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Encyclopedia > Master of Divinity

In Christian theology, the Master of Divinity (M.Div., Magister Divinitatis in Latin) is the first professional degree in divinity in North America and is a common academic degree in theological seminaries. In many Christian denominations, and of some other religions, this degree is the standard prerequisite for ordination to the priesthood or pastorship or other appointment, ordination or licensing to professional ministry. At most seminaries this degree requires around 90 credit hours of study. Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... A professional degree or professional membership is an academic degree designed to prepare the holder for a particular career or profession, fields where scholarly research and academic activity are not the work, but rather a profession such as law, medicine, logistics, optometry, architecture, accounting, engineering, religious ministry, or education. ... Divinity is the academic study of Christian and other theology and religious ministry at a school, divinity school, university, or seminary. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... A B.A. issued as a certificate A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... For the Ecuadorian artist, see Manuel Rendón Seminario. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A denomination, in the...


It generally includes studies in Christian ministry and theology. Coursework usually includes studies in New Testament Greek, theology, philosophy, church history, pastoral theology, and Old and New Testament studies. Many programs also contain courses in church growth, ecclesiology, evangelism, systematic theology, Christian education, liturgical studies, Latin, Hebrew, canon law, patristics, and the like. Courses in pastoral counseling and psychology are also standard parts of an M.Div. program. In addition, the degree may or may not include a thesis. Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Koine redirects here. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... This article outlines the history of Christianity and provides links to relevant topics. ... Pastoral theology is the branch of theology concerned with the practical application of theology in the pastoral context. ... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh to refer to its canon, which corresponds to the Protestant Old Testament. ... This article is about the Christian scriptures. ... In Christian theology, ecclesiology is the study of doctrine pertaining to the Church itself as a community or organic entity, and with the understanding of what the church is —ie. ... Look up evangelist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A liturgy is the customary public worship of a religious group, according to their particular traditions. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Canon law is the term used for... Patristics is the study of early Christian writers, known as the Church Fathers. ...

Contents

Contemporary usage

The Master of Divinity has replaced the Bachelor of Divinity in most United States seminaries as the first professional degree, since the latter title implies in the American academic system that it is on a par with a Bachelor of Arts or other basic undergraduate education. The M.Div. is a significantly more extensive program than most master's degrees, as it usually consists of ninety or more semester hours, as opposed to the usual thirty-six or forty-eight. Ordination as a Roman Catholic priest typically takes place after eight years of study after high school graduation. The first four years are spent studying for an undergraduate degree in Catholic sacred philosophy at the college seminary. During the next four years of major seminary, seminarians are instituted as lectors and acolytes, are accepted into candidacy[1] and work towards the M.Div. degree and/or a graduate degree in Catholic sacred theology; the last year of study is spent in the transitional diaconate. A Bachelor of Divinity (BD or BDiv) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a courses taken in the study of divinity or related disciplines, such as theology or, rarely, religious studies. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate or graduate course of one to three years in duration. ... An academic term is the time during which a school, college or university holds classes. ... In some Christian churches, the Reader is responsible for reading aloud excerpts of the scripture at a liturgy. ... This article is about religious acolytes. ... Candidacy is a rite which takes place during Catholic seminary formation by which the Church recognizes the seminarian as worthy of being ordained (hence, they become a candidate for Holy Orders). ...


The M.Div. stands in contrast to the M.A. in Theology and Master of Theological Studies, the usual academic degrees in the subject (which tend not to include "pastoral" or "practical" courses), and the Bachelor of Sacred Theology (S.T.B.), Licentiate in Sacred Theology (S.T.L.) (for Catholics), Master of Theology (M.Th.), and Master of Sacred Theology (S.T.M.) (for many others), which tend to be academic rather than pastoral degrees as well. Schools with Pontifical faculties in North America often award both the M.Div. and S.T.B. after a three year period of graduate studies. The Master of Theological Studies (MTS) is a two-year graduate degree offered by many theological schools. ... S.T.B. (Sacrae Theologiae Baccalaureus) refers to the academic degree Bachelor of Sacred Theology. ... A Licentiate in Sacred Theology, commonly known in academia as STL, is an advanced degree offered by colleges and universities specializing in theology. ... A Master of Theology is a college degree offered by many universities worldwide. ... The Master of Sacred Theology (S.T.M.) is a second level professional degree conferred by seminaries and theological colleges. ...


Further study

The doctoral degree associated with the M.Div. is the Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.), as the Doctor of Theology, Doctor of Philosophy, and Doctor of Sacred Theology all tend to be academic rather than ministerial degrees. In recent years, however, it is not at all unusual for the holder of the M.Div. to go on, earning either the Ph.D. or Th.D. as well as the D.Min. Graduates of the MDiv who completed a thesis as part of their degree are often eligible for admission into PhD or ThD programmes. The Doctor of Divinity (D.D.) is normally only awarded as an honorary degree in the United States; in the United Kingdom and other parts of the Commonwealth it is the highest degree at most universities, normally awarded for a significant body of published work of high quality. The Doctor of Ministry degree is a professional doctorate in some area of applied theology, such as missions, evangelism, church growth, homiletics, or spiritual formation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... S.T.D. redirects here. ... Doctor of Divinity (D.D., Divinitatis Doctor in Latin) is an academic degree. ...


See also

The Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada (ATS) The ATS Commission on Accrediting accredits the schools and approves the degree programs they offer. In the United States, graduate departments of religion tend to provide programs for both the advanced study of theology and religious studies. ...

References

  1. ^ USCCB Program of Priestly Formation (Fifth Edition), 2005

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