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Encyclopedia > Master of Technology

A master's degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Quaternary education or postgraduate education is the fourth-stage educational level which follows the completion of an undergraduate degree at a college or university. ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ...


However,

In the recently standardized European system of higher education diplomas, it corresponds to a one-year or two-year graduate program to be entered after three years of undergraduate studies to obtain a higher qualification for employment purposes or in preparation for doctoral studies. In some educational systems, an undergraduate is a post-secondary student pursuing a Bachelors degree. ... In some educational systems, an undergraduate is a post-secondary student pursuing a Bachelors degree. ... The University of Oxford (often called Oxford University), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge (often called Cambridge University, or just Cambridge), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Dublin, located in Dublin, Ireland, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, making it Irelands oldest university. ... Trinity College, Dublin, corporately designated as the Provost, Fellows and Scholars of the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, and is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... The degree of Master of Arts degree is an undergraduate degree awarded by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge as well as by the University of Dublin. ... The Ancient universities of Scotland are those universities founded during the medieval period, and comprise (list by year of being chartered): The University of St Andrews, founded 1411 by papal bull The University of Glasgow, founded 1451 by papal bull The University of Aberdeen, founded 1495 by papal bull (as... A Master of Arts in Scotland is an undergraduate academic degree in humanities and social sciences awarded by the five ancient universities. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of Earth; the term continent here referring to a cultural and political distinction, rather than a physiographic one, thus leading to various perspectives about Europes precise borders. ... A diploma (from Greek diploma) is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as a university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study, or confers an academic degree. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ...


Master's degrees are often prefixed with magister, which is Latin for master (teacher). In some languages, magister or its cognate is the word used for person who has the degree. Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...

Contents


North America

World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ...

MA, MS, MSc, MSE, AM, SM

The Master of Arts (Magister Artium) and Master of Science (Magister Scientiæ) degrees are the basic types in most subjects and may be entirely course-based, entirely research-based or (more typically) a mixture. A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ...


Admission to a master's program is normally contingent upon holding a bachelor's degree, and progressing to a doctoral program usually requires a master's degree. In the United Kingdom however this is not always the case, access to master's-level courses can be granted if the applicant has work based experience that displays technical knowledge or relevance to the field (i.e. social workers often become accepted for Master's Degrees in Sociology). This trend is becoming accepted internationally with USA universities among others beginning to accept non academically backed applicants. In some fields or graduate programs, work on a doctorate begins immediately after the bachelors degree (in the UK this is known as a '1+3' and requires a pass level master's degree). Some programs provide for a joint bachelor's and master's degree after about five years. Some universities use the Latin degree names, and due to the flexibility of word order in Latin, Artium Magister (AM) or Scientiæ Magister (SM) may be used at some schools. For example, Harvard uses the degree abbreviations A.M. and S.M. for its master's degrees; MIT uses the degree abbreviation S.M. for its Master's of Science degrees. The Master of Science degree is usually abbreviated as MS in the US and as MSc in British Commonwealth nations. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... It has been suggested that Latin conjugation be merged into this article or section. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as the Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ...


MAief

The Master of Arts in international economics and finance is a one year degree in the field of economics. Buyers bargain for good prices while sellers put forth their best front in Chichicastenango Market, Guatemala. ...


MAA

The Master of Applied Anthropology (MAA) is a two-year program focused on training non-academic anthropologists. The University of Maryland, College Park developed this program to encourage entrepreneurial approaches to careers outside academia, where most new anthropologists are likely to seek and find employment. For this reason, it is considered a professional degree rather than a liberal arts degree.


MAPW

The Master of Arts in Professional Writing (MAPW) degree is a professional graduate degree program that prepares candidates for a wide variety of writing-related positions in business, education, publishing, and the arts. Coursework in three concentrations - applied writing, composition and rhetoric, and creative writing - allows students to gain theoretical and practical knowledge in various fields of professional writing.


MAS

The Master of Archival Studies degree is awarded following completion of a program at the School of Library, Archival and Informational Studies at the University of British Columbia, Canada. The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public university with its main campus located at Point Grey, in the University Endowment Lands adjacent to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and another smaller campus known as UBC Okanagan located in Kelowna, British Columbia. ...


MASc, MEng, MIng

The Master of Engineering (Magister in Ingeniaria) degree is awarded to students who have done graduate work at the master's level in the field of engineering. In the United States, engineering candidates are typically awarded MS degrees, although a growing number of schools also offer a MEng (e.g. the University of California, Berkeley). The distinction between the two programs varies between schools, but the MS is largely considered an academic degree, whereas the MEng is a professional degree. In the UK and Canada, candidates are generally awarded MSc, MASc or MEng degrees. A Master of Engineering (M.Eng. ... Engineering is the application of scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


In Canada, the Master of Applied Science (MASc) is awarded to master's degree students with a research focus (having completed work leading to a thesis), while an MEng is awarded to master's degree students with a coursework focus and the completion of a research paper. The distinction between MASc and MEng is not definite since some universities grant only an MEng and some universities grant only an MASc, be it either research or coursework-focused. A professional degree. ... Look up thesis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


MAT

Coursework and practica leading to a Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) degree is intended to prepare individuals for a teaching career in a specific subject of middle and/or secondary-level curricula (i.e., middle or high school). The MAT differs from the MEd degree in that the course requirements are dominated by classes in the subject area to be taught (e.g., foreign language, math, science, etc.) rather than educational theory. Work toward most MAT degrees will, however, necessarily include classes on educational theory in order to meet program and state requirements. Work toward the MAT degree may also include practica (i.e., student teaching). This abbreviation is also sometimes used to refer to a Master's in Theology (see ThM). The Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) degree usually requires a minimum of 30 semester hours beyond the Bachelors degree. ...


MBA, MBOL, MHA, MNPL, MPP, MPA, MIA, MSPCI, MSSL

Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Business and Organizational Leadership (MBOL), Master of Health Administration (MHA), Master of Not-for-Profit Leadership (MNPL), Master of Public Policy (MPP),Master of Public Administration (MPA), Master of International Affairs (MIA), Master of Strategic Planning for Critical Infrastructures (MSPCI) and Master of Science in Strategic Leadership (MSSL) are professional degrees focusing on management for the private and public sector, domestic and international. Master of Science in Finance (MSF). To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Master of Health Administration (MHA) is a post graduate professional Masters degree that provides training in health policy, project and program implementation. ... The Master of Public Administration (M.P.A.) historically has been a professional Masters degree that provides training in public policy, project and program implementation—that is, public management. ... The Master of International Affairs is a Professional Masters degree. ...


LLM

Master of Laws (LLM) is an advanced professional degree in law. The course typically lasts one year and is usually in a specific area of law. Despite the name, a Master of Laws is a higher degree than a Juris Doctor. The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Juris Doctor (J.D.) is a first degree in law offered by universities in a number of countries, most notably the United States. ...


MAcc, MAc or MPAcc

Master of Accountancy (MAcc, MAc or alternatively MPAcc for Master of Professional Accounting) is typically a one-year, non-thesis graduate program designed to prepare graduates for public accounting and to provide them with the 150 credit hours required by most states before taking the CPA exam. Master of Accountancy (MAcc, MAc or alternatively MPAcc for Master of Professional Accounting) is typically a one-year, non-thesis graduate program designed to prepare graduates for public accounting and to provide them with the 150 credit hours required by most states before taking the CPA exam. ... For other meanings of CPA see CPA (disambiguation) Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) are accounting professionals of the United States who have passed the Uniform CPA exam, which was developed and is maintained by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), and have subsequently met additional state requirements for licensure...


MMR

Master of Marketing Research (MMR) is a specialized degree in marketing focusing in research. Sometimes called a Master of Science in Marketing Research (MSMR). Master of Marketing Research (MMR or M.M.R.) is a graduate degree program that may be from one to three years in length. ...


MALS, ALM, MLS

The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) Master of Liberal Arts (ALM) and Master of Liberal Studies (MLS) are interdisciplinary master's degrees. Characteristics that distinguish these degrees from others include curricular flexibility, interdisciplinary synthesis via Master's thesis or capstone project, and optional part-time enrollment. The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (sometimes MALS) Master of Liberal Arts (MLA) and Master of Liberal Studies (MLS) are postgraduate degrees. ... The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (sometimes MALS) Master of Liberal Arts (MLA) and Master of Liberal Studies (MLS) are postgraduate degrees. ... The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (sometimes MALS) Master of Liberal Arts (MLA) and Master of Liberal Studies (MLS) are postgraduate degrees. ...


MArch I., MArch II.

The two-year Master of Architecture (MArch II.) or three-year (MArch I.) is a professional degree in the study of architecture. The Master of Architecture (M.Arch. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ...


MCJ, MSJA

The Master of Criminal Justice is a professional degree in the study of criminal justice. The program is designed as a terminal degree for professionals in the field of criminal justice or as preparation for doctoral programs. It may also be referred to as a Master of Science in Justice Administration (M.S.J.A.).


MDiv, ThM, STM

The Master of Divinity (M.Div.) is the first professional degree in ministry (in the US and Canada) and is a common academic degree among theological seminaries. It is typically three years in length. Other theology degree titles used are Master of Theology (Th. M.), Master of Theological Studies (M.T.S.), Master of Arts in Practical Theology (M.A.P.T.), and Master of Sacred Theology (S.T.M.). Master of Divinity is a common degree among theological seminaries and is considered the minimum academic requirement for ordination into pastoral ministry. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Theology (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason) means reasoned discourse concerning religion, spirituality and God. ... A seminary is a specialized university-like institution for the purpose of instructing students (seminarians) in theology, often in order to prepare them to become members of the clergy. ... A Masters degree which is typically earned after one has already completed a Master of Divinity or a Master of Theological Studies. ... The Master of Theological Studies (MTS) is a two-year graduate degree offered by many theological schools. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Master of Sacred Theology (S.T.M.) is a second level professional degree conferred by seminaries and theological colleges. ...


MEd

Master of Education degrees are similar to MA, MS, and MSc where the subject studied is education. The Master of Education (M.Ed or M.A.E.) is a degree conferred by American institutions for educators moving on in their field. ...


In the United States some states license teachers with a bachelor's degree but require a master's within a set number of years as continuing education. A teachers room in a Japanese middle school, 2005. ...


Other education-related master's degrees conferred in the United States are Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.), Master in Teaching (M.I.T.), Master of Science in Education (M.S.Ed. or M.S.E.), Master of Arts in Education (M.A.Ed.), and Master of Adult Education (M.Ad. Ed.).


MHA

Master of Health Administration (MHA) is a two year degree similar to an MBA but instead is focused on health care systems rather than businesses in general. The Master of Health Administration (MHA) is a post graduate professional Masters degree that provides training in health policy, project and program implementation. ...


MID

Master of Industrial Design is a two or three year program in the field of industrial design.


MFA

The Master of Fine Arts (MFA) is a two to three year terminal degree in a creative field of study such as theatre arts, creative writing, filmmaking or studio art. For alternate uses, see MFA (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Drama (art form) be merged into this article or section. ... Creative writing is a term used to distinguish certain imaginative or different types of writing from generic writing. ... Filmmaking is the process of making a film. ... Studio art, when considered as an academic discipline, is the making of visual art (such as painting, drawing or sculpture), contrasted to the study of art history, for instance. ...


MiNE

[Master of Management in the Network Economy] is a one or two year interdisciplinary post-graduate program that uniquely blends information economics, technology management and business administration, in order to forge leaders able to understand and manage the complexity of organizations and markets in the digital economy. In certain universities, like the Catholic University in Italy, this Master encompasses typical courses of a Master of Information Systems Management (MISM or MIS/M) and the business knowledge you can gain from a Master of Business Administration (MBA) or a Master of Business and Organizational Leadership (MBOL).


MFS

The Master of Forensic Sciences (MFS) is a specialized professional degree designed for law enforcement, lab personnel, attorneys, investigators and other professionals.


MHS

The Master of Health Science is awarded to students who have completed a post-graduate course of study in health sciences or health policy fields, usually associated with the Public Health field. The MHS is often a more focused program for public health professionals, often with non-health professional backgrounds. This degree is abbreviated as MHSc in Canada. Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ...


MISM

The Master of Information Systems Management (MISM or MIS/M) is a 2 year degree geared towards professionals trained in both management and information systems. The culmination of both fields is often referred to as management information systems. Management (from Old French ménagement the directing, from Latin manu agere to lead by the hand) characterises the process of leading and directing all or part of an organisation, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible). ... Information Systems is the discipline concerned with the development, use, application and influence of information systems. ... Management Information Systems (MIS), are information systems, typically computer based, that are used within an organization. ...


MLA

The Master of Landscape Architecture (MLA) degree is a professional degree in the field of landscape architecture. This article needs cleanup. ... Central Park, like all parks, is an example of landscape architecture. ...


MLS, MLIS, MSIS

A Master of Library Science (MLS) degree is the culmination of an interdisciplinary program encompassing information science, information management, librarianship, and/or related topics. Modern variants include Master of Library and Information Studies (MLIS), Master of Science in Information Studies (MSIS), Master of Librarianship, and others. Some universities use standard degree titles such as Master of Arts. (University of Iowa) and Master of Science (University of Illinois) for their Library Science master's degrees. Library and information science (LIS) is the study of issues related to libraries and the information fields. ... Information science is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Librarian, a 1556 painting by Giuseppe Arcimboldo A librarian is a person who develops procedures for organizing information and provides services which assist and instruct people in the most efficient and effective ways to identify, locate, access, and use information and resources (articles, books, magazines, etc. ... The Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) is the masters degree required for most professional librarian positions. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... The University of Iowa is a major national research university located on a 1,900-acre campus in Iowa City, Iowa, USA, on the Iowa River in East Central Iowa. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ...


MMus

Master of Music is a one year full time or two to four year applied degree in the field of music. The Master of Music (M.M. or M.Mus. ...


MNM

The Master of Nonprofit Management (M.N.M.) program offers specialized, graduate-level knowledge for individuals currently working in the nonprofit sector or in organizations that partner with the nonprofit sector. The program provides advanced knowledge in nonprofit management, resource development, strategic planning, and program evaluation that serves to enhance the education and career development of students. This degree program provides opportunities for students to prepare for employment or to advance their careers as administrators in nonprofit organizations. The program is intended to produce graduates equipped with the management skills and analytical skills needed for successful careers in the nonprofit sector. The MNM program is offered through the Public Administration department at schools such as University of Central Florida.


MOT

The Master of Occupational Therapy is awarded to students who have completed a post-graduate course of study, and is now the entry-level degree for this profession. Occupational therapy (OT) is skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. ...


MPA

The Master of Public Administration degree is a professional master's degree that provides training in public policy and project/program implementation. The Master of Public Administration (M.P.A.) historically has been a professional Masters degree that provides training in public policy, project and program implementation—that is, public management. ... Public policy is a course of action or inaction chosen by public authorities to address a problem. ...


MPH, MSPH

The Master of Public Health and Master of Science in Public Health degrees are awarded to students who have completed a post-graduate course of study in Public Health. The master of public health is a professional masters degree awarded for studies in areas related to public health. ...


MPharm

The Master of Pharmacy degree is awarded to students who have completed the four year undergraduate Pharmacy course. Failure to complete the course, but having completed three years, usually awards the student a Bachelors degree in Pharmaceutical Science. A Master of Pharmacy (abbreviated MPharm or MPharm(Hons)) is an academic degree in the field of pharmacy. ...


MPhil

In the United States and Canada, a Master of Philosophy or Magister Philosophiae (MPhil) degree is sometimes awarded to ABD (all but dissertation) doctoral candidates who have completed all coursework, passed their written and oral examinations, and met any other special requirements before beginning work on the doctoral dissertation. In the usage of the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and some other countries, the Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. ... This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ...


Assuming all requirements are met, the MPhil degree is generally awarded after about one year of full time study towards a doctorate. The MPhil is considered equivalent to the former French DEA (Diplôme d'études approfondies) and Spanish DEA (Diploma de Estudios Avanzados). DEA is an abbreviation of the following, among others: Dance Educators of America Drug Enforcement Administration (USA) TheDEA.org, a harm reduction web site. ... DEA is an abbreviation of the following, among others: Dance Educators of America Drug Enforcement Administration (USA) TheDEA.org, a harm reduction web site. ...


MPM

The Master of Project Management is a terminal professional degree awarded to students who have completed a post-graduate course of study, and is usually associated with construction management, urban planning, or architecture and engineering design management. Project management is the discipline of organizing and managing resources in such a way that these resources deliver all the work required to complete a project within defined scope, time, and cost constraints. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... Engineering is the application of scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... The term design management [] offers to an organization an approach to make design-relevant decisions in a market and customer-oriented way as well as optimizing design-relevant (enterprise-)processes. ...


MPS

The Master's of Professional Studies is a terminal interdisciplinary degree and is sometimes used by programs that do not fit into any traditional categories. In some cases it is used as replacement for an MFA for programs with heavy technology focuses like NYU's Interactive Telecommunications Program. Other programs use it for Organizational Studies or interdisciplinary Social Science programs. The Interactive Telecommunications Program in the Tisch School of the Arts at New York University is a pioneering graduate department focused on the study and design of new media, computational media and embedded computing under the umbrella of interactivity. ...


MSN, M.Nur.

The Master of Science in Nursing is the most common title for a graduate professional degree in nursing. A few schools also use the titles Master of Nursing or Master of Arts.


MSNS

The MSNS program is a graduate degree designed for elementary, middle and high school science teachers, stressing content and the processes of natural sciences.


MSSL

The Master of Science in Strategic Leadership (MSSL) graduate degree is an Executive Program in Organizational Leadership and Management Development, teaching the skills and knowledge to work more effectively with people, organizational systems, and complex information - critical factors for organizational success. MSSL objectives embody development of a leadership skill set, strategies for problem solving, and solutions to facilitate and manage change applicable in an office of one person to a company of thousands, whether they are profit, not-for-profit, service, retail, or manufacturing.


MSW

The Master of Social Work (MSW) is a professional graduate degree preparing students to become professional social workers, typically in either direct practice or community practice. MSW programs require students to complete an extensive field practicum, under mentorship of a senior social worker. MSW programs in the United States are accredited by the Council on Social Work Education. The Master of Social Work (MSW) is a type of masters degree which is received from a graduate school that has been approved by the Council on Social Work Education. ... A social worker is a person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs. ... Community Practice is a branch of social work in the United States that focuses on larger social systems and social change, and is tied to the historical roots of United States social work. ...


The degree title MSW is not used in the US by all social work schools. The University of Chicago uses A.M. and Columbia University uses M.S. to name a few of the exceptions.


M.St.

The Master of Studies (M.St.) is a postgraduate academic master's degree awarded by Oxford University and Cambridge University in the United Kingdom. The degree is typically studied for in Law, Fine Art, Humanities or Social Sciences and can be either fully-taught, research-based, or a combination of the two. The Master of Studies (M.St. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... See also Wikipedias Law Portal. ... The Cornfield is an oil on canvas painting by John Constable in 1826 Fine art refers to arts that are concerned with beauty or which appealed to taste (SOED 1991). ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ...


Assuming all requirements are met, the M.St. degree is generally awarded after about one year of full time study. The M.St. is considered equivalent to the French DEA (Diplôme d'études approfondies) and Spanish DEA (Diploma de Estudios Avanzados), in addition to other master's degrees such as the LL.M. (Master of Laws), M.Sc. (Master of Science), M.Phil. (Master of Philosophy) and so on. DEA is an abbreviation of the following, among others: Dance Educators of America Drug Enforcement Administration (USA) TheDEA.org, a harm reduction web site. ... DEA is an abbreviation of the following, among others: Dance Educators of America Drug Enforcement Administration (USA) TheDEA.org, a harm reduction web site. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ...


MUP, MCRP, MURP, MCP, MEDes (planning)

The Master of Urban Planning (MUP), Master of City and Regional Planning (MCRP), Master of Urban and Regional Planning (MURP), Master of Environmental Design (MEDes (planning)) and Master of City Planning (MCP) are professional degrees in the study of urban planning. The Master in Urban Planning (MUP) or the Master of Urban Planning is a two-year academic/professional Masters degree that qualifies graduates to work as urban planners. ... The Master in Urban Planning (MUP) is a two-year academic/professional Masters degree that qualifies graduates to work as urban planners. ... The Master in Urban Planning (MUP) is a two-year academic/professional Masters degree that qualifies graduates to work as urban planners. ... The Master of Urban Planning (MUP) is a two-year academic/professional Masters degree that qualifies graduates to work as urban planners. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ...


European Union

In order to facilitate the movement of students between European Union countries, a standardized schedule of higher education diplomas, also known as the Bologna process, was proposed: a 3-year undergraduate degree called licence or bachelors degree, then a one-year or two-year diploma called master, then a doctorate, meant to be obtained in 3 years. Because of these indicated schedules, the reform is also referred to as 3-5-8. The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ...


Austria

The traditional Austrian equivalent to the Master's degree is the Diplomstudium, leading to the title Diplom-Ingenieur (female title: Diplom-Ingenieurin) in engineering or Magister (female: Magistra) in almost every other discipline. This is a first degree after 4–5 years of study. The fields of medicine and dentistry pose an exception; the first degree in these disciplines is a professional doctorate. A professional provides a service in exchange for payment in accordance with established protocols for licensing, ethics, procedures, standards of service and training/certification. ...


Due to the Bologna process, the traditional degrees are being replaced by a Bachelor's degree after 3 years of study and a Master's degree after 2 more years of study at the university level (including both the research-oriented university sector as well as the newly established sector of Fachhochschulen). The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ... A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ...


Belgium

In Belgium, owning a master's degree means that you have completed a higher education (usually university or college) programme of 4 or 5 years. Before the Bologna process most university degrees required 4 years of studies (leading to a licence), but some programmes required 5 years of study. An example in the field of education in business/management was the 5-year programme of "Handelsingenieur" (Flemish) or "Ingénieur de Gestion" (French) (English: "Business Engineer") with an important amount of mathematics and sciences, and which corresponds to a M.Sc. in Management. This degree co-existed with an undergraduate degree in business economics (4 years) named "Licentiaat in toegepaste economische wetenschappen" (Flemish) or "Licence en sciences économiques appliquées" (French) (English: "Licence in applied economics"). The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ...


Denmark

M.Sc (Master of Science), eng. discipline corresponds to the Danish equvivalent which is referred to as: cand.scient, cand.mag, cand scient.pol, etc. Cand. Polyt (Polytech.)is also referred to as: Civilingeniør in Danish, not to be confused with the English term:Civil Engineer.


Finland

In Finland, the introduction of Bologna Process has standardized most of the degrees into the European model. The higher degree is called Master (of respective field) in all fields of study and takes two yeas after the Bachelor's degree. Medicine-related fields of Medicine, Dentistry, and Veterinary Medicine pose an exception. In medical fields, the licenciate (In Finnish, lisensiaatti, and Swedish licensiat) is an equivalent degree, the completion of which takes five (dentistry) or six years (medicine and veterinary), while the Bachelor degree is gained after second year of studies. In fields other than medicine, the licentiate degree is a post-graduate degree higher than Master's but lower than doctor's. In Engineering, the higher degree is either DI (Finnish:diplomi-insinööri/Swedish:diplomingenjör, literally: "Engineer with diploma") or Finnish:arkkitehti/Swedish:arkitekt (Architect) although in international use MSc is used. In Pharmacy, the degree is proviisori. All such degrees retaining their historical name are classified as Master's. Some other Master's degrees give the right to use the traditional title of the degree-holder, e.g. the Master's of Science in Agriculture and Forestry may use the titles of metsänhoitaja or agronomi depending on their field of study. Bowl of Hygeia Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον = drug) is the profession charged with ensuring the safe use of medication. ...


France

In France, a traditional diploma was the maîtrise (which translates literally as "master's qualification") after 4 years of studies. This diploma becomes the first year of the Master's program, often referred to as M1. Because of this change, legal texts specifying a maîtrise (for instance, those defining the conditions for the external agrégation) had to be amended. The Master's programs subsume the former DEA (research-oriented 1-year degree), and DESS (industry-oriented 1-year degree), which become the second year of the Master (M2). In France, the agrégation is a civil service competitive examination for some positions in the public education system. ... In France, a DEA (full name: diplôme détudes approfondies, or diploma of advanced studies) is a (now former) postgraduate degree. ...


Parallel to university education, graduation from a grande école, which requires 5 years of intense work after the baccalauréat, can be assimilated to the Bologna definition of a Master's degree. The grandes écoles (French for great schools) of France are higher education establishments outside of the mainstream framework of the public universities. ... Lycée Louis-le-Grand (on the right) in Paris is one of Frances most famous lycées, with a rate of success to baccalauréat usually above 99%. The baccalauréat (IPA: ), often known in France familiarly as the bac, is an academic degree which French students sit...


Germany

In Germany the Magister or Diplom (first degree after 5 years, from either a University or a Technische Hochschule and not from a Fachhochschule (University of Applied Science) has traditionally been the equivalent to the Master degree, the Magister being a degree in Humanities or Arts, the Diplom being a degree in Natural Science or Engineering. Diplom is an academic degree in Germany. ...


Due to the Bologna process these academic titles are mostly being replaced by the Bachelor and (postgraduate) Master degree. The traditional degree at a German Fachhochschule (University of Applied Science), the Diplom (FH) (first degree after 4 years of study) is also being replaced by undergraduate Bachelor's degrees (3 years) and postgraduate Master's (2 years). The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ... A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ...


The German Meister degree for a master craftsman is not comparable to academic Master's degrees: It is the highest degree awarded to craftsmen; requiring only a relatively small amount of theoretical knowledge, but instead significant practical experience (often 6-7 years of work experience, examinations of the practical knowledge and the manufacturing of a masterpiece). // History A master craftsman (sometimes called only master or grandmaster) was a member of a guild. ... Originally, the term masterpiece (or chef doeuvre) referred to a piece of handicraft art produced by a journeyman aspiring to become a master craftsman in the old European guild system, which is partially retained today only in Germany. ...


Italy

The old University System (Vecchio Ordinamento) consisted in a unique four-five year course, with a variable period (6-12 months usually) for the thesis work. At the end of the thesis work, students got the Master's Degree, simply called Laurea. Because of Bologna process, in 1999/2000 this system was reformed and now in the University System (Nuovo Ordinamento) there are two kinds of courses: a three year course leading to Laurea di Primo Livello o Laurea Breve (bachelor's degree; e.g.: Laurea di Primo Livello in Ingegneria Elettronica, Bachelor of Science in Electronic Engineering) and a two year course of specialisation, leading to a degree called Laurea di Secondo Livello, Laurea Magistrale or Laurea Specialistica (master's degree; e.g.: Laurea Specialistica in Ingegneria Elettronica, Master of Science in Electronic Engineering), both having a final study work. A student could and can apply for a PhD course (Dottorato) only after getting the Master of Science. Medicine universities have not changed the system, and consist in six year of study followed, eventually, by the specialisation (3-6 years more).


Netherlands

In 2004, the Dutch degree system (Dutch) was changed to abide to international standards. This process was complicated by the fact that the Dutch higher education system has two separate branches, Hoger Beroeps Onderwijs (HBO, which indicates College or "University of Professional Education" level) and Wetenschappelijk Onderwijs (WO, which indicates University level). HBO level education focuses more on practical and professional education while WO is academic and scientific.


Before the bachelor/master system was introduced HBO graduates received the title "baccalaureus" but the corresponding abbreviation, bc., was rarely used. The exception was HBO engineering degrees which used the ing. prefix. WO degrees carried several titles such as doctorandus (prefix abbreviated to drs., corresponds to MA or MSc), ingenieur (ir. for WO level, corresponds to MSc), meester in de rechten (mr., corresponds to LL.M.) and doctor (dr., corresponds to PhD). These former titles are no longer granted (although still used and protected) MA may stand for: Master of Arts, a post-graduate academic degree Master of Arts, an undergraduate degree in Scotland MA (complexity), a complexity class, comprising the languages decidable by interactive proof systems of the Merlin-Arthur type Madagascar (FIPS 10-4 country code) Main Assist: in MMORPGs (massively multiplayer... MSC can stand for: Marine Stewardship Council Masters of Science (usually MSc or M.Sc. ... MSC can stand for: Marine Stewardship Council Masters of Science (usually MSc or M.Sc. ...


Bachelor's degrees

In the new system completed college (HBO) degrees are equivalent to a Bachelors degree and are abbreviated to "B" with a subject suffix. A HBO business degree would there for become a bachelor of business administration or BBA. Most students start jobs after completing this degree.


Universities (WO) grant a Bachelor's degree for the general portion of the curriculum. This degree is a "Bachelor of Science" or "Bachelor of Arts" with the appropriate suffix. Completing the general part of a university business curriculum therefore is rewarded with the degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Administration or BscBA. Although theoretically one could seek employment after obtaining it, few people opt to do so and most go on to complete the traditional university degree which is equivalent to a Master.


Master's degrees

Before one is allowed into a Master's program, one has to obtain a bachelor's degree in the same field of study at the same level. This means that a HBO Bachelor's degree cannot start a WO master program but many universities are offering a bridge year in which HBO degree holders can attain the WO bachelor and continue into the WO Master program.


All fully completed WO curriculums in the Netherlands are equivalent to Master's degrees with the addition of a "of Science" or "of Arts" to distinguish them from HBO master's which are know simply as Master. WO Master's degrees focus on specialization in a sub-area of the general bachelor's degree subject and typically take 1 year except for engineering studies where the master takes 2 years.


HBO master's are usually started only after several years of work and are similarly focusses on specialization. The title is signified by the abbreviation M and therefore an MBA would indicate a HBO master's degree in business administration, but use of MBA title is protected and can only be granted by accredited schools.


Summary of degrees, titles and abbreviations

HBO
baccalaureus (bc.) Bachelor B+ subject suffix e.g. BBA
ingenieur (ing.) Bachelor B + subject suffix e.g. BME
- Master M + subject suffix e.g. MME
WO
- Bachelor of Science/Arts BSc/BA + subject suffix e.g. BscBA
doctorandus (drs.) Master of Science/Arts MSc/MA + subject suffix e.g. MScBA
ingenieur (ir.) Master MSc/MA + subject suffix e.g. MScME
meester in de rechten (mr.) Master of Law LL.M
arts Master of Medicine M.Med

Poland

Currently there are two models of higher education in Poland.


In the traditional model, a master's degree is awarded after completion of a university curriculum—a 5 year programme in science courses at a university or other similar institution, with a project in the final year called magisterium (it can be translated as a Master of Arts or a Master of Science thesis) that often requires carrying out research in a given field. An MA degree is called a magister (abbreviated mgr) except for medical education where it is called a lekarz medycyny (this gives the holder the right to use the title of physician) or a lekarz weterynarii in the veterinary field. Technical universities usually give the title of magister inżynier (abbreviated mgr inż.) corrseponding to an MSc Eng degree.


More and more institutions introduce another model, which as of 2005 is still less popular. In this model, following the Bologna process directives, higher education is split into a 3-year bachelor programme ending with a title of licencjat (non-technical) or inżynier (technical fields), and a 2-year programme (uzupełniające studia magisterskie) giving the title of magister or magister inżynier. Nevertheless, even in these institutions, it is often possible to bridge the bachelor education directly into the master programme, without formally obtaining the licencjat degree, thus shortening the time needed for completing the education slightly. The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ...


Depending on field and school, the timing may be slightly different.


Sweden

Academic degrees in Sweden are 'kandidat' (three years), 'magister' (four years), 'licentiat' ('magister' + 2-3 years of postgraduate studies) and 'doktor' ('magister' + 4-5 years of postgraduate studies). Swedish degrees in engineering follow the standards set by the Bologna process. MSc is called 'civilingenjör' and BSc 'högskoleingenjör'. The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ...


United Kingdom

Undergraduate Master's Courses

(MSci, MBiochem, MChem, MComp, MPharm, MEng, MMath, MPhys, MML etc.) A Master of Pharmacy (abbreviated MPharm or MPharm(Hons)) is an academic degree in the field of pharmacy. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... A Master of Mathematics (or MMath) degree is a specific masters degree for courses in the the field of mathematics. ... A Master of Physics (or MPhys) degree is a specific masters degree for courses in the field of physics. ... MML can stand for: MML is a computer language Minimum Message Length is a form of unbiassed statistical modelling based on information theory Midland Mainline (MML) is a railway company in the United Kingdom The Midland Main Line (MML) is a main line railway in the United Kingdom MML is...


In the UK, many universities now have four-year undergraduate programmes in the science or in the humanities with a project in the final year the Dissertation. The awards for these are named after the subject, so a course in mathematics would earn a Master in Mathematics degree, (abbreviated to MMath), or have a general title such as MSci (Master in Science at most universities but Master of Natural Sciences at Cambridge). In some educational systems, an undergraduate is a post-secondary student pursuing a Bachelors degree. ... Science in the broadest sense refers to any knowledge or system of knowledge, attained by verifiable means. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ... Euclid, a famous Greek mathematician known as the father of geometry, is shown here in detail from The School of Athens by Raphael. ... The University of Cambridge (often called Cambridge University, or just Cambridge), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...


In content the first three years are generally identical to those of the equivalent bachelor's degree while the fourth year is a combination of higher-level taught courses and a research project.


An example of an undergraduate master's degree in the professions in the United Kingdom is Pharmacy. In order to become a pharmacist, the undergraduate MPharm must be completed, followed by one year of pre-registration experience. A Master of Pharmacy (abbreviated MPharm or MPharm(Hons)) is an academic degree in the field of pharmacy. ...


Postgraduate master's

Postgraduate master's degrees in the United Kingdom can either be taught degrees involving lectures, examination and a short dissertation, or research degrees (though the latter have largely been replaced by MPhil and MRes programmes, see below). Taught master's programmes involve 1 or 2 years of full-time study. The programmes are often very intensive and demanding, and concentrate on one very specialised area of knowledge. Some universities also offer a Master's by Learning Contract scheme, where a candidate can specify his or her own learning objectives; these are submitted to supervising academics for approval, and are assessed by means of written reports, practical demonstrations and presentations.


Taught postgraduate master's

(MSc, MA, LL.M., MLitt, MSSc, MSt, MEnt etc.) MSC can stand for: Marine Stewardship Council Masters of Science (usually MSc or M.Sc. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... A Master of Letters (M.Litt. ... A Master of Social Science (MSSc) is a taught Masters degree in the United Kingdom. ... The Master of Enterprise (M.Ent. ...


The most common types of postgraduate taught Master's degrees are the Master of Arts (MA) awarded in Arts, Humanities, Theology and Social Sciences and the Master of Science (MSc) awarded in pure and applied Science. A number of taught programs in Social Sciences also receive the Master of Science (MSc) degree (e.g. MSc Development Studies at the London School of Economics). A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... Theology (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason) means reasoned discourse concerning religion, spirituality and God. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... Pure science, also called basic science, is the exact science of the development of scientific theories, without consideration of their application. ... Applied science is the exact science of applying knowledge from one or more natural scientific fields to practical problems. ... Science in the broadest sense refers to any knowledge or system of knowledge, attained by verifiable means. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... Development studies is the multi-disciplinary branch of social science which addresses issues of concern to developing nations. ... The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as the London School of Economics or simply the LSE, is a specialist university[2] and a constituent college of the federal University of London, located on Houghton Street in Central London, off the Aldwych and next to the...


However, some universities - particularly those in Scotland - award the Master of Letters (MLitt) to students in the Arts, Humanities, Divinity and Social Sciences, often with the suffix (T) to indicate it is a taught degree, to avoid confusion with the MLitt (see Research postgraduate master's below). The University of Cambridge and some others have taught MPhil degrees (and some universities, such as the University of Glasgow used MPhil for both taught and research Master's degrees but have recently changed the taught appellation to MLitt). Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I 843  Area    - Total 78... A Master of Letters (M.Litt. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... Divinity is the academic study of Christian and other theology and religious ministry at a school, divinity school, university, or seminary. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ... The University of Cambridge (often called Cambridge University, or just Cambridge), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Glasgow, founded in 1451, is the largest of the three universities in Glasgow, Scotland. ...


In Law the standard taught degree is the Master of Laws, but certain courses may lead to the award of MA or MLitt. See also Wikipedias Law Portal. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ...


Until recently, both the undergraduate and postgraduate Master's degrees were awarded without grade or class (like the class of an honours degree). Nowadays however, Master's degrees are usually classified, either into three categories (Pass, Merit or Distinction), or simply two (Pass or Distinction). Typically, a pass mark at Master's level implies an overall average mark of 50%, whilst the grade of Distinction is awarded to those achieving an average equal to or exceeding 70%. While these grades seem low to a North American reader, the UK standard marking employs a much tighter overall scale - usually from 50 to 70% instead of the North American 50 to 100%. Rarely, students will be awarded more than 70% in the UK system if they offer insightful, creative and original ideas in their writings. A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts three or four years. ...


Research postgraduate master's

(MPhil and MRes) A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... In the U.K., the Master of Research degree is an advanced postgraduate degree available in a range of academic diciplines. ...


The Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is a research degree awarded for the completion of a thesis. It is a shorter version of the Ph.D. and some universities routinely enter potential PhD students into the MPhil programme and allow them to upgrade to the full PhD programme a year or two into the course. Advanced candidates for a taught postgraduate Master's sometimes undertake the MPhil as it is a more prestigious degree. A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Master of Research (MRes) degree is a more structured and organised version of the MPhil, usually designed to prepare a student for a career in research. For example, an MRes may combine individual research with periods of work placement in research establisments. Some institutions call their taught degrees MRes (such as the University of edinburgh), which can occasionally cause confusion. In the U.K., the Master of Research degree is an advanced postgraduate degree available in a range of academic diciplines. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ...


The Master of Letters (MLitt) degree is a two-year research degree at many universities, including Cambridge and the ancient Scottish universities, and is generally awarded when a student cannot or will not complete the final year(s) of their PhD and so writes their research up for the MLitt. Because MLitt is also used for a taught degree, the suffix (T) or (R) for taught or research is often added, so the more prestigious two-year research degree is called MLitt (R). A Master of Letters (M.Litt. ... PhD usually refers to the academic title Doctor of Philosophy PhD can also refer to the manga Phantasy Degree This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


Like the PhD, the MPhil and MRes degrees are generally awarded without class or grade as a pass (the standard grade) or can, rarely, be awarded with a distinction.


MAs in Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin

The universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin award master's degrees to BAs without further examination, where seven years after matriculation have passed, and (in some but not all cases) upon payment of a nominal fee. It is commonplace for recipients of the degree to have graduated several years previously and to have had little official contact with the university or academic life since then. The only real significance of these degrees is that they historically conferred voting rights in University elections, it was seen as the point at which one became eligible to teach at the University and certain other privileges e.g. the right to dine at the holder's college's high table. They still do confer some restricted and rarely used voting rights. The MAs awarded by Oxford and Cambridge are colloquially known as the Oxbridge MA, and that from Dublin as the Trinity MA, and would be usually distinguished respectively: MA (Oxon.), MA (Cantab.) and MA (Dubl.). "Cantab." here is short for Cantabrigiensis, "Oxon." for Oxoniensis, meaning "of Cambridge" and "of Oxford" respectively. The Universities of Cambridge and Dublin also offer an MA to certain senior staff - both academic and non-academic - after a number of years' employment with the university. The University of Oxford (often called Oxford University), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge (often called Cambridge University, or just Cambridge), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Dublin, located in Dublin, Ireland, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, making it Irelands oldest university. ... The matriculation ceremony at Oxford Matriculation refers to the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by acquiring the required prior qualifications. ... The degree of Master of Arts degree is an undergraduate degree awarded by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge as well as by the University of Dublin. ...


Until the advent of the modern research university in the mid 19th century, several other British and American universities also gave such degrees "in course".


Scottish MA

In Scotland the first degree in Arts, Fine Art, Humanities and Social Sciences awarded by the ancient universities of Scotland is the Master of Arts. It should be noted the Science and Law faculties of Scottish universities award the BSc and LLB degrees respectively and the New Universities generally award the BA. The Scottish MA is roughly equivalent to a BA from a University elsewhere in the United Kingdom. A Master of Arts in Scotland is an undergraduate academic degree in humanities and social sciences awarded by the five ancient universities. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I 843  Area    - Total 78... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Cornfield is an oil on canvas painting by John Constable in 1826 Fine art refers to arts that are concerned with beauty or which appealed to taste (SOED 1991). ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ... The Ancient universities of Scotland are those universities founded during the medieval period, and comprise (list by year of being chartered): The University of St Andrews, founded 1411 by papal bull The University of Glasgow, founded 1451 by papal bull The University of Aberdeen, founded 1495 by papal bull (as... A Master of Arts in Scotland is an undergraduate academic degree in humanities and social sciences awarded by the five ancient universities. ... Science in the broadest sense refers to any knowledge or system of knowledge, attained by verifiable means. ... See also Wikipedias Law Portal. ... BSC is an abbreviation for: Science and technology Bachelor of Science (usually written BSc), an academic science degree Base Station Controller, a subsystem in a GSM mobile phone network Binary symmetric channel in coding theory Binary Synchronous Communications, a data link protocol developed by IBM in the 1960s Basic Spacing... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. ... In the United Kingdom, the term New University has two meanings regarding British universities. ...


Norway

One of the degrees offered by the Norwegian University of Life Sciences and Norwegian University of Science and Technology is a Master of Technology degree. (More can be said: Due to the "Kvalitetsreformen" (directly translated: Quality reformation), the old "hovedfag" (main discipline) has been replaced with the "mastergrad" or "Master degree", lying in between the Bachelor degree and the Ph. D) The Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Universitetet for miljø- og biovitenskap, UMB) is a university in Norway, established as agricultural school in 1859. ... The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, known by its Norwegian acronym NTNU (from Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet), is located in Trondheim and is attended by about 20,000 students. ...


Hong Kong

MArch, MLA, MUD, MA, MSc, MSocSc, MSW, MEng, LLM

Hong Kong requires two years of full-time coursework to achieve a master's degree.


For part-time study, three years of study are normally required to achieve a postgraduate degree.


MPhil

As in the United Kingdom, MPhil or Master of Philosophy is a research degree awarded for the completion of a thesis, and is a shorter version of the PhD.


Taiwan

In Taiwan, bachelor degrees are basically four years (with honors). There is an entrance examination required for people who want to study in Master and PhD degrees. The course offered for Master and PhD normally is research-based.


India

The Indian system is modelled after the United Kingdom's. The Master's degree is a postgraduate degree after Bachelors. It is the usual pre-requirement for a doctoral degree. MA (Master of Arts) relates to Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences; M.Tech (Master of Technology), M.E. (Master of Engineering) and MSc (Master of Science) relate to Technology, Engineering and Science (pure and applied) disciplines respectively. Besides there are degrees such as M.Stat (Master of Statistics) and LL.M. (Master of Laws). MA may stand for: Master of Arts, a post-graduate academic degree Master of Arts, an undergraduate degree in Scotland MA (complexity), a complexity class, comprising the languages decidable by interactive proof systems of the Merlin-Arthur type Madagascar (FIPS 10-4 country code) Main Assist: in MMORPGs (massively multiplayer... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ... Look up me in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... MSC can stand for: Marine Stewardship Council Masters of Science (usually MSc or M.Sc. ... In the second half of the 20th century, humans acquired sufficient technology to leave the surface of the Earth and explore space. ... Engineering is the application of scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... Science in the broadest sense refers to any knowledge or system of knowledge, attained by verifiable means. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ...


Israel

MA, MSc, MBA

Post-graduate studies in Israel require graduation of first degree with high grades. There is also a direct track to doctorate for graduate students, which lasts 4 to 5 years. In this option the student must prepare a preliminary research work after 1 year, and if he passes the exam, he is automatically awarded with Master's degree.


MEng

This is relatively new degree, given by private colleges.


See also

The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Master of Architecture (M.Arch. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Master of Engineering (M.Eng. ... For alternate uses, see MFA (disambiguation). ... A Masters degree which is typically earned after one has already completed a Master of Divinity or a Master of Theological Studies. ... Licentiate is the title of a person who holds an academic degree called a license. ... An engineers degree may be a postgraduate academic degree which is intermediate in rank between a masters degree and a doctorate (US engineers degree), or it may be a postgraduate or first degree, equivalent to a masters degree. ... A diploma mill (also known as a degree mill) is an organization which awards academic degrees and diplomas with little or no academic study, and without recognition by official bodies. ... Abbreviations are normally used to specify a degree, rather than spelling out the name in full, such as in reference books like Whos Who or on business cards. ... This article concerns the degrees of Oxford University. ...

External links

  • Legitimate online degrees



Academic degrees
Associate's degrees (U.S.) AA, ABA, ABS, AS
Foundation degrees (U.K.) FdA, FdEd, FdEng, FdMus, FdBus, FdSc, FdTech
Bachelor's degrees BAccty, BArch, AB or BA, BSc or SB, BBus, BCom or BComm, BCS, BEc, BEng or BE, BS or BSc, BFA, BD, BHE, BJ, LLA, BPharm, BPE, BHK, BCL, LL.B., MB ChB or MB BS or BM BS or MB BChir or MB BCh BAO, BMus, B.Math, BTech, BBA, BAdm, MA (Oxon.), MA (Cantab.), MA (Dubl.), MA (Hons)
Master's degrees MA, Lic. Arts, MS or MSc, MSt, MALD, MApol, MPhil, MRes, MFA, MTh, MTS, M.Div., MBA, MPA, MPD, MJ, MSW, MPAff, MLIS, MLitt, MPH, MPM, MPP, MPT, MRE, MTheol, LLM, MEng, MSci, MBio, MChem, MPhys, MMath, MMus, MESci, MGeol, MTCM, MSSc, BCL (Oxon), BPhil (Oxon), ThM
Licentiate degrees: LDS, JCL, STL, LSS
Specialist degrees Ed.S., SSP, C.A.S.
Engineer's degrees Ch.E., B.E., C.E., C.E., E.E., CpE, E.A.A., E.C.S., Env.E., Mat.E., Mech.E., Nav.E., Nucl.E., Ocean E., Sys.E.
First-Professional Degrees Au.D., D.C., D.C.M., D.D.S., D.M.D., J.D., M.D., N.D., O.D., D.O., Pharm.D., D.P., Pod.D., D.P.M., M.Div., M.H.L., D.V.M.
Doctoral degrees PhD, EdD, EngD, DBA, DD, DSc, DLitt, DA, DMA, DMus, DCL, ThD, DrPH, DPT, DPhil, PsyD, DSW, LL.D., J.S.D., S.J.D., S.T.D.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Master Degree Course Information Technology (1183 words)
In the Master course in Information Technology at Bremerhaven University of Applied Sciences, skills in information technology are expanded and deepened to the point where students are able to undertake scientific work independently.
The Master course is at the same time a scientific course which prepares particularly well-qualified students for a doctorate.
New students should master the English language to such a degree that they can contribute successfully to discussions and seminars in their own field, give presentations related to their subject or hold an everyday conversation and converse fairly fluently on abstract topics.
Master Web Design : Web Design, Web Application Design, and Austin Web Design (298 words)
Master Web Design is a full service internet development and marketing firm based in Austin, Texas.
Master Web Design provides our customers with a wide range of services which work to expand their business, streamline productivity, and increase brand recognition.
Master Web Design is sought to provide a superior online experience while keeping a careful eye on the timeline and budget.
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