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Encyclopedia > Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
Map showing the distribution of Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage by State Parties as of 2005. Note: transboundary properties have been redistributed among the concerned countries for the locator map, hence, have been counted multiple times.
Map showing the distribution of Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage by State Parties as of 2005. Note: transboundary properties have been redistributed among the concerned countries for the locator map, hence, have been counted multiple times.

The Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity is a list maintained by UNESCO with pieces of intangible culture considered relevant by that organization. It was started in 2001 with 19 items and a further 28 were added in 2003. On November 25, 2005 another list was issued. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 46 KB)Image created by Joey80 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 46 KB)Image created by Joey80 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Intangible culture is the opposite of Tangible Culture. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Each item is nominated by a country or more than one country. Some other items are nominated by one country but supported by one or more others.


In 2003 Member states of UNESCO adopted the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. As it entered into force in April 2006, the proclamation programme ended. As for the World Heritage, have been created Lists where will be inscribed the masterpieces, and where new elements will be inscribed annually beginning in 2008 or 2009. The notion of intangible cultural heritage emerged in the 90s, as a counter part to the World Heritage that focusses mainly on tangible aspects of culture. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Contents

2001 list

Countries Item Description
Belize with Honduras and Nicaragua The Garifuna Language, Dance and Music The Garifuna are a people descended from Nigerian slaves shipwrecked on Saint Vincent mixed with the native Carib islanders. Later, the Garifuna moved to Central America, and are now most numerous in Belize. Garifuna music and dance combine African and indigenous elements, and include a variety of circle dances, satirical, work and a cappella songs and popular paranda and punta music. The Garifuna language is considered to be a part of the Arawak family.
Benin with Nigeria and Togo Oral Heritage of Gelede Gelede is an annual festival which celebrates the wisdom of mothers and female elders among the Yoruba people. The festival includes headdresses worn by men who masquerade as women to placate the elder women of the tribe. Dance and music are integral parts of the ceremony, which utilizes traditional elements of Yoruba music including complex percussion and singing. The Gelede is preceded by a ceremony called Efe, which takes place the night before.
Bolivia The Oruro Carnival Oruro was a ceremonial site in the pre-Columbian era and was refounded by the Spanish in 1606. It was the site for the Ito festival, which was banned by the Spanish in the 17th century but continued ostensibly as a Christian celebration wherein ancient Andean gods were recast as saints. It became associated with Christmas, and was celebrated on February 2, Candlemas. It is now an annual festival held before Lent and lasting for ten days. The most important event is the entrada, which is a procession of more than 28000 dancers and 10000 musicians who march for four kilometres for more than twenty continuous hours as part of the ceremony.
China Kunqu Opera The Kunqu opera is one of the oldest extant forms of Chinese opera, dating back to the Ming Dynasty of the 14th to the 17th centuries. Kunqu utilizes a stock cast of two leads, one male and one female, as well as an old man and a number of comic roles. Performances include song and dance, accompanied by a variety of string, wind and percussion instruments.
Côte d'Ivoire The Gbofe of Afounkaha : The Music of the Transverse Trumpets of the Tagbana Community Gbofe is a kind of transverse trumpet as well as the performances which utilize them among the Tagbana people. These performances use six trumpets with a varying length, as well as song and dance. In addition to the trumpets, there is a Gbofe percussion section which provides structure for the performance, which is played at a variety of ceremonies and rituals.
Dominican Republic The Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella The Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella is an organization composed of musicians who specialize in the conga drums. The Brotherhood dates back to the 16th century, and has become an essential part of Dominican culture. These musicians play at religious festivals, funerals and other occasions, such as the Festival of the Holy Spirit and the Banko ceremony which occurs three years after the death of an individual.
Ecuador and Peru The Oral Heritage and Cultural Manifestations of the Zápara People The Zápara are a people who live in the Amazon Rainforest, and are believed to be among the oldest inhabitants of that diverse area. Their oral culture includes a great understanding of the natural life of the rainforest, as well as complex mythological and artistic practices.
Georgia Georgian Polyphonic Singing Polyphonic singing is an ancient tradition in Georgia, consisting of four main types (drone polyphony, contrapuntal polyphony, parallel (or "chordal unit)polyphony, and ostinato polyphony). The northwest region of Georgia, the most mountainous Svanetia has the "chordal unit" polyphony, while western Georgia is known for contrapuntal polyphony with the yodel, and eastern Georgia Khaketia is home to dialogue of two soloists with melismatic melodies with the pedal drone accompaniment. Ostinato polyphony is present in all regions of Georgia. Kakhetian traditions include the unique Chakrulo song, from the category of so called "long table song". Polyphonic traditions in Georgia were present at least by the 4th Century (by the time Chistianity was adopted as the state religion).
Guinea The Cultural Space of Sosso-Bala in Nyagassola The Sosso-Bala is a sacred instrument of the Mandingue people, and has been an important symbol of their culture since the old Malian Empire in the 13th century. The Sossa-Bala is an ancient balafon most closely associated with the Dökala of Nyagassola. The patriarch of the family, the Balatigui, plays the Sosso-Bala on special occasions and teaches its use to children. The instrument accompanies ancient epic poems dedicated to the ancient Malian heroes like Sundiata Keita and villains like Soumaoro Kantè.
India Kutiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre Kutiyattam is the oldest theatrical tradition of India. It is Sanskrit in origin and is found in Kerala, performed in Kuttampalams, theatres found in Hindu temples. The tradition dates back to at least 2000 years ago. Originally sacred and tightly-controlled, Kutiyattam is now more accessible, though spiritual elements remain, with actors being purified and an oil lamp constantly burning during performances to symbolize the divine presence. Techniques are highly stylized and governed by strict rules were, until very recently, codified in manuals that were kept secret by specific families.
Italy Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre L'Opera dei Pupi is a kind of puppet theatre which appeared in the early 19th century in Sicily. In these performances, chivalric tales, Italian poems and stories of the lives of saints and bandits were retold, partially improvised by the puppeteers. The two main schools of Opera dei Pupi are based in Catania and Palermo, distinguished by the characteristics of the puppets themselves as well as the techniques for operating them and the scenery. Methods of performance were usually passed down within a single family, though the creation of the actual puppets was done by specialized craftspeople.
Japan Nōgaku Theatre Dating back to the 8th century when Sangaku (later got corrupted to Sarugaku) performances were imported from China, Nōgaku developed in its modern form beginning in the 14th century. It is the primary form of Japanese theatre today, and is based on traditional tales. There are two different types, the Noh and the Kyōgen, with the former being a stylized tale of a supernatural hero narrator, with other parts being performed by masked actors, and the latter a form of comedy theatre closely derived from the Sangaku tradition. The text of Nōgaku comes from the oral language of the people of the 12 to the 16th centuries.
Lithuania with Latvia Cross Crafting and its Symbolism in Lithuania Cross crafting is the making of altars and crosses, and an important part of Lithuanian culture. Traditionally carved out of oak wood, Lithuanian traditional crosses are part of the people's Roman Catholic religion and are also linked to ancient pre-Christian culture dating back hundreds of years. Since Lithuania became a part of the Russian Empire in the 19th century, these crosses have become a symbol of the Lithuanian people. They are decorated with floral or geometric symbols, and sometimes adorned with small statues, and are usually one to five meters high.
Morocco The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square Jamaa el Fna is located in Marrakesh, and has been a symbol of that city since its birth in the 11th century. The Square is home to a diverse group of performers who are musicians, dancers, glass-eaters, snake charmers, story-tellers and more, as well as restaurants, henna tattooers, traditional doctors, preachers and more.
Philippines Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao The Ifugao community is known for the ancient hudhud chants that date from at least the 7th century. There are more than 200 chants in total, each composed of 40 episodes; there is only one melody for all the hudhud verses. The primary performer is a woman, whose brother plays a more important part than her husband. These chants employ complex literary techniques including onomatopoeia, metaphor and metonymy.
Russia The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie The Semeiskie are a community living in the Transbaikal region; the people are "Old Believers" in the 16th century orthodox cult. They settled in their remote modern home under Catherine the Great and have retained many archaic elements of their culture, including their South Russian dialect. Semeiskie choirs come from Russian liturgical music of the Middle Ages and include polyphonic singing.
South Korea Royal Ancestral Rite and Ritual Music in Jongmyo Shrine Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine in Seoul, which is home to an annual rite performed on the first Sunday in May by descendants of the Korean royal family. The rite is Chinese in origin, though it is now only found in Jogmyo, and includes a prayer for the ancestors, music and dance. The modern form of the ritual dates to the 15th century. It begins with priests making offerings of food and libations, followed by music played using flutes, zithers, bells, gongs and lutes, and dance performed by 64 dancers who present an alternation of the Yin and Yang.
Spain The Mystery Play of Elx Mystery Play of Elx is a theatrical performance which enacts the death, assumption and crowning of the Virgin Mary. It has been performed without interruption in the Basilica of Santa Maria de Elche since the middle of the 15th century. The drama is entirely sung, and is composed of two acts performed on the 14th and 15th of August. The words to the drama are mostly in Valencian, with some segments in Latin, and is composed of solo medieval sections alternating with polyphonic Baroque and Renaissance sections.
Uzbekistan The Cultural Space of the Boysun District Boysun is a region in Uzbekistan, one of the oldest inhabited areas in the world. Having long been part of a cultural crossroads, Boysun's heritage includes a variety of religions including Islam, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism, as well as ancient shamanist beliefs. In addition, there are unique rituals such as the spring festival of Navruz which invokes the god of rain and the family rite performed 40 days after a child's birth to chase away evil spirits. Traditional chants are common, utilizing themes from national epics and accompanied by wind and string instruments.

Garífuna is a spanish term for the people and language of the Garínagu. ... Garífuna is a spanish term for the people and language of the Garínagu. ... Carib family (by John Gabriel Stedman) Drawing of a Carib woman Carib, Island Carib or Kalinago people, after whom the Caribbean Sea was named, live in the Lesser Antilles islands. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Garifuna music is similarly different from the rest of Central America; the most famous form is punta. ... Circle dance, is the most common name for a style of traditional dance usually done in a circle without partners to musical accompaniment. ... 1867 edition of Punch, a ground-breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a good deal of satire of the contemporary social and political scene. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the vocal technique. ... Paranda is a city and a municipal council in Osmanabad district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Punta is a type of music found primarily in Honduras, Guatemala, Belize and Nicaragua. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Arowak woman (John Gabriel Stedman) The term Arawak (from aru, the Lokono word for cassava flour), was used to designate the Amerindians encountered by the Spanish in the West Indies. ... Gelede Gelede is an annual festival honoring “our mothers” (awon iya wa) not so much for their motherhood, but as female elders. ... For other uses, see Festival (disambiguation). ... The Yoruba (Yorùbá in Yoruba orthography) are a large ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in Africa; the majority of them speak the Yoruba language (èdèe Yorùbá; èdè = language). ... Headgear, headwear or headdress is the name given to any element of clothing which is worn on ones head. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... The music of the Yoruba people of Nigeria is best known for an extremely advanced drumming tradition, especially using the dundun hourglass tension drums. ... Percussion redirects here. ... The Carnaval de Oruro (or Carnival of Oruro) is the biggest annual cultural events in Bolivia. ... Categories: South America geography stubs | Departments of Bolivia ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... ITO is a three-letter acronym which can stand for: IATA airport code for Hilo International Airport Indium tin oxide Income Tax Office — a major landmark in Delhi Information Technology Outsourcing This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... For other uses, see Saint (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Candlemas (Russian: Sretenie, Spanish: Candelaria) is a Christian feast commemorating the purification of the Virgin Mary and the presentation of the infant Jesus in the Temple. ... It has been suggested that Cuaresma be merged into this article or section. ... The Entrada Sandstone was deposited in the Colorado Plateau, Colorado, USA, during the Jurassic Period somewhere between 180 and 140 million years ago. ... A Kunqu performers portrayal of Hu Sanniang Kunqu (崑曲; pinyin: KÅ«nqÇ”; Wade-Giles: kun-chü), also known as Kunju, Kun opera or Kunqu Opera, is one of the oldest extant forms of Chinese opera. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... For other uses, see Conga (disambiguation). ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... La Vega Carnaval in the Independence Month. ... Záparo is a nearly extinct language from the borderlands of Peru, spoken by only one person out of an ethnic population of 170, in the Pastaza province, between the Curaray river and Bobonaza rivers, as of 2000. ... Map of the Amazon rainforest ecoregions as delineated by the WWF. Yellow line encloses the Amazon rainforest. ... For other uses, see Mythology (disambiguation). ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... The Upper Svanetian village Ushguli Svaneti (also known as Svanetia or Svania in Russian and Western languages) is a historic province in Georgia, in the northwestern part of the country. ... The balafon (bala, balaphone) is a resonated frame, wooden keyed percussion idiophone of West Africa; part of the idiophone family of tuned percussion instruments that includes the xylophone, marimba, glockenspiel, and the vibraphone. ... The Mandinka are a people of West Africa. ... Extent of the Mali Empire (ca. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... The balafon is a pentatonic or heptatonic resonated frame xylophone of West Africa. ... Niagassola is a town in eastern Guinea, near the border with Mali. ... Sundiata Keita or Sundjata Keyita or Mari Djata I (c. ... Soumaoro Kanté was a thirteenth century king of the Sosso people of the Takrur region. ... Kuttiyattam is a form of theatre in the South Indian state of Kerala. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... A puppet is a representational object manipulated by a puppeteer. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... The Roman Odeon. ... For other uses, see Palermo (disambiguation). ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Traditional Japanese theatre includes kabuki, noh and bunraku. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kyogen (Japanese: 狂言 Kyōgen, literally mad words or wild speech) is a form of traditional Japanese theater. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... A memorial cross in Lithuania KryždirbystÄ— or the Lithuanian cross crafting is a traditional Lithuanian art of crafting crosses. ... Look up Altar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lithuanians are the Baltic ethnic group native to Lithuania, where they number a little over 3 million. ... An overview of the Djemaa el Fna in the morning Djemaa el Fna (Arabic: جامع الفناء jâmiÊ» al-fanâʼ) is a square and market place in Marrakeshs medina quarter (old city). ... Marrakech (مراكش marrākish), known as the Pearl of the South, is a city in southwestern Morocco in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Snake charmer in Jaipur (India) in 2007 Snake charmer in New Delhi (India) in 2006 Snake charming is the practice of apparently hypnotising a snake by simply playing an instrument. ... Look up henna in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Tattoo (disambiguation). ... Ifugao is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A literary technique or literary device may be used in works of literature in order to produce a specific effect on the reader. ... For the supervillain, see Onomatopoeia (comics). ... This article is about metaphor in literature and rhetoric. ... In rhetoric, metonymy is the substitution of one word for another word with which it is associated. ... Transbaikal (Russian: Забайкалье [Zabajkale]) or Dauria (Russian: Даурия [Daurija]) is a mountainous region to the east of or beyond (trans-) Lake Baikal in Russia. ... In the context of Russian Orthodox church history, the Old Believers (Russian: ) separated after 1666 - 1667 from the hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church as a protest against church reforms introduced by Patriarch Nikon. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the memorial services for the dead kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. ... A Confucian temple in Wuwei, Peoples Republic of China. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... â™  This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... Concert zither The zither is a musical string instrument, mainly used in folk music, most commonly in German-speaking Alpine Europe. ... A bell is a simple sound-making device. ... A gong is one of a wide variety of metal percussion instruments. ... A medieval era lute. ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Vietnamese name Vietnamese: In Chinese philosophy the yin and yang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are generalized descriptions of the antitheses or mutual correlations in human perceptions of phenomena in the natural world, combining to create a unity of opposites in the theory of the Taiji. ... The Elche Mystery Play, a lyrical drama dating from the Middle Ages, represented, celebrated, made and lived in the Basilica de Santa María in the city of Elche the days 14 and 15 of August of each year. ... The Elche Mystery Play, a lyrical drama dating from the Middle Ages, represented, celebrated, made and lived in the Basilica de Santa María in the city of Elche the days 14 and 15 of August of each year. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... View of Elche Elche (in Spanish) or Elx (in Catalan) is a city in the Alicante province in Valencia, Spain, near the city of Alicante. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This page deals with language. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. ... Renaissance music is European music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... Norouz (also spelled Norooz, Noruz, Naw-Rúz or Nowrouz) is the traditional Iranian festival of the New Year which starts at the exact moment of the vernal equinox, commencing the start of the spring. ... This article is about precipitation. ... Chant is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two pitches called reciting tones. ...

2003 list

Countries Item Description
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Mugam Mugam is a form of classical music characterized by a high degree of both structure and improvisation. It is typically played by instruments including the daf (a large tambourine), the kamancha (a four-stringed spiked fiddle) and the tar (an eleven-stringed long-necked lute). Mugham is related to the music of Central Asia, as well as Persian radif, Turkish makam and Iraqi maqam. In Azerbaijan, mugham is traditionally played at wedding feasts and intimate gatherings called majles, and is also a part of Sufi dramatic ta'zie and shabih traditions.
Belgium The Carnival of Binche Binche is a Belgian town south of Brussels, known for the annual carnival celebration held during the three days preceding Lent, beginning on Shrove Sunday and culminating on Shrove Tuesday. Binche's carnival tradition is one of the oldest of its kind, dating back to the Middle Ages. During the carnival, men dressed in flamboyant feminine costumes, called Mam'selles, are prominent in the early part of the carnival, with colourfully-costumed Gilles characters appearing on the final day.
Bolivia The Andean Cosmovision of the Kallawaya The Kallawaya are a group of indigenous Bolivians found in the Bautista Saavedra region. They are renowned for ancient traditional medical techniques, which include a number of ceremonies that form the basis for the local economy and culture. Kallawaya priest doctors, exclusively male, are found throughout South America applying their knowledge.
Brazil The Oral and Graphic Expressions of the Wajapi The Wajapi are an Amazonian ethnic group of the Tupi-Guarani family living in the northern state of Amapá. They have a vibrant tradition of tattooing (kusiwa) and a unique language which uses both verbal and graphic components. The kusiwa tradition, which uses red vegetable dyes to draw jaguars, fish and other animal symbols, is closely linked to Wajapi religion and is an integral part of their culture.
Cambodia The Royal Ballet of Cambodia Cambodian royal ballet has been a part of Cambodian traditions for more than a millennium, and has long been used to celebrate royal funerals, marriages and coronations. The ballet utilizes four stock characters: Sva the monkey, Yeak the giant, Neang the woman and Neayrong the man, each of which can be distinguished by masks, gestures and costumes.
Central African Republic The Oral traditions of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa The Aka Pygmies of Central Africa have a tradition of Pygmy music that differs greatly from their neighbours. It is performed by all members of the community, and is characterized by complex contrapuntal polyphony and improvisation. Aka music is part of numerous rituals relating to hunting, funerals and other occasions, and is accompanied by a variety of instruments, chosen according to the ceremony in question; these instruments include the geedalebagongo (a kind of harp), tom-tom (enzeko and the mbela (a bow)).
China The Art of Guqin Music The guqin is an ancient instrument, similar to a zither, and dates back to some 3,000 years ago. The instrumental techniques became an integral part of Chinese intellectual thought, especially during the Han Dynasty. Scholars were expected to learn guqin along with Go, Chinese painting and calligraphy. The instrument itself is quite complex, using thirteen marked pitch positions and seven strings, for a total range of four octaves played using over fifty different finger technqiues.
Colombia The Carnival of Barranquilla Barranquilla has been one of Colombia's most diverse cities and active trading centres since the 19th century, bringing in villagers from across the area, each with their own unique traditions. The Barranquilla Carnival occurs during the last four days before Lent, and includes dances like the Spanish paloteo, African congo and indigenous mico y micas. Many styles of Colombian music are also performed, most prominently cumbia, and instruments include drum and wind ensembles.
Cuba La Tumba Francesa, Music of the Oriente Brotherhood The Oriente province of Cuba is Afro-Haitian and is most well-known for tumba francesa, a fusion of Dahomean West African music and French musical styles. Haitians arrived in the area beginning in the 1790s, eventually forming societies in urban cities late in the following the centuries. Tumba francesa is led by a lead singer (composé), along with instrumental accompanied by catá and tumba drums and female choral vocals. The traditional dances, masón and yubá, associated with tumba francesa are led by the Mayor de Plaza.
Egypt The Al-Sirah al-Hilaliyya Epic The Hilali epic is an ancient poem that tells the story of the Bani Hilal Bedouin tribe, who migrated from the Arabian Peninsula to North Africa in the 10th century. It is the only epic of its kind to continue to be performed in its traditional form. The Hilali epic is performed by poets who sing while playing percussion of rabab, a two-stringed spike fiddle, to celebrated circumcision ceremonies, weddings and other special occasions.
Estonia The Kihnu Cultural Space The Baltic islands of Manija and Kihnu are home to a small group of traditional people. For many years, the men of Kihnu have been frequently gone to sea while the women ran the island and became the guardians of the island's cultural heritage, which includes handicrafts, dances, games and music. Music is an especially important part of the island's traditions, and accompanies handicrafting, religious feasts and other celebrations. Ancient runo-styled songs are also important, as are traditional clothings adorned with decorations and bright colours that symbolize ancient legends and poems.
India The Tradition of Vedic Chanting The Vedas are a collection of ancient Sanskrit philosophy, mythology and poetry, developed several millennia ago by the Aryans. They include the Rig Veda, which collects hymns and its accompanying Sama Veda, which features the music to accompany the hymns, and the Atharva Veda's collection of spells and ceremonies and the Yajur Veda's prayers and other rituals. The Vedas' verses are traditionally chanted, and have been transmitted mostly orally.
Indonesia Wayang Puppet Theatre Originating on Java, Wayang is an elaborate performance style which includes music and puppetry. It has spread throughout Indonesia, and has become quite diverse across its range. The puppets are typically of two kinds, one made of wood and the other shadow puppets projected on a lit screen from behind. The puppetry is accompanied by complex music utilizing gamelan drums and bronze instruments. Wayang has been an important part of Indonesian culture for many years, with the puppeteers regarded as repositories of moral and aesthetic values. Wayang narratives draw on native traditions from the area, as well as from India and Persia.
Iraq Iraqi Maqam Maqam is Iraqi classical music, and is an ancient tradition related to similar practices from neighbouring Iran to distant Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. Maqam utilizes complex improvisation led by a vocalist (qari) who is accompanied by an orchestra (tshalghi) composed of dumbak (a hand drum), daff (tambourine), santur (hammered dulcimer) and jawzah (four-stringed spike fiddle). The maqam repertoire comes from classical Arabic poetry.
Jamaica The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town Moore Town is a rural town inhabited by the descendants of Maroons, runaway slaves who escaped into the interior Blue and Johncrow mountains of Jamaica. With their size growing, the Maroons began waging war against the British colonialists, who eventually signed a treaty recognizing the Maroon's autonomy in 1739. The traditions of the Maroons are known as Kromanti Play and include West and Central African language, music, dance and other elements. The Kromanti language, traditional medicine, songs and rhythms are an important part of Maroon heritage, as are the communally-owned treaty lands and the abeng, a trumpet used for communication over long distances.
Japan Ningyo Jōruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre Ningyo Jōruri Bunraku is a performance art that uses puppetry, singing and musical accompaniment. It arose from a combination of 15th century Jōruri drama and puppetry, known originally as Ningyo Jōruri. The narratives of this early form of Ningyo Johruri Bunraku were derived from sewamono, contemporary dramas, and jidaimono, historical plays. By the end of the 19th century, Ningyo Johruri had mostly reached its modern form, in which three puppeteers used large puppets while a musician plays the shamisen and a narrator (tayu) describes the actions and portrays all the characters.
Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania The Baltic Song and Dance Celebrations The Baltic states share a tradition of celebrations that take place every four years in Lithuania and every five in Estonia and Latvia. These celebrations take several days and use many thousands of performers whose repertoire includes a wide range of ancient folk songs and modern genres of Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian music. The celebrations became institutionalized in the 18th century as choral singing societies began to spread. Beginning in Estonia in 1869, these song and dance celebrations became an important symbol of national identity beginning with independence from Russia in the 1920s and continuing despite Soviet domination.
Kyrgyzstan The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers The akyns are epic storytellers of the Kyrgyz, performers of song and poetry that date back to ancient times. The akyns' techniques have been transmitted orally, and including the Manas trilogy (Manas, Semetey and Seitek) that dates back more than a millennium. Many of the epics are semi-historical, and are accompanied by a three-stringed lute called the komuz.
Madagascar Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry The Zafimaniry community is the last in Madagascar to retain knowledge about traditional woodcraft which was once widespread. These traditions include the sculpting of stools, walls, window frames and tools, using more than twenty local species that are each used for a specific purpose. With no nails or other metal devices, houses are built using mortise and tenon joints. Zafimaniry woodcrafts are decorated with motifs that are highly regularized yet contain much individual expression and symbolism.
Mexico The Indigenous Festivity Dedicated to the Dead El Día de los Muertos is a traditional celebration of indigenous Mexicans, commemorating the return of the deceased at the end of October and in early November, as well as the end of the summer growing season. El Día de los Muertos is celebrated by the placement of offerings including food, flowers and candles along the path from the cemetery to the deceased's homes. Performing the rituals incorrectly is said to bring misfortune, though doing them correctly bring great luck. Rituals occur on a specific day, which varies depending on the deceased's age, sex, profession and cause of death.
Mongolia The Traditional Music of Morin Khuur The morin khuur is a two-stringed horse head fiddle that has been a part of Mongolian culture dating back to at least the 13th century Mongol Empire. The instrument is an important part of ceremonies and is played using a variety of techniques, generally for solo performance, though also to accompany long songs, stories and dances. Some morin khuur tunes are intended to tame animals.
South Korea The Pansori Epic Chant Pansori is a kind of performance that uses a vocalist-storytellers accompanied by a drum. A single performance can last more than eight hours. The tradition dates back to 17th century southwest Korea, spreading among the common folk until it gained popularity among the urban sophisticates in the late 19th century. Elements of pansori narratives date back to the Joseon period and include themes regarding love, mourning and family.
Tajikistan and Uzbekistan Shashmaqom Music Shashmaqom is a kind of Central Asian classical music, and uses a variety of literary techniques, melodies and rhythms, and both vocal and instrumental styles. Performances may be by a group of singers, or one individual, or an orchestra consisting of wind, percussion and string instruments.
Tonga Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga Tonga's lakalaka tradition includes music, dance and oratory, and is performed at celebrations such as coronations and anniversaries of the constitution. In its modern form, lakalaka developed in the 19th century, but can be traced to a local dance called the me'elaufola. Performances are by groups of several hundred individuals who are in rows divided by sex, both of which have their own styles. The tradition is led by a poet, composer and choreographer called the punake.
Turkey The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers Meddahlik is a form of theatre performed by a meddah, originating prior to the 6th century, when the Central Asian Turkic peoples migrated west. The meddahs perform in markets, mosques and elsewhere, and are considered educators and commentators on important social and political issues. The performances blend a variety of legends, jokes and improvised commentary.
Vanuatu Vanuatu Sand Drawings Vanuatu sand drawing is a ritual form of expression produced by specialists using a single finger to draw a compositions of geometric patterns that are very complex, yet produced entirely from one line. The symbols are used to communicate among the diverse peoples of Vanuatu, as well as record ritual lore, history, songs and knowledge. Sand drawings typically perform more than one function and can be read simultaneously as art, information, messages, contemplative thoughts and narrative illustration.
Vietnam Nha Nhac, Vietnamese Court Music Nhã nhạc is one of the many forms of Vietnamese music performed in the royal court, encompassing many complex court dances as well, having developed over the course of some five hundred years (between the 15th and 20th centuries). The music is performed to celebrate holidays, funerals, coronations and important ceremonies. Orchestras with many kinds of percussion instruments, as well as wind and strings, accompany a large number of singers and dancers, all of whom wear elaborately detailed costumes.
Yemen Songs of Sanaa Dating from the 14th century, traditional Yemeni music derives from classical poetry and remains an important part of social activities and gatherings as well as rituals and ceremonies. The songs are performed by a singer accompanied by a qanbus (a lute) and a sahn nuhasi, a copper tray balanced on the thumbs and played with the other fingers. Music is one of a number of melodic types, though there is significant embellishment on the part of individual performances, and may accompany dances. The repertoire draws on Yemeni dialect and classical Arabic poetry and is deeply expressive.

Mukamlar, plural mukam is a term for bodies of musical repertoire for the Turkmen dutar, two-stringed lute or tüÿdük, an end-blown flute. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... The word daf and similar can mean: The word daff is a colloquial short form of daffodil. ... “Buben” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Kamancheh. ... “Fiddler” redirects here. ... Iranian Tar Woman playing the tar in a painting from the Hasht-Behesht Palace in Isfahan Iran, 1669 Iranian Tar The tar is a long-necked, waisted lute found in Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and other areas near the Caucasus region. ... A medieval era lute. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Â² Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Unification  -  Unified by Cyrus the Great 559 BCE   -  Parthian (Arsacid) dynastic empire (first reunification) 248 BCE-224 CE   -  Sassanid dynastic empire 224–651 CE   -  Safavid dynasty... Radif is a rule in Urdu poetry which states that, in the form of poetry known as a Ghazal, the second line of all the Shers must end with the same word/s. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... In Arabic music a maqaam (Arabic: ‎, Hebrew: ) is, a technique of improvisation that defines the pitches, patterns, and development of a piece of music and which is unique to Arabian art music. ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Binche is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... This article describes the festival season. ... It has been suggested that Cuaresma be merged into this article or section. ... Pancakes with strawberry syrup and black currants Shrove Tuesday is the term used in the United Kingdom,[1] Ireland,[2] and Australia[3] to refer to the day after Shrove Monday (or the more old fashioned Collop Monday) and before Ash Wednesday (the liturgical season of Lent begins on Ash... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Gilles are the oldest and principal actors of the Carnival of Binche There are around 1000 men Gilles from 3 years old to . ... The Kallawaya people are an itinerant group of healers living in the Andes of Bolivia. ... Bautista Saavedra Mallea (1870-1939) was President of Bolivia, first as part of a governing junta between 1920-21, and then as constitutionally-elected President of the Republic between 1921 and 1925. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Flag of Amapá See other Brazilian States Capital Macapá Largest City Macapá Area 142 816 km² Population   - Total   - Density 477 032 3. ... For other uses, see Tattoo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jaguar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Dancers from the court of King Sisowath at Angkor Wat in the early 20th century. ... Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ... Jack the Giant-Killer by Arthur Rackham. ... The Aka are a wandering African pygmy people, with large heads and slender necks, who live by hunting. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Pygmies are a broad group of people who live in Central Africa, especially in Congo, Central African Republic and Cameroon. ... Counterpoint is a very general feature of music (especially prominent in much Western music) whereby two or more melodic strands occur simultaneously - in separate voices, either literally or metaphorically (if the music is instrumental). ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... For other uses, see Harp (disambiguation). ... A tom-tom (not to be confused with a tamtam) is a cylindrical drum with no snare. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Concert zither The zither is a musical string instrument, mainly used in folk music, most commonly in German-speaking Alpine Europe. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... Go is a strategic board game for two players. ... Wall scroll painted by Ma Lin in 1246. ... Calligraphy is an art dating back to the earliest day of history, and widely practiced throughout China to this day. ... Barranquillas Carnival (Spanish: Carnaval de Barranquilla) is a carnival with traditions that date back to the XIX century. ... For other places with the same name, see Barranquilla (disambiguation). ... Barranquillas Carnival (Spanish: Carnaval de Barranquilla) is a carnival with traditions that date back to the XIX century. ... Modern Colombian music is a mixture of African, native Indigenous and European (especially Spanish) influences, as well as more modern American and Caribbean musical forms, such as Trinidadian, Cuban, and Jamaican. ... Monument to the dance and music of cumbia in El Banco. ... Statistics Capital: Santiago de Cuba Area: 6,170km² Inhabitants: 1,016,600 Population Density: 164. ... “La Tumba Francesa” Tumba derives from “tambours, which is French word for drums , which emerged in the eighteenth century in Cuba, during the French and Spanish and Haitian migration. ... Dahomey was a kingdom in Africa, situated in what is now the nation of Benin. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... France has long been considered a centre for European art and music. ... Events and Trends French Revolution (1789 - 1799). ... Tumba can mean: Tumba - a town in Botkyrka, Sweden Tumba Bruk - printer of the Swedish krona banknotes, located in Tumba Tumba (music) - a native musical form to Curaçao This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Taghribat Bani Hilal (تغريبة بني هلال, also known as Sirat Abu Zeid Al Hilali سيرة ابي زيد الهلالي) is an Arabic epic recounting the Banu Hilals journey from Egypt to Tunisia and conquest of the latter. ... A Bedouin man on a hillside at Mount Sinai Bedouin, (from the Arabic (), is a desert-dwelling Arab nomadic pastoralist, found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. ... Arabia redirects here. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... The rebab is a musical string instrument which was heavily used in old Arabic music its considered as part of the Lute familiy (Oud in Arabic). ... This article is about male circumcision. ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Manija Davlatova (Tajik/Persian:Манижа Давлатова/منیژه دولتوا, born 1982) (also spelled as Manizha Dawlatova and Manija Davlatova and Manizha Dawlatova and Manija Dawlat) is a popular Tajik singer of Persian pop music. ... Kihnu is an island in the Baltic Sea. ... Runo was a legendary king of the Britons as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. ... Veda redirects here. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Aryan (/eÉ™rjÉ™n/ or /ɑːrjÉ™n/, Sanskrit: ) is a Sanskrit and Avestan word meaning noble/spiritual one. ... The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + veda knowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ... A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praise, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a god or other religiously significant figure. ... The Sama Veda (सामवेद), or Veda of Holy Songs, is third in the usual order of enumeration of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures. ... The Atharva Veda is a sacred text of Hinduism, part of the four books of the Vedas. ... The Yajur Veda यजुर्वेद is one of the four Hindu Vedas; it contains religious texts focussing on liturgy and ritual. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Wayang is an Indonesian/Malay word for theater. ... Shadow play Wayang-figure in Bali, Indonesia A shadow play is an ancient form of story-telling and entertainment using opaque, often articulated figures in front of an illuminated backdrop to create the illusion of moving images. ... Gamelan - Indonesian Embassy in Canberra A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesia typically featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked strings, and vocalists may also be included. ... Statue of Dewi Sri in Ubud, Bali. ... In Arabic music a maqaam (Arabic: ‎, Hebrew: ) is, a technique of improvisation that defines the pitches, patterns, and development of a piece of music and which is unique to Arabian art music. ... a Daff (also spelled duff)is a type of tambourine used in the Arabian Peninsula. ... “Buben” redirects here. ... Santur Woman playing the santur in a painting from the Hasht-Behesht Palace in Isfahan Iran, 1669 The santur (سنتور – also santÅ«r, santour, santoor) is a hammered dulcimer of Iran. ... A diatonic hammered dulcimer made by Masterworks The hammered dulcimer is a stringed musical instrument with the strings stretched over a trapezoidal sounding board. ... “Fiddler” redirects here. ... Arabic poetry is poetry composed and written down in the Arabic language either by Arab people or non-Arabs. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region of Jamaica. ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... Abeng (Ä bÄ›ng) is a novel published in 1984 by Michelle Cliff. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... Bunraku (Japanese: 文楽), also known as Ningyō jōruri (人形浄瑠璃), is a form of traditional Japanese puppet theater, founded in Osaka in 1684. ... A puppeteer is a person who manipulates a puppet or marionette, either by the use of strings, wires or their hands, for a stage production or film. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Jōruri is a type of sung narrative with shamisen accompaniment, typically found in Bunraku, a traditional Japanese puppet theatre. ... Jidaimono (時代物) are Japanese kabuki or jōruri plays which feature historical plots and characters, often famous samurai battles. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kitagawa Utamaro, Flowers of Edo: Young Womans Narrative Chanting to the Samisen, ca. ... The three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. ... Lithuania has a long history of folk, popular and classical musical development. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Akyn (Kazakh: ?, Kyrgyz: ?, Russian: акын) is an improvising poet and singer in the Kazakh and Kyrgyz cultures. ... For the language spoken by this ethnic group, see Kyrgyz language. ... Manas is the name of: A Kyrgyz epic poem (see Manas (epic); A commune in Drôme département, in France (see Manas, Drôme) Level of consciousness in Yogacara Buddhism, the manas-vijnana A river in the state of Assam in India. ... The komuz is a string instrument used in Kyrgyz music, closely related to the other Turkic string instruments. ... Simple and strong, the mortise and tenon joint (also called the mortice and tenon) has been used for centuries by woodworkers around the world to join two pieces of wood, most often at an angle close to 90°. Although there are many variations on the theme, the basic idea is... Simple and strong, the mortise and tenon joint (also called the mortice and tenon) has been used for centuries by woodworkers around the world to join two pieces of wood, most often at an angle close to 90°. Although there are many variations on the theme, the basic idea is... For other uses, see Day of the Dead (disambiguation). ... Mongolian musician playing the Morin khuur The morin khuur or morin huur (from the Mongolian: морин хуур) or matouqin (from the Chinese: 馬頭琴) is a chordophone of Mongolian origin whose name roughly translates as horse-head fiddle in English. ... “Fiddler” redirects here. ... Cave paintings from the Khoud Tsenker region The culture of Mongolia can be described as homogeneous. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ... Long-songs are one of the greatest features of traditional Mongolian music. ... Pansori is a genre of Korean music. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseon or Chosun (Korean: ì¡°ì„ ; Hanja: 朝鮮; Revised: Joseon; McCune-Reischauer: Chosŏn; Chinese: CháoxiÇŽn; Japanese: Chōsen) is a name for Korea, as used in the following cases: As part of the name of several ancient kingdoms (including Gojoseon, Gija Joseon, and Wiman Joseon); During most of the Joseon... Shashmaqam is a Central Asian musical genre, (typical of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan), which may have developed in the cities of Samarkand and Bokhara. ... This article is about the broad genre of classical music in the Western musical tradition. ... The lakalaka (walking briskly) is a Tongan groupdance where the performers are standing and make gestures with their arms only. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The culture of the Ottoman Empire evolved as the culture of pre-Ottoman Turks absorbed the cultures of conquered peoples, notably Greek and Balkan cultures. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Nhã Nhạc (Hán Tá»±: 雅樂) is a form of Vietnamese court music. ... Vietnamese culture is highly syncretist, combining native, Western, Indian and Chinese influences. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Yemen is a country on the Arabian Peninsula, and the music of Yemen is primarily known abroad for a series of pan-Arab popular stars and the Yemenite Jews who became musical stars in Israel during the 20th century. ... A qanbÅ«s is a short-necked lute that originated in Yemen and spread throughout the Arabian peninsula. ... A medieval era lute. ...

2005 list

Countries Item Description
Albania Albanian folk iso-polyphony
Algeria Ahellil of Gourara
Armenia Duduk Music
Bangladesh Baul songs
Belgium and France Processional giants and dragons in Belgium (Ducasse de Mons) and France
Bhutan The mask dance of the drums from Drametse
Brazil Samba of Roda from Recôncavo Baiano
Bulgaria The Bistritsa Babi (grandmothers of Bistritsa) – Archaic polyphony, dances and ritual practices from the Shoplouk region
Cambodia Sbek Thom, Khmer shadow theatre
China The Art of Chinese Xinjiang Uyghur Muqam
Colombia The cultural space of Palenque de San Basilio
Costa Rica Oxherding and oxcart tradition in Costa Rica
Czech Republic Slovácko Verbuňk, Dance of recruits
Dominican Republic Cocolo dancing drama tradition
Guatemala Rabinal Achí Ballet
India Ramlila: the traditional performance of the Ramayana
Indonesia Indonesian Kris
Italy The "A tenore" Song of the Sardinian pastoral culture
Japan Kabuki
Jordan The cultural space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum
Malawi Vimbuza Healing Dance
Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia Gule Wamkulu
Malaysia Mak Yong
Mali The cultural space of the Yaaral and Degal
Mongolia and China Urtiin Duu - Mongolian traditional folk Long Song
Morocco The Moussem of Tan-Tan
Mozambique Chopi Timbila
Nicaragua El Güegüense
Nigeria Ifá Divination system in Nigeria
Palestine The Palestinian Hikaye
Peru Taquile and its textile art
Philippines Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao
Republic of Korea Gangneung Danoje Festival
Romania The Căluş
Russian Federation Yakut Heroic Epos - Olonkho
Senegal and Gambia The Kankurang, or Manding initiatory rite
Slovakia Fujara - Musical instrument and its music
Spain The Patum of Berga
Turkey The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony
Uganda Bark cloth making in Uganda
Vietnam The Space of Gong Culture in the Central Highlands of Vietnam
Zambia The Makishi Masquerade
Zimbabwe Mbende/Jerusarema dance

Disambiguation: Tuat is Vietnamese for the year of the dog. Further information: twat Tuat (Tawat or, in French, Touat) is a Berber name for a people living in the north of Algeria. ... A duduk The duduk (pronounced ) is a traditional woodwind instrument of Armenian origins. ... Baul on a train in West Bengal Bauls (Bengali: বাউল) are a group of mystic minstrels from Bengal, which comprises Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Jack the Giant-Killer by Arthur Rackham. ... The Ducasse de Mons or Doudou is a popular feast that happens every year during the Trinity Sunday (57 days after Easter) in the town of Mons in Belgium. ... Bistritsa (Bulgarian: ) is a large village in the Pancharevo municipality, located at 15 km to the south of the capital Sofia. ... The Shopi (шопи, scientific transliteration Å¡opi; singular шоп, Å¡op, with various regional names also existing) are are an ethnic subgroup of the Bulgarian people that inhabits the region of the Shopluk (Шоплук, Å opluk) in central western Bulgaria, around the towns of Botevgrad, Svoge, Elin Pelin, Kostinbrod, Slivnitsa, Dragoman, Samokov, Ihtiman, Dupnitsa, Kyustendil, Tran... The Khmer people are the predominant ethnic group in Cambodia, accounting for approximately 90% of the 13. ... Shadow puppet from Java. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... For the language spoken by this ethnic group, see Uyghur language. ... In Arabic music a maqaam (Arabic: ‎, Hebrew: ) is, a technique of improvisation that defines the pitches, patterns, and development of a piece of music and which is unique to Arabian art music. ... Fiesta in Palenque San Basilio de Palenque or Palenque de San Basilio is a Palenque village and corregimiento in the Municipality of Mahates, Bolivar in northern Colombia. ... The Search for the Bull Ten Bulls or Ten Ox Herding Pictures (十牛; Japanese: jÅ«gyÅ«, Chinese: shíniú) is, in the tradition of Zen Buddhism, a series of short poems and accompanying woodcuts that are intended to illustrate the stages of a Mahāyāna Buddhist practitioners progression towards... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Ramlila (Hindi: रामलीला) is a dramatic folk re-enactment of the ten day battle between Lord Ram and Ravan, as described in the Hindu religious epic, the Ramayan. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Probably the most culturally distinct of all the regions in Italy, Sardinia is an islated island known for the tenores polyphonic chant, sacred songs called gozos and launeddas, a type of bagpipes. ... The oldest Kabuki theatre in Japan: the Minamiza in Kyoto The Kabukiza in Ginza is one of Tokyos leading kabuki theaters. ... A Bedouin man on a hillside at Mount Sinai Bedouin, (from the Arabic (), is a desert-dwelling Arab nomadic pastoralist, found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. ... This article is about the Jordanian site of Petra. ... Wadi Rum Wadi Rum is a valley cut into the sandstone and granite rock in south west Jordan. ... Mak Yong is traditional dance drama of Kelantan, Malaysia. ... Tan-Tan is a city in Morocco, in Province de Tan-Tan. ... The Chopi are an ethnic group of Mozambique. ... Mbila is a musical instrument of Mozambique, belonging to the idiophone classification within the percussion family of instruments. ... El Güegüense El Güegüense (also known as Macho Ratón) is a satirical drama and was the first literary work of pre-colombian Nicaragua. ... Ifá is a system of divination that originated in West Africa among the Yoruba people. ... This article is about the Palestinian territories as a geopolitical phenomenon. ... Categories: Stub ... Lake Lanao a large lake in the Philippines, located in Lanao del Sur province in the countrys southern island of Mindanao. ... The căluÅŸari () is the Romanian word for participants in a traditional folk dance, the căluÅŸ. The dance closely resembles the English morris dance and originally derives from Southern Romania. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Саха́ (Яку́тия); Yakut: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of... The Mandinka are a people of West Africa. ... Fujara is a huge folk shepherds fipple flute of unique design, originating from Slovakia. ... La Patum is celebrated each year, in the solemnity of Corpus Christi (feast), Berga, Catalonia, Spain. ... The Space of Gong Culture in the Central Highlands of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Không gian văn hóa Cồng Chiêng Tây Nguyên) was recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity on November 25, 2005. ...

Past and current candidates

Countries Items/Notes
Belarus Belarus may have nominated the "Cultural Space of the Eastern Polesie" for the 2005 list [1].
Brazil Brazil's 2004 candidate was samba music [2].
People's Republic of China China's official 2005 nominees are the maqam tradition of the Uyghur people [3] and Chinese traditional medicine [4]. Other possible candidates included the Xian drum music of Shaanxi [5], the Dragon Boat Festival [6], Tibetan opera [7], Tai Chi [8] and Shaolin kung fu [9]. The 2002 "shortlist" for China included the traditions of paper-cutting, the Ragoin form of Tibetan religious art, Sichuan opera and the Yunjin brocade from Nanjing [10]. The paper-cutting tradition had also been considered in 2000 [11].
Iran Iran's 2007 nominees will be Iranian traditional music [12].
Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Turkey, India These countries jointly submitted the Norouz Persian New Year's festival for 2005 [13]
Iran, Tajikistan, India, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka These countries jointly submitted "Asha: The Law of Harmony, A Study of Environmental Consciousness in Zoroastrian Rituals" for 2003 [14].
Japan Japan's 2004 nominee was kabuki [15].
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan's 2004 nominees were Aken balladry and the Manasi epic tale [16].
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia's 2003 nominees were Teskoto and the Galicnik wedding [17].
Malawi Malawi has nominated the nyau dance and society [18].
Netherlands The Netherlands may have submitted Sinterklaas for the 2003 list [19]
Palau Palau's 2005 candidate may have been airai bai [20].
Russia Russia's 2007 nominees may be Sabantuy [21].
South Korea South Korea's 2005 nominee was the Gangneung Danoje Festival.
Venezuela Venezuela's 2003 nominees was the Dancing Devils celebration [22].
Vietnam Vietnam's 2005 nominees were Space of Gong Culture in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. 2007 candidates include Quan họ singing style and the Ca trù tradition [23].
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe has previously nominated the Jerusalema/Mbende dance [24].

Samba is the most famous of the various forms of music arising from African roots in Brazil. ... In Arabic music a maqaam (Arabic: ‎, Hebrew: ) is, a technique of improvisation that defines the pitches, patterns, and development of a piece of music and which is unique to Arabian art music. ... For the language spoken by this ethnic group, see Uyghur language. ... The term describes medical knowledge systems, which developed over centuries within various societies before the era of modern medicine; traditional medicines include medicines such as herbal medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, Unani medicine, Acupuncture, Traditional Chinese medicine, Traditional Ayurvedic Medicine, South African Muti, Yoruba Ifá, as well as other medical knowledge and...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the... Dragon Boat Festival is also called Duan Wu or Tuen Ng Festival (端午节/端午節), which is a festival on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese calendar. ... Tai chi chuan (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: tàijíquán; Wade-Giles: tai4 chi2 chüan2) is an internal Chinese martial art often practiced with the aim of promoting health and longevity. ... Ever since 1669, when Huang Zongxi first described Chinese martial arts in terms of a Shaolin or external school versus a Wudang or internal school,[1] Shaolin has been used as a synonym for external Chinese martial arts regardless of whether or not the particular style in question has any... Chinese papercutting, in a style that is practically identical to the original 6th century form Papercutting is the art of cutting paper designs. ... Sichuan opera is a type of Chinese opera originating in the Sichuan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Persepolis all nations stair case. ... The oldest Kabuki theatre in Japan: the Minamiza in Kyoto The Kabukiza in Ginza is one of Tokyos leading kabuki theaters. ... Galičnik is a village in north-western Macedonia and Republic of Macedonia. ... Sinterklaas and his Zwarte Pieten helpers arrive in the town of Sneek in November 2005 Sinterklaas (also called Sint Nikolaas in Dutch ( ) and Saint Nicolas in French) is a holiday tradition in the Netherlands and Belgium, celebrated every year on Saint Nicholas eve (December 5) or, in Belgium, on the... Vladimir Putin dancing at the Tatar Sabantuy in June 2000. ... Dancing Devils of Yare Mask The Dancing Devils of Yare (Diablos Danzantes del Yare) is the name of a religious festivity celebrated in San Francisco de Yare, Miranda state, Venezuela, at the Corpus Christi day. ... The Space of Gong Culture in the Central Highlands of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Không gian văn hóa Cồng Chiêng Tây Nguyên) was recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity on November 25, 2005. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Quan họ singing is a Vietnamese folk music style characterized both by its antiphonal nature, with alternating groups of female and male singers issuing musical challenges and responses, and by the fact that most of the songs in the repertoire deal with topics of love and sentimentality as experienced by... Ca trù musicians at a festival to promote the art Ca trù (also known as hát ả đào or hát nói) is an ancient genre of chamber music featuring female vocalists, with origins in North Vietnam. ...

References

  1. ^  Belarusian National Culture. Belarusian Embassy in the United States. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  2. ^  Brazil will postulate samba as World Intangible Heritage. Regional Office for Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  3. ^  Traditional Uygur Music Form Intended for UNESCO Heritage List. China.org. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  4. ^  Traditional Chinese medicine to apply for world heritage. China View. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  5. ^  The Revival Road of Xi'an Drum Music. womenofchina.org. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  6. ^  Shaolin Kungfu Up for World Cultural Heritage Status. Crienglish. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  7. ^  Why treasure when losing: Dragon Boat Festival. Chinadaily.com. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  8. ^  Qoinda's Village Tibetan Opera Troupe. Embassy of the People's Republic of China in India. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  9. ^  Chen-style Tai Chi to apply for title of oral and intangible heritage. People's Daily Online. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  10. ^  China Set to Preserve Intangible Heritage. China.org. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  11. ^  Paper-cutting Art on Display in Wenzhou. China.com. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  12. ^  Kabuki to be nominated for UNESCO heritage list. Japan Times. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  13. ^  Macedonian Nominees for the List of the Humankind's Spiritual Heritage - "Teskoto" Also Competes for the UNESCO List. Republic of Macedonia. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  14. ^  Process of registration of Iranian traditional music on UNESCO list continues. Mehrnews. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  15. ^  Nowrouz Vital Meeting to be Held in Tehran. Payvand.com. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  16. ^  Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. UNESCO Parsi Zoroastrian Project. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  17. ^  Sinterklaas prime candidate for �Heritage of Humanity� li. Godutch. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  18. ^  Report from the ICTM Study Group on the Music of Oceania. Ethnomusic. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  19. ^  Mintimer Shaimiev: Sabantuy is people's spirit and strength. Intertat. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  20. ^  Venezuela. ICOMOS. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  21. ^  VN’s UNESCO bid strong, but some face eroding authenticity. Vietnamnet. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.
  22. ^  Sub-regional Training Workshop on Proclamation of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. UNESCO Harare Cluster Office. Retrieved on September 23, 2005.

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External links

  • Official website on 2003 convention

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