to ensure they are up to date and available for their subscribers or users. [1] Some jurisdictions impose an explicit duty of care that each MSDS be regularly updated (usually every three to five years).


See also

A fact sheet is a presentation of data on any subject in a format emphasizing brevity, key points of interest or concern, a fairly minimalist design aesthetic, and a general desire to convey the most relevant information in the least amount of space. ... International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSCs) are short summaries of health and safety information about chemical compounds designed to be used by workers handling these chemicals. ... Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. ... Risk and Safety Statements, also known as R/S statements, R/S numbers, R/S phrases, and R/S sentences, is a system of hazard codes and phrases for labeling dangerous chemicals and compounds. ... OSHA logo The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. ... The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) aims to make Europe’s workplaces safer, healthier and more productive. ... The Health and Safety Executive (HSE), reporting to the Health and Safety Commission, is the British government body responsible for the regulation of risks to health and safety in the UK. It was created as a result of the Health and Safety at Work, etc, Act 1974, and has since... The LOLI (List of LIsts) Database is an international chemical regulatory database developed and maintained by ChemADVISOR, Inc. ... The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals or GHS is an internationally agreed upon system set to replace the various different classification and labeling standards used in different countries. ...

References

  1. ^ The National Chemical Emergency Centre Product Stewardship Consultancy - United Kingdom

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Material safety data sheet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (580 words)
A material safety data sheet or MSDS is a form containing data regarding the properties of a particular substance.
It is important for employers therefore to insist on receiving a data sheet from a supplier of a substance.
The European Union (EU) requires that Risk and Safety Statements (R- and S-phrases) and a symbol appear on each label and safety data sheet for hazardous chemicals.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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